GESIS - DBK - ZA2936

ZA2936: Eurobarometer 47.1 (Mar-Apr 1997)

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  • ZA2936_missing_v1-0-1.sps (Dataset) 2 KBytes
  • ZA2936_v1-0-1.dta (Dataset Stata) 9 MBytes
  • ZA2936_v1-0-1.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 17 MBytes
  • ZA2936_v1-0-1.sav (Dataset SPSS) 10 MBytes


  • ZA2936_bq_en.pdf (Questionnaire) 288 KBytes
  • ZA2936_bq_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 289 KBytes
  • ZA2936_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2936_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2936_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2936_q_de-east.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2936_q_de-west.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2936_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2936_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2936_q_fi-fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 121 KBytes
  • ZA2936_q_fi-se.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2936_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2936_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2936_q_gb_ni.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2936_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2936_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2936_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2936_q_lu-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2936_q_lu-lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2936_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 4 MBytes
  • ZA2936_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2936_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte


  • ZA2936_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 3 MBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA2936_r_racism.pdf (Report) 98 KBytes
  • ZA2936_r_womentyp.pdf (Report) 262 KBytes
  • ZA2936_r_youngtyp.pdf (Report) 214 KBytes
ZACAT online analysis and search in variable level documentation:
Eurobarometer 47.1 (Mar-Apr 1997) Images of Switzerland, Education throughout life, Racism, and Patterns of Family Planning and Work Status
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission (2012): Eurobarometer 47.1 (Mar-Apr 1997). INRA, Brussels. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA2936 Data file Version 1.0.1,
Study No.ZA2936
TitleEurobarometer 47.1 (Mar-Apr 1997)
Other Titles
  • Images of Switzerland, Education Throughout Life, Racism, and Patterns of Family Planning and Work Status (Subtitle)
  • Standard Eurobarometer 47 (Alternative Title)
Current Version1.0.1, 2012-7-1,
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR02089.v1, 2000-06
Date of Collection26.03.1997 - 29.04.1997
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG X - Information Communication Culture Public Opinion Surveys and Research Unit
Contributor, Institution, Role
  • GESIS - Distributor
  • GESIS - HostingInstitution


AbstractAttitude to the EU. Questions on further education. Attitude to minorities in the country. Racism. Family planning and occupation. Topics: 1. EU questions: nationality (multiple response possible); interest in politics; personal opinion leadership; postmaterialism; extent of obtaining news from radio, television and newspapers; self-classification of extent to which informed about the government of the country as well as about the EU; interest in information about the EU; preferred type of information and media; availability of new information technologies; attitude to membership of the country in the EU and advantageousness of membership for one´s own country; national citizen or European citizen; countries favored to join the EU; attitude to Switzerland and image of this country (scale); attitude to the EURO, a common European security and foreign policy and active and passive municipal right of EU foreigners to vote; attitude to European responsibility for matters that cannot be solved at national level; necessity of a majority in the European Parliament for the president and the members of the European Commission; attitude to equal rights for European Parliament and council of ministers; attitude to increased education of schoolchildren by European institutions; attitude to a subsidy for European film and television productions; preferred division of tasks between EU and nation-state in selected political areas. 2. Further education: attitude to life-long learning and reasons for further education even after school; preferred further education method; most important reasons against personal further education; judgement on improvement of further education in personal as well as professional life; personal participation in further education measures in the last 12 months; desire for increased effort of the EU in further education measures; necessity of continual further education; most important sources of information for further education; attitude to the information society and new information technologies (scale); current contentment with life as well as expected and previous contentment with life five years ago; satisfaction with democracy; personal unemployment and unemployment experience in family and circle of friends. 3. Minorities: national pride; feeling of political effectiveness or powerlessness; perceived conflict between poor and rich; most important political problems; most important national political goals; attitude to democracy; importance of human rights (scale); belonging to a minority; origin of parents or grandparents from another culture, religion, race or nationality; acceptance of ethnic, religious and cultural minorities (scale); assessment of the proportion minorities in the country; personal friends from the area of minorities; most important measures to improve relations with people of another race, religion and culture in one´s country; attitude to assimilation and integration of minorities (scale); attitude to immigrants from non-EU countries (scale); attitude to the right to asylum and to having children and family members come later; advantages for the country from the presence of immigrants from non-EU countries; preferred measures of EU institutions against racism; judgement on the success of the ´European year against racism 1997´ (scale); perceived disturbances from people of another race, religion or culture; social proximity to minority groups (Bogardus scale); acceptance of personal relations and willingness to help regarding minorities; contacts in neighborhood and at work with minorities; prejudices regarding minorities (scale); concession of civil rights and liberties, democratic rights and civil rights to such minorities; self-classification of racism (scale). Preferred accomodation opportunities for older persons living alone; individual or government responsibility for seniors; total number of children; ideal age for women at first as well as last child; full-time or part-time employment; living separately or living together with a partner; employment situation of partner; ideas about an ideal division of labor between occupation and raising children for respondent as well as for partner; preferred governmental measures to improve the situation of families with children. Self-assessment on a left-right continuum. In the Netherlands the following additional questions were posed: extent to which informed about the Dutch presidency in the council of ministers and significance of this presidency. The following additional question was posed to persons over 55 years old: most important reasons for further education in retirement age. Also encoded were: date of interview; time of start of interview; length of interview; number of persons present during interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate; possession of a telephone.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
Topics Topics
  • 1.4 In-job training
  • 3.3 Life-long/continuing education
  • 5.5 Religion and values
  • 5.8 Social behaviour and attitudes
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 13.8 Minorities


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Finland (FI)
UniversePersons 15 years old and older
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Multistage
Representative sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Face-to-face interview: Paper-and-pencil (PAPI)
Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Time Method Time Method
  • Cross-section
Kind of Data Kind of Data
  • Numeric
Data CollectorMarketing Unit, Bruessel; GFK Danmark, Kopenhagen; INRA DEUTSCHLAND, Moelln; KEME, Athen; CIMEI, Madrid; TMO, Paris; Lansdowne Market Research, Dublin; Ulster Marketing Surveys, Nordirland; PRAGMA, Rom; ILRES, Luxemburg; NIPO, Amsterdam; METRIS, Lissabon; RAS-INRA UK, London; TEMO, Solna, Schweden; Marketing Development Center, Espoo, Finnland; SPECTRA, Linz, OEsterreich; INRA EUROPE (Internationale Koordination), Bruessel
Date of Collection
  • 26.03.1997 - 25.04.1997 (Belgium)
  • 3.04.1997 - 29.04.1997 (Denmark)
  • 27.03.1997 - 17.04.1997 (Germany)
  • 26.03.1997 - 14.04.1997 (Greece)
  • 1.04.1997 - 18.04.1997 (Spain)
  • 27.03.1997 - 22.04.1997 (France)
  • 27.03.1997 - 28.04.1997 (Ireland (Republic))
  • 26.03.1997 - 16.04.1997 (Italy)
  • 26.03.1997 - 21.04.1997 (Luxembourg)
  • 27.03.1997 - 29.04.1997 (Netherlands)
  • 27.03.1997 - 19.04.1997 (Portugal)
  • 26.03.1997 - 17.04.1997 (Great Britain)
  • 30.03.1997 - 14.04.1997 (Northern Ireland)
  • 26.03.1997 - 14.04.1997 (Austria)
  • 28.03.1997 - 28.04.1997 (Sweden)
  • 1.04.1997 - 25.04.1997 (Finland)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.1 (current version)2012-7-1 Archive edition update
1.0.02010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes
Changes between version 1.0.1 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2012-7-1ISOCNTRYalphanumeric country id variable2012-7-1variable added
2012-7-1VERSIONdataset version id variable2012-7-1variable added

Further Remarks

NotesIn each country about 1000 interviews were conducted, except in Luxembourg (approx. 600 respondents) and in Northern Ireland (approx. 300 respondents). In Germany in East and West two separate samples of approx. 1000 respondents each were surveyed. A cumulated data set with selected Eurobarometer trend questions since 1970 is archived under ZA Study No. 2533.
Number of Units: 16154
Number of Variables: 483
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • Europäische Kommission (Hrsg.): Eurobarometer 47: Die öffentliche Meinung in der Europäischen Union. Brüssel: Selbstverlag Herbst 1997.
  • INRA (Europe) for the European Commission, DG V: Racism and Xenophobia in Europe - First results presented at the Closing Conference of the European Year Against Racism. Luxembourg, December 1997 (also available in French).
  • European Commission: Europeans and their Attitudes to Education and Training. European Year of Lifelong Learning (1996).Against Racism. Luxembourg, December 1997 (also available in French).
  • European Commission: Young people´s attitudes to the European Union. A typology of public opinion among young Europeans. (Eurobarometer 47.1). Brussels, March 1998.
  • European Commission: Women´s attitudes to the European Union. A typology of public opinion among Europe´s women. (Eurobarometer 47.1). Brussels, December 1997
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.