GESIS - DBK - ZA2491

ZA2491: Eurobarometer 41.1 (Jun-Jul 1994)

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  • ZA2491_missing_v1-1-0.sps (Dataset) 3 KBytes
  • ZA2491_v1-1-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 6 MBytes
  • ZA2491_v1-1-0.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 11 MBytes
  • ZA2491_v1-1-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 6 MBytes


  • ZA2491_bq_en.pdf (Questionnaire) 262 KBytes
  • ZA2491_bq_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 261 KBytes
  • ZA2491_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2491_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2491_q_de-east.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2491_q_de-west.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2491_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2491_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2491_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2491_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2491_q_gb_ni.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2491_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2491_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2491_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 937 KBytes
  • ZA2491_q_lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 825 KBytes
  • ZA2491_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2491_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte


  • ZA2491_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 3 MBytes
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Eurobarometer 41.1 (Jun-Jul 1994) Post-European Election
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission (2012): Eurobarometer 41.1 (Jun-Jul 1994). INRA, Brussels. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA2491 Data file Version 1.1.0,
Study No.ZA2491
TitleEurobarometer 41.1 (Jun-Jul 1994)
Other Titles
  • Post-European Election (Subtitle)
Current Version1.1.0, 2012-7-1,
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR06518.v1, 1998-04
Date of Collection11.06.1994 - 8.07.1994
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG X - Information Communication Culture Surveys Research Analyses


AbstractQuestions on the European Election and the EU. Women in politics and economy. Policies on foreigners. Topics: Trust in the citizens of the individual countries of the EU as well as in the Americans, Japanese and Russians; political interest and interest in European policies; attitude to unification of Western Europe; advantageousness of membership of one´s own country in the EU; current balance of advantages from the EU and that expected in five years; regret of a possible failure of the EU; satisfaction with the functioning of democracy in one´s country as well as in the EU; preference for increased political decisions at European level. European Election: registration for the election to the European Parliament; personal election participation in the European Election; reasons for not participating in the election; party voted for; significance of quota of women realized by a party for one´s own voting decision; knowledge test about the familiarity of selected politicians at European as well as national level; popularity of prime ministers John Major, Felipe Gonzales, Francois Mitterrand and Helmut Kohl; knowledge test about the membership of selected countries in the European Union; judgement on the speed of unification of the European countries and desired speed of EU unification; approval of a European Government responsible to a European Parliament; self-classification as European; trust in the decisions of the European Union, the European Commission, the national government, the European Court of Justice, the Council of Ministers, the national parliament and the European Parliament considering the national and individual interests of the people; good and bad sides of the European Parliament; assessment of the power of the national parliament and the European Parliament on a scale as well as expected future influence of these parliaments on the affairs of the respondent; attitude to the idea of further development of the European Union into the United States of Europe; type of personal contact with advertising in the election campaign for the European Election; voting for party or voting for candidate in the European Election as well as in the national parliament; personal position as well as assumed position of the national parties regarding a common European currency, an extensive European employment program and elimination of borders between the European countries; most important political problems; party most able to solve the political problems and classification of controversies as regional, national or European problem; general judgement on the advantageousness of the Common Market; attitude to a common currency (ECU). Women in business and politics: gender-specific preferences in the voting decision for the candidate (not in all countries); institutions and bodies in which women in decision-making positions would be particularly reasonable; desire for more female candidates in the political parties in the European Election. Policies on foreigners: too many foreigners in one´s country; attitude to an extension of the rights for foreigners; persons seeking asylum as a problem for one´s own country; European country with presumably the greatest influx of immigrants and persons seeking asylum. Demography: self-classification and classification of national parties on a left-right continuum; party inclination and party preference (Sunday question and classification of the probability of voting for every individual party); party sympathy of father during the youth of respondent; behavior at the polls in the last national election; personal membership or membership of member of household in a trade union; age at conclusion of training; possession of durable economic goods; responsibility of respondent for household income or for housekeeping; self-classification of social class; religiousness; possession of a telephone. The following question was also posed in Germany, France, Italy, the Netherlands and Great Britain: sympathy for as well as membership in an environmental protection organization, peace movement, organization opposing nuclear power well as in a women´s movement. The following questions were also posed in Denmark: attitude to Danish membership in the EU; behavior at the polls in the referendum on the Maastricht Treaty; major reasons for the behavior at the polls in the European Election; attitude to leaving the EU; time of voting decision. Also encoded were: date of interview; time of start of interview; length of interview; number of persons present during the interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate; identification of interviewer.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Migration
  • International politics and organisations
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Elections
  • Gender and gender roles
  • Economic systems and development
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 2.2 Migration
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 11.7 Elections
  • 13.4 Gender and gender roles
  • 17.6 Economic systems and development


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
UniversePersons 15 years old and older.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Multi-stage stratified random sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorMarketing Unit, Bruessel; GFK Danmark, Kopenhagen; SAMPLE INSTITUT, Moelln; KEME, Athen; CIMEI, Madrid; TMO Consultants, Paris; Lansdowne Market Research, Dublin; PRAGMA, Rom; ILRES, Luxemburg; NIPO, Amsterdam; NORMA, Lissabon; NOP Corporate and Financial, London; Ulster Marketing Surveys, Nordirland; INRA EUROPE, Brussels (Fieldwork co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 13.06.1994 - 30.06.1994 (Belgium)
  • 11.06.1994 - 28.06.1994 (Denmark)
  • 13.06.1994 - 5.07.1994 (Germany)
  • 13.06.1994 - 30.06.1994 (Greece)
  • 13.06.1994 - 27.06.1994 (Spain)
  • 13.06.1994 - 27.06.1994 (France)
  • 13.06.1994 - 8.07.1994 (Ireland (Republic))
  • 14.06.1994 - 28.06.1994 (Italy)
  • 13.06.1994 - 8.07.1994 (Luxembourg)
  • 11.06.1994 - 2.07.1994 (Netherlands)
  • 15.06.1994 - 4.07.1994 (Portugal)
  • 13.06.1994 - 7.07.1994 (Great Britain)
  • 14.06.1994 - 30.06.1994 (Northern Ireland)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.1.0 (current version)2012-7-1 Archive edition update
1.0.02010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes
Changes between version 1.1.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2012-7-1ISOCNTRYalphanumeric country id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1VERSIONdataset version id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1v349, value 3value label incorrect2012-7-1value label corrected

Further Remarks

NotesThe total of the respondents is distributed among the individual countries as follows: Belgium 1003 cases, Denmark 1000 cases, Germany (West sample) 1082 cases, Germany (East sample) 1052 cases, Greece 1002 cases, Spain 1000 cases, France 1000 cases, Ireland 1000 cases, Italy 1067 cases, Luxembourg 502 cases, Netherlands 1005 cases, Portugal 1000 cases, Great Britain 1078 cases, Northern Ireland 305 cases. Earlier Eurobarometers (2 - 41) are archived under ZA Study Nos. 0986 - 0995, 1036 - 1039, 1206 - 1209, 1318 - 1321, 1541 - 1544, 1712 - 1715, 1750 - 1753, 1960 - 1962, 2031 - 2033, 2081, 2141, 2241 - 2243, 2291 - 2295, 2346, 2347, 2459 as well as 2490. A cumulated data set of the Eurobarometers (1970-2002) is archived under ZA Study No. 3521.
Number of Units: 13096
Number of Variables: 369
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • INRA (Europe) pour la Commission Europeenne: Les femmes et l´election du parlament europeen. Bruxelles, Decembre 1994.
  • Cees van der Eijk, Mark N. Franklin Choosing Europe? The European Electorate and National Politics in the Face of Union. The University of Michigan Press. Ann Arbor, 1996 (ISBN 0-472-10357-1)
  • European Journal of Political Research. Special Issue: Political Representation in the European Parliament. Volume 32, No. 2 (October 1997)
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.