GESIS - DBK - ZA2141

ZA2141: Eurobarometer 37.0 (Mar-Apr 1992)

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  • ZA2141_missing_v1-1-0.sps (Dataset) 2 KBytes
  • ZA2141_v1-1-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 11 MBytes
  • ZA2141_v1-1-0.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 20 MBytes
  • ZA2141_v1-1-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 11 MBytes


  • ZA2141_bq_en.pdf (Questionnaire) 230 KBytes
  • ZA2141_bq_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 237 KBytes
  • ZA2141_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2141_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2141_q_de-east.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2141_q_de-west.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2141_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2141_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2141_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2141_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2141_q_gb_ni.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2141_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2141_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2141_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 832 KBytes
  • ZA2141_q_lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 818 KBytes
  • ZA2141_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2141_q_no.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2141_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte


  • ZA2141_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 3 MBytes
ZACAT online analysis and search in variable level documentation:
Eurobarometer 37.0 (Mar-Apr 1992) Awareness and Importance of Maastricht, and the Future of the European Community
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation Commission of the European Communities (2012): Eurobarometer 37.0 (Mar-Apr 1992). INRA, Brussels. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA2141 Data file Version 1.1.0,
Study No.ZA2141
TitleEurobarometer 37.0 (Mar-Apr 1992)
Other Titles
  • Awareness and Importance of Maastricht and the Future of the European Community (Subtitle)
  • Standard Eurobarometer 37 (Alternative Title)
Current Version1.1.0, 2012-7-1,
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR09847.v1, 1995-10
Date of Collection18.03.1992 - 15.04.1992
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG X - Information Communication Culture Surveys Research Analyses


Abstract1. Attitudes to the EC, 2. Problems of environmental protection. Topics: 1. Attitudes to the EC: citizenship and eligibility to vote at place of residence; contentment with life; satisfaction with democracy; opinion leadership and frequency of political discussions; postmaterialism; frequency of obtaining news from television, radio and newspapers; preference for a dictatorship under certain conditions; major reasons for one´s own election participation; associations with the terms European Community and European Union; judgement on personal level of information about the EC; attitude to European unification and membership of one´s own country in the EC; advantages or disadvantages for the country from EC membership; regret of a possible failure of the EC; knowledge about the location of selected EC institutions; future significance of EC membership of the country for the country and the people; most important personal interests that will be achieved through the EC; satisfaction with the attitude of selected institutions and persons to Europe; self-perception as European or member of a nation-state (split: in the second case the key word ´citizen´ was introduced in the formulation of the question); judgement on current and desired speed of unification for Europe; knowledge about the European flag; cities, media and events, at which the European flag was seen; attitude to the European flag; attitude to the European Commission; preference for a national or European decision-making authority in selected political areas; attitude to reform of EC agricultural policy; knowledge about the European domestic market; expectations of the domestic market and reasons for hopes or fears; general attitude to the domestic market and a European social policy; expected effects from the domestic market; attitude to a European Government and the European Parliament; general significance of the European Parliament in selected political areas; attitude to an increasing significance of this parliament; agreement with expanded transfer of authority to the EC in an economic and currency union as well as in a political unification; knowledge about the Maastricht conference, the treaty and contents; evaluation of the significance of the Maastricht Treaty for the EC; expected effects of the Maastricht Treaty for the EC, for one´s own country and personal life; agreement with admission of selected countries into the EC and positive or negative effects originating from this for the old member countries; willingness to pay increased taxes to support Eastern Europe; knowledge about the most powerful EC institution; attitude to an eligibility to vote for EC foreigners at local and EC level; attitude to admission of Southern European job-seekers, emigrants from Eastern Europe as well as political applicants for political asylum; judgement on the proportion of foreigners from non-EC countries in one´s country and an extension of their rights; perceived disturbance from presence of people of foreign nationality, race and religion. 2. Problems of environmental protection: urgency of environmental protection; personal concern about selected environmental problems (scale); preference for economic growth or environmental protection; concern about the effects of selected economic areas on the environment; most important economic areas polluting the environment; classification of the extent of various types of environmental pollution in one´s residential surroundings (scale); concern about individual areas of environmental pollution in one´s country (scale); perceived seriousness of dangers to the environment and most important effects of these dangers; actual commitment and general readiness for active environmental protection (scale); assessment of the efficiency of local, regional, national, European as well as world-wide environmental protection institutions; need for information about environmental protection; most trustworthy sources of information; preferred topics for the environmental protection conference in Rio de Janeiro; interest in information on the year of ´civil defense´. Demography: self-classification on a left-right continuum; party allegiance; party preference (Sunday question); behavior at the polls in the last election; union membership; marital status; age at end of education; resumption of school training after an interruption and length of school training; length of further education; sex; age; size of household; number of children in household; possession of durable economic goods; occupational position; weekly number of working hours; supervisor status; employment in the civil service or private enterprise (company sector); person managing household; head of household; age of head of household at end of education; occupation of head of household; supervisor status of head of household; self-assessment of social class; residential status; degree of urbanization; religious denomination; frequency of church attendance; religiousness; monthly household income; city size; region. Also encoded was: date of interview; length of interview; presence of third persons during interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate. Indices: opinion leadership (cognitive mobility); postmaterialism; attitude to Europe; status in profession; party preference on European level; EC support; support for the EC domestic market; media usage. The following questions were posed only in Norway: highest school degree; further education and college attendance. The following additional questions were posed only in the new states: use of selected sources of information about the EC; perceived EC topics; most important sources of information about occurrences in the state, in the Federal Republic and in Europe; classification of credibility of selected sources of information; interest in further information about the EC; preference for brief or detailed information on political questions; assessment of the EC role in the achievement of equivalent standard of living between East and West Germany; knowledge about individual EC organs and their tasks; knowledge about EC member countries. The following questions were posed only in Portugal: knowledge and significance of the Portuguese EC presidency. The following questions were posed only in Ireland: agreement with Irish participation in a common European defense policy.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Cultural and national identity
  • International politics and organisations
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Government, political systems and organisations
  • Environment and conservation
  • Economic systems and development
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 5.4 Cultural and national identity
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 16.4 Environmental degradation/pollution and protection
  • 17.6 Economic systems and development


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Norway (NO)
UniversePersons 15 years old and older.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Multi-stage stratified random sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorMarketing Unit, Bruessel; GFK Danmark, Kopenhagen; SAMPLE INSTITUT, Moelln; KEME, Athen; PRAGMA srl, Rom; ICP-Research, Madrid; TMO Consultants, Paris; Lansdowne Market Research, Dublin; ULSTER MARKETING SERVICES, Nordirland; IRLES, Luxemburg; NIPO, Amsterdam; NORMA, Lissabon; MAI, International Market Research, London; NORGES MARKEDSDATA, Oslo INRA EUROPE, Brussels (Fieldwork co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 23.03.1992 - 4.04.1992 (Belgium)
  • 20.03.1992 - 6.04.1992 (Denmark)
  • 21.03.1992 - 5.04.1992 (Germany)
  • 23.03.1992 - 6.04.1992 (Greece)
  • 18.03.1992 - 7.04.1992 (Spain)
  • 18.03.1992 - 5.04.1992 (France)
  • 21.03.1992 - 11.04.1992 (Ireland (Republic))
  • 24.03.1992 - 10.04.1992 (Italy)
  • 18.03.1992 - 15.04.1992 (Luxembourg)
  • 21.03.1992 - 3.04.1992 (Netherlands)
  • 24.03.1992 - 10.04.1992 (Portugal)
  • 18.03.1992 - 10.04.1992 (Great Britain)
  • 19.03.1992 - 5.04.1992 (Northern Ireland)
  • 21.03.1992 - 10.04.1992 (Norway)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.1.0 (current version)2012-7-1 Archive edition update
1.0.02010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes
Changes between version 1.1.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2012-7-1ISOCNTRYalphanumeric country id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1VERSIONdataset version id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1wght_allweighting factor for all samples not available2012-7-1weighting factor produced

Further Remarks

NotesThe survey contained questions on the topics alcohol and drugs. These questions were also posed in Eurobarometer 37.1 (ZA Study No. 2241). The data from both surveys have been summarized in one data set, Eurobarometer 37.A, and archived under ZA Study No. 2243. The sample size in the individual countries was: Belgium 1036 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (West) 1065 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (East) 1112 cases, Denmark 1000 cases, France 1005 cases, Greece 1000 cases, Ireland 1001 cases, Italy 1046 cases, Luxembourg 496 cases, Netherlands 1002 cases, Portugal 1000 cases, Spain 1000 cases, United Kingdom 1016 cases, Northern Ireland 303 cases, Norway 1000 cases. Earlier Eurobarometers (2-36) are archived under ZA Study Nos. 0986-0995, 1036-1039, 1206-1209, 1318-1321, 1541-1544, 1712-1715, 1750-1753, 1960-1962, 2031-2033 as well as 2081. A cumulated data set of the Eurobarometers (1970-2002) is archived under ZA Study No. 3521. Concurrent with Eurobarometer 37.0 a few trend questions were also asked in an international INRA (EUROPE) omnibus survey for the EFTA countries and the Baltics. These data were merged into the European Integration Survey 1992 (ZA Study 2345).
Number of Units: 14082
Number of Variables: 675
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften (Hrsg.): Eurobarometer 37: Die öffentliche Meinung in der Europäischen Gemeinschaft. Brüssel: Selbstverlag 1992.
  • Commission of the European Communities: Europeans and the Environment in 1992. Brussels, August 1992 (also available in French).
  • Commission of the European Communities: The European Community and United Germany in Spring 1992. Brussels, May 1992 (also available in French and german).
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.