GESIS - DBK - ZA7753

ZA7753: Politbarometer 2020 (Cumulated Data Set)

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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim (2021): Politbarometer 2020 (Cumulated Data Set). GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA7753 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA7753
TitlePolitbarometer 2020 (Cumulated Data Set)
Current Version1.0.0, 2021-10-1,
Date of Collection13.01.2020 - 09.12.2020
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim


AbstractThe following topics are included in the total data set as a whole. In some cases they were asked at every survey time, but in others only at one or more survey times. Most important political problems in Germany; intention to vote in the next federal election and party preference (Sunday question, second vote); imagining voting for the following parties: CDU/CSU, SPD, AfD, FDP, Die Linke and the Greens; voting behavior in the last federal election; coalition preference; opinion on Angela Merkel remaining as chancellor until the next federal election in 2021; assessment of a grand coalition of CDU/CSU and SPD; assessment of a coalition of CDU/CSU and Greens, of Greens, SPD and Die Linke, of SPD, Greens and Die Linke, of Greens, SPD and FDP, of SPD, Greens and FDP, and of CDU/CSU and AfD; sympathy scalometer for the parties CDU, CSU, SPD, AfD, FDP, Die Linke and Greens; satisfaction scalometer for the federal government consisting of CDU/CSU and SPD as well as for the respective governing parties; ranking of the parties most liked; most important politicians in Germany; sympathy scalometer for selected top politicians (Peter Altmaier, Annalena Baerbock, Robert Habeck, Hubertus Heil, Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, Armin Laschet, Ursula von der Leyen, Christian Lindner, Heiko Maas, Angela Merkel, Friedrich Merz, Olaf Scholz, Horst Seehofer, Markus Söder, Jens Spahn and Frank-Walter Steinmeier); satisfaction with democracy; interest in politics; opinion on the future traditional-conservative political course of the CDU; satisfaction with the social market economy in Germany; assessment of the current economic situation in the country; most suitable party for solving economic problems in the country; assessment of current personal economic situation and expected economic situation in the coming year; expected upward trend in Germany (economic expectations); most competent party for creating jobs, in the areas of social policy, social justice and securing pensions; AfD: extent of the spread of far-right ideas in the AfD; assessment of the AfD as a danger to democracy; support for the CDU´s rejection of political cooperation with the party Die Linke and with the AfD; right-wing extremism as a danger to democracy; confidence in the Greens´ ability to govern; more successful long-term direction of development for the Greens; desired coalition partner for the Greens; opinion on Markus Söder´s call for personnel changes in the federal government; rather advantages vs. disadvantages for German population from EU membership; Brexit: opinion on UK´s EU exit; expected development of cohesion in EU; desire for closer cooperation of EU member states vs. more autonomy; expected economic damage for UK without agreement with EU; expected economic damage for EU without agreement with UK; European Union: rule of law as prerequisite for EU funds; concessions vs. EU toughness toward Hungary and Poland on rule of law; EU-UK agreement on economic relations still possible; assessment of EURO introduction as currency; preferred use of additional tax revenues (debt reduction vs. tax cuts); opinion on abolition of one- and two-cent coins; satisfaction with work of German Chancellor Angela Merkel; satisfaction with work of German government; dissatisfaction of farmers justified by regulations on environmental protection; assessment of level of food prices; refugees: more refugees expected due to opening of Turkey´s borders; Germany can cope with more refugees; opinion on stronger financial support for Turkey by the EU; expected agreement on distribution of refugees among individual EU member states; opinion on acceptance of refugees from Moria refugee camp; significantly more refugees expected due to acceptance of refugees from Moria; problems of reunification solved; assessment of social justice in Germany; assessment of cohesion in society; preference for Armin Laschet, Friedrich Merz or Norbert Röttgen as new CDU chairman; assessment of the suitability of Armin Laschet, Friedrich Merz, Norbert Röttgen, Jens Spahn, Markus Söder, Olaf Scholz and Annalena Baerbock for chancellorship; most suitable new party leader of the CDU; Olaf Scholz as candidate for chancellorship good for the SPD in the 2021 federal election; USA under President Donald Trump as a reliable partner for Europe´s security; assessment of relations between Germany and the U.S.; importance of good relations with the U.S.; level of trust in Russia under President Putin; level of trust in the U.S. under President Trump; expected increase in protests over police violence in the U.S.; expected re-election of Trump as U.S. president; expected calming vs. aggravation following police violence in the U.S. due to federal police deployment; U.S. presidential election: Preference for Donald Trump or Joe Biden as new U.S. president; expected winner of election; impact of U.S. President Donald Trump´s Corona infection on election outcome; expected improvement in relations between Germany and the U.S. with Joe Biden as U.S. president; expected consequences of election of Donald Trump or Joe Biden as U.S. president for global crises; expectations for Joe Biden´s work as U.S. president; expected unrest until Joe Biden takes office; EU should work to resolve conflict in Belarus vs. hold back; possible EU contribution to resolution of conflict in Belarus; Europe´s security: demand for more independence from U.S.; opinion on EU tightening economic punitive measures against Russia for poisoning government critic Nawalny; attitude toward Germany´s withdrawal from Nord Stream 2; Iran conflict: expectation of war between Iran and the U.S.; more responsibility of the EU in resolving the Iran conflict; attitude toward reintroduction of compulsory military service; attitude toward introduction of general compulsory service; opinion on spread of right-wing extremist ideas in the German armed forces; understanding of warning strikes in the civil service; feeling threatened by crime; attitude toward a speed limit on highways; extent of hostility toward Jews in Germany; fair share of standard of living; Corona pandemic: own health risk from the corona virus; own serious corona illness feared; impact of the corona crisis on own financial situation; effects of the Corona crisis in terms of food supply, in the care of Corona patients in hospitals, and in the general health care of the population as a whole; sufficient measures in Germany to protect against the spread of the Corona virus; assessment of the adequacy of the financial Corona aid provided by the German government; assessment of the Corona measures as a whole; opinion on the responsibility of the counties in the case of increasing numbers of infections; reasonable behavior of Germans in the Corona crisis; assessment of the curfews as adequate; attitude toward a hard lockdown; attitude toward banning alcohol in public places; attitude toward extent of Corona measures relaxations; opinion on pace of school openings under these relaxations; assessment of instructional provision for students in Corona crisis; assessment of child care options in kindergartens and daycare centers in Corona crisis; criteria for opening stores and businesses; opinion on banning religious services; opinion on continued closure of restaurants and bars; opinion on banning major events; Football Bundesliga season cancelled vs. continue playing without spectators; greatest perceived restriction from Corona measures; desired jurisdiction over severe crises: Federal vs. German states; extent of personal perceived burden of Corona crisis; expected duration to overcome Corona pandemic in Germany; avoidance of events with large crowds; willingness to use Corona warning app; assessment of usefulness of Corona warning app; concern about permanent restriction of fundamental rights; expectation of a second Corona wave; Expectation of renewed restrictions on public life in fall and winter due to rising infection numbers; sufficient Corona protective measures to prevent second lockdown; Germany will come through pandemic well; opinion on closures by 20. December; opinion on tightening contact restrictions before Christmas; opinion on easing contact restrictions at Christmas and New Year´s Eve; opinion on fireworks ban at New Year´s Eve; opinion on border openings within EU despite Corona pandemic; joy vs. concern about increasing EU border openings; opinion on Corona protests; opinion on dispersal of demonstrations without compliance with Corona requirements; assessment of EU work on Corona crisis; impact of Corona crisis on cohesion in EU; opinion on German contribution to EU financial aid; opinion on EU financial aid in the form of loans; expected compromise on EU financial package; EU Corona aid package is going in the right direction; opinion on EU borrowing; assessment of Corona stimulus package; assessment of size of stimulus package; expected impact of VAT cut on economy; evaluation of the state subsidy for the purchase of electric cars; expected impact on the global economy due to the spread of the corona virus; impairment of vacation plans due to the corona crisis; intended vacation destination in the summer; expected higher infection figures due to vacation travel; opinion on mandatory corona tests for travelers returning from risk areas; opinion on mandatory quarantine also for return from German risk areas; regarding the spread of the corona virus in Germany, the worst is over; opinion on Prime Minister Ramelow´s proposal to waive mandatory corona measures in Thuringia with the exception of mandatory masking; greatest concern with the corona crisis: Health vs. economic consequences; effects of the Corona crisis on the economic situation in Germany; opinion on the extent of the federal government´s efforts in the Corona crisis for companies; opinion on a purchase premium for new cars; opinion on a state family bonus; opinion on Germany´s high borrowing to fight the consequences of the Corona crisis; Corona aid still affordable for longer; opinion on rapid opening of schools and daycare centers; expected full opening of schools and daycare centers after summer vacation; effectiveness of masks against spread of Corona virus; opinion on mandatory masks for students in class; opinion on mandatory masks for employed persons; opinion on limiting participants at private parties; opinion on limiting participants at public events; opinion on stronger controls to ensure compliance with Corona protection measures; opinion on harsher penalties for violations of Corona protection measures; advocacy for stricter laws in the meat industry as a result of numerous Corona cases; willingness of most people in Germany to pay higher meat prices; opinion on massive restrictions as a result of infections at meat processor Tönnies; opinion on government involvement to save Lufthansa; opinion on government influence on corporate decisions at Lufthansa; willingness to vaccinate against corona virus; expected normalization by summer if vaccine is used; organ donation: Attitude toward objection solution; extent of trust in German police; concern about increasing violence against police officers; opinion on the spread of right-wing extremist ideas among police; opinion on tightened fine catalog; left-right self-ranking; ranking of the CDU, CSU, SPD, AfD, FDP, Die Linke and Green parties on a left-right continuum; personal review of the past year 2020; outlook for the coming year 2021. Demography: sex; age (categorised); school leaving certificate or desired school leaving certificate; completed studies or vocational training; occupation; own job at risk; occupational group; household size; number of persons in the household 18 years and older; trade union member in the household; denomination; frequency of church attendance; party affiliation and party identification. Additionally coded: respondent ID; version; survey month; survey week; federal state; survey area; city size; sample (landline or mobile phone sample); weighting factors: representative weight, total weight.
Categories Categories
  • Political Issues
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Political Parties, Organizations
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Government, political systems and organisations
  • International politics and organisations
  • Conflict, security and peace
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Elections


Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
UniverseResident population eligible to vote
Data CollectorForschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim
Date of Collection
  • 13.01.2020 - 15.01.2020 (week 3)
  • 04.02.2020 - 06.02.2020 (week 6)
  • 03.03.2020 - 05.03.2020 (week 10)
  • 23.03.2020 - 26.03.2020 (week 13)
  • 20.04.2020 - 23.04.2020 (week 17)
  • 12.05.2020 - 14.05.2020 (week 20)
  • 26.05.2020 - 28.05.2020 (week 22)
  • 08.06.2020 - 10.06.2020 (week 24)
  • 23.06.2020 - 25.06.2020 (week 26)
  • 07.07.2020 - 09.07.2020 (week 28)
  • 28.07.2020 - 30.07.2020 (week 31)
  • 25.08.2020 - 27.08.2020 (week 35)
  • 14.09.2020 - 16.09.2020 (week 38)
  • 06.10.2020 - 08.10.2020 (week 41)
  • 20.10.2020 - 22.10.2020 (week 43)
  • 10.11.2020 - 12.11.2020 (week 46)
  • 24.11.2020 - 26.11.2020 (week 48)
  • 07.12.2020 - 09.12.2020 (week 50)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2021-10-1 first archive edition
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

Number of Units: 27195
Number of Variables: 313
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  Politbarometer
    The ´Politbarometer´ surveys are performed since 1977 at about monthly intervals by the Forschungsgruppe Wahlen (Institute for election research) for the ZDF (Second German TV network). Since 1990 it is also available for the newly formed German states. They are intended to poll the opinions and attitudes of eligible Germans with regard to current events and issues as well as to political parties and individual politicians.