GESIS - DBK - ZA2563

ZA2563: Eurobarometer 42 (Nov-Dec 1994)

Downloads and Data Access

On this page you find the complete metadata and an overview of all available data sets and documents for the requested study. The download of all files is possible from our central search page under the following link:
ZA2563 Downloads and Data Access

List of Files

List of Files


  • ZA2563_missing_v1-0-1.sps (Dataset) 3 KBytes
  • ZA2563_v1-0-1.dta (Dataset Stata) 10 MBytes
  • ZA2563_v1-0-1.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 19 MBytes
  • ZA2563_v1-0-1.sav (Dataset SPSS) 11 MBytes


  • ZA2563_bq_en.pdf (Questionnaire) 601 KBytes
  • ZA2563_bq_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 598 KBytes
  • ZA2563_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 175 KBytes
  • ZA2563_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2563_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2563_q_de-east.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2563_q_de-west.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2563_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2563_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2563_q_fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 235 KBytes
  • ZA2563_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2563_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2563_q_gb_ni.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2563_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2563_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2563_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2563_q_lu-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 920 KBytes
  • ZA2563_q_lu-lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 862 KBytes
  • ZA2563_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2563_q_no.pdf (Questionnaire) 896 KBytes
  • ZA2563_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2563_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 53 KBytes


  • ZA2563_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 3 MBytes
ZACAT online analysis and search in variable level documentation:
Eurobarometer 42 (Nov-Dec 1994) The First Year of the New European Union
Availability Availability 0 - Data and documents are released for everybody.
Download of Data and Documents Download of Data and Documents All downloads from this catalogue are free of charge. Data-sets available under access categories B and C must be ordered via the shopping cart with a few exceptions. Charges apply! Please respect our Terms of use.

Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission (2012): Eurobarometer 42 (Nov-Dec 1994). INRA, Brussels. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA2563 Data file Version 1.0.1,
Study No.ZA2563
TitleEurobarometer 42 (Nov-Dec 1994)
Other Titles
  • The First Year of the New European Union (Subtitle)
  • Standard Eurobarometer 42 (Alternative Title)
Current Version1.0.1, 2012-7-1,
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR06518.v1 , 1997-09
Date of Collection14.11.1994 - 31.12.1994
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG X - Information Communication Culture Surveys Research Analyses


AbstractAttitude to European unification, the European Parliament and further development of the Union. Topics: General contentment with life; postmaterialism; expected development of personal situation, one´s own financial situation and the job situation in the coming year; expected general economic development of the country; frequency of obtaining news from television, radio and daily newspapers; national pride and reasons for national pride (split: exchange of the sequence of general determination and naming of reasons); attitude to pride in the nation; self-classification of political orientation. Europe: general interest in politics and special interest in European politics; satisfaction with democracy at municipal, national and European level; European citizenship; self-classification of general extent to which informed about the European Union; approval of European unification; attitude to membership of the country in the EU and advantageousness of membership for one´s own country; regret of a failure of the EU; judgement on the speed of unification of the EU and desired progress of this unification; desired national or European responsibility for political departments and for selected political measures; desire for increased information about the European Union; perceived information about the European Parliament, the European Commission, the Council of Ministers, the European Court of Justice, the Common Market and the Maastricht Treaty (split: in the last three months versus recently); personal hopes in the Common Market; hopes in the Common Market regarding the job market, trade, competition, the economic situation and social policies; reasons and type of concerns regarding the Common Market; approval of future membership in the EU for Austria, Finland, Sweden, Norway, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, the Slovak Republic, Bulgaria, Romania and Slovenia; familiarity of those countries who conducted a referendum regarding joining the EU; familiarity of the positive or negative result of these referendums. Future European politics: judgement on selected ideas about the future development of the EU; approval of individual parts of the Maastricht Treaty such as central currency bank, common currency, defense and foreign policy; knowledge about the correct date of the last European election; personal election participation; behavior at the polls; knowledge about increased power of the European Parliament since the Maastricht Treaty; approval of this increased power of the parliament; knowledge about termination of the mandate of the European Commission; knowledge of the name of the new president of the European Commission; judgement on the job of the previous president Jaques Delores; knowledge about the names of the commissars in the EU commission coming from the country of respondent; EU countries to which one feels a special closeness, which one can trust politically, which are committed to the European idea, which work economically efficiently, conduct business reliably and conduct intensive European policies; knowledge of the ECHO logo (European Community Humanitarian Office); knowledge of the organizations: ECHO, UNICEF, UNHCR, USAID and WFT; knowledge about humanitarian aid of the EU altogether as well as especially for Ruanda as well as for former Yugoslavia; judgement on the information policies of ECHO; attitude to increase or reduction of humanitarian aid of the EU; comparison of the extent of humanitarian aid of the USA, the EU and Japan; preference for humanitarian aid of the EU, the individual countries, the UN or relief organizations independent of countries; judgement on manner of provision of humanitarian resources by the EU. European Parliament: significance of the European Parliament; adequate control over the power of the European Commission, the Council of Ministers and the Administration by the European Parliament; judgement on the reliability of decisions of the EU Commission, the national government, the European Parliament, the national parliament and the Council of Ministers in the interest of the citizens; perceived representation of interests through the European Parliament; political areas to which the European Parliament should pay particular attention. Foreigner questions: assessment of the proportion of foreigners in the country; perceived disturbances through people of other nationality, another race or other religion. Family: attitude to the role of women or men in the household. Nutrition and risk of cancer: assumed influence of selected foods on the risk of cancer. The significance of God in one´s own life (scale). Demography: possession of durable consumer goods; self-classification on a left-right continuum; party preference; age at conclusion of school training; religiousness. In Denmark, Germany, Italy, Spain, France, Ireland, Portugal and in the United Kingdom the image of Italy was additionally surveyed: intensity of observing Italian politics; judgement on the political as well as the economic situation of Italy on scales. The following questions were posed in France: degree of familiarity of brands of soft drinks; consumption at home and away from home, brands consumed and frequency of consumption of soft drinks; conduct when the preferred brand of soft drink is not available in the selection of the restaurant as well as store; assessment of the difference of soft drink beverages from other refreshments; most important reason for consumption of soft drinks; assessment of the different taste of the individual brands of soft drinks. The following questions were posed in Norway: general judgement on the EES treaty; personal agreement or rejection in the EU referendum; conduct given a new referendum; significance of Norway´s joining the EU for the areas of environment, jobs, health, security policy, drug policy, structure policy, economy, culture and regarding political influence; expected future EU membership of the country. Also encoded was: time of interview; length of interview; number of persons present during the interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate; city size; possession of a telephone.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Cultural and national identity
  • International politics and organisations
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Economic systems and development
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 5.4 Cultural and national identity
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 17.6 Economic systems and development


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Norway (NO)
UniversePersons 15 years old and older.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Multi-stage stratified random sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorMarketing Unit, Bruessel; GFK Danmark, Kopenhagen; SAMPLE INSTITUT, Moelln; KEME, Athen; CIMEI, Madrid; TMO Consultants, Paris; Lansdowne Market Research, Dublin; PRAGMA, Rom; ILRES, Luxemburg; NIPO, Amsterdam; NORMA, Lissabon; NOP Corporate & Financial, London; Ulster Marketing Surveys, Nordirland; SPECTRA, Linz; TEMO AB, Solna, Schweden; Marketing Development Center, Espoo, Finnland; Nielsen Norge, Bergen INRA EUROPE, Brussels (Fieldwork co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 1.12.1994 - 22.12.1994 (Belgium)
  • 1.12.1994 - 18.12.1994 (Denmark)
  • 1.12.1994 - 19.12.1994 (Germany)
  • 30.11.1994 - 16.12.1994 (Greece)
  • 28.11.1994 - 12.12.1994 (Spain)
  • 30.11.1994 - 15.12.1994 (France)
  • 30.11.1994 - 23.12.1994 (Ireland (Republic))
  • 29.11.1994 - 23.12.1994 (Italy)
  • 29.11.1994 - 31.12.1994 (Luxembourg)
  • 30.11.1994 - 31.12.1994 (Netherlands)
  • 29.11.1994 - 16.12.1994 (Portugal)
  • 28.11.1994 - 16.12.1994 (Great Britain)
  • 30.11.1994 - 21.12.1994 (Northern Ireland)
  • 1.12.1994 - 13.12.1994 (Austria)
  • 1.12.1994 - 13.12.1994 (Sweden)
  • 14.11.1994 - 27.11.1994 (Finland)
  • 30.11.1994 - 31.12.1994 (Norway)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.1 (current version)2012-7-1 Archive edition update
1.0.02010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes
Changes between version 1.0.1 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2012-7-1ISOCNTRYalphanumeric country id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1VERSIONdataset version id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1V525, value 0value label missing2012-7-1value label added

Further Remarks

NotesThe total number of respondents is distributed among the individual countries as follows: Belgium 1043 cases, Denmark 1001 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (West) 1018 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (East) 1034 cases, Greece 1002 cases, Spain 1006 cases, France 1007 cases, Ireland 1002 cases, Italy 1055 cases, Luxembourg 500 cases, Netherlands 1047 cases, Portugal 997 cases, Great Britain 1045 cases, Northern Ireland 306 cases, Austria 1082 cases, Sweden 501 cases, Finland 1000 cases, Norway 1031 cases. Earlier Eurobarometers (2-41) are archived under ZA Study Nos. 0986-0995, 1036-1039, 1206-1209, 1318-1321, 1541-1544, 1712-1715, 1750-1753, 1960-1962, 2031-2033, 2081, 2141, 2241-2243, 2294-2295, 2346, 2347 as well as 2459, 2490, 2491. A cumulated dataset of Eurobarometers (1970-2002) with selected trend questions is archived under ZA Study No. 3521 In the non-EU-countries Austria, Sweden, Finland and Norway only a selection of questions was posed. The survey in Norway is not part of the official Eurobarometer and was conducted on the initiative of the Norwegians. Data on vote intention (D4) and voting behaviour (D5) are not available for new member countries Austria and Sweden, although (at least) the national field questionnaire for Austria does include both.
Number of Units: 16677
Number of Variables: 544
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • Europäische Kommission (Hrsg.): Eurobarometer 42: Die öffentliche Meinung in der Europäischen Gemeinschaft. Brüssel: Selbstverlag 1995.
  • INRA (Europe) pour la Commission Europeenne, et le European Community Humanitarian Office: Les Européens et ECHO - European Community Humanitarian Office. Bruxelles, février 1995.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.