GESIS - DBK - ZA1320

ZA1320: Eurobarometer 21 (Apr 1984)

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  • ZA1320_missing_v1-0-1.sps (Dataset) 3 KBytes
  • ZA1320_v1-0-1.dta (Dataset Stata) 3 MBytes
  • ZA1320_v1-0-1.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 5 MBytes
  • ZA1320_v1-0-1.sav (Dataset SPSS) 3 MBytes


  • ZA1320_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA1320_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 445 KBytes
  • ZA1320_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 471 KBytes
  • ZA1320_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 905 KBytes
  • ZA1320_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 362 KBytes
  • ZA1320_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 331 KBytes
  • ZA1320_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 469 KBytes
  • ZA1320_q_gb_ni.pdf (Questionnaire) 500 KBytes
  • ZA1320_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 531 KBytes
  • ZA1320_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 524 KBytes
  • ZA1320_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 551 KBytes
  • ZA1320_q_lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 321 KBytes
  • ZA1320_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 471 KBytes


  • ZA1320_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 4 MBytes
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Eurobarometer 21 (Apr 1984) Political Cleavages in the European Community
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation Commission of the European Communities (2012): Eurobarometer 21 (Apr 1984). Faits et Opinions, Paris. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA1320 Data file Version 1.0.1,
Study No.ZA1320
TitleEurobarometer 21 (Apr 1984)
Other Titles
  • Political Cleavages in the European Community (Subtitle)
Current Version1.0.1, 2012-7-1,
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR08263.v1, 1986
Date of Collection14.03.1984 - 13.04.1984
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Commission of the European Communities, Brussels


AbstractThe main survey focus of this Eurobarometer is: 1. The personal situation in life of the respondent; 2. Attitudes to the EC and political questions; 3. Regionally different: further main survey focus areas. Topics: 1. Personal situation in life of the respondent: recorded in election register; general contentment with life and satisfaction with the functioning of democracy in the country; personal opinion leadership; postmaterialism; frequency of political discussions with friends; satisfaction in selected areas of life; inclination to save or consume; development of job situation in the last year; personal participation in demonstrations; most important fears for the future; effects of European unification on situation in life of today´s children; peace movement and national security; assessment of the effectiveness of ecological ideas. 2. Attitude to the EC and political questions: self-classification on a left-right continuum; attitude to social change; party allegiance; noticing media information about the European Parliament; memory of news content; general attitude to unification of Western Europe; preferred name for the EC; areas on which EC work should concentrate; countries that should not join the EC; balance of advantages and disadvantages of EC membership for the country; attitudes to a European passport, European currency, a European Olympics team, a European court system, European Embassies in foreign countries, freedom to move within the European job market, uniform social services in the EC and unlimited freedom of trade; actual and desired influence of the European Parliament; reasons for and against participation in the next European Election; preference for national or European practices by the European parliamentarians; willingness to elect selected political and ideological directions; religiousness. 3. The following questions were posed only in the Federal Republic, France, Italy and Great Britain: evaluation of general and personal economic development in the last year; development of the cost of living; fear of loss of job; development of unemployment in residential surroundings; development of financial conditions of comparable persons; evaluation of influence of government policies on the economic situation, the employment situation, prices and financial situation of personal household; general judgement on the economic policy of the government; most able party to deal with economic problems. The following questions were posed only in the Federal Republic, France, Italy, Great Britain and Netherlands: willingness to accept foreign products and services; national pride; work orientation; inclination to consumption and pleasure in buying (scale); reasons for foregoing a purchase. The following questions were posed only in Denmark, Federal Republic of Germany, France, Italy and Great Britain: expected economic situation after one´s own retirement; ideas about the level of pension payments; expected securing of purchasing power through public pension and additional personal insurance. The following questions were posed only in Belgium, Federal Republic of Germany, France, Italy, Netherlands and Great Britain: attitudes to violence, co-determination, family, science and research, willingness to make sacrifices for one´s own country, book censorship, work reluctance, students, trade unions, judiciary, nuclear power plants, solar energy, unemployment, influence of the government, homosexuality, defense expenditures, energy crisis, income distribution, television station, abortion, peace and freedom, danger of war, existence of God, proportion of emigrants, peace movement and substition of electricity for coal, gas and oil in households (scale). The following questions were posed only in the Federal Republic of Germany, France, Italy, Netherlands and Great Britain: willingness to support and to participate in selected citizen initiatives. Demography: age; sex; marital status; religious denomination; school education and age at conclusion of school; occupation; employment; company size; household income; household size; household composition; respondent is head of household; characteristics of head of household; party preference; degree of urbanization.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • International politics and organisations
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Economic conditions and indicators
  • Economic policy, public expenditure and revenue
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 17.4 Economic conditions and indicators
  • 17.5 Economic policy


Geographic Coverage
  • France (FR)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Greece (GR)
UniversePersons 15 years old and older.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Various sampling procedures (quota sample and multi-stage random sample) depending on country.
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Oral survey with standardized questionnaire. Some questions were only posed in certain countries.
Data CollectorDIMARSO, Bruessel; EMNID, Bielefeld; Gallup Markedsanalyse, Hellerup; Institut de Sondages Lavialle, Issy-Les-Moulineaux; ICAP Hellas, Athen; Irish Marketing Surveys, Dublin; DOXA, Mailand; ILRES, Luxemburg; NIPO, Amsterdam; Social Surveys (Gallup Poll), London
Date of Collection
  • 17.03.1984 - 09.04.1984 (France)
  • 14.03.1984 - 30.03.1984 (Belgium)
  • 24.03.1984 - 31.03.1984 (Netherlands)
  • 17.03.1984 - 09.04.1984 (Germany)
  • 19.03.1984 - 05.04.1984 (Italy)
  • 22.03.1984 - 13.04.1984 (Luxembourg)
  • 24.03.1984 - 01.04.1984 (Denmark)
  • 21.03.1984 - 06.04.1984 (Ireland (Republic))
  • 19.03.1984 - 05.04.1984 (Great Britain)
  • 19.03.1984 - 05.04.1984 (Northern Ireland)
  • 16.03.1984 - 27.03.1984 (Greece)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.1 (current version)2012-7-1 Archive edition update
1.0.02010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
2014-12-12Income (V245)Documentation for DENMARK is not correct. Should read INCOME PER YEAR.
2015-8-18Duplicate records (BE DK)Duplicate records in terms of identity of ALL respondents´ answers have been detected for Belgium (344 non-unique records) and Denmark (3 non-unique records). The three records (triplet) for Denmark are coded "missing" (DK, NA, INAP ...) for all substantial variables, except demographics (AGE EDUCATION, SEX, AGE, HH SIZE, HEAD OF HH). Responses only differ for the protocol variable SIZE OF COMMUNITY. In general technical variables may differ for the duplicates. In particular this true for the case identifaction (V4). For details see (updated 2017-08-29): Slomczynski, Kazimierz; Powalko, Przemek and Krauze, Tadeusz (2017): "Non-unique Records in International Survey Projects: The Need for Extending Data Quality Control". In: Survey Research Methods 11 (1): 1-16. (Working paper version 2015:
Version changes
Changes between version 1.0.1 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2012-7-1ISOCNTRYalphanumeric country id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1VERSIONdataset version id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1V224, value 0value label missing2012-7-1value label added
2012-7-1V227, value 0value label missing2012-7-1value label added

Further Remarks

NotesThe 9746 cases of the data set are distributed among the individual countries as follows: Belgium 1018 cases, Federal Republic of Germany 992 cases, Denmark 996 cases, France 1009 cases, Greece 1000 cases, Ireland 1000 cases, Italy 1060 cases, Luxembourg 300 cases, Netherlands 1015 cases, United Kingdom 1356 cases. Data provider: ICPSR (study no. 8263). Earlier Eurobarometers (2-20) are archived under ZA Study Nos. 0986-0995 as well as 1036-1039 and 1206-1209 and 1318-1319.
Number of Units: 9746
Number of Variables: 264
Data Type: Einfachlochung
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften (Hrsg.): Eurobarometer 21: Die öffentliche Meinung in der Gemeinschaft und die Wahlen zum Europäischen Parlament. Brüssel: Selbstverlag 1984.
  • Commission of the European Communities: Euro-Barometer 21. Brussels, May 1984 (also available in German).
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.