GESIS - DBK - ZA2637

ZA2637: Eurobarometer 43.1 (Apr-May 1995)

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  • ZA2637_missing_v1-0-1.sps (Dataset) 2 KBytes
  • ZA2637_v1-0-1.dta (Dataset Stata) 10 MBytes
  • ZA2637_v1-0-1.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 18 MBytes
  • ZA2637_v1-0-1.sav (Dataset SPSS) 11 MBytes


  • ZA2637_bq_en.pdf (Questionnaire) 607 KBytes
  • ZA2637_bq_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 599 KBytes
  • ZA2637_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2637_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2637_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2637_q_de-east.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2637_q_de-west.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2637_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2637_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2637_q_fi-fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2637_q_fi-se.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2637_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2637_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2637_q_gb_ni.pdf (Questionnaire) 4 MBytes
  • ZA2637_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 4 MBytes
  • ZA2637_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 4 MBytes
  • ZA2637_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2637_q_lu-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2637_q_lu-lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2637_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 4 MBytes
  • ZA2637_q_no.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2637_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2637_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes


  • ZA2637_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 3 MBytes
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Eurobarometer 43.1 (Apr-May 1995) International Trade and Radiation Protection
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission (2012): Eurobarometer 43.1 (Apr-May 1995). INRA, Brussels. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA2637 Data file Version 1.0.1,
Study No.ZA2637
TitleEurobarometer 43.1 (Apr-May 1995)
Other Titles
  • International Trade and Radiation Protection (Subtitle)
  • Standard Eurobarometer 43 (Alternative Title)
Current Version1.0.1, 2012-7-1,
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR06839.v1, 1998-07
Date of Collection04.1995 - 18.05.1995
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG X - Information Communication Culture Surveys Research Analyses


Abstract1. Attitude to European unification, the European Parliament and further development of the Union. 2. Radioactivity and cancer. Topics: 1. Attitude to European unification, the European Parliament and further development of the Union: eligibility to vote at place of residence; contentment with life; satisfaction with democracy at municipal level, state level and the level of the European Union; personal opinion leadership and interest in politics; postmaterialism; frequency of obtaining news on television, radio and in daily newspapers; attitude to efforts to unify Europe (split: Western Europe); attitude to membership of the country in the EU and advantageousness of membership for one´s own country; regret of a failure of the EU; judgement on the speed of unification of the EU and desired progress of this unification; perceived information about the European Parliament, the European Commission, the Council of Ministers, the European Court of Justice, the Common Market, the Maastricht Treaty, the planned conference on checking the Maastricht Treaty, the discussion about new members of the community, the Schengen Treaty and the topic ´Europe of two speeds´ (split: in the last three months vs. recently); self-assessment of extent to which informed and information need about the European Union; most important sources of information about the EU; knowledge about the individual member countries of the EU; expected effects of the new entries by Austria, Finland and Sweden on the respondent, the country, the EU, unemployment, world-wide competitive ability and equal rights for men and women; classification of the member countries according to the criterion of the ´two speeds´; attitude to a ´Europe of two speeds´; governments most supportive as well as least supportive of common actions in the EU; attitude to increased integration of the EU; European citizenship; ideas about Europe in the year 2010 (scale); approval of a European Government; preferred national or European responsibility for the political departments and selected political measures; most important political areas for actions of the European Parliament; political areas where the respondent has the greatest need for information; preferred information media; ways of looking for information on European topics; maximum acceptable costs for obtaining information about European topics; hopes or fears regarding the Common Market and the European Union; approval of a common currency, an EU Central Bank, a common foreign policy, a common security policy, the position of the EU President and the European Commission regarding the parliament, an increased role of the European Parliament, an active and passive right to vote in municipal elections of European citizens at their respective place of residence, to subsidiarity of political decisions at local, regional, national or European level, to instructing schoolchildren about the work of the institutions of the EU and to support of film and television productions in Europe in order to create a counterbalance to American and Japanese productions; perceived representation of interests of the people through institutions such as the European Commission, national government, the European Parliament, the national parliament and the Council of Ministers; significance of the European Parliament for the EU and actual and desired significance; political areas recommended for particular attention of the European Parliament; knowledge about the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank, the GATT, the World Trade Organization (WTO) as well as the economic negotiations between the EU and the United States in the Uruguay Round; assessment of the efficiency of the European Union as representative of the interests in trade; preference for free trade for all products or desire for protection for cultural products such as film and television programs. 2. Radioactivity and cancer: self-classification of extent to which informed about radioactivity and preferred sources of information; most important criteria for satisfactory information about radioactivity; classification of environmental groups, doctors, independent scientists, university instructors and government authorities as reliable providers of information about radioactivity; most important criteria for meaningful information about radioactivity; most important sources of radioactive radiation; assumptions about the risk of cancer in the vicinity of nuclear power plants; assessment of the environmental pollution from storage of nuclear wastes on the bottom of the ocean; comparison of the significance of radioactive and chemical environmental pollution in the country; possibility of an accident comparable to the one in Chernobyl in one´s own country; demand for continual information for a neighboring country in case of nuclear power plants in the vicinity the border of a country; possession of electronic entertainment media and selected durable economic goods; possession of a telephone. The following question was also posed in France: extent to which informed about the French presidency in the Council of Ministers and significance of this presidency. Also encoded was: date of interview; time of start of interview; length of interview; number of persons present during interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Drug abuse, alcohol and smoking
  • Specific diseases, disorders and medical conditions
  • International politics and organisations
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Government, political systems and organisations
  • Energy and natural resources
  • Economic systems and development
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 7.1 Drug abuse, alcohol and smoking
  • 7.8 Specific diseases and medical conditions
  • 8 Trade, industry and markets
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 16.2 Natural resources and energy
  • 17.6 Economic systems and development


Geographic Coverage
  • Austria (AT)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Norway (NO)
UniverseRespondents 15 years old and older
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Multi-stage stratified random sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorMarketing Unit, Bruessel; GFK Danmark, Kopenhagen; SAMPLE INSTITUT, Moelln; KEME, Athen; CIMEI, Madrid; TMO Consultants, Paris; Lansdowne Market Research, Dublin; Ulster Marketing Surveys, Nordirland; PRAGMA, Rom; ILRES, Luxemburg; NIPO, Amsterdam; NORMA, Lissabon; NOP, London; TEMO AB, Solna, Schweden; Marketing Development Center, Espoo, Finnland; SPECTRA, Linz, Oesterreich; INRA EUROPE, Bruessel (Internationale Koordination)
Date of Collection
  • 14.04.1995 - 9.05.1995 (Austria)
  • 18.04.1995 - 5.05.1995 (Belgium)
  • 17.04.1995 - 8.05.1995 (Denmark)
  • 17.04.1995 - 5.05.1995 (Germany)
  • 16.04.1995 - 5.05.1995 (Greece)
  • 18.04.1995 - 5.05.1995 (Spain)
  • 18.04.1995 - 4.05.1995 (France)
  • 17.04.1995 - 13.05.1995 (Ireland (Republic))
  • 15.04.1995 - 4.05.1995 (Italy)
  • 7.04.1995 - 17.05.1995 (Luxembourg)
  • 19.04.1995 - 18.05.1995 (Netherlands)
  • 15.04.1995 - 6.05.1995 (Portugal)
  • 18.04.1995 - 15.05.1995 (Sweden)
  • 19.04.1995 - 16.05.1995 (Finland)
  • 20.04.1995 - 4.05.1995 (Great Britain)
  • 20.04.1995 - 11.05.1995 (Northern Ireland)
  • 04.1995 - 05.1995 (Norway)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.1 (current version)2012-7-1 Archive edition update
1.0.02010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
2013-11-8SIZE OF COMMUNITY (P6)Data for SWEDEN have been supplied with four categories, deviating from the Swedish field questionnaire (seven categories) and from Eurobarometer surveys 44 ff.
2013-11-8D26, D27, D29No RELIGIOUS DENOMINATION, CHURCH ATTENDANCE and INCOME data supplied for this dataset.
Version changes
Changes between version 1.0.1 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2012-7-1ISOCNTRYalphanumeric country id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1VERSIONdataset version id variable2012-7-1variable added

Further Remarks

NotesThe total of the cases of the data set are distributed among the individual states as follows: Belgium 1056 cases, Denmark 1000 cases, Germany (West Sample) 1055 cases, Germany (East Sample) 1049 cases, Greece 1006 cases, Spain 1000 cases, France 1002 cases, Ireland 1000 cases, Italy 1057 cases, Luxembourg 499 cases, Netherlands 1010 cases, Portugal 1000 cases, Great Britain 1066 cases, Northern Ireland 305 cases, Austria 1014 cases, Sweden 1017 cases, Finland 1030 cases. Earlier Eurobarometers (2-42) are archived under ZA Study Nos. 0986-0995, 1036-1039, 1206-1209, 1318-1321, 1541-1544, 1712-1715, 1750-1753, 1960-1962, 2031-2033, 2081, 2141, 2241-2243, 2291-2295, 2346, 2347, 2459, 2490, 2491, 2563 as well as 2636. A cumulated data set of Eurobarometers (1970-1992) is archived under ZA Study No. 2533. A split questionnaire was used (see reference: split).
Number of Units: 17166
Number of Variables: 502
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • Europäische Kommission (Hrsg.): Eurobarometer 43: Die öffentliche Meinung in der Europäischen Union. Brüssel: Selbstverlag Herbst 1995.
  • Commission des Communautés Européennes: L´intervention de l´UE dans la régulation des relations économiques et du commerce international. Bruxelles, Août 1995.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.