GESIS - DBK - ZA5874

ZA5874: Flash Eurobarometer 381 (Small and Medium Enterprises, Resource Efficiency and Green Markets, wave 2)

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List of Files

List of Files


  • ZA5874_v1-0-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 7 MBytes
  • ZA5874_v1-0-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 6 MBytes


  • ZA5874_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 530 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_al.pdf (Questionnaire) 39 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 39 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 40 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 38 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 104 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_cy.pdf (Questionnaire) 103 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 91 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 40 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 38 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_ee-ee.pdf (Questionnaire) 37 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_ee-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 110 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 38 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_fi-fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 38 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_fi-se.pdf (Questionnaire) 97 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 99 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 96 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 103 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_hr.pdf (Questionnaire) 134 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 139 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_ie-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 96 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_ie-ga.pdf (Questionnaire) 100 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_il.pdf (Questionnaire) 112 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_is.pdf (Questionnaire) 98 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 97 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_li.pdf (Questionnaire) 39 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_lt.pdf (Questionnaire) 137 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_lu-de.pdf (Questionnaire) 100 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_lu-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 100 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_lu-lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 98 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_lv-lv.pdf (Questionnaire) 137 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_lv-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 151 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_me.pdf (Questionnaire) 133 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_mk.pdf (Questionnaire) 141 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_mt-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 96 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_mt-mt.pdf (Questionnaire) 140 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 96 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_no.pdf (Questionnaire) 96 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 144 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 97 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_ro.pdf (Questionnaire) 100 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_rs.pdf (Questionnaire) 133 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 97 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 133 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_sk.pdf (Questionnaire) 90 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_tr.pdf (Questionnaire) 139 KBytes
  • ZA5874_q_us.pdf (Questionnaire) 96 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA5874_readme.pdf (Other Document) 66 KBytes
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission (2014): Flash Eurobarometer 381 (Small and Medium Enterprises, Resource Efficiency and Green Markets, wave 2). TNS Political & Social [producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA5874 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA5874
TitleFlash Eurobarometer 381 (Small and Medium Enterprises, Resource Efficiency and Green Markets, wave 2)
Current Version1.0.0, 2014-3-24,
Date of Collection09.09.2013 - 27.09.2013
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG Communication (COMM.A.1 ´Research and Speechwriting´)


AbstractSmall and medium enterprises, resource efficiency, and green markets. Topics: company’s activities with regard to environmental legislation; actions undertaken to improve resource efficiency: saving water, saving energy, using predominantly renewable energy, saving materials, minimizing waste, selling of scrap material, recycling, designing products easy to maintain, repair, or reuse; actions to be implemented in the next two years; main reasons for undertaking actions for more resource efficiency; impact of actions on production costs over the past two years; average investment per year on resource efficiency actions over the past two years; satisfaction with return on investment made on resource efficiency; use of one of the following environmental management systems: EMAS, ISO 14001, ISO 14064, ISO 16000, national or regional environmental management system; activities of the company regarding public procurement contracts that included environmental requirements; difficulties experienced; reasons for not applying; most important difficulty experienced: costs, technical tests, too much paperwork; most important support regarding efforts on resource efficiency: own financial resources, own technical expertise, external support; type of external support; difficulties encountered when trying to set up resource efficiency actions: complexity of administrative or legal procedures, difficulty to adapt environmental legislation to own company, technical requirements of legislation not up to date, choosing right resource efficiency actions for own company, cost of environmental actions, lack of environmental expertise, lack of supply of required materials, lack of demand for resource efficient products or services; most helpful measures to improve resource efficiency; green products or services offered by company; area and kind of green products or services offered; percentage of the company’s turnover in the last fiscal year coming from green products or services; time when company started selling green products or services; main reasons for offering or not offering green products or services; main markets for green products or services in the last two years; types of support for the production of green products or services: own financial resources, own technical expertise, external support; types of external support for the production of green products or services; satisfaction with level of public support for company’s green products or services; most helpful types of support to launch or to expand range of green products or services; number of full time employees in the company working in green jobs some or all of the time. Demography: company sector; number of employees; one-person company; year of company establishment; development of turnover in the last two years; total turnover in 2012; direct selling to final consumers. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; questionnaire split; company size; NACE-Code; nation group; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • Work and Industry
  • Branches of Economy, Services and Transport
Topics Topics
  • 8 Trade, industry and markets
  • 8.2 Business/industrial management and organisation


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • North Macedonia (MK)
  • Iceland (IS)
  • Montenegro (ME)
  • Serbia (RS)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Israel (IL)
  • United States of America (US)
  • Albania (AL)
  • Liechtenstein (LI)
UniverseBusinesses employing up to 250 persons in the Manufacturing (NACE category C), Retails (NACE category G), Services (NACE categories H/I/J/K/L/M) and Industry (NACE categories B/D/E/F) sectors.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Non-probability: Quota
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Telephone interview: Computer-assisted (CATI)
Data CollectorTNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic; TNS GALLUP A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark; TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany; TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; IMS Millward Brown, Dublin, Ireland; TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece; TNS Demoscopia, Madrid, Spain; TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France; TNS ITALIA, Milan, Italy; CYMAR, Nicosia, Cyprus; TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania; TNS Dimarso, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO International Ltd, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; TNS Austria, Vienna, Austria (Austria and Liechtenstein); TNS Polska, Warsaw, Poland; TNS EUROTESTE, Lisbon, Portugal; TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania; RM PLUS, Maribor, Slovenia; TNS AISA Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland; TNS SIFO, Stockholm, Sweden; TNS UK, London, United Kingdom; HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia; TNS PIAR, Istanbul, Turkey; TNS Brima, Skopje, Macedonia; Capacent ehf, Reykjavik, Iceland; TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Montenegro; TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Serbia; TNS Teleseker, Tel Aviv, Israel IDRA, Tirana, Albania; TNS Gallup AS, Oslo, Norway; TNS Custom Research, New York, United States TNS Political & Social, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 09.09.2013 - 27.09.2013

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2014-3-24 Archive Release
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesFlash Eurobarometer 381 replicates questions of the correspondent Flash Eurobarometer 342 (ZA5777).
Number of Units: 13509
Number of Variables: 300
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • European Commission: Flash Eurobarometer 381: SMEs, resource efficiency and green markets. Conducted by TNS Political & Social at the request of the European Commission, Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry. Survey co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM “Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer” Unit). Brussels, December 2013. []
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Flash Eurobarometer
    The Flash Eurobarometer were launched by the European Commission in the late eighties, turning out a Monthly Monitor between in 1994 and 1995. These “small scale” surveys are conducted in all EU member states at times, occasionally reducing or enlarging the scope of countries as a function of specific topics. The typical sample size is 500-1000 respondents per country and interviews are usually conducted by phone in the respective national language. The Flash Eurobarometer include series on special topics (Common Currency, EU Enlargement, Information Society, Entrepreneurship, Innovation) as well as special target group polls, particularly company managers with enterprise related topics.
  • Flash Eurobarometer - Manager samples and enterprise issues : Innovation