GESIS - DBK - ZA2828

ZA2828: Eurobarometer 44.2bis (Jan-Mar 1996)

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  • ZA2828_missing_v1-0-1.sps (Dataset) 2 KBytes
  • ZA2828_v1-0-1.dta (Dataset Stata) 46 MBytes
  • ZA2828_v1-0-1.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 85 MBytes
  • ZA2828_v1-0-1.sav (Dataset SPSS) 47 MBytes


  • ZA2828_bq_en.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2828_bq_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2828_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 954 KBytes
  • ZA2828_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2828_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2828_q_de-east.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2828_q_de-west.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2828_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2828_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2828_q_fi-fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2828_q_fi-se.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2828_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 998 KBytes
  • ZA2828_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2828_q_gb_ni.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2828_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2828_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2828_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2828_q_lu-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 699 KBytes
  • ZA2828_q_lu-lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 688 KBytes
  • ZA2828_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 4 MBytes
  • ZA2828_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 975 KBytes
  • ZA2828_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 795 KBytes


  • ZA2828_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 4 MBytes
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Eurobarometer 44.2bis (Jan-Mar 1996) Policies and Practices in Building Europe and the European Union
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission (2012): Eurobarometer 44.2bis (Jan-Mar 1996). INRA, Brussels. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA2828 Data file Version 1.0.1,
Study No.ZA2828
TitleEurobarometer 44.2bis (Jan-Mar 1996)
Other Titles
  • Mega-Survey: Policies and Practices in Building Europe and the European Union (Subtitle)
Current Version1.0.1, 2012-7-1,
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR06748.v2, 2001-05
Date of Collection28.01.1996 - 12.03.1996
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG X - Information Communication Culture Surveys Research Analyses


AbstractIdeas about the further development of the EU. Attitudes, knowledge, expectations and preferences. Topics: Nationality (multiple response possible); general contentment with life; preferred national as well as regional daily newspaper, TV station and radio station; regularity of use of selected sources of information; interest in politics; personal opinion leadership; intensity of use of news on TV, radio and daily newspapers; self-assessment of extent to which informed about the policies and institutions of the EU; attention regarding European topics in the last three months such as e.g. common European market, Treaty of Maastricht, Europe of two speeds, discussion about new member countries, summit meeting in Madrid and European currency union; description of expected development of the European Union in pair comparisons; approval of unification of Europe; approval of membership of the country in the European Union; advantageousness of membership of the country in the EU; assessment of the current speed of unification and desired speed of unification of Europe; perceived obstacles for unification of Europe; attitude to an expansion of the European Union; European citizenship or national consciousness; personal decision with a hypothetical referendum for or against membership in the European Union; attitude to the slogan ´let us shape a common Europe´; most important development steps for further development of a common Europe; preferred countries for new acceptance into the EU; selected political areas in which the European Union should be more active; feared negative developments in the European Union and assessment of probability of occurrence of these developments; assessment of the influence of the opinion of the people on decisions of the national government as well as decisions of the institution of the European Union; preference for national or European decision-making authority in selected political areas; national politicians, associations, organizations, parties, institutions and media that stand for believable information about the EU; most important rights of a European citizen; hope in the common European market; judgement on selected recommendations for the development of European policies; attitude to treating the newly arriving Eastern European countries equally with the less developed regions in Europe; knowledge test about the correct number of member countries, European personalities, the name of the common currency, currency questions, flag and presidency; acceptance of the name EURO for the new currency; knowledge about the primary expenditure in the European budget; interest in increased information about the European Union; interest in new sources of information about the EU, such as e.g. telephone queries, special fax queries and opportunities of computer queries as well as special information offices about the EU; availability to respondent of information technology such as video recorder, fax device, satellite reception, decoder for Pay-TV, teletext, computer, CD-ROM, modem and Internet; trust in the European Commission, the national government, the European Parliament, the national parliament and the council of ministers; attitude to a federal structure for the European Union; assumed attitude of selected occupational groups, associations and organizations to European unification and designation of those gaining the greatest advantages from unification; countries profiting the most from the EU; self-classification on a left-right continuum; party preference (closeness and Sunday question); rural or urban residential area; possession of a telephone and reasons for not having a telephone. The following question was also posed to farmers and those helping in agricultural companies: primary harvest month. Additionally encoded were: date of interview; time at start of interview; length of interview; number of persons present during interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Media
  • International politics and organisations
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Economic systems and development
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 9.2 Mass media
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 17.6 Economic systems and development


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Finland (FI)
UniversePersons 15 years old and older
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Multi-stage stratified random sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorMarketing Unit, Bruessel; GFK Danmark, Kopenhagen; INRA DEUTSCHLAND, Moelln; KEME, Athen; CIMEI, Madrid; TMO, Paris; Lansdowne Market Research, Dublin; Ulster Marketing Surveys, Nordirland; PRAGMA, Rom; ILRES, Luxemburg; NIPO, Amsterdam; METRIS, Lissabon; NOP Corporate and Financial, London; TEMO, Solna, Schweden; Marketing Development Center, Espoo, Finnland; SPECTRA, Linz, OEsterreich; INRA EUROPE (Internationale Koordination), Bruessel
Date of Collection
  • 28.01.1996 - 6.03.1996 (Belgium)
  • 1.02.1996 - 12.03.1996 (Denmark)
  • 1.02.1996 - 4.03.1996 (Germany)
  • 1.02.1996 - 1.03.1996 (Greece)
  • 1.02.1996 - 22.02.1996 (Italy)
  • 2.02.1996 - 22.02.1996 (Spain)
  • 1.02.1996 - 29.02.1996 (France)
  • 1.02.1996 - 29.02.1996 (Ireland (Republic))
  • 30.01.1996 - 5.03.1996 (Luxembourg)
  • 30.01.1996 - 1.03.1996 (Netherlands)
  • 2.02.1996 - 10.03.1996 (Portugal)
  • 30.01.1996 - 29.02.1996 (Great Britain)
  • 1.02.1996 - 2.03.1996 (Northern Ireland)
  • 31.01.1996 - 23.02.1996 (Austria)
  • 1.02.1996 - 8.03.1996 (Sweden)
  • 1.02.1996 - 4.03.1996 (Finland)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.1 (current version)2012-7-1 Archive edition update
1.0.02010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
2016-4-4V610 REGION I - GermanyThe variable description erroneously documents German NUTS II region KASSEL as coded ´68´. The standard code as applied in the dataset is ´66´.
Version changes
Changes between version 1.0.1 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2012-7-1ISOCNTRYalphanumeric country id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1VERSIONdataset version id variable2012-7-1variable added

Further Remarks

NotesThe so-called Mega Survey is distinguished by an increased sample size. This makes possible analyses on regionally smaller units than nations. The sample sizes of the individual countries were: Belgium 3204 cases, Denmark 3100 cases, Germany (West Sample) 6423 cases, Germany (East Sample) 3511 cases, Greece 3205 cases, Spain 6230 cases, France 6369 cases, Ireland 3001 cases, Italy 6221 cases, Luxembourg 1034 cases, Netherlands 3597 cases, Portugal 3201 cases, Great Britain 5827 cases, Northern Ireland 600 cases, Austria 3113 cases, Sweden 3169 cases, Finland 3373 cases. A cumulated data set with trend questions since 1970 is archived under ZA Study No. 2533.
Number of Units: 65178
Number of Variables: 623
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • Europäische Kommission (Hrsg.): Eurobarometer 44: Die öffentliche Meinung in der Europäischen Union. Brüssel: Selbstverlag Herbst 1996.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.