GESIS - DBK - ZA2365

ZA2365: Flash Eurobarometer 21 (Managers)

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List of Files


  • ZA2365.dta (Dataset Stata) 184 KBytes
  • ZA2365.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 335 KBytes
  • ZA2365.sav (Dataset SPSS) 187 KBytes


  • ZA2365_bq_en.pdf (Questionnaire) 191 KBytes
  • ZA2365_q_be.pdf (Questionnaire) 245 KBytes
  • ZA2365_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 141 KBytes
  • ZA2365_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 118 KBytes
  • ZA2365_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 148 KBytes
  • ZA2365_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 179 KBytes
  • ZA2365_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 157 KBytes
  • ZA2365_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 138 KBytes
  • ZA2365_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 205 KBytes
  • ZA2365_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 103 KBytes
  • ZA2365_q_lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 195 KBytes
  • ZA2365_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 190 KBytes
  • ZA2365_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 121 KBytes
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission (1993): Flash Eurobarometer 21 (Managers). GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA2365 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA2365
TitleFlash Eurobarometer 21 (Managers)
Current Version1.0.0, 2010-4-13, (Publication Year 1993)
Date of Collection10.1993 - 10.1993
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Reif, Karlheinz - Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften, Brüssel
  • Marlier, Eric - Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften, Brüssel


AbstractKnowledge of managers about institutions providing advice and information for businesses. Topics: Knowledge of selected EC advice centers for the economy; most important sources of information about these institutions; utilization of these institutions for economic support in Europe; knowledge about the ´European Week of Businesses´ and sources of information about this; organizations helpful for one´s own company regarding foreign business connections; company size; business; area of business; position in the business.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Business/industrial management and organisation
  • Economic systems and development
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 8.2 Business/industrial management and organisation
  • 17.6 Economic systems and development


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Germany (DE), FRG (West)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • France (FR)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
UniverseManagers in small and medium-sized businesses
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Sample according to the Dun and Bradstreet list
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Telephone interview with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorDIMARSO, Bruessel; GALLUP, Kopenhagen; EMNID, Bielefeld; ICAP, Athen; INTERGALLUP, Madrid; Irish Marketing Surveys, Dublin; DOXA, Mailand; ILRES, Luxemburg; NIPO, Amsterdam; NORMA, Lissabon; GALLUP, London
Date of Collection
  • 10.1993

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesThe study is part of an omnibus survey. The Flash Eurobarometers are short interviews, introduced between the semi-annual Eurobarometers and taking up current European topics. Further Flash Eurobarometers are archived under ZA Study Nos. 2330, 2362 to 2365 as well as 2401, 2402, 2470, 2471 and 2571 to 2573. A comparable survey of managers in April 1992 is archived under ZA Study No. 2146. The total number of respondents of the data set is distributed among the individual countries as follows: Belgium 204 cases, Denmark 259 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (West) 200 cases, Greece 200 cases, Spain 200 cases, France 200 cases, Ireland 202 cases, Italy 212 cases, Luxembourg 205 cases, Netherlands 202 cases, Portugal 200 cases, Great Britain 203 cases.
Number of Units: 2487
Number of Variables: 56
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS


Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Flash Eurobarometer
    The Flash Eurobarometer were launched by the European Commission in the late eighties, turning out a Monthly Monitor between in 1994 and 1995. These “small scale” surveys are conducted in all EU member states at times, occasionally reducing or enlarging the scope of countries as a function of specific topics. The typical sample size is 500-1000 respondents per country and interviews are usually conducted by phone in the respective national language. The Flash Eurobarometer include series on special topics (Common Currency, EU Enlargement, Information Society, Entrepreneurship, Innovation) as well as special target group polls, particularly company managers with enterprise related topics.
  • Flash Eurobarometer - Manager samples and enterprise issues