GESIS - DBK - ZA4879

ZA4879: Flash Eurobarometer 236 (Citizens´ perceptions of fraud and the fight against fraud in the EU27)

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  • ZA4879.dta (Dataset Stata) 4 MBytes
  • ZA4879.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 6 MBytes
  • ZA4879.sav (Dataset SPSS) 4 MBytes


  • ZA4879_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA4879_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 26 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 26 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 25 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 173 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_cy.pdf (Questionnaire) 169 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 168 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 26 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 26 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_ee-ee.pdf (Questionnaire) 25 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_ee-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 183 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 26 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 26 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 26 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 25 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 170 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 139 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 25 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 26 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_lt.pdf (Questionnaire) 167 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_lu-de.pdf (Questionnaire) 26 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_lu-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 26 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_lu-lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 25 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_lv-lv.pdf (Questionnaire) 147 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_lv-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 181 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_mt.pdf (Questionnaire) 166 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 25 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 178 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 26 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_ro.pdf (Questionnaire) 165 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 26 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 131 KBytes
  • ZA4879_q_sk.pdf (Questionnaire) 143 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA4879_readme.pdf (Other Document) 24 KBytes
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission (2009): Flash Eurobarometer 236 (Citizens´ perceptions of fraud and the fight against fraud in the EU27). The GALLUP Organisation, Brussels. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA4879 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA4879
TitleFlash Eurobarometer 236 (Citizens´ perceptions of fraud and the fight against fraud in the EU27)
Current Version1.0.0, 2010-4-13, (Publication Year 2009)
Date of Collection26.06.2008 - 30.06.2008
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Papacostas, Antonis - European Commission, Brussels DG Communication Public Opinion Analysis


AbstractAttitudes towards measures of fighting fraud within the EU. Topics: assessment of the extent of the following practices: defrauding national state budget, defrauding EU budget, corruption in national government and institutions, corruption in European Union institutions, corruption in international organisations; attitude towards the following statements on defrauding the EU budget: own country should cooperate more with anti-fraud services of EU institutions, own country should cooperate more with anti-fraud services of other EU member states, EU should coordinate national investigations of defrauding the EU budget, EU needs own EU level anti-fraud organisation; awareness of the European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF); trust in selected institutions with regard to fighting fraud against the European Union budget: national police, national customs services, national tax authorities, national legal system, OLAF, other European bodies, press and media, national state auditors, private auditing firms in the own country, national anti-corruption body; own experience with bribery in the last twelve months; involved person: police officer, customs officer, tax officer, judge, inspector, politician, European institutions’ official, private business, other; preferred source of information on fraud against the EU budget. Demography: sex; age; age at end of education; occupation; professional position; type of community. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; interviewer ID; language of the interview; country; date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; type of phone line; region; weighting factor.
Topics Topics
  • 6.2 Crime
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Greece (GR)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Romania (RO)
UniversePopulation aged 15 years and over
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Face-to-face interview
  • Telephone interview: Computer-assisted (CATI)
Telephone interviews were conducted in each country with the exception of Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary Poland, Romania, and Slovakia where both telephone and face-to-face interviews were conducted (70% webCATI and 30% F2F interviews).
Data CollectorGALLUP EUROPE, Brussels, Belgium; FOCUS AGENCY, Prague, Czech Republic; HERMELIN, Copenhagen, Denmark; IFAK, Taunusstein, Germany; SAAR POLL, Tallinn, Estonia; METRON ANALYSIS, Athens, Greece; GALLUP SPAIN, Spain; EFFICIENCE3, Reims, France; GALLUP UK, London, United Kingdom; CYMAR, Nikosia, Cyprus; DEMOSKOPEA, Rome, Italy; LATVIAN FACTS, Latvia; BALTIC SURVEY, Vilnius, Lithuania; GALLUP EUROPE, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; GALLUP HUNGARY, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO, Valletta, Malta; TELDER, Al Leusten, Netherlands; SPECTRA, Linz, Austria; GALLUP POLAND, Warsaw, Poland; CONSULMARK, Lisbon, Portugal; VALICON, Ljubljana, Slovenia; FOCUS AGENCY, Bratislava, Slovakia; HERMELIN, Norrköping, Sweden; HERMELIN, Pori, Finland VITOSHA, Sofia, Bulgaria; GALLUP ROMANIA, Bucharest, Romania The GALLUP Organisation, Brussels / The GALLUP Organisation, Hungary (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 26.06.2008 - 30.06.2008

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

Number of Units: 25770
Number of Variables: 68
Analysis System(s): SPSS


  • European Commission; The Gallup Organization: Citizens’ perceptions of fraud and the fight against fraud in the EU27 Brussels: European Commission October 2008
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Flash Eurobarometer
    The Flash Eurobarometer were launched by the European Commission in the late eighties, turning out a Monthly Monitor between in 1994 and 1995. These “small scale” surveys are conducted in all EU member states at times, occasionally reducing or enlarging the scope of countries as a function of specific topics. The typical sample size is 500-1000 respondents per country and interviews are usually conducted by phone in the respective national language. The Flash Eurobarometer include series on special topics (Common Currency, EU Enlargement, Information Society, Entrepreneurship, Innovation) as well as special target group polls, particularly company managers with enterprise related topics.