GESIS - DBK - ZA1321

ZA1321: Eurobarometer 22 (Oct 1984)

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  • ZA1321_missing_v1-0-1.sps (Dataset) 1 KByte
  • ZA1321_v1-0-1.dta (Dataset Stata) 2 MBytes
  • ZA1321_v1-0-1.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 4 MBytes
  • ZA1321_v1-0-1.sav (Dataset SPSS) 3 MBytes


  • ZA1321_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA1321_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 728 KBytes
  • ZA1321_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 665 KBytes
  • ZA1321_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA1321_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 490 KBytes
  • ZA1321_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 775 KBytes
  • ZA1321_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 483 KBytes
  • ZA1321_q_gb_ni.pdf (Questionnaire) 687 KBytes
  • ZA1321_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 727 KBytes
  • ZA1321_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 806 KBytes
  • ZA1321_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 578 KBytes
  • ZA1321_q_lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 446 KBytes
  • ZA1321_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 648 KBytes


  • ZA1321_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 3 MBytes
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Eurobarometer 22 (Oct 1984) Energy Problems and the Atlantic Alliance
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation Commission of the European Communities (2012): Eurobarometer 22 (Oct 1984). Faits et Opinions, Paris. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA1321 Data file Version 1.0.1,
Study No.ZA1321
TitleEurobarometer 22 (Oct 1984)
Other Titles
  • Energy Problems and the Atlantic Alliance (Subtitle)
Current Version1.0.1, 2012-7-1,
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR08364.v1, 1986
Date of Collection02.10.1984 - 04.11.1984
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Commission of the European Communities, Brussels


AbstractSurvey in the member countries of the European Community on current political topics. The main survey focus of this Eurobarometer is: 1. The personal and economic situation of respondent as well as political attitudes 2. Judgement on the energy situation and attitude to nuclear power 3. Retrospect on the election of the European Parliament 1984 4. Attitude to the European Community 5. Miscellaneous Topics: 1. The personal and economic situation of respondent as well as political attitudes: expected development of personal and general economic situation for the coming year; expected strikes and international conflicts; probability of a world war (scale); primary cause for the economic problems of the country; attitude to import duties on food; general attitude to the USA (scale); judgement on the relation between one´s country and the United States; influence of American policy on war and peace as well as on the economic situation of the country; assumed attitude of the USA to a strong, united Western Europe; attitude to membership of one´s country in NATO; desired national behavior in the Afghanistan conflict; judgement on the conduct of the superpowers in their respective areas of influence. 2. Judgement on the energy situation and attitude to nuclear power: assessment of current and assumed future development of the energy problem of the country; assessment of the proportion of imported energy (scale); assessment of particularly reliable as well as unreliable energy providers from foreign countries; preferred concepts on provision of energy; judgement on the extent of energy waste; preference for government regulations or appeals to consumers to reduce energy consumption; preference for use of public funds to solve energy problems by research or subsidy for the consumer; energy form most stable in price, most reliable and most environmentally friendly; assessment of the risk of selected industrial facilities for people in their vicinity; attitude to further development of nuclear power plants as well as to the necessity of atomic energy for the electric supply; most alarming dangers of a nuclear power plant; expected development of power consumption in the next ten years; attitude to a reduction in the proportion of oil in generation of electricity; comparison of nuclear energy and coal regarding price, reliability and environmental pollution; personal measures to save energy in the past years as well as assessment of further savings possibilities; types of energy used for heating and cooking as well as that actually preferred; household furnished with durable economic goods. 3. Retrospect on the election of the European Parliament 1984: political interest; memory of the elections for the European Parliament; significance of European elections in the circle of friends and acquaintances; assumed reasons for the poor election turnout; personal election participation as well as voting decision according to sympathy or supposed chances of the party; influence of sex of election candidate on one´s own decision; party voted for or reasons for not voting; regret about not voting after results were announced; assessment of importance of the European Parliament for the European Community; attitude to a reduction in importance of the European Parliament. 4. Attitude to the European Community: attitude to membership of the country in the EC as well as resulting national advantages; attitude to efforts on unification of Western Europe; attitude to a united Europe and regret of a possible failure of European unification; attitude to an acceleration of unification efforts; preference for actions together with member countries or independent decisions in questions of regional differences, environmental protection, fighting inflation and unemployment, securing energy supply, aid to third world countries and national security. 5. Miscellaneous: self-assessment on a left-right continuum; attitude to political changes; party inclination; religiousness; feeling of happiness; general contentment with life; satisfaction with democracy in the country; personal opinion leadership; postmaterialism index. Demography: age; sex; marital status; religious denomination; school education and age at conclusion of school; occupation; company size; household income; household size; household composition; respondent is head of household; characteristics of head of household; respondent is person managing household; party preference (Sunday question); voting behavior at the last federal parliament election; degree of urbanization.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • International politics and organisations
  • Conflict, security and peace
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Government, political systems and organisations
  • Energy and natural resources
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.3 Conflict, security and peace
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 16.2 Natural resources and energy


Geographic Coverage
  • France (FR)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Greece (GR)
UniversePersons 15 years old and older.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Various sampling procedures (quota sample and multi-stage random sample) according to country.
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorDIMARSO, Bruessel; EMNID, Bielefeld; Gallup Markedsanalyse, Hellerup; Institut de Sondages Lavialle, Issy-Les-Moulineaux; ICAP Hellas, Athen; Irish Marketing Surveys, Dublin; DOXA, Mailand; ILRES, Luxemburg; NIPO, Amsterdam; Social Surveys (Gallup Poll), London
Date of Collection
  • 04.10.1984 - 30.10.1984 (France)
  • 02.10.1984 - 19.10.1984 (Belgium)
  • 12.10.1984 - 22.10.1984 (Netherlands)
  • 11.10.1984 - 25.10.1984 (Germany)
  • 10.10.1984 - 28.10.1984 (Italy)
  • 15.10.1984 - 02.11.1984 (Luxembourg)
  • 27.10.1984 - 04.11.1984 (Denmark)
  • 15.10.1984 - 26.10.1984 (Ireland (Republic))
  • 07.10.1984 - 24.10.1984 (Great Britain)
  • 07.10.1984 - 24.10.1984 (Northern Ireland)
  • 10.10.1984 - 25.10.1984 (Greece)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.1 (current version)2012-7-1 Archive edition update
1.0.02010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes
Changes between version 1.0.1 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2012-7-1ISOCNTRYalphanumeric country id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1VERSIONdataset version id variable2012-7-1variable added

Further Remarks

NotesThe 9909 cases of the data set are distributed among the individual countries as follows: Belgium 1035 cases, Federal Republic of Germany 1053 cases, Denmark 990 cases, France 1005 cases, Greece 1000 cases, Ireland 1008 cases, Italy 1097 cases, Luxembourg 299 cases, Netherlands 1018 cases, United Kingdom 1404 cases. Data provider: BASS. Earlier Eurobarometers (2-21) are archived under ZA Study Nos. 0986-0995 as well as 1036-1039 and 1206-1209 and 1318-1320.
Number of Units: 9909
Number of Variables: 193
Data Type: Einfachlochung
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften (Hrsg.): Eurobarometer 22: Die öffentliche Meinung in der Europäischen Gemeinschaft Ende 1984. Brüssel: Selbstverlag 1984.
  • Commission of the European Communities: Euro-Barometer 22. Brussels, December 1984. (Also available in German).
  • Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften: Die Europäische Meinung und die Energiefragen im Jahre 1984 (The European Public Opinion and the Energy Problem in 1984). Brüssel, Juli 1985.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.