GESIS - DBK - ZA6779

ZA6779: Flash Eurobarometer 441 (European SMEs and the Circular Economy)

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  • ZA6779_v1-0-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 4 MBytes
  • ZA6779_v1-0-0.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 6 MBytes
  • ZA6779_v1-0-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 4 MBytes


  • ZA6779_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 322 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 98 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 98 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 93 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 109 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_cy.pdf (Questionnaire) 100 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 99 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 98 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 99 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_ee-ee.pdf (Questionnaire) 91 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_ee-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 103 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 103 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_fi-fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 91 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_fi-se.pdf (Questionnaire) 95 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 103 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 97 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 107 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_hr.pdf (Questionnaire) 92 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 99 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_ie-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 97 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_ie-ga.pdf (Questionnaire) 97 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 107 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_lt.pdf (Questionnaire) 92 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_lu-de.pdf (Questionnaire) 112 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_lu-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 111 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_lu-lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 111 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_lv-lv.pdf (Questionnaire) 111 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_lv-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 124 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_mt-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 105 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_mt-mt.pdf (Questionnaire) 105 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 98 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 98 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 111 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_ro.pdf (Questionnaire) 93 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 97 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 96 KBytes
  • ZA6779_q_sk.pdf (Questionnaire) 99 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA6779_readme.pdf (Other Document) 129 KBytes
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission, Brussels (2016): Flash Eurobarometer 441 (European SMEs and the Circular Economy). TNS opinion, Brussels [producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA6779 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA6779
TitleFlash Eurobarometer 441 (European SMEs and the Circular Economy)
Current Version1.0.0, 2016-11-17,
Date of Collection18.04.2016 - 27.04.2016
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels DG Communication COMM A1 ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit


AbstractActivities of European small and medium enterprises with regard to circular economy. Topics: circular economy related activities in the last three years: re-plan water usage and re-usage, use renewable energy, re-plan energy usage, minimize waste, redesign products and services to minimize use of materials; (planned) investment of company’s turnover in the aforementioned activities (percent per year); related problems: lack of human resources, lack of expertise with regard to implementation, complex administrative or legal procedures, cost of meeting regulations and standards, difficulties accessing finance; reasons for not having undertaken any measures; assessment of the difficulty to access finance; way of finance: standard bank loan, green loan, EU related funds, government grant, alternative funding sources, self-finance; evaluation of the information available on finance in the own country; awareness of financial incentives through government programmes to support activities with regard to circular economy; availability of the following alternative sources of financing in the own country: crowdfunding, green banks or other private institutions, peer-to-peer-lending, business angels, risk or venture capital, capital market; access to the aforementioned sources of financing. Demography: information about the company: number of employees, year of company establishment, region; total turnover in 2015; development of turnover since January 2015 (in percent); direct selling to final consumers and / or to other companies or organisations; percentage of the company’s turnover in 2015 invested in research and development. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; NACE-Code; nation group; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Natural Environment, Nature
  • Work and Industry
Topics Topics
  • 8 Trade, industry and markets
  • 16 Natural environment
  • 16.4 Environmental degradation/pollution and protection


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
UniverseThe FLASH EUROBAROMETER 441 survey covers businesses employing 1 to 250 persons within Manufacturing (Nace category C), Retail (Nace category G), Services (Nace categories H/I/J/K/M/N) and Industry (Nace categories B/D/E/F).
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Probability Sample: Stratified Sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Telephone interview: CATI (Computer Assisted Telephone Interview)
Data CollectorTNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; TNS Aisa s.r.o., Prague, Czech Republic; TNS Gallup, Copenhagen, Denmark; TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany; TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; IMS Millward Brown, Dublin, Ireland; TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece; TNS Demoscopia, Madrid, Spain; TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France; TNS Italia, Milan, Italy; CYMAR, Nicosia, Cyprus; TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania; TNS Dimarso, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO International Ltd, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; TNS Austria, Vienna, Austria; TNS OBOP, Warsaw, Poland; TNS Euroteste, Lisbon, Portugal; TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania; RM PLUS, Maribor, Slovenia; TNS AISA Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; TNS Gallup Oy, Espoo, Finland; TNS SIFO, Stockholm, Sweden; TNS UK, London, United Kingdom; HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia; TNS Political & Social, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 18.04.2016 - 27.04.2016

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2016-11-17 Archive release
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

Number of Units: 10618
Number of Variables: 172
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • European Commission: European SMEs and the Circular Economy. Conducted by TNS Political & Social at the request of the European Commission, Directorate-General Environment. Survey co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM “Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer” Unit). Brussels, June 2016. DOI: 10.2779/397947
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Flash Eurobarometer
    The Flash Eurobarometer were launched by the European Commission in the late eighties, turning out a Monthly Monitor between in 1994 and 1995. These “small scale” surveys are conducted in all EU member states at times, occasionally reducing or enlarging the scope of countries as a function of specific topics. The typical sample size is 500-1000 respondents per country and interviews are usually conducted by phone in the respective national language. The Flash Eurobarometer include series on special topics (Common Currency, EU Enlargement, Information Society, Entrepreneurship, Innovation) as well as special target group polls, particularly company managers with enterprise related topics.