GESIS - DBK - ZA5892

ZA5892: Flash Eurobarometer 374 (Businesses’ Attitudes towards Corruption in the EU)

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  • ZA5892_v1-0-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 3 MBytes
  • ZA5892_v1-0-0.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 3 MBytes
  • ZA5892_v1-0-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 2 MBytes


  • ZA5892_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 214 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 36 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 34 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 34 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 88 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_cy.pdf (Questionnaire) 92 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 79 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 36 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 35 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_ee-ee.pdf (Questionnaire) 34 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_ee-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 93 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 34 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_fi-fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 34 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_fi-se.pdf (Questionnaire) 34 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 35 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 34 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 90 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_hr.pdf (Questionnaire) 71 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 73 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_ie-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 33 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_ie-ga.pdf (Questionnaire) 35 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 34 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_lt.pdf (Questionnaire) 77 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_lu-de.pdf (Questionnaire) 36 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_lu-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 35 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_lu-lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 35 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_lv-lv.pdf (Questionnaire) 82 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_lv-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 88 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_mt-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 34 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_mt-mt.pdf (Questionnaire) 78 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 35 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 81 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 34 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_ro.pdf (Questionnaire) 98 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 34 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 70 KBytes
  • ZA5892_q_sk.pdf (Questionnaire) 77 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA5892_readme.pdf (Other Document) 20 KBytes
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission, Brussels (2014): Flash Eurobarometer 374 (Businesses’ Attitudes towards Corruption in the EU). TNS Political & Social [producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA5892 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA5892
TitleFlash Eurobarometer 374 (Businesses’ Attitudes towards Corruption in the EU)
Current Version1.0.0, 2014-5-8,
Date of Collection18.02.2013 - 08.03.2013
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels DG Communication COMM A1 ´Research and Speechwriting´


AbstractAttitudes of businesses towards corruption in the EU. Topics: assessment of the following issues as a serious problem for the company’s activities in the own country: corruption, patronage and nepotism, complexity of administrative procedures, fast-changing legislation and policies, inadequate national infrastructure, lack of means or procedures to recover debt from others, restrictive labour regulations, tax rates, access to financing (including credits); participation of the company in a public tender or a public procurement procedure in the past three years; assessment of the possibility of corruption having prevented the company from winning a public tender or a public procurement contract in the last three years; estimation of the proportion of the company’s annual turnover coming from public tenders or public procurement procedures (in percent); reasons for not having taken part in a public tender or a public procurement procedure; minimum value at which respondent would consider a gift or a service to be a bribe; assessment of corruption in the own country as a widespread problem; estimated extent of the following practices in public procurement procedures in the own country: abuse of negotiated procedures, abuse of emergency grounds to justify use of non-competitive or fast-track procedures, involvement of bidders in the design of specifications, unclear selection or evaluation criteria, conflict of interests in the evaluation of bids, tailor-made specifications or particular companies, collusive bidding, amendments of contract terms after conclusion of the contract; estimated extent regarding corruption in public procurement in the own country managed by national and by regional or local authorities; contact of the company in the last twelve months with public authorities in order to obtain the following permits or services: building permits, business permits, change of land use, environmental permits, licence plates or permits related to vehicles, state aid and social, structural funds; demands for bribes from the company for the aforementioned permits or services in the own country; assessment of the most widespread practices in the own country: kickbacks, bribes, tax fraud or non-payment of VAT, offering free gifts or trips in exchange for a service, favouring friends and family members in business, funding political parties in exchange for public contracts or influence over policy making, favouring friends and family members in public institutions; approval of the following statements regarding corruption in the own country: too close links between business and politics lead to corruption, bribery and the use of connections is the easiest way to obtain certain public services, sufficient transparency and supervision of the funding of political parties, only way to succeed in business is to have political connections, favouritism and corruption hamper business competition, measures against corruption are applied impartially and without ulterior motives; estimated extent of bribery or the abuse of power for personal gain among politicians, party representatives or senior officials at national or at regional and local level; assessment of the likelihood for people or businesses engaging in corrupt practices in the own country to: be caught by or reported to the police or prosecutors, be heavily fined or imprisoned by a court; approval of the following statements: petty corruption is appropriately punished in the own country, bribing senior officials is appropriately punished in the own country. Demography: information about the company: number of employees, years of company activity, development of turnover in the last two years, total turnover in 2012. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; NACE-Code; nation group; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Branches of Economy, Services and Transport
  • Legal system, Legislation, Law
  • Crime and law enforcement
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 6 Law, crime and legal systems
  • 6.2 Crime
  • 8 Trade, industry and markets


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Croatia (HR)
UniverseCompanies employing 1 or more persons in all the following sectors in the 27 European Union Member States and Croatia: - Energy, mining, oil and gas, chemicals - Healthcare and pharmaceutical - Engineering and electronics - Construction and building - Telecommunications and Information technologies - Financial services, banking and investment The selected respondent had to be CEOs, general managers, financial directors or significant owners.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Stratified
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Telephone interview: Computer-assisted (CATI)
Data CollectorTNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; TNS Aisa s.r.o., Prague, Czech Republic; TNS GALLUP A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark; TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany; TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; IMS Millward Brown, Dublin, Ireland; TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece; TNS Demoscopia S.A., Madrid, Spain; TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France; TNS ITALIA, Milan, Italy; CYMAR, Nicosia, Cyprus; TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS Lithuania, Vilnius, Lithuania; TNS Dimarso, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO International Ltd, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; TNS Austria, Vienna, Austria; TNS OBOP, Warsaw, Poland; TNS EUROTESTE, Lisbon, Portugal; TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania; RM PLUS, Maribor, Slovenia; TNS AISA Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland; TNS SIFO, Stockholm, Sweden; TNS UK, London, United Kingdom; HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia; TNS Political & Social, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 18.02.2013 - 08.03.2013 (total)
  • 18.02.2013 - 01.03.2013 (Belgium)
  • 18.02.2013 - 01.03.2013 (Bulgaria)
  • 18.02.2013 - 28.02.2013 (Czech Republic)
  • 18.02.2013 - 06.03.2013 (Denmark)
  • 20.02.2013 - 28.02.2013 (Germany)
  • 18.02.2013 - 22.02.2013 (Estonia)
  • 18.02.2013 - 06.03.2013 (Greece)
  • 18.02.2013 - 04.03.2013 (Spain)
  • 18.02.2013 - 04.03.2013 (France)
  • 18.02.2013 - 05.03.2013 (Ireland)
  • 18.02.2013 - 05.03.2013 (Italy)
  • 18.02.2013 - 27.02.2013 (Republic of Cyprus)
  • 18.02.2013 - 06.03.2013 (Latvia)
  • 18.02.2013 - 26.02.2013 (Lithuania)
  • 18.02.2013 - 08.03.2013 (Luxembourg)
  • 18.02.2013 - 06.03.2013 (Hungary)
  • 18.02.2013 - 07.03.2013 (Malta)
  • 18.02.2013 - 07.03.2013 (Netherlands)
  • 18.02.2013 - 05.03.2013 (Austria)
  • 18.02.2013 - 28.02.2013 (Poland)
  • 18.02.2013 - 26.02.2013 (Portugal)
  • 18.02.2013 - 27.02.2013 (Romania)
  • 18.02.2013 - 21.02.2013 (Slovenia)
  • 18.02.2013 - 07.03.2013 (Slovakia)
  • 18.02.2013 - 07.03.2013 (Finland)
  • 18.02.2013 - 07.03.2013 (Sweden)
  • 18.02.2013 - 04.03.2013 (United Kingdom)
  • 18.02.2013 - 04.03.2013 (Croatia)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2014-5-8 Archive release
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

Number of Units: 7842
Number of Variables: 133
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • European Commission: Flash Eurobarometer 374. Businesses’ attitudes towards corruption in the EU. Conducted by TNS Political & Social at the request of the European Commission, Directorate-General for Home Affairs Survey co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM “Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer” Unit). Brussels, 2014.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Flash Eurobarometer
    The Flash Eurobarometer were launched by the European Commission in the late eighties, turning out a Monthly Monitor between in 1994 and 1995. These “small scale” surveys are conducted in all EU member states at times, occasionally reducing or enlarging the scope of countries as a function of specific topics. The typical sample size is 500-1000 respondents per country and interviews are usually conducted by phone in the respective national language. The Flash Eurobarometer include series on special topics (Common Currency, EU Enlargement, Information Society, Entrepreneurship, Innovation) as well as special target group polls, particularly company managers with enterprise related topics.
  • Flash Eurobarometer - Manager samples and enterprise issues