GESIS - DBK - ZA2294

ZA2294: Eurobarometer 38.0 (Sep-Oct 1992)

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  • ZA2294_missing_v1-1-0.sps (Dataset) 3 KBytes
  • ZA2294_v1-1-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 12 MBytes
  • ZA2294_v1-1-0.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 23 MBytes
  • ZA2294_v1-1-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 12 MBytes


  • ZA2294_bq_en.pdf (Questionnaire) 234 KBytes
  • ZA2294_bq_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 238 KBytes
  • ZA2294_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2294_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2294_q_de-east.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2294_q_de-west.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2294_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2294_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2294_q_fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 358 KBytes
  • ZA2294_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2294_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2294_q_gb_ni.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2294_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2294_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2294_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2294_q_lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2294_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2294_q_no.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2294_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes


  • ZA2294_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 4 MBytes
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Eurobarometer 38.0 (Sep-Oct 1992) European Court Of Justice, Passive Smoking, And Consumer Issues
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation Commission of the European Communities (2012): Eurobarometer 38.0 (Sep-Oct 1992). INRA, Brussels. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA2294 Data file Version 1.1.0,
Study No.ZA2294
TitleEurobarometer 38.0 (Sep-Oct 1992)
Other Titles
  • European Court of Justice, Passive Smoking, and Consumer Issues (Subtitle)
  • Standard Eurobarometer 38 (Alternative Title)
Current Version1.1.0, 2012-7-1,
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR06044.v1, 1995
Date of Collection21.09.1992 - 16.10.1992
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG X - Information Communication Culture Surveys Research Analyses


Abstract1. General Indicators; 2. Attitude to the EC; 3. Attitude to abortion; 4. Smoking habits; 5. Product safety. Topics: 1. General Indicators: citizenship and eligibility to vote at place of residence; contentment with life; satisfaction with democracy; opinion leadership and frequency of political discussions; postmaterialism; frequency of obtaining news from television, radio and newspapers. 2. Attitude to the EC: knowledge about the EC and its institutions; hopes and fears for the future of the European Community; judgement on personal level of information about the EC; attitude to European unification and membership of one´s own country in the EC; advantages or disadvantages for the country from EC membership; regret of a possible failure of the EC; general assessment of the significance of the EC; attitude to a European Government and European Parliament; judgement on the possibilities for citizens to democratically influence EC decisions; preferred new EC member countries until the year 2000; significance of European unification for national or European identity of the individual; judgement on the EC Commission by means of a semantic differential; preference for national or European decision-making authority in selected political areas; knowledge about the start of the European domestic market; expectations of the European domestic market and reasons for hopes and fears; general attitude to the domestic market and to a European social policy; general significance of the European Parliament in selected political areas; attitude to an increasing significance of the parliament; agreement with an expanded transfer of authority to the EC in an economic and currency union as well as in a political unification; knowledge about the Maastricht conference, its resolutions and their contents; agreement or rejection of the Maastricht Treaty as well as selected components of the treaty; expected effects of the Maastricht Treaty for the EC, for one´s own country and for personal life; exchange of national identity for a European identity; chances of individual EC countries to join the economic and currency union; expected advantages or disadvantages for one´s own country from the economic and currency union; preference for European or national precedents in conflicts of laws; sense of justice and attitude to selected aspects of the legal system (scale); attitude to the European Court of Justice and the highest national court of law; judgement on the work of the highest European Court of Justice. 3. Attitude to abortion: attitude to the right to abortion and a European regulation regarding abortion. 4. Smoking habits: number of cigarettes smoked daily; desire to quit smoking or reduce use of cigarettes (split: in the second case the question was not about desire but intent); frequency of not smoking in order not to bother others present; reasonableness for a smoker to travel in the no-smoking compartment or vice versa for a non-smoker to travel in the smoking compartment; time of quitting smoking (for former smokers); presence of smokers at home, in one´s circle of friends, at work and at other places; frequency of requests to smokers not to smoke; perceived bother from smokers; frequency of personal passive smoking; assessment of jeopardy to health from passive smoking; attitude to a smoking ban in public institutions; extent of such a smoking prohibition in one´s own vicinity; perceived observance of the smoking ban; preference for smoking zones or no-smoking zones at work; preference for an independent solution among work colleagues or for a management decision; smoking regulations at one´s place of work and perceived observance of these rules; attitude to a prohibition of cigarette advertising; knowledge about prohibitions of advertising for cigarettes in one´s country; evaluation of the effectiveness of these prohibitions; knowledge about the European program to combat cancer. 5. Product safety: most important criteria in purchase of products; interest in the safety of products and services; significance of the security aspect of products in the media, in school and in leisure time; assessment of the salience of consumer protection (scale); consumer areas in which one should place particular value on safety; consumer areas to which one attributes the greatest potential for jeopardy; those primarily responsible for product safety and the safety of services in selected product areas; expected comparability of security standard of products in Europe and desire for generally understandable safety codes; the same security standards in Europe; desire for cross-border signs and symbols for dangers at the beach, in the mountains and with fire; adequate extent to which citizens are informed about dangers to the environment; assessment of the usefulness of selected types of insurance; greatest sources of danger for older people and children in different age-groups; last accident at home in one´s family; person who had an accident; product or object which lead to the accident; one responsible for the accident. Demography: self-classification on a left-right continuum; party allegiance; party preference (Sunday question); behavior at the polls in the last election; union membership; marital status; age at end of education; resumption of school training after an interruption and length of school training; length of further education; sex; age; size of household; number of children in household; possession of durable economic goods; occupational position; weekly number of working hours; supervisor status; employment in the civil service or private enterprise (company sector); person managing household; position in household; age of head of household at end of education; occupation of head of household; supervisor status of head of household; self-assessment of social class; residential status; degree of urbanization; religious denomination; frequency of church attendance; religiousness; monthly household income; city size; region; possession of a telephone. Indices: opinion leadership (cognitive mobility); postmaterialism; attitude to Europe; status in profession; party preference on European level; EC support; support for the EC domestic market; media usage; ESOMAR Social Grade; life cycle. In the Federal Republic the following questions were also posed: use of selected sources of information about the EC; perceived EC topics; preferred sources of information about the European Community; assessment of the EC role in achieving equivalent standard of living between Eastern and Western Germany. In Great Britain and Northern Ireland the following question was also posed: knowledge and significance of the British EC presidency. In France, West Germany, United Kingdom, Spain and Italy the following questions were also posed: self-classification of knowledge about selected EC countries; naming the most pleasant, most conscientious, most efficient and most trustworthy EC countries; assessment of the achievablilty of conditions for joining the economic and currency union by one´s own country. Only in Italy the following questions were posed: assumed interest of new applicant countries in EC membership; attitude to a subordinate role of one´s own country in an economic and currency union; most important obstacles to participation in the economic and currency union; perceived readiness of the population for economic and social sacrifices for the benefit of an economic and currency union; judgement on selected economic and social disadvantages for Italy from the economic and currency union; willingness to sacrifice income for the benefit of European unification. In Denmark the following questions were also posed: knowledge about the monthly magazine ´ES-AVISSEN´ and its content; origin of the issues read; evaluation of information content in selected areas; preference for more frequent publication of this magazine. The following questions were posed only in Norway: highest school degree; further education and college attendance. Also encoded was: date of interview; length of interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate; number of contact attempts; identification of interviewer.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Legislation and legal systems
  • Drug abuse, alcohol and smoking
  • International politics and organisations
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Economic systems and development
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 6.3 Legal systems
  • 7.1 Drug abuse, alcohol and smoking
  • 8 Trade, industry and markets
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 17.6 Economic systems and development


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Norway (NO)
UniversePersons 15 years old and older.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Multi-stage stratified random sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorMarketing Unit, Bruessel; GFK Danmark/OBSERVA, Kopenhagen; SAMPLE INSTITUT, Moelln; KEME, Athen; PRAGMA srl, Rom; CIMEI, Spanien; TMO Consultants, Paris; Lansdowne Market Research, Dublin; ILRES, Luxemburg; NIPO, Amsterdam; NORMA, Lissabon; NOP, London; ULSTER Marketing Services, Nordirland INRA EUROPE, Brussels (Fieldwork co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 23.09.1992 - 9.10.1992 (Belgium)
  • 23.09.1992 - 9.10.1992 (Denmark)
  • 23.09.1992 - 9.10.1992 (Germany)
  • 25.09.1992 - 8.10.1992 (Greece)
  • 21.09.1992 - 10.10.1992 (Spain)
  • 23.09.1992 - 7.10.1992 (France)
  • 24.09.1992 - 14.10.1992 (Ireland (Republic))
  • 28.09.1992 - 10.10.1992 (Italy)
  • 21.09.1992 - 15.10.1992 (Luxembourg)
  • 23.09.1992 - 13.10.1992 (Netherlands)
  • 24.09.1992 - 9.10.1992 (Portugal)
  • 23.09.1992 - 9.10.1992 (Great Britain)
  • 24.09.1992 - 13.10.1992 (Northern Ireland)
  • 28.09.1992 - 16.10.1992 (Norway)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.1.0 (current version)2012-7-1 Archive edition update
1.0.02010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes
Changes between version 1.1.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2012-7-1ISOCNTRYalphanumeric country id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1VERSIONdataset version id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1wght_allweighting factor for all samples not available2012-7-1weighting factor produced

Further Remarks

NotesThe 13008 cases of the data set are distributed among the individual countries as follows: Belgium 1040 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (West) 1013 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (East) 1015 cases, Denmark 1000 cases, France 1005 cases, Greece 1006 cases, Ireland 1008 cases, Italy 1052 cases, Luxembourg 500 cases, Netherlands 1003 cases, Portugal 1000 cases, Spain 1004 cases, United Kingdom 1058 cases, Northern Ireland 304 cases. Earlier Eurobarometers (2-37) are archived under ZA Study Nos. 0986-0995, 1036-1039, 1206-1209, 1318-1321, 1541-1544, 1712-1715, 1750-1753, 1960-1962, 2031-2033, 2081 as well as 2141. A cumulated data set of Eurobarometers (1970-2002) with selected trend questions is archived under ZA Study No. 3521. Prior to Eurobarometer 38.0 questions on SMOKING and cancer have been asked in the context of a special health survey: Commission of the European Communities. EURO HEALTH SURVEY 2: CANCER PREVENTION SURVEY, FEBRUARY-MARCH 1992. A ´Eurobarometer 38 Panel´ survey on ´European Court of Justice´ issues was conducted in 1993 under the responsibility of Gregory A. Caldeira (Department of Political Science, Ohio State University) and James L. Gibson (Department of Political Science, University of Houston), and in close cooperation with the Commission of the European Communities. Primary data are not yet available.
Number of Units: 14014
Number of Variables: 783
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften (Hrsg.): Eurobarometer 38: Die öffentliche Meinung in der Europäischen Gemeinschaft. Brüssel: Selbstverlag 1992.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.