GESIS - DBK - ZA2401

ZA2401: Flash Eurobarometer 23 (Monthly Monitor January 1994)

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List of Files


  • ZA2401.dta (Dataset Stata) 370 KBytes
  • ZA2401.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 645 KBytes
  • ZA2401.sav (Dataset SPSS) 581 KBytes


  • ZA2401_bq_en.pdf (Questionnaire) 284 KBytes
  • ZA2401_q_be.pdf (Questionnaire) 160 KBytes
  • ZA2401_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 271 KBytes
  • ZA2401_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 157 KBytes
  • ZA2401_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 141 KBytes
  • ZA2401_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 190 KBytes
  • ZA2401_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 228 KBytes
  • ZA2401_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 115 KBytes
  • ZA2401_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 194 KBytes
  • ZA2401_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 122 KBytes
  • ZA2401_q_lu-lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 147 KBytes
  • ZA2401_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 481 KBytes
  • ZA2401_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 180 KBytes
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission (1994): Flash Eurobarometer 23 (Monthly Monitor January 1994). GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA2401 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA2401
TitleFlash Eurobarometer 23 (Monthly Monitor January 1994)
Current Version1.0.0, 2010-4-13, (Publication Year 1994)
Date of Collection01.1994 - 02.1994
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Reif, Karlheinz - Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften, Brüssel
  • Marlier, Eric - Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften, Brüssel
  • Melich, Anna - Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften, Brüssel


AbstractAttitude to the European Union and European policies. Topics: Satisfaction with democracy; attitude to membership of the country in the EU and assessment of the advantageousness of this membership; knowledge about the white book of the European Commission and familiarity of the content; expected effects of this white book; approval of a common European currency union, common foreign policy, common defense policy and reform of common agricultural policy; approval of free travel and free choice of residence for citizens of the European Community; preferred measures to combat unemployment and support the unemployed (through further education, support with visits to cultural events, preference for long-time unemployed, work for social purposes); party preference (Sunday question); behavior at the polls in the last election; age at conclusion of school or university education.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
Topics Topics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 17.5 Economic policy
  • 17.6 Economic systems and development


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • France (FR)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
UniversePersons 15 years old and older.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Multi-stage stratified random sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Telephone interview with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorDIMARSO, Bruessel; GALLUP, Kopenhagen; EMNID, Bielefeld; ICAP, Athen; INTERGALLUP, Madrid; IFOP, Paris; Irish Marketing Surveys, Dublin; DOXA, Mailand; ILRES, Luxemburg; NIPO, Amsterdam; NORMA, Lissabon; GALLUP, London
Date of Collection
  • 01.1994 - 02.1994

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesThe study is part of an omnibus survey. The Flash Eurobarometers are short interviews, introduced between the semi-annual Eurobarometers and taking up current European topics. Further Flash Eurobarometers are archived under ZA Study Nos. 2330, 2362 to 2365 as well as 2401, 2402, 2470, 2471 and 2571 to 2573. The total number of respondents of the data set is distributed among the individual countries as follows: Belgium 518 cases, Denmark 598 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (West) 506 cases, Federal Republic of Germany (East) 504 cases, Greece 500 cases, Spain 506 cases, France 500 cases, Ireland 501 cases, Italy 511 cases, Luxembourg 502 cases, Netherlands 504 cases, Portugal 500 cases, Great Britain 502 cases.
Number of Units: 6652
Number of Variables: 32
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS


Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Flash Eurobarometer
    The Flash Eurobarometer were launched by the European Commission in the late eighties, turning out a Monthly Monitor between in 1994 and 1995. These “small scale” surveys are conducted in all EU member states at times, occasionally reducing or enlarging the scope of countries as a function of specific topics. The typical sample size is 500-1000 respondents per country and interviews are usually conducted by phone in the respective national language. The Flash Eurobarometer include series on special topics (Common Currency, EU Enlargement, Information Society, Entrepreneurship, Innovation) as well as special target group polls, particularly company managers with enterprise related topics.
  • Flash Eurobarometer - Monthly Monitor 1994-1995