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ZA6643: Eurobarometer 84.3 (2015)

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Eurobarometer 84.3 (November 2015): Priorities of the European Union, European Economy, European Citizenship, and Information on European Political Matters
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation    European Commission, Brussels (2019): Eurobarometer 84.3 (2015). TNS opinion, Brussels [producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA6643 Data file Version 4.0.0, https://doi.org/10.4232/1.13249
Study No.ZA6643
TitleEurobarometer 84.3 (2015)
Other Titles
  • Standard Eurobarometer 84 (Alternative Title)
  • Priorities of the European Union, European Economy, European Citizenship, and Information on European Political Matters (Subtitle)
Current Version4.0.0, 2019-3-21, https://doi.org/10.4232/1.13249
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36670.v1, v1-0-0
Date of Collection07.11.2015 - 17.11.2015
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication COMM.A.1 ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´

Content

AbstractAttitudes towards the EU. Europe 2020. European economy. Information behaviour and assessment of media presentation with regard to European political matters. Topics: 1. Attitudes towards the EU: life satisfaction; frequency of political discussions about local, national, and European matters with friends and relatives; assessment of the current situation in the following areas: national economy, European economy, personal job situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, quality of life in the own country, quality of life in the EU; expectations for the next twelve months regarding: personal life in general, national economic situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, personal job situation, economic situation in the EU, quality of life in the own country, quality of life in the EU; most important problems in the own country, personally, and in the EU; assessment of the own country’s assumed membership in the EU as a good thing and assumed benefits (not in EU28 and CY); trust in selected institutions: written press, radio, television, internet, online social networks, political parties, regional or local public authorities (not in CY), national government (not in CY), national parliament (not in CY), European Union, United Nations; image of the EU; positive associations with the following terms (only in EU28): large companies, small and medium-sized companies, free trade, protectionism, globalisation, liberalisation, competition, trade unions, reforms, public service, security, solidarity, entrepreneurship; meaning of the EU to the respondent; knowledge of and trust in selected institutions (only in EU28): European Parliament, European Commission, European Central Bank; knowledge test on the EU: number of member states, direct election of European Parliament members by the citizens of each member state, Switzerland is a member of the EU; attitude towards the following issues: European economic and monetary union with one single currency, common foreign policy of all member states (only in EU28), further enlargement, common defence and security policy (only in EU28), free trade and investment agreement between the EU and the USA (only in EU28), common European migration policy (only in EU28), common energy policy (only in EU28), digital single market within the EU (only in EU28), free movement of EU citizens (only in EU28); approval of the creation of a European army (only in EU28); satisfaction with the democracy in the own country and in the EU (only in EU28); approval of the following statements: respondent understands how the EU works, recognition of the own country’s interests in the EU (only in EU28, not in CY), EU’s voice counts in the world, globalisation as an opportunity for economic growth, better development of the own country outside the EU (only in EU28, not in CY), more decisions to be taken at EU level (only in EU28, not in CY); optimism about the future of the EU (only in EU28). 2. Europe 2020 (only in EU28): likelihood to reach the following objectives by 2020: three quarters of people between 20 and 64 years of age having a job, share of funds invested in research and development reaching 3% of the wealth produced in the EU each year, reduction of EU greenhouse gas emissions by at least 20% (compared to 1990), increase of the share of renewable energy in the EU by 20%, increase of energy efficiency in the EU by 20%, reduction of the share of young people leaving school without qualifications to 10%, at least 40% of the people aged 30 to 34 having a higher education degree or diploma, reduction of the number of people living below the poverty line by a quarter, increase industry’s contribution to economy to 20% of GDP; EU is going in the right direction to exit the crisis and face new global challenges; prioritized objectives in a European energy union; feeling towards immigration of people from: other EU member states, outside the EU; attitude towards additional measures to fight illegal immigration of people from outside the EU on EU level and / or on national level; attitude towards the right for EU citizens to: live or work in every member state of the EU, live or work in the respondent’s country. 3. European economy: impact of the economic crisis on the job market has already reached its peak; approval of the following statements (only in EU28): measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country cannot be delayed (split A), measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country are not a priority for now (split B), EU has sufficient power and tools to defend its economic interests globally (not in CY), private sector is better placed to create new jobs than public sector, public money should be used to stimulate private sector investment at EU level (not in CY); approval of selected measures to reform global financial markets (only in EU28, not in CY): introduction of a tax on financial transactions, introduction of Eurobonds, wage regulation in the financial sector, tougher rules on tax avoidance and tax havens. 4. European citizenship: feeling of attachment towards: own city, own country, European Union, Europe; approval of the following statements (only in EU28): feeling of being a citizen of the EU, knowledge of the rights of EU citizens, desire for more information on the rights of EU citizens; feeling of national and / or European identity (only in EU28); most positive results of the EU; frequency of selected activities in the last twelve months (only in EU28): visits to other EU countries, reading books or magazines in foreign languages, watching TV in foreign languages, socializing with people from other EU countries, purchase of products or services via the internet from other EU countries; most important factors for creating a feeling of community among EU citizens (only in EU28); values that best represent the EU; most important personal values; amount of shared values between the member states (only in EU28); expectations regarding the life of future generations in the EU (only in EU28); approval of selected statements (only in EU28): state intervenes too much in personal lives, necessity for more severe punishment of criminals, immigrants contribute a lot to the own country, people in the own country have a lot of things in common, respondent understands what is going on the world, own country should help refugees, everything was better before, confidence in the future; assessment of knowing foreign languages as useful (only in EU28); main advantages of learning new languages (only in EU28); every EU citizen should be able to speak at least one foreign language (only in EU28). 5. Information behaviour and assessment of media presentation with regard to European political matters: assessment of people’s knowledge in the own country about European matters and self-rated knowledge; frequency of media use (only in EU28): television on a TV set, television via internet, radio, written press, internet, online social networks; main information sources on national political matters (only in EU28) and on European political matters; used sources of information on the EU, its policies and institutions; assessment of the amount of reporting on EU topics in the following national media as appropriate (only in EU28): TV, radio, written press, websites, online social networks; assessment of the presentation of the EU in the aforementioned national media as appropriate (only in EU28); attitude towards selected statements on political information in online social networks: modern way to keep abreast, not trustworthy, can get people interested, good way to have a say. Demography: nationality; left-right self-placement; marital status; age at end of education; sex; age; occupation; professional position; type of community; household composition and household size; possession of durable goods (entertainment electronics, internet connection, possession of a car, a flat/a house have finished paying for or still paying for); financial difficulties during the last year; internet use (at home, at work, at school); self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society; own voice counts in the own country and in the EU. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; questionnaire split; size of locality; region; language of the interview; nation group; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Economic Policy, National Economic Situation
  • Society, Culture
  • Political Issues
  • Communication, Public Opinion, Media
Topics Topics
  • 5.4 Cultural and national identity
  • 9 Information and communication
  • 11 Politics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 17.4 Economic conditions and indicators
  • 17.5 Economic policy

Methodology

Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of (MK)
  • Montenegro (ME)
  • Serbia (RS)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Albania (AL)
UniversePopulation of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in each of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over. The survey has also been conducted in Turkey, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, and in the Turkish Cypriot Community. In these countries, it covers the national population of citizens and the population of citizens of all the European Union Member States that are residents in these countries and have a sufficient command of the national languages to answer the questionnaire.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Face-to-face interview Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data CollectorTNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic; TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark; TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany; TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland; TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece; TNS Spain, Madrid, Spain; TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France; TNS Italia, Milan, Italy; CYMAR Market Research, Nicosia, Cyprus; TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania; TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; ipr Umfrageforschung, Vienna, Austria; TNS Polska, Warsaw, Poland; TNS Portugal, Lisbon, Portugal; TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania; RM PLUS, Maribor, Slovenia; TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland; TNS Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden; TNS UK, London, United Kingdom; HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia; Kadem, Nicosia, Turkish Cypriot Community; TNS PIAR, Istanbul, Turkey; TNS Brima, Skopje, Macedonia; TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Montenegro; TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Serbia; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Albania; TNS opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 07.11.2015 - 17.11.2015 (total)
  • 07.11.2015 - 16.11.2015 (Belgium)
  • 09.11.2015 - 16.11.2015 (Bulgaria)
  • 07.11.2015 - 16.11.2015 (Czech Republic)
  • 08.11.2015 - 17.11.2015 (Denmark)
  • 07.11.2015 - 16.11.2015 (Germany)
  • 07.11.2015 - 16.11.2015 (Estonia)
  • 07.11.2015 - 16.11.2015 (Ireland)
  • 07.11.2015 - 16.11.2015 (Greece)
  • 07.11.2015 - 16.11.2015 (Spain)
  • 07.11.2015 - 16.11.2015 (France)
  • 07.11.2015 - 16.11.2015 (Croatia)
  • 08.11.2015 - 17.11.2015 (Italy)
  • 07.11.2015 - 16.11.2015 (Republic of Cyprus)
  • 07.11.2015 - 16.11.2015 (Latvia)
  • 07.11.2015 - 17.11.2015 (Lithuania)
  • 07.11.2015 - 17.11.2015 (Luxembourg)
  • 07.11.2015 - 16.11.2015 (Hungary)
  • 09.11.2015 - 17.11.2015 (Malta)
  • 07.11.2015 - 16.11.2015 (Netherlands)
  • 07.11.2015 - 16.11.2015 (Austria)
  • 07.11.2015 - 16.11.2015 (Poland)
  • 07.11.2015 - 16.11.2015 (Portugal)
  • 09.11.2015 - 16.11.2015 (Romania)
  • 08.11.2015 - 17.11.2015 (Slovenia)
  • 08.11.2015 - 17.11.2015 (Finland)
  • 07.11.2015 - 17.11.2015 (Sweden)
  • 07.11.2015 - 16.11.2015 (United Kingdom)
  • 07.11.2015 - 14.11.2015 (Turkish-Cypriot Community)
  • 07.11.2015 - 16.11.2015 (Turkey)
  • 07.11.2015 - 16.11.2015 (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia)
  • 08.11.2015 - 16.11.2015 (Montenegro)
  • 07.11.2015 - 16.11.2015 (Serbia)
  • 07.11.2015 - 16.11.2015 (Albania)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
4.0.0 (current version)2019-3-21 Archive edition https://doi.org/10.4232/1.13249
3.1.02017-6-1 Archive pre-release (update) https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12799
3.0.02016-11-25 Archive pre-release (update) https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12664
2.0.02016-5-2 Archive pre-release (update) https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12539
1.0.02016-3-24 Archive pre-release https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12495
Errata in current version
DateSubjectDescription
2019-11-29q1_29Please note that in the original data delivery 50 respondents from the Turkish Cypriot Community are coded 1 (Mentioned) in q1.29 (“NATIONALITY: TURKEY”) even though q1.29 should only have been fielded in Turkey. In the archive datasets the filter instruction had been consistently applied to variables q1.29 to g1.34 and consequently these outliers have been erroneously coded to 9 “Inap. (not TR in isocntry)”.
Version changes
Changes between version 4.0.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2017-8-29q1.29-q1.34Please note that in question Q1 (“NATIONALITY”) items 29 to 34 (“Turkey”, “Turkish Cypriot Community”, “Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”, “Montenegro”, “Serbia” and “Albania”) code 9 (“Inap. (NOT ASKED IN OTHER COUNTRIES)“) is not defined as missing value, respectively. The variables will be corrected with the next update. 2019-3-21variables corrected
2019-2-28qe4tPlease note the following coding error for summarized variable qe4t: Respondents who have not been asked questions qe4a and qe4b are erroneously coded 0 (“Not mentioned”), but should be coded 9 (“Inap. not EU28 (coded 0 in eu28)”). The variable will be corrected with the next update. 2019-3-21variable corrected
Changes between version 3.1.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2017-5-26w85Please note that variable label for weight w85 should read „WEIGHT EURO ZONE 19 (EU28)”. The variable label will be corrected with the next update.2017-6-1variable label corrected
Changes between version 3.0.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2016-3-23p7roThe REGION variable for Romania shows an abnormal frequency distribution, in particular for Bucharest. While until Eurobarometer 83.4 the number of cases for Bucharest hovers around 100 (11,7 % if based on weighted data), there are only 16 cases for Bucharest in Eurobarometer 84.3 (4,8 % if based on weighted data). This is not the proportion expected for this NUTS2 region.2016-11-25In the course of a new dataset delivery from TNS the REGION variable for Romania has been corrected for an abnormal frequency distribution. Please note that the number of cases changed for the regions “Nord-Est (North-East)”, “Sud-Est (South-East)” and “Bucuresti - Ilfov (Bucharest)“ in variable p7ro: 79 former cases from “Sud-Est (South-East)” are now coded for “Bucuresti -Ilfov (Bucharest)“ and 8 former cases from “Sud-Est (South-East)” are coded for “Nord-Est (North-East)”. Accordingly the number of cases also changed for the regions “Macroregion 2” and “Macroregion 3” in variable p7ro_r. As a consequence of this data correction weights referring to Romania have been modified. Please note that official reports and tables may be based on former weights and slight deviations to the current dataset results can exist.
2016-7-28p7at, p7at_rPlease notice that value label for code 6 in p7at should read "Kaernten (Carinthia)". As confirmed by TNS, the addition of Osttirol (Eastern Tyrol) as suggested by the original value label is not correct. Herewith variable p7at corresponds to the NUTS 2 classification for Austria. Variables labels should read: p7at “REGION - AUSTRIA NUTS 2” and p7at_r “REGION - AUSTRIA NUTS 1”. The value label and variable labels will be corrected with the next update.2016-11-25Value labels corrected
Changes between version 2.0.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2016-3-23p1 to p5No data are made available for protocol items p1 (date of interview), p2 (time of interview begin), p3 duration of interview), p4 (n of persons present during the interview) and p5 (respondent cooperation).2016-5-2Protocol variables p1 (date of interview), p2 (time of interview begin), p3 duration of interview), p4 (n of persons present during the interview) and p5 (respondent cooperation) have subsequently been delivered by TNS and merged into the dataset by the archive.

Further Remarks

NotesAll question modules in the standard Eurobarometer context and largely replicating questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 83.3 [ZA5998] or 82.3 [ZA5932] for QE. Starting with Eurobarometer 81.3 (with 84.1 for Germany), the category scheme for country specific protocol variables P6 (SIZE OF COMMUNITY) has changed considerably. Categories for all countries have been harmonized among each other to three values (Rural area - Towns and suburbs/small urban area - Cities/large urban areas). For TURKEY the data provided by TNS do not match with the new scheme, but appear to match with the former 5-point scheme: 1) Less than 10.001 inhabitants; 2) 10.001 to 20.000 inhabitants; 3) 20.001 to 100.000 inhabitants; 4) 100.001 to 500.000 inhabitants; 5) More than 500.000 inhabitants. Variable p6tr has been reconstructed by the Archive for dataset version v1-0-0 using SIZE OF COMMUNITY data for Turkey included in a former integrated variable P6 (ALL COUNTRIES) with the “old” 5-point category scheme. Starting with Eurobarometer 81.3 the category scheme for country specific protocol variables P7 (REGION) has changed for some countries, in particular introducing NUTS categories for Ireland, Estonia, and Croatia. In the course of a new dataset delivery from TNS the REGION variable for Romania has been corrected for an abnormal frequency distribution in version v3-0-0. Please note that the number of cases changed for the regions “Nord-Est (North-East)”, “Sud-Est (South-East)” and “Bucuresti –Ilfov (Bucharest)“ in variable p7ro: 79 former cases from “Sud-Est (South-East)” are now coded for “Bucuresti -Ilfov (Bucharest)“ and 8 former cases from “Sud-Est (South-East)” are coded for “Nord-Est (North-East)”. Accordingly the number of cases also changed for the regions “Macroregion 2” and “Macroregion 3” in variable p7ro_r. As a consequence of this data correction weights referring to Romania have been modified. Please note that official reports and tables may be based on former weights and slight deviations to the current dataset results can exist. No data are available for SIZE OF COMMUNITY for Macedonia (p6mk). Data for protocol variables p1 to p3 (date and time of interview), p4 and p5 (interview situation) have been delivered subsequently by TNS and been merged into the archive release dataset version v2.0.0. The fieldwork dates implied by the values in protocol variable p1 (date of interview) differ slightly from those indicated in the technical specifications provided by TNS for several countries. Extrapolated population figures as calculated by WEXTRA differ for almost all countries (except AL and CY-TCC) from the population 15+ figures indicated in the technical specifications provided by TNS. One duplicate case (doublet) in terms of identical coding of all substantial variables and demographics (with the only exception of d46.5) has been identified for TURKEY. The corresponding case id variables are not identical. UNIQID is coded ´430000546´ and ´430000550´; SERIALID is coded ´27177´ and ´27181´. Data for protocol variables p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number) and p10 (interviewer number) have not been made available.
Number of Units: 32833
Number of Variables: 744
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata

Publications

Publications
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 84. Autumn 2015. Public opinion in the European Union. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit. Brussels, December 2015.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 84. Autumn 2015. European Citizenship. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit. Brussels, December 2015.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 84. Autumn 2015. Europeans´ views on the priorities of the European Union. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit. Brussels, December 2015.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 84. Autumn 2015. Media use in the European Union. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit. Brussels, December 2015.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)

Groups

Research Data Centre
Groups
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.