GESIS - DBK - ZA4540

ZA4540: Flash Eurobarometer 198 (Perceptions of Higher Education Reforms)

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  • ZA4540.dta (Dataset Stata) 724 KBytes
  • ZA4540.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 1 MByte
  • ZA4540.sav (Dataset SPSS) 855 KBytes


  • ZA4540_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 242 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 139 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 137 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 139 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 168 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_cy.pdf (Questionnaire) 171 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 164 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 139 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 139 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_ee.pdf (Questionnaire) 132 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 136 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 132 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 136 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 135 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 169 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_hr.pdf (Questionnaire) 156 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 158 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 134 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_is.pdf (Questionnaire) 134 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 137 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_lt.pdf (Questionnaire) 162 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_lu-de.pdf (Questionnaire) 140 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_lu-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 137 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_lv.pdf (Questionnaire) 164 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_mt.pdf (Questionnaire) 162 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 139 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_no.pdf (Questionnaire) 136 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 168 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 135 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_ro.pdf (Questionnaire) 161 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 134 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 153 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_sk.pdf (Questionnaire) 162 KBytes
  • ZA4540_q_tr.pdf (Questionnaire) 180 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA4540_readme.pdf (Other Document) 29 KBytes
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission (2007): Flash Eurobarometer 198 (Perceptions of Higher Education Reforms). The GALLUP Organisation, Brussels. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA4540 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA4540
TitleFlash Eurobarometer 198 (Perceptions of Higher Education Reforms)
Current Version1.0.0, 2010-4-13, (Publication Year 2007)
Date of Collection23.01.2007 - 23.02.2007
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Papacostas, Antonis - European Commission, Brussels DG Communication Public Opinion Analysis Sector
Contributor, Institution, Role
  • GESIS - Distributor
  • GESIS - HostingInstitution


AbstractAttitudes of university professors towards higher education reform. Topics: attitude towards the following statements: introduction of the three cycle system improves quality of education, introduction of the three cycle system improves quality of research training for doctoral candidates, old one-tier system should have been kept, first cycle graduates will find suitable jobs, first cycle graduates should follow a master programme in the same field of study before entering the labour market, need for European quality standards for higher education, need for European quality labels for institutions and programmes, European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) should be used in all study programmes; attitude towards selected statements: more opportunities for double and joint degrees at bachelor and master level, more opportunities for double and joint degrees at doctoral level, mobility as an obligatory part in the curriculum for all students, mobility as an obligatory part in the curriculum for doctoral candidates, adaption of study programmes to labour market needs, inclusion of more generic competences in study and training programmes, opening of universities to adult learners; attitude towards the following statements on governance and funding options in the higher education system: more autonomy for universities from public authorities, stronger guidance for universities from public authorities, need of universities for better internal management, improvement of quality due to competition between universities, need for universities to interact with society for knowledge sharing, public funding of universities and no more private funding, more private funding of universities to gain extra income, reinforcement of universities by business partnerships, possibility to select students, student fees as source of extra income, student fees should be accompanied by support for less-advantaged students; trust in the involvement of selected bodies in higher education reform: national or regional authorities, national rectors conference, university leadership, European Commission, European University Associations, own faculty, private enterprises. Demography: sex; age; position of respondent at the university; research field; years of teaching experience; degrees awarded by own institution; Erasmus institute. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; interviewer ID; language of the interview; country; date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; call history; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
Topics Topics
  • 3.5 Vocational education


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Greece (GR)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Iceland (IS)
UniverseTeaching professionals in selected institutions in each country
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Stratified
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Telephone interview
Time Method Time Method
  • Cross-section
Kind of Data Kind of Data
  • Numeric
Data CollectorGALLUP EUROPE, Brüssel, Belgien; HERMELIN, Kopenhagen, Dänemark; IFAK, Taunusstein, Deutschland; METRON ANALYSIS, Athen, Griechenland; GALLUP SPAIN, Spanien; EFFICIENCE3, Reims, Frankreich; GALLUP UK, London, Vereinigtes Königreich; DEMOSKOPEA, Rom, Italien; GALLUP EUROPE, Luxemburg, Luxemburg; TELDER, Al Leusten, Niederlande; CONSULMARK, Lissabon, Portugal; HERMELIN, Norrköping, Schweden; HERMELIN, Pori, Finnland; SPECTRA, Linz, Österreich; CYMAR, Nikosia, Zypern; FOCUS AGENCY, Prag, Tschechische Republik; SAAR POLL, Tallinn, Estland; GALLUP HUNGARY, Budapest, Ungarn; LATVIAN FACTS, Lettland; BALTIC SURVEY, Litauen; MISCO, Valletta, Malta; GALLUP POLAND, Warschau, Polen; FOCUS AGENCY, Bratislawa, Slowakei; VALICON (Cati d.o.o.), Ljubljana, Slowenien; VITOSHA RESEARCH, Sofia, Bulgarien; GALLUP CROATIA, Zagreb, Kroatien; GALLUP ROMANIA, Bukarest, Rumänien; KONSENSUS, Istanbul, Türkei; FIELDWORK SCANDINAVIA, Oslo, Norwegen; M.I.S.TREND S.A, Gümligen, Schweiz; IGM GALLUP, Reykjavik, Island The Gallup Organisation, Ungarn (internationale Koordination)
Date of Collection
  • 23.01.2007 - 23.02.2007 (total)
  • 01.02.2007 - 14.02.2007 (Belgium)
  • 25.01.2007 - 15.02.2007 (Czech Republic)
  • 25.01.2007 - 12.02.2007 (Denmark)
  • 30.01.2007 - 14.02.2007 (Germany)
  • 01.02.2007 - 13.02.2007 (Estonia)
  • 08.02.2007 - 23.02.2007 (Greece)
  • 24.01.2007 - 14.02.2007 (Spain)
  • 24.01.2007 - 22.02.2007 (France)
  • 23.01.2007 - 02.02.2007 (Ireland)
  • 24.01.2007 - 07.02.2007 (Italy)
  • 25.01.2007 - 30.01.2007 (Cyprus)
  • 23.01.2007 - 31.01.2007 (Latvia)
  • 29.01.2007 - 21.02.2007 (Lithuania)
  • 31.01.2007 - 09.02.2007 (Luxembourg)
  • 23.01.2007 - 01.02.2007 (Hungary)
  • 29.01.2007 - 13.02.2007 (Malta)
  • 30.01.2007 - 19.02.2007 (Netherlands)
  • 25.01.2007 - 14.02.2007 (Austria)
  • 30.01.2007 - 19.02.2007 (Poland)
  • 26.01.2007 - 13.02.2007 (Portugal)
  • 02.02.2007 - 21.02.2007 (Slovenia)
  • 06.02.2007 - 22.02.2007 (Slovakia)
  • 24.01.2007 - 06.02.2007 (Finland)
  • 01.02.2007 - 13.02.2007 (Sweden)
  • 23.01.2007 - 08.02.2007 (United Kingdom)
  • 29.01.2007 - 08.02.2007 (Bulgaria)
  • 29.01.2007 - 16.02.2007 (Romania)
  • 25.01.2007 - 14.02.2007 (Croatia)
  • 24.01.2007 - 14.02.2007 (Turkey)
  • 23.01.2007 - 22.02.2007 (Norway)
  • 24.01.2007 - 31.01.2007 (Iceland)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

Number of Units: 5782
Number of Variables: 66
Analysis System(s): SPSS


  • European Commission; The Gallup Organisation: Perceptions of Higher Education Reforms. Survey among teaching professionals in higher education institutions, in the 27 Member States, and Croatia, Iceland, Norway and Turkey. Brussels: European Commission March 2007
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Flash Eurobarometer
    The Flash Eurobarometer were launched by the European Commission in the late eighties, turning out a Monthly Monitor between in 1994 and 1995. These “small scale” surveys are conducted in all EU member states at times, occasionally reducing or enlarging the scope of countries as a function of specific topics. The typical sample size is 500-1000 respondents per country and interviews are usually conducted by phone in the respective national language. The Flash Eurobarometer include series on special topics (Common Currency, EU Enlargement, Information Society, Entrepreneurship, Innovation) as well as special target group polls, particularly company managers with enterprise related topics.
  • Flash Eurobarometer - Special target group samples on miscellaneous issues