GESIS - DBK - ZA1541

ZA1541: Eurobarometer 23 (Apr 1985)

Downloads and Data Access

On this page you find the complete metadata and an overview of all available data sets and documents for the requested study. The download of all files is possible from our central search page under the following link:
ZA1541 Downloads and Data Access

List of Files

List of Files


  • ZA1541_missing_v1-0-1.sps (Dataset) 1 KByte
  • ZA1541_v1-0-1.dta (Dataset Stata) 2 MBytes
  • ZA1541_v1-0-1.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 4 MBytes
  • ZA1541_v1-0-1.sav (Dataset SPSS) 2 MBytes


  • ZA1541_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 857 KBytes
  • ZA1541_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 491 KBytes
  • ZA1541_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 466 KBytes
  • ZA1541_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 757 KBytes
  • ZA1541_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 266 KBytes
  • ZA1541_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 422 KBytes
  • ZA1541_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 407 KBytes
  • ZA1541_q_gb_ni.pdf (Questionnaire) 540 KBytes
  • ZA1541_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 480 KBytes
  • ZA1541_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 606 KBytes
  • ZA1541_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 438 KBytes
  • ZA1541_q_lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 419 KBytes
  • ZA1541_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 500 KBytes


  • ZA1541_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 3 MBytes
ZACAT online analysis and search in variable level documentation:
Eurobarometer 23 (Apr 1985) The European Currency Unit and Working Conditions
Availability Availability 0 - Data and documents are released for everybody.
Download of Data and Documents Download of Data and Documents All downloads from this catalogue are free of charge. Data-sets available under access categories B and C must be ordered via the shopping cart with a few exceptions. Charges apply! Please respect our Terms of use.

Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation Commission of the European Communities (2012): Eurobarometer 23 (Apr 1985). Faits et Opinions, Paris. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA1541 Data file Version 1.0.1,
Study No.ZA1541
TitleEurobarometer 23 (Apr 1985)
Other Titles
  • The European Currency Unit and Working Conditions (Subtitle)
Current Version1.0.1, 2012-7-1,
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR08411.v1, 1986
Date of Collection14.03.1985 - 22.04.1985
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Commission of the European Communities, Brussels


AbstractThe main survey focus of this Eurobarometer is: 1. Working hours and income 2. The European currency ECU 3. Questions on the European Parliament and the EC Topics: 1. Working hours and income: frequency of travel to European countries; attitude to border checks for citizens of EC member countries; attitude to extradition of criminals within EC member countries. Preference for a wage increase or reduction in working hours; preferred normal weekly working hours; attitude to flexible working hours; attitude to salary reductions given difficult situations for the company; profit-sharing in the company; attitude to differences in pay with same activity. 2. The European currency ECU: knowledge about the European currency ECU; influence of strength of national currency on personal life; attitude to replacement of national currency by a European one as well as to concurrent use of both currencies; interest in currency and stock market information; personal business in foreign countries; possession of bank account and savings account as well as stocks and shares; expected development of use of the European currency; assumed integration function of the ECU; ECU as future international means of payment; interest in a savings account, traveler´s checks or investment in ECU currency; particular advantages of the ECU; preference for national currency, ECU or dollars for medium-term investment. 3. Questions on the European Parliament and the EC: general attitude to the European Parliament; assessment of the current and desired future significance of the European Parliament; personal participation in the last European Election; assessment of the development of harmony among the nations of the European Community; judgement on the advantages of national membership in the European Community; approval of the efforts for European integration; attitude to a European Government; countries that should in any case be represented in such a European Union; knowledge about countries that have applied for EC membership; interest in Spain and Portugal joining; judgement on Spanish membership for the EC as well as for one´s own country. 4. Miscellaneous: personal opinion leadership; satisfaction with the political system; postmaterialism index; political interest; self-assessment on a left-right continuum; party sympathy; attitude to social reforms. Demography: age; sex; marital status; number of children; ages of children (classified); religious denomination; frequency of church attendance; school education; occupational position; employment; company size; household income; size of household; composition of household; respondent is head of household; characteristics of head of household; party inclination; person managing household; party preference (Sunday question); behavior at the polls in the last Federal Parliament election; city size; union membership; memberships; age at termination of school or university education (classified). Interviewer rating: date of interview.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Working conditions
  • International politics and organisations
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 1.1 Working conditions
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation


Geographic Coverage
  • France (FR)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Greece (GR)
UniverseSample of persons 15 years old and older.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Various sampling procedures (quota sample and multi-stage random sample) depending on country.
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorDIMARSO, Brussels; EMNID, Bielefeld; Gallup Markedsanalyse, Hellerup; Institut de Sondages Lavialle, Issy-Les-Moulineaux; ICAP Hellas, Athen; Irish Marketing Surveys, Dublin; DOXA, Mailand; ILRES, Luxemburg; NIPO, Amsterdam; Social Surveys (Gallup Poll), London
Date of Collection
  • 28.03.1985 - 19.04.1985 (France)
  • 14.03.1985 - 30.03.1985 (Belgium)
  • 23.03.1985 - 13.04.1985 (Netherlands)
  • 22.03.1985 - 11.04.1985 (Germany)
  • 26.03.1985 - 10.04.1985 (Italy)
  • 09.04.1985 - 22.04.1985 (Luxembourg)
  • 23.03.1985 - 31.03.1985 (Denmark)
  • 28.03.1985 - 12.04.1985 (Ireland (Republic))
  • 25.03.1985 - 12.04.1985 (Great Britain)
  • 25.03.1985 - 12.04.1985 (Northern Ireland)
  • 25.03.1985 - 03.04.1985 (Greece)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.1 (current version)2012-7-1 Archive edition update
1.0.02010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
2014-12-12V157 INCOMEDocumentation for DENMARK is not correct. Should read INCOME PER YEAR.
2016-4-4V156 CHILDREN IN HHThe variable label erroneously states HOUSEHOLD CHILDREN UNDER 18. The question refers to the number of children living at home UNDER THE AGE OF 8 YEARS.
Version changes
Changes between version 1.0.1 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2012-7-1ISOCNTRYalphanumeric country id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1VERSIONdataset version id variable2012-7-1variable added

Further Remarks

NotesThe 9929 cases of the data set are distributed among the individual states as follows: Belgium 1016 cases, Federal Republic of Germany 1007 cases, Denmark 1022 cases, France 1018 cases, Greece 1000 cases, Ireland 1009 cases, Italy 1127 cases, Luxembourg 300 cases, Netherlands 985 cases, United Kingdom 1445 cases. Data provider: BASS. Earlier Eurobarometers (2-22) are archived under ZA Study Nos. 0986-0995 as well as 1036-1039 and 1206-1209 and 1318-1321; others under ZA Study Nos. 1542-1543.
Number of Units: 9929
Number of Variables: 176
Data Type: Einfachlochung
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften (Hrsg.): Eurobarometer 23: Die öffentliche Meinung in der Europäischen Gemeinschaft. Brüssel: Selbstverlag 1985.
  • Commission of the European Communities: Euro-Barometer 23. Brussels, June 1985. (Also available in German).
  • Faits et Opinions: L´opinion des salariés européens sur la flexibilité dans les conditions de travail. Paris, Juillet 1985.
  • Faits et Opinions: Die Europäische Öffentlichkeit und die ECU (Europeans and the ECU / Le public européen et l´ECU). Paris, November 1985.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.