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ZA4411: Eurobarometer 63.4 (May-Jun 2005)

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Eurobarometer 63.4 European Union Enlargement, the European Constitution, Economic Challenges, Innovative Products and Services
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation    European Commission (2012): Eurobarometer 63.4 (May-Jun 2005). TNS OPINION & SOCIAL, Brussels [Producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA4411 Data file Version 1.1.0, https://doi.org/10.4232/1.10968
Study No.ZA4411
TitleEurobarometer 63.4 (May-Jun 2005)
Other Titles
  • European Union Enlargement, the European Constitution, Economic Challenges, Innovative Products and Services (Subtitle)
  • Standard Eurobarometer 63 (Alternative Title)
Current Version1.1.0, 2012-3-30, https://doi.org/10.4232/1.10968
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR04564.v2, 2007-11-30
Date of Collection09.05.2005 - 14.06.2005
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG Communication Public Opinion Analysis Sector

Content

AbstractAttitude towards the EU. EU enlargement and the European Constitution. Economy in the EU and in the world. Innovative products and services. Topics: 1. Attitude towards the EU: frequency of political discussions with friends and personal opinion leadership; life satisfaction; expected development for the next twelve months regarding: personal life in general, the financial situation of the own household, the personal job situation, the national economic and employment situation; comparison of the current personal situation with five years ago and expected development in the next five years; trust in institutions (justice, political parties, national government, national parliament, European Union, and the United Nations); assessment of the EU membership of the own country as a good thing; benefits from the EU membership for the own country; (in Bulgaria, Romania, Turkey, Croatia, and Northern Cyprus was asked: assessment of a future EU membership as a good thing; advantages of a future EU membership for the own country); image of the EU from the perspective of the respondent; attitude towards a European political union; meaning of the EU to the respondent; feelings towards the EU (enthusiasm or rejection); attitude towards the EU: feeling of safety, more stable economically and politically through existing or future EU membership of the own country, own political efficacy, understanding of the processes of the EU, national interests are taken into account by the EU, growing influence of the own country in the EU, superiority of the large countries in the EU; expected and desired role of the EU in daily life in five years; fears related to the European Union: power loss for smaller member states, increase in drug trafficking, less frequent use of the national language, increasing payments of the own country to the EU, loss of social benefits, loss of national identity and culture, economic crisis, transfer of jobs to other EU member countries with lower production costs, more difficulties for farmers; frequency of the reception of news on television, in newspapers, or on the radio; self-assessment of the personal knowledge on the EU (scale); used information sources about the EU; assessment of the extent of media coverage in the own country by topics regarding the EU as well as the image evoked; knowledge of EU institutions: European Parliament, European Commission, Council of the European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, and European Central Bank; importance of each of these EU institutions and trust in them; knowledge test on the European Union (number of member states, electoral procedure for the European Parliament, anthem, time of the last elections to the European Parliament); most important problems in the own country; attitude towards the role of the European Union in selected national issues; attitude towards: a European Monetary Union with the euro as common currency, a common foreign policy towards countries outside the EU, a common security and defence policy, EU enlargement, an EU constitution, a two-speed Europe, teaching about EU institutions at school; prioritized future EU issues; attitude towards increasing the budget of the European Union given political goals; knowledge of the field on which most of the EU budget is spent; attitude towards selected suggestions regarding the further development of the Common Foreign and Security Policy and the European Security and Defence Policy (rapid military reaction force, common position of the EU member states in international crisis, own foreign minister as spokesman for the EU, own seat on the UN Security Council, independence of the EU´s foreign policy of the one of the USA, worldwide efforts of the EU to guarantee human rights, common immigration and asylum policy); positive or negative role of the United States and the European Union regarding the following topics: peace in the world, fight against terrorism, global economic growth, fight against poverty in the world, and environmental protection; comparison of the importance of the European Union at present with five years ago; satisfaction with the democracy in the own country and in the European Union; personal attachment to the own city, the own region, the own country, and Europe; positive or negative connotation of selected terms (company, monopoly, competitiveness, social security, free trade, protectionism, globalisation, public service, trade union, reforms). 2. EU enlargement and the European Constitution: attitude towards the enlargement of the European Union; attitude towards the accession of Switzerland, Norway, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro, Iceland, Albania, Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine, and Turkey to the European Union; attitude towards the EU membership of Turkey (scale); knowledge of the contents of the European Constitution; attitude towards the European Constitution and reasons for this; knowledge test about planned changes to the European Constitution (creation of the position of a foreign minister, European referendum, direct election of the president of the European Council, creation of a direct European tax, EU citizenship, EU exit); trustworthy institutions and groups of people for information about the European Constitution; expected development of the EU after the adoption of the treaty on the European Constitution by all member states regarding democracy, efficiency, transparency, strength in the world, economic competitiveness, and social affairs. 3. Economy in the EU and in the world: assessment of the current situation in the following areas: national and European economy, national employment situation, social welfare and environmental situation, personal quality of life and financial situation; comparison of the current situation in the own country with the average of the EU member countries regarding economic and employment situation, environmental situation, social welfare situation, educational system, and quality of life; expected change in these areas; assessment of the living standards in Europe compared with the standards of living in the United States, Japan, China, and India; assessment of the performance of the European economy compared with the economy in the United States, Japan, China, and India; comparison of the current level of development in the European Union with the USA regarding: scientific and medical research, environmental protection, innovation technology, healthcare system, education, the fight against social inequality, unemployment and discrimination, and the creation of companies; impact of globalisation on the own country; assumed reasons for the delocalisation of companies: necessity or profit orientation; preferred measures to improve the performance of the European economy; European Union as the largest economic power in the world in the next five years. 4. Innovative products and services: personal interest in innovative products or services; prioritized definition of the term ´innovation´: creation of new products or services or improvement of existing products and services; own consumption behaviour after a new product or service is put on the market: continue to purchase the trusted product or try new product; willingness to replace an already known product or service through an innovative one; attitude towards innovative products and services. In Luxembourg was also asked: awareness of the current presidency of Luxembourg in the Council of the European Union and importance of this presidency. In the United Kingdom was asked: awareness of the future presidency of the Council of the European Union and importance of this presidency. In Portugal was also asked: consideration of animal welfare in the current food and agricultural policy. Demography: nationality; left-right self-placement; marital status; age at end of education; age; sex; occupation; professional position; type of community; household composition and household size; national provenance; own a mobile phone and fixed (landline) phone; religion; attendance of religious services; possession of durable goods; holidays (weeks/year); mother tongue; knowledge of foreign languages. Additionally coded was: date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; region; language of the interview; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
Topics Topics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 17.6 Economic systems and development

Methodology

Geographic Coverage
  • France (FR)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Croatia (HR)
UniverseAll respondents were residents in the respective country, nationals and non-nationals but EU-citizens, and aged 15 and over.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
A multi-stage, random (probability) sampling design was used for this Eurobarometer. In the first stage, primary sampling units (PSU) were selected from each of the administrative regionals units in every country (Statistical Office of the European Community, EUROSTAT NUTS 2 or equivalent). PSU selection was systematic with probability proportional to population size, from sampling frames stratified by the degree of urbanization. In the next stage, a cluster of starting addresses was selected from each sampled PSU, at random. Further addresses were chosen systematically using standard random route procedures as every Nth address from th initial address. In each household, a respondent was drawn, at random, following the closest birthday rule. No more than one interview was conducted in each household. They were supposed to have sufficient command of one of the respective national language(s) to answer the questionnaire. Separate samples were drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany.
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Face-to-face interview Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview) was used in those countries where this technique was available
Data CollectorTNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany Emor, Tallinn, Estonia TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece TNS Demoscopia, Madrid, Spain TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France TNS MRBI, Dublin, Ireland TNS Abacus, Milano, Italy Synovate, Nicosia, Cyprus TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia TNS GALLUP Lithuania, Vilnius, Lithuania TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg TNS Hungary, Budapest, Hungary MISCO, Valletta, Malta TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands Österreichisches GALLUP, Vienna, Austria TNS OBOP, Warsaw, Poland TNS EUROTESTE, Lissabon, Portugal RM PLUS, Maribor, Slovenia TNS AISA SK, Bratislava, Slovakia TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland TNS GALLUP, Stockholm, Sweden TNS UK, London, United Kingdom TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria Puls, Zagreb, Croatia TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania TNS PIAR, Istanbul, Turkey KADEM, Nordzypern (Turkish Cypriot Comm.) TNS Opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 14.05.2005 - 08.06.2005 (France)
  • 10.05.2005 - 13.06.2005 (Belgium)
  • 12.05.2005 - 07.06.2005 (Netherlands)
  • 14.05.2005 - 06.06.2005 (Germany)
  • 13.05.2005 - 11.06.2005 (Italy)
  • 10.05.2005 - 04.06.2005 (Luxembourg)
  • 20.05.2005 - 14.06.2005 (Denmark)
  • 09.05.2005 - 10.06.2005 (Ireland (Republic))
  • 11.05.2005 - 12.06.2005 (United Kingdom)
  • 16.05.2005 - 06.06.2005 (Greece)
  • 12.05.2005 - 07.06.2005 (Spain)
  • 12.05.2005 - 05.06.2005 (Portugal)
  • 12.05.2005 - 12.06.2005 (Finland)
  • 12.05.2005 - 02.06.2005 (Sweden)
  • 12.05.2005 - 07.06.2005 (Austria)
  • 10.05.2005 - 07.06.2005 (Cyprus (Republic))
  • 18.05.2005 - 07.06.2005 (Czech Republic)
  • 12.05.2005 - 07.06.2005 (Estonia)
  • 16.05.2005 - 02.06.2005 (Hungary)
  • 13.05.2005 - 08.06.2005 (Latvia)
  • 12.05.2005 - 06.06.2005 (Lithuania)
  • 12.05.2005 - 06.06.2005 (Malta)
  • 14.05.2005 - 07.06.2005 (Poland)
  • 18.05.2005 - 05.06.2005 (Slovakia)
  • 13.05.2005 - 10.06.2005 (Slovenia)
  • 17.05.2005 - 31.05.2005 (Bulgaria)
  • 23.05.2005 - 03.06.2005 (Romania)
  • 12.05.2005 - 05.06.2005 (Turkey)
  • 10.05.2005 - 03.06.2005 (Croatia)
  • 13.05.2005 - 31.05.2005 (Turkish Cypriot Community)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.1.0 (current version)2012-3-30 Archive edition update https://doi.org/10.4232/1.10968
1.0.02010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) https://doi.org/10.4232/1.4411 (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
DateSubjectDescription
2013-4-8P7_PT REGION I - NUTS 2 (V630)Starting with Eurobarometer 62 the NUTS 2 REGIONS for PORTUGAL have changed. In accordance with the official EUROSTAT NUTS 2 version 2003 the region “LISBOA E VALE DO TEJO” is split up and the subregion “Lezíria do Tejo” reinstated to the “Alentejo” Region; “Médio Tejo” and “Oeste” are reinstated to the “Centro” Region. The documentation for NUTS 2 code 3 “Lisboa e Vale do Tejo” is not correct and should read “LISBOA” (NUTS2003-2010: PT17). Regions “CENTRO” and “ALENTEJO” do not change names but regional coverage (NUTS2003-2010: PT16 and PT18). The regions “NORTE” (PT11) and “ALGARVE” (PT15) remain unchanged. Starting with Eurobarometer 62 the autonomous regions AÇORES (PT20) and MADEIRA (PT30) are not covered anymore. This has been confirmed by TNS Opinion & Social as of March 26, 2013.
2013-4-8P7_GR REGION II- NUTS 1 (V656) Starting with Eurobarometer 62 the Northern and Southern Aegean Islands ("Voreio Aigaio" with NUTS2 code GR41 and "Notio Aigaio" with Starting with Eurobarometer 62 the Northern and Southern Aegean Islands ("Voreio Aigaio" with NUTS 2 code GR41 and "Notio Aigaio" with NUTS 2 code GR42) as well as the Ionian Islands ("Ionia Nisia" with NUTS 2 code GR22) are not covered. The documentation for NUTS 1 code 4 is not correct. The data only cover the island of Crete (NUTS 2 code GR43). This has been confirmed by TNS Opinion & Social as of March 26, 2013.
Version changes
Changes between version 1.1.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2011-7-1VERSIONdataset version id variable2011-7-1variable added
2011-7-1v628, value 7value label incorrect2011-7-1value label corrected
2011-7-1v655, value 3value label incorrect2011-7-1value label corrected
2011-7-1v593, value 1value label incorrect2011-7-1value label corrected

Further Remarks

NotesIncluding remaining candidate countries after the 2004 enlargement and Northern Cyprus
Number of Units: 29328
Number of Variables: 677
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata

Publications

Publications
  • TNS Opinion & Social: Standard Eurobarometer 63. Public Opinion in the European Union. Survey requested and coordinated by the Directorate General Press and Communication (European Commission). Brussels: September 2005. http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb63/eb63_en.htm
  • TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 237 / Wave 63.4. Europeans and languages. Survey requested and coordinated by Directorate General Press and Communication (European Commission). Brussels: September 2005. http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_237.en.pdf
  • Angelika Scheuer: Zu jung, zu alt - wenn das Alter zum Problem wird. Diskriminierung aufgrund des Alters in Europa. In: Informationsdienst Soziale Indikatoren (ZUMA Publikation), Ausgabe 36, Juli 2006 (ISI 36), p. 7-11.
  • TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 236 / Wave 63.4. Population Innovation Readiness. Survey requested Directorate-General Enterprise and coordinated by Directorate General Press and Communication (European Commission). Brussels, August 2005.
  • Pádraig Ó’Riagáin: Measures of language proficiency in national and multinational surveys: A methodological comparison. Poster presented at the Eurobarometer Symposium at GESIS, Cologne, 10 July 2015. http://www.gesis.org/fileadmin/upload/events/EB-Symposium/Poster/ORiagain_Poster.pdf
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)

Groups

Research Data Centre
Groups
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.