GESIS - DBK - ZA1500

ZA1500: ALLBUS/GGSS 1986 (Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften/German General Social Survey 1986)

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List of Files


  • ZA1500.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 3 MBytes
  • ZA1500.sav (Dataset SPSS) 2 MBytes
  • ZA1500_missing.sps (Dataset) 21 KBytes
  • (Dataset) 581 KBytes
  • ZA1500_Variablenliste.txt (Dataset) 28 KBytes


  • ZA1500_fb.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes


  • ZA1500_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 426 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA1500_mb.pdf (Method Report) 3 MBytes
  • ZA1500_readme.pdf (Other Document) 36 KBytes
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences (1996): ALLBUS/GGSS 1986 (Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften/German General Social Survey 1986). GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA1500 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA1500
TitleALLBUS/GGSS 1986 (Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften/German General Social Survey 1986)
Current Version1.0.0, 2010-4-13, (Publication Year 1996)
Date of Collection03.1986 - 05.1986
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Mayer, Karl U. - Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung, Berlin
  • Müller, Walter - Universität Mannheim
  • Pappi, Franz U. - Universität Kiel
  • Scheuch, Erwin K. - Universität Köln
  • Ziegler, Rolf - Universität München


AbstractSocial monitoring of trends in attitudes, behavior, and societal change in the Federal Republic of Germany. The main topics in 1986 are: 1.) Importance of life aspects 2.) Education and cultural skills 3.) Political attitudes 4.) Other topics 5.) ALLBUS-Demography 6.) Data on the interview (paradata) 7.) Social networks and support systems I (ISSP 1986) 8.) Added value Topics: 1.) Importance of life aspects: family and children, work and occupation, recreation and free time, friends and acquaintances, kinship, religion and church, politics and public life, neighborhood. 2.) Education and cultural skills: general evaluation of educational opportunities; importance of personal school performance for success in life; expected importance of school performance in the future; level of educational aspirations for one´s own children; most important educational goals in school and in the family; age at graduation from school; vocational training; year of vocational graduation; evaluation of personal occupational training. Possession and use of technical household equipment such as tape recorder, video recorders (VCRs), personal computers, television sets, microwave ovens, calculators, phones, and typewriters; car ownership; possession of driver´s license; frequency of car use. Everyday skills such as dancing, taking pictures, filling in tax forms, bike riding, performing repairs, reading a city map and train schedule; foreign language skills; type and extent of vocational and non-vocational further education; difficulties in understanding instruction booklets, fine print, and consumer instruction leaflets; ability to formulate correspondence with administration; number of books bought and read in the last three months; possession of a library card; library use; private correspondence in the last six months. 3.) Political attitudes: political interest; postmaterialism (importance of law and order, fighting rising prices, free expression of opinions, and influence on governmental decisions); self-placement on a left-right continuum; understanding of political events and perceived possibilities of influence on politics; eligibility to vote; electoral participation and recall of past vote. 4.) Other topics: assessment of the present and future economic situation in Germany; assessment of present and future personal economic situation; self-assessment of social class; attitudes towards abortion. 5.) ALLBUS-Demography: Details about the respondent: gender; month and year of birth, age; place of residence (federal state, size of municipality, Boustedt-type of municipality); religious denomination, frequency of church attendance; voting intention (Sonntagsfrage); currently at school or university, general education, vocational training and extended vocational training; employment status; details about current occupation, length of employment, industrial sector, working hours per week, length of commute; date of termination of full- or part- time employment; gaps in occupational biography; details about former occupation; length of unemployment; principal source of livelihood; respondent´s income; marital status; marital biography. Details about respondent´s current spouse: age; employment status; employment status; details about current occupation; date of termination of full- or part-time employment. Details about respondent´s former spouse: age; details about current occupation. Details about respondent´s parents: general education and vocational training of father and mother; father´s occupation. Composition of household: household income; type of dwelling, telephone. Details about household members: relation to respondent; gender; month and year of birth, age; marital status; income, German citizenship. Respondent´s current memberships (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund (DGB, blue-collar union), Deutsche Angestelltengewerkschaft (DAG, white-collar union), Christlicher Gewerkschaftsbund (CGB, Christian union), Union Leitender Angestellter (ULA, association of managers), Deutscher Beamtenbund (DBB, public service union), farmer´s association, trade association, Bundesverband der Deutschen Industrie (BDI), association of German industry), association of a liberal profession, other occupational association; choral society, sports club, leisure activity club, local history or community club, other social association, association of German expellees or refugees, charitable association, religious/church organization, youth or student organization, political party, citizens´ action group, other club or association). 6.) Data on the interview (paradata): presence of other people during the interview; intervention of other people in the course of the interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate and reliability of respondent; length of interview; date of interview; gender of interviewer; age of interviewer. 7.) Social networks and support systems I (ISSP): The following questions were asked in reference to all immediate relatives of the respondent: frequency of mutual visits; commuting time for visits; frequency of non- personal contacts (phone and letter). Marriage or pre-marital cohabitation with a steady partner; number of close friends at work and in the neighborhood; gender of best friend; frequency of mutual visits and commuting time; frequency of non-personal contacts; designation of the two preferred contacts for help with shopping, financial needs, problems in a partnership or depression, crucial changes in life; frequency of these problems. 8.) Added value: International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO 1968); occupational prestige (according to Treiman).
Categories Categories
  • Society, Culture
Topics Topics
  • 3 Education
  • 5.6 Social conditions and indicators
  • 5.8 Social behaviour and attitudes
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 13 Social stratification and groupings
  • 13.3 Family life and marriage


Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE), FRG incl. West Berlin
UniversePrivate households addressing all individuals with German citizenship who were at least 18 years of age by the day of the interview.
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Multistage
Household Sample: Multi-stage random sample (ADM-Mastersample)
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Face-to-face interview: Paper-and-pencil (PAPI)
  • Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
Personal interview with standardized questionnaire (PAPI - Paper and Pencil Interviewing), additional self-completion questionnaire (drop off) for ISSP
Time Method Time Method
  • Cross-section
Kind of Data Kind of Data
  • Numeric
Date of Collection
  • 03.1986 - 05.1986

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
2016-5-31Stata: v511For Stata data sets: Unlabeled missing values with decimal places have to be recoded to integer values and labels have to be added. For correction of the Stata dataset a patch was provided together with the Stata dataset. Please download
2016-5-31SPSS: v511The label for the value 999.9 is missing. This value must be declared as a missung value.
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesAvailable under ZA No. 1669 is a subsequent survey by phone in which all non-respondents as well as part of the respondents from the ALLBUS main survey were interviewed, for example about central demographic characteristics (Non-Response-Study). A second version of this data set with a shortened demography module is available as ALLBUScompact 1986 (ZA No. 3709).
Number of Units: 3095
Number of Variables: 521
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS


  • Braun, Michael; Mohler, Peter Ph.: Die Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften (ALLBUS). Rückblick und Ausblick in die neunziger Jahre. In: ZUMA-Nachrichten 29, 1991, S. 7-28.
  • Terwey, Michael: ALLBUS: Das Programm und Erweiterungen des bestehenden Angebots. In: ZA-Information 42, 1998, S. 33-43.
  • Terwey, Michael: ALLBUS: A German General Social Survey. Schmollers Jahrbuch 120, 2000, S. 151-158.
  • Terwey, Michael: Zum aktuellen Wandel im Zugriff auf ALLBUS-Materialien und zur ALLBUS-Nutzung in Publikationen. In: ZA-Information 53, 2003, S. 195-202.
  • Veröffentlichungsreihe "Blickpunkt Gesellschaft": Müller, Walter; Mohler, Peter Ph.; Erbslöh, Barbara; Wasmer, Martina (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: Einstellungen und Verhalten der Bundesbürger. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1990.
  • Mohler, Peter Ph.; Bandilla, Wolfgang (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 2. Einstellungen und Verhalten der Bundesbürger in Ost und West. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1992.
  • Braun, Michael; Mohler, Peter Ph. (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 3. Einstellungen und Verhalten der Bundesbürger. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1994.
  • Braun, Michael; Mohler, Peter Ph. (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 4. Soziale Ungleichheit in Deutschland. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1998.
  • Alba, Richard; Schmidt, Peter; Wasmer, Martina (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 5. Deutsche und Ausländer: Freunde, Fremde oder Feinde? Wiesbaden: Westdeutscher Verlag 2000.
  • Koch, Achim; Wasmer, Martina; Schmidt, Peter (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 6. Politische Partizipation in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Empirische Befunde und theoretische Erklärungen. Opladen: Leske + Budrich 2001.
  • Alba, Richard; Schmidt, Peter; Wasmer, Martina (Hrsg.): Germans or Foreigners? Attitudes Towards Ethnic Minorities in Post-Reunification Germany. New York und Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan 2003.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
    The German General Social Survey (ALLBUS) collects up-to-date data on attitudes, behavior, and social structure in Germany. Every two years since 1980 a representative cross section of the population is surveyed using both constant and variable questions. The ALLBUS data become available to interested parties for research and teaching as soon as they are processed and documented.