GESIS - DBK - ZA2450

ZA2450: International Social Survey Programme: Environment I - ISSP 1993

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List of Files


  • ZA2450.dta (Dataset Stata) 10 MBytes
  • ZA2450.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 19 MBytes
  • ZA2450_2005-04-03.sav (Dataset SPSS) 10 MBytes


  • ZA2450_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 175 KBytes
  • ZA2450_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2450_q_au.pdf (Questionnaire) 937 KBytes
  • ZA2450_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2450_q_ca-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2450_q_ca-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2450_q_ch-de.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2450_q_ch-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2450_q_ch-it.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2450_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2450_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 4 MBytes
  • ZA2450_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 629 KBytes
  • ZA2450_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2450_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2450_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2450_q_il.pdf (Questionnaire) 798 KBytes
  • ZA2450_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2450_q_jp.pdf (Questionnaire) 1014 KBytes
  • ZA2450_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2450_q_no.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2450_q_nz.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2450_q_ph.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2450_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 760 KBytes
  • ZA2450_q_ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2450_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2450_q_us.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes


  • ZA2450_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 762 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA1490_all_Overview_Duplicated_Records.xlsx (Table) 204 KBytes
  • ZA2450_Notes.pdf (Remarks) 123 KBytes
  • ZA2450_sd.pdf (Study Description) 142 KBytes
  • ZA2450_topics.pdf (Other Document) 355 KBytes
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International Social Survey Programme 1993: Environment (ISSP 1993)
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation ISSP Research Group (1995): International Social Survey Programme: Environment I - ISSP 1993. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA2450 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA2450
TitleInternational Social Survey Programme: Environment I - ISSP 1993
Current Version1.0.0, 2010-4-13, (Publication Year 1995)
Date of Collection11.1992 - 10.1994
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Kelley, Jonathan - Australia
  • Bean, Clive - Australia
  • Evans, Mariah - Australia
  • Dimova, Lilia - Institute for Trade Union and Social Research, Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Carleton University Survey Centre, Canada
  • Institute of Sociology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Mohler, Peter Ph. - ZUMA, Mannheim, Germany (East/West)
  • Zentralarchiv für Empirische Sozialforschung, Universität zu Köln
  • Jowell, Roger - Northern Ireland
  • Brook, Lindsay - Northern Irland
  • Dowds, Lizanne - Northern Ireland
  • Ahrendt, Daphne - Great Britain
  • Kolosi, Tamás - TARKI, Budapest, Hungary
  • Social Science Research Center UCD, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), Ireland
  • Yuchtmann-Yaar, Eppie - Israel
  • Lewin-Epstein, Noah - Israel
  • Eurisko, Italy
  • Tsuji, Tomohiro - Japan
  • Becker, Jos - SCP-Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau Fieldwork: NIPO, Netherlands
  • Gendall, Philip - Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
  • NSD, Bergen, Norway
  • Social Weather Stations, Inc. (SWS), Philippines
  • Cichomski, Bogdan - Institute for Social Studies, University of Warsaw, Poland
  • Khakhulina, Ludmila - Russia
  • Tos, Niko - Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre, Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Diez-Nicolás, Juan - A.S.E.P. (Analisis Sociologicos Economicos y Politicos), Spain
  • Davis, James A. - National Opinion Research Center (NORC), USA
  • Smith, Tom W. - National Opinion Research Center (NORC), USA


AbstractAttitude to environmental protection. Preferred government measures for environmental protection. Topics: Obedience or self-determination as most important education goal; private entrepreneurs as best possibility to solve economic problems; responsibility of the government to reduce income differences among the citizens; postmaterialism index; perceived belief in science of the population; attitude to modern science (scale); expected solution of environmental protection problems through science; too many concerns for the future of the environment in comparison to prices and provision of jobs; environmental destruction and modern life; equal rights for animals and people; respect for nature as creation of God; belief in God; exaggerated environmental sensitivity; judgement on the contrast of environmental protection and economic growth; attitude to animal experiments in pharmacology; nature as struggle for survival; economic growth endangers the environment; readiness for higher prices or higher taxes or to accept reductions in standard of living for the benefit of protection of the environment; personal difficulties in participation in environmental protection; self-classification of participation in environmental protection; knowledge about manner of functioning of antibiotics as destructive agent for bacteria or virus; belief in astrology; understanding the theory of evolution; artificially produced chemicals as cause for cancer; humans as party responsible for radioactivity; knowledge of the danger of death from radioactivity; knowledge about the dangers of radioactive waste from nuclear power plants; knowledge about the cause for the greenhouse effect; pesticides and chemicals in the production of food as causes for cancer; humans as cause for extinction of animals and plants; cars and air pollution; expected increase of illnesses in large cities as result of air pollution; classification of nuclear power plants, air pollution from industrial waste gases, pesticides and chemicals in agriculture, water pollution and warming of the atmosphere through the greenhouse effect as dangerous for the environment on the one hand as well as for the respondent and his family on the other; preference for regulation of environmental problems by the government, the population or the economy; personal participation in recycling; purchase of untreated fruits; frequency of doing without meat for moral and environmental reasons; frequency of not using the car for environmental reasons; membership in an environmental protection organization; personal environmental political activities through participation in signature lists, donations as well as participation in demonstrations; social origins; employment in the public sector; time worked each week; span of control; company size; personal unemployment in the last few years and length of this unemployment; religiousness; self-assessment of social class; union membership; party preference; party inclination; housing situation and residential status; in some countries: ethnic affiliation of respondent. The following questions were also posed in Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Ireland and the Netherlands: city size and residential situation; characterization of heating costs as a bill clearly assigned or divided by the number of renters; energy conservation habits with heating and power consumption; water bill dependent on use; expected shortage of oil or gas as well as a clear rise in temperatures through the greenhouse effect in the next 20 years; advertising campaigns, energy taxes, subsidies for improved insulation of buildings, rationing of permitted energy use for a household as most reasonable measure of the government to reduce use of energy; frequency per week of use of motor vehicle; one or more vehicles in possession of household; personal participation in purchase decision for a motor vehicle in the last five years; environmentally compatible as criterion in purchase decision; commuting times and motor vehicle used on the way to work; alternative forms of transport in case one´s car is defective; most important transport device for shopping; classification of personal effort in doing without a vehicle; expected development of traffic noise in the next few years; preferred government measures to reduce traffic: advertising campaigns, continual increase in gasoline taxes, environmental taxes on private vehicles or rationing gasoline for private individuals; packaging as criterion in the purchase of products; personal decision against purchase of a product with excessive packaging; regular collection of recyclable materials at residence of respondent; perceived shortage of garbage disposal sites or garbage incinerating plants in the future; advertising campaigns, garbage collection fees dependent on amount or regulations to reduce packaging as preferred government measure to reduce domestic refuse; the significance of environmental symbols in purchase decision; advertising campaigns, environmental tax or restrictive laws as preferred government measure for environmental protection; self-classification of environmental friendliness; preference for national or European responsibility for environmental protection; assessment of the environmental friendliness of one´s own country in comparison to the other countries of the European Community; adoption of national environmental laws only under the condition that all EC member countries enact the same laws. The following questions were also posed in Australia, the Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Philippines, Israel and Spain: judgement on the power of the trade unions in the country; significance of trade unions for the society of the country.
Categories Categories
  • Society, Culture
  • Religion and values
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Environment and conservation
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 5.5 Religion and values
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 16 Natural environment
  • 16.4 Environmental degradation/pollution and protection


Geographic Coverage
  • Australia (AU)
  • Germany (DE), FRG (East and West sample)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • United States of America (US)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Japan (JP)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Israel (IL)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Russian Federation (RU)
  • New Zealand (NZ)
  • Canada (CA)
  • Philippines (PH)
UniverseVarious age cut-offs; different according to country
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability
Various sampling procedures; different according to country, mostly as multi-stage random sample with differing age limits
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Interview
  • Self-administered questionnaire
Oral or written survey with standardized questionnaire
Time Method Time Method
  • Cross-section
Kind of Data Kind of Data
  • Numeric
Data CollectorISSS/A, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University, in conjunction with Datacol, Australia; GFM-GETAS, Hamburg, Germany; Department of Marketing, Massey University, New Zealand; Norwegian Social Science Data Services, Norway; Social Weather Stations, Inc. (SWS), Philippines; Center of Field Research (ORBS) at the Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Polish Academy of Science, Poland; VCIOM, Moskow, Russia; Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre, Ljubljana, Slovenia; National Opinion Research Center (NORC), University of Chicago, USA; Field-force of the Agency for Social Analyses, Sofia, Bulgaria; Policy and Planing Research Unit (PPRU), Belfast, Northern Ireland
Date of Collection
  • 11.1992 - 10.1994

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
1996-3-4V2 (Respondent ID Number) - Israel, Canada, Slovenia, Spain: Identical ID NumbersRespondents in Israel, Canada, Slovenia and Spain with identical ID Numbers: Israel: #2100449 (two cases, different responses); Canada: #1900382 (two cases, different responses), #1900470 (two cases, different responses), #1900690 (two cases, different responses), #1900980 (two cases, different responses); Slovenia: #1400878 (two cases, different responses); Spain: #2300158 (two cases, different responses), #2300185 (two cases, different responses), #2300250 (two cases, different responses), #2300288 (two cases, different responses), #2300717 (two cases, different responses). All cases have different responses and thus are probably really different respondents. We leave it to your decision whether these should be excluded from secondary analyses.
2018-2-1Information on identified duplicated records in ISSP datasets:Please, check in document ‘ZA1490_All_Overview_Duplicated Records.xlsx’ in tab ‘Data & Documents’, subtab ’Other Documents’, whether the dataset at hand contains any identified duplicated records. The document also offers recommendations for treatment.
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesWritten surveys were conducted in Australia, Canada, Germany, Great Britain (in part), New Zealand, Norway, Russia, Poland (in part) and USA.
Number of Units: 28301
Number of Variables: 419
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): OSIRIS, SPSS


Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  International Social Survey Programme (ISSP)
    The International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) is a continuing annual program of cross-national survey collaboration, covering a wide range of topics important for social science research. Since 1985 the ISSP provides international data sets, enabling cross-cultural and cross-temporal research.
  • ISSP - Module Topic: Environment
    ‘Environment´ is one of the eleven ISSP topic modules. Central themes are attitudes towards environment related issues, such as environmental protection, respondents´ behavior and respondents´ preferences regarding governmental measures on environmental protection.