GESIS - DBK - ZA3683

ZA3683: Flash Eurobarometer 128 (Cross-Border Commerce)

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List of Files

List of Files


  • ZA3683_v2-0-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 363 KBytes
  • ZA3683_v2-0-0.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 500 KBytes
  • ZA3683_v2-0-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 466 KBytes


  • ZA3683_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 216 KBytes
  • ZA3683_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 258 KBytes
  • ZA3683_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 278 KBytes
  • ZA3683_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 293 KBytes
  • ZA3683_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 293 KBytes
  • ZA3683_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 292 KBytes
  • ZA3683_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 343 KBytes
  • ZA3683_q_fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 890 KBytes
  • ZA3683_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 295 KBytes
  • ZA3683_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 260 KBytes
  • ZA3683_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 336 KBytes
  • ZA3683_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 238 KBytes
  • ZA3683_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 257 KBytes
  • ZA3683_q_lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 227 KBytes
  • ZA3683_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 339 KBytes
  • ZA3683_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 189 KBytes
  • ZA3683_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 304 KBytes

Other Documents

  • nace.pdf (Other Document) 32 KBytes
  • sic.pdf (Other Document) 68 KBytes
  • ZA3683_readme.pdf (Other Document) 23 KBytes
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission (2014): Flash Eurobarometer 128 (Cross-Border Commerce). GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA3683 Data file Version 2.0.0,
Study No.ZA3683
TitleFlash Eurobarometer 128 (Cross-Border Commerce)
Current Version2.0.0, 2014-8-14,
Date of Collection26.08.2002 - 23.09.2002
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Christensen, Thomas - European Commision, Brussels DG Press and Communication Public Opinion Analysis Sector


AbstractBusiness and advertising practices of companies within the EU. Topics: impact of the following factors on cross-border sales of the company: development of internet and e-commerce within the EU, introduction of the euro; impact of each of the following factors on the development of the company’s sales and advertising throughout the EU: language differences, currency differences, compliance with different national regulations on commercial practices, compliance with different national fiscal regulations, higher risk of fraud and outstanding payments in cross-border sales, greater difficulties in resolving cross-border complaints and conflicts, greater difficulty in ensuring efficient cross-border after-sales service; efficiency of selected measures with regard to the development of sales and advertising of the company throughout the EU: better information for companies on regulations related to consumer protection in other EU countries, replacement of national currencies by the euro, setting up independent arbitration and conciliation services for cross-border complaints and disputes, abiding by a European code of conduct and complying with different national regulations on consumer protection, harmonizing national regulations in relation to advertising and commercial practices as well as to consumer protection; percentage of cross-border sales with regard to internet sales; percentage of cross-border sales with regard to mail-order or telesales; percentage of cross-border sales with regard to sales by representatives; percentage of cross-border sales with regard to retail sales; percentage of cross-border sales with regard to sales to final consumers; percentage of total marketing and advertising budget used to encourage cross-border sales; impact of an assumed harmonisation of regulations on advertising, commercial practices and other regulations on consumer protection on the share of the budget to be used to encourage cross-border sales; ; impact of an assumed harmonisation of regulations on advertising, commercial practices and other regulations on consumer protection on the share of the company’s cross-border sales. Demography: information about the company: number of employees in the own country, number of EU countries with subsidiaries or retail outlets, independent or part of national or international group; main activity of the company; sales or advertising to final consumers; position of respondent at the company. Additionally coded was: questionnaire number; date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; country; SIC-Code; NACE-Code; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Business/industrial management and organisation
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 8 Trade, industry and markets
  • 8.2 Business/industrial management and organisation


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
UniverseCompanies employing 10 or more persons, farmers excluded, installed in the European Union
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Stratified
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Telephone interview
Data CollectorDIMARSO, Brussels, Belgium; GALLUP, Copenhagen, Denmark; EMNID, Bielefeld, Germany; ICAP, Athens, Greece; DEMOSCOPIA, Madrid, Spain; SUOMEN GALLUP, Espoo, Finland; SOFRES, Montrouge, France; IRISH MKTG SURVEYS, Dublin, Ireland; DOXA, Milan, Italy; ILRES, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; ÖSTERREICHISCHES GALLUP, Vienna, Austria; EUROTESTE, Lisbon, Portugal; SVENSKA GALLUP, Stockholm, Sweden; ICM, London, United Kingdom; EOS Gallup Europe, Chaumont-Gistoux/Wavre (Belgium) (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 26.08.2002 - 23.09.2002 (total)
  • 26.08.2002 - 13.09.2002 (Belgium)
  • 27.08.2002 - 07.09.2002 (Denmark)
  • 26.08.2002 - 05.09.2002 (Germany)
  • 28.08.2002 - 11.09.2002 (Greece)
  • 26.08.2002 - 17.09.2002 (Spain)
  • 26.08.2002 - 05.09.2002 (Finland)
  • 29.08.2002 - 20.09.2002 (France)
  • 26.08.2002 - 12.09.2002 (Ireland)
  • 30.08.2002 - 13.09.2002 (Italy)
  • 26.08.2002 - 06.09.2002 (Luxembourg)
  • 26.08.2002 - 17.09.2002 (Netherlands)
  • 28.08.2002 - 11.09.2002 (Austria)
  • 27.08.2002 - 13.09.2002 (Portugal)
  • 26.08.2002 - 13.09.2002 (Sweden)
  • 27.08.2002 - 23.09.2002 (United Kingdom)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
2.0.0 (current version)2014-8-14 Archive release (public use file)
1.0.02010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

Number of Units: 2899
Number of Variables: 48
Analysis System(s): SPSS


  • European Commission; EOS Gallup Europe: Public Opinion in Europe: Views on business-to-consumer cross-border trade. Brussels: European Commission Novembre 2002
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Flash Eurobarometer
    The Flash Eurobarometer were launched by the European Commission in the late eighties, turning out a Monthly Monitor between in 1994 and 1995. These “small scale” surveys are conducted in all EU member states at times, occasionally reducing or enlarging the scope of countries as a function of specific topics. The typical sample size is 500-1000 respondents per country and interviews are usually conducted by phone in the respective national language. The Flash Eurobarometer include series on special topics (Common Currency, EU Enlargement, Information Society, Entrepreneurship, Innovation) as well as special target group polls, particularly company managers with enterprise related topics.
  • Flash Eurobarometer - Manager samples and enterprise issues