GESIS - DBK - ZA2482

ZA2482: Flash Eurobarometer 28 (Managers)

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List of Files


  • ZA2482_v1-0-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 759 KBytes
  • ZA2482_v1-0-0.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 1 MByte
  • ZA2482_v1-0-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 948 KBytes


  • ZA2482_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2482_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 402 KBytes
  • ZA2482_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 410 KBytes
  • ZA2482_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 484 KBytes
  • ZA2482_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 354 KBytes
  • ZA2482_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 390 KBytes
  • ZA2482_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 440 KBytes
  • ZA2482_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 349 KBytes
  • ZA2482_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 415 KBytes
  • ZA2482_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 495 KBytes
  • ZA2482_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 296 KBytes
  • ZA2482_q_lu-lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 224 KBytes
  • ZA2482_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 348 KBytes
  • ZA2482_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 465 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA2482_readme.pdf (Other Document) 25 KBytes
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission (1994): Flash Eurobarometer 28 (Managers). GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA2482 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA2482
TitleFlash Eurobarometer 28 (Managers)
Current Version1.0.0, 2010-4-13, (Publication Year 1994)
Date of Collection06.1994 - 06.1994
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Reif, Karlheinz - Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften, Brüssel
  • Marlier, Eric - Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften, Brüssel
  • Melich, Anna - Kommission der Europäischen Gemeinschaften, Brüssel


AbstractImplemented quality control systems in industrial companies. Judgement on the economic efficiency of these quality controls by managers responsible in the company. Topics: position or function in company; type and time of introduction of a quality assurance system or quality management in the company of respondent; training time at introduction of the system; quality standard (e.g. ISO 9000) of system used; most important advantages of the quality system for company; systematic costs-benefit analysis of quality control; profit gained from the quality system; net profit or loss relative to company turnover; quality system with or without certification; advantages and disadvantages of certification; assessment of total costs of certification of the quality system; importance of optimum organization of quality management to improve the results a company; area of business affiliation of the company; annual turnover; size of company; business relations with companies in Asia.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
Topics Topics
  • 8.2 Business/industrial management and organisation


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • France (FR)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Spain (ES)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
UniverseCompanies (excluded were companies from agriculture and forestry as well as from fishing and companies with fewer than 50 employees).
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Sample of managers responsible for quality management in industrial companies. The basis for the sample was a list from Dunn & Bradstreet.
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Telephone interview with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorGALLUP, Kopenhagen; EMNID, Bielefeld; ICAP, Athen; INTERGALLUP, Madrid; GALLUP, Paris; Irish Marketing Surveys, Dublin; DOXA, Mailand; ILRES, Luxemburg; NIPO, Amsterdam; NORMA, Lissabon; GALLUP, London
Date of Collection
  • 06.1994

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesBusinesses planning or not anticipating a quality system at the time of survey were surveyed in a modified or reduced manner. The study is part of an omnibus survey. The Flash Eurobarometers are short interviews introduced between the semi-annual Eurobarometers and addressing current European topics. Further Flash Eurobarometers are archived under ZA Study Nos. 2330, 2362 to 2365 as well as 2401, 2402, 2457, 2458, 2470 and 2471. The total number of respondents of the data set is distributed among the individual countries as follows: Belgium 492 cases, Denmark 414 cases, Federal Republic of Germany 401 cases, Greece 400 cases, Spain 400 cases, France 401 cases, Ireland 408 cases, Italy 409 cases, Luxembourg 201 cases, Netherlands 406 cases, Portugal 400 cases, United Kingdom 402 cases. A cumulated data set of the semi-annual Eurobarometers (1973-1992) is archived under ZA Study No. 2533.
Number of Units: 4734
Number of Variables: 106
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS


Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Flash Eurobarometer
    The Flash Eurobarometer were launched by the European Commission in the late eighties, turning out a Monthly Monitor between in 1994 and 1995. These “small scale” surveys are conducted in all EU member states at times, occasionally reducing or enlarging the scope of countries as a function of specific topics. The typical sample size is 500-1000 respondents per country and interviews are usually conducted by phone in the respective national language. The Flash Eurobarometer include series on special topics (Common Currency, EU Enlargement, Information Society, Entrepreneurship, Innovation) as well as special target group polls, particularly company managers with enterprise related topics.
  • Flash Eurobarometer - Manager samples and enterprise issues