GESIS - DBK - ZA5211

ZA5211: Flash Eurobarometer 271 (Access to Finance)

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  • ZA5211_v1-0-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 3 MBytes
  • ZA5211_v1-0-0.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 4 MBytes
  • ZA5211_v1-0-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 3 MBytes


  • ZA5211_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 341 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 234 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 236 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 229 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 258 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_cy.pdf (Questionnaire) 256 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 256 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 233 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 229 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_ee.pdf (Questionnaire) 222 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 232 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 219 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 236 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 225 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 256 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_hr.pdf (Questionnaire) 243 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 242 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 226 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_is.pdf (Questionnaire) 230 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 224 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_lt.pdf (Questionnaire) 251 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_lu-de.pdf (Questionnaire) 233 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_lu-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 236 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_lv.pdf (Questionnaire) 252 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_mt-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 225 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_mt-mt.pdf (Questionnaire) 242 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 229 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_no.pdf (Questionnaire) 224 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 261 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 234 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_ro.pdf (Questionnaire) 265 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 224 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 228 KBytes
  • ZA5211_q_sk.pdf (Questionnaire) 243 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA5211_readme.pdf (Other Document) 25 KBytes
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission (2011): Flash Eurobarometer 271 (Access to Finance). The GALLUP Organisation, Brussels. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA5211 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA5211
TitleFlash Eurobarometer 271 (Access to Finance)
Current Version1.0.0, 2011-1-24,
Date of Collection17.06.2009 - 23.07.2009
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Papacostas, Antonis - European Commision, Brussels DG Communication, Public Opinion Analysis Sector


AbstractAccess to finance of small and medium enterprises. Topics: most important problem of the company; introduction (in the last twelve months) of new or significantly improved: products or services, production processes, organisational methods, marketing strategies; development of the following indicators in the last six months: turnover, labour cost, other cost, net interest expenses, profit, mark up; development of the amount of debt compared to the assets in the last six months; use of selected sources of financing in the last six months: internal funds, grants from public sources, bank or credit cards overdraft, bank loan, trade credit, other loan, leasing, issue of debt securities, subordinated loans, equity issuance, other; development of the need for the following types of external financing in the last six months: bank loans, trade credit, equity investment, issue of debt securities, other; impact of selected issues on the company’s need for external financing in the last six months: fixed investment, inventories and working capital, internal funds, corporate restructuring; application for selected sources of external financing in the last six months: bank loan, trade credit, other; success of the application for the aforementioned means of financing: received all financing requested, received only part of the financing requested, refused because of too high cost, refusal of application; development of the availability of the following means of financing for the own company over the last six months: bank loans, trade credit, equity investments, issue of debt securities, other; development of selected issues regarding terms and conditions of bank financing: level of interest rates, level of other cost, available size of loan or credit line, available loan maturity, collateral requirements, other; development of the following factors over the last six months: general economic outlook, access to public financial support, company-specific outlook, company’s capital, company’s credit history, willingness of banks to provide loans, willingness of business partners to provide trade credits, willingness of investors to invest in equity or debt securities issued by the company; size of last loan; provider of last loan; purpose of the loan; development of turnover in the last three years; expected development of turnover in the next three years; confidence to obtain desired results with regard to financing from: banks, equity investors; preferred type of external financing; aimed amount of financing; most important limiting factor with regard to financing; expected development of selected types of financing over the next six months: internal funds, bank loans, equity investments, trade credit, issue of debt securities, other; aims to be listed on a stock market within the next two years; main obstacles to be listed on a stock market. Demography: information about the company: number of employees, company size, kind of enterprise, main activity of the company, company sector, year of company registration, ownership structure; turnover of the company in the own country in 2008. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; NACE-Code; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Work and Industry
Topics Topics
  • 8.2 Business/industrial management and organisation


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • France (FR)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Spain (ES)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Iceland (IS)
  • Norway (NO)
UniverseCompanies in the NACE sectors C, D, F, G, H, I, K, M, N and O.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Stratified
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Telephone interview
Data CollectorGALLUP EUROPE, Brussels, Belgium; FOCUS AGENCY, Prague, Czech Republic; HERMELIN, Copenhagen, Denmark; IFAK, Taunusstein, Germany; SAAR POLL, Tallinn, Estonia; METRON ANALYSIS, Athens, Greece; GALLUP SPAIN, Spain; EFFICIENCE3, Reims, France; GALLUP UK, Dublin, Ireland; DEMOSKOPEA, Rome, Italy; CYMAR, Nicosia, Cyprus; LATVIAN FACTS, Riga, Latvia; BALTIC SURVEY, Vilnius, Lithuania; GALLUP EUROPE, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; GALLUP HUNGARY, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO, Valletta, Malta; MSR, Naarden, Netherlands; SPECTRA, Linz, Austria; GALLUP POLAND, Warsaw, Poland; CONSULMARK, Lisbon, Portugal; CATI d.o.o, Ljubljana, Slovenia; FOCUS AGENCY, Bratislava, Slovakia; NORSTAT FINLAND OY, Pori, Finland; HERMELIN, Norrköping, Sweden; GALLUP UK, London, United Kingdom; VITOSHA, Sofia, Bulgaria; GALLUP ROMANIA, Bucharest, Romania; GALLUP KROATIA, Zagreb, Kroatia; CAPACENT GALLUP, Reykjavík, Iceland; FIELDWORK SCANDINAVIA, Oslo, Norway; The GALLUP Organisation, Brussels / The GALLUP Organisation, Hungary (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 17.06.2009 - 23.07.2009 (total)
  • 17.06.2009 - 30.06.2009 (Belgium)
  • 17.06.2009 - 30.06.2009 (Czech Republic)
  • 17.06.2009 - 30.06.2009 (Denmark)
  • 17.06.2009 - 23.07.2009 (Germany)
  • 17.06.2009 - 30.06.2009 (Estonia)
  • 17.06.2009 - 30.06.2009 (Greece)
  • 17.06.2009 - 23.07.2009 (Spain)
  • 17.06.2009 - 23.07.2009 (France)
  • 17.06.2009 - 30.06.2009 (Ireland)
  • 17.06.2009 - 23.07.2009 (Italy)
  • 17.06.2009 - 30.06.2009 (Cyprus)
  • 17.06.2009 - 30.06.2009 (Latvia)
  • 17.06.2009 - 30.06.2009 (Lithuania)
  • 17.06.2009 - 30.06.2009 (Luxembourg)
  • 17.06.2009 - 30.06.2009 (Hungary)
  • 17.06.2009 - 30.06.2009 (Malta)
  • 17.06.2009 - 23.07.2009 (Netherlands)
  • 17.06.2009 - 30.06.2009 (Austria)
  • 17.06.2009 - 30.06.2009 (Poland)
  • 17.06.2009 - 23.07.2009 (Portugal)
  • 17.06.2009 - 30.06.2009 (Slovenia)
  • 17.06.2009 - 30.06.2009 (Slovakia)
  • 17.06.2009 - 30.06.2009 (Finland)
  • 17.06.2009 - 30.06.2009 (Sweden)
  • 17.06.2009 - 30.06.2009 (United Kingdom)
  • 17.06.2009 - 30.06.2009 (Bulgaria)
  • 17.06.2009 - 30.06.2009 (Romania)
  • 17.06.2009 - 30.06.2009 (Croatia)
  • 17.06.2009 - 30.06.2009 (Iceland)
  • 17.06.2009 - 30.06.2009 (Norway)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2011-1-24 Archive release
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

Number of Units: 9063
Number of Variables: 140
Analysis System(s): SPSS


  • European Commission; The Gallup Organization Access to Finance. Brussels: European Commission May 2009
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Flash Eurobarometer
    The Flash Eurobarometer were launched by the European Commission in the late eighties, turning out a Monthly Monitor between in 1994 and 1995. These “small scale” surveys are conducted in all EU member states at times, occasionally reducing or enlarging the scope of countries as a function of specific topics. The typical sample size is 500-1000 respondents per country and interviews are usually conducted by phone in the respective national language. The Flash Eurobarometer include series on special topics (Common Currency, EU Enlargement, Information Society, Entrepreneurship, Innovation) as well as special target group polls, particularly company managers with enterprise related topics.
  • Flash Eurobarometer - Manager samples and enterprise issues