GESIS - DBK - ZA2900

ZA2900: International Social Survey Programme: Role of Government III - ISSP 1996

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List of Files


  • ZA2900.dta (Dataset Stata) 8 MBytes
  • ZA2900.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 14 MBytes
  • ZA2900_2006-04-12.sav (Dataset SPSS) 8 MBytes


  • ZA2900_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 320 KBytes
  • ZA2900_q_au.pdf (Questionnaire) 645 KBytes
  • ZA2900_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2900_q_ca-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2900_q_ca-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2900_q_cy.pdf (Questionnaire) 752 KBytes
  • ZA2900_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 5 MBytes
  • ZA2900_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 943 KBytes
  • ZA2900_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 729 KBytes
  • ZA2900_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2900_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 379 KBytes
  • ZA2900_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2900_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2900_q_il-ar.pdf (Questionnaire) 373 KBytes
  • ZA2900_q_il-he.pdf (Questionnaire) 374 KBytes
  • ZA2900_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2900_q_jp.pdf (Questionnaire) 509 KBytes
  • ZA2900_q_lv-lv.pdf (Questionnaire) 434 KBytes
  • ZA2900_q_lv-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 461 KBytes
  • ZA2900_q_no.pdf (Questionnaire) 775 KBytes
  • ZA2900_q_nz.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2900_q_ph.pdf (Questionnaire) 996 KBytes
  • ZA2900_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 606 KBytes
  • ZA2900_q_ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 676 KBytes
  • ZA2900_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA2900_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 4 MBytes
  • ZA2900_q_us.pdf (Questionnaire) 785 KBytes


  • ZA2900_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 758 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA1490_all_Overview_Duplicated_Records.xlsx (Table) 204 KBytes
  • ZA2900_mr.pdf (Method Report) 181 KBytes
  • ZA2900_sd.pdf (Study Description) 224 KBytes
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International Social Survey Programme 1996: Role of Government III (ISSP 1996)
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation ISSP Research Group (1999): International Social Survey Programme: Role of Government III - ISSP 1996. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA2900 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA2900
TitleInternational Social Survey Programme: Role of Government III - ISSP 1996
Current Version1.0.0, 2010-4-13, (Publication Year 1999)
Date of Collection02.1993 - 11.1998
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Kelley, Jonathan - RSSS, Canberra, Australia
  • Evans, Mariah - RSSS, Canberra, Australia
  • Dimova, Lilia - Agency for Social Analyses (ASA), Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Carleton University Survey Centre, Canada
  • Papageorgiou, Bambos - Center of Applied Research, Nicosia, Cyprus
  • Research team on Social Stratification, Institute of Sociology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Lemel, Yannick - France
  • Mohler, Peter Ph. - ZUMA, Mannheim, Germany
  • Harkness, Janet - ZUMA, Mannheim, Germany
  • Jowell, Roger - Great Britain
  • Brook, Lindsay - Great Britain
  • Park, Alison - Great Britain
  • Thomson, Katarina - Great Britain
  • Bryson, Caroline - Great Britain
  • TARKI, Budapest, Hungary
  • Ward, Conor - SSRC, Social Science Research, Dublin, Ireland
  • Lewin-Epstein, Noah - Tel Aviv University, Israel
  • Calvi, Gabriele - Italy
  • Onodera, Noriko - Japan
  • Tabuns, Aivars - Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Riga, Latvia
  • Zepa, Brigita - Baltic Data House, Riga, Latvia
  • Gendall, Philip - Department of Marketing, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
  • Legreid, Per - Department of Administration and Organization Theory, University of Bergen, Norway
  • Pettersen, Per A. - Department of Sociology and Political Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
  • Skjak, Knut K. - Norwegian Social Science Data Services, Norway
  • Research Council of Norway, Norway
  • Guerrero, Linda L. - Quezon City, Philippines
  • Cichomski, Bogdan - Institute for Social Studies, Warsaw University, Poland
  • Khakhulina, Ludmila - Russia
  • Tos, Niko - Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre, Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • C.I.S (Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas), Spain
  • Svallfors, Stefan - Department of Sociology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
  • Davis, James A. - NORC, USA
  • Smith, Tom W. - NORC, USA
  • Armingeon, Klaus - Institute of Political Science, University of Berne, Switzerland
  • Geissbuehler, Simon - Institute of Political Science, University of Berne, Switzerland
  • Diekmann, Andreas - Department of Sociology, University of Berne, Switzerland
  • Engelhardt, Henriette - Department of Sociology, University of Berne, Switzerland


AbstractThe role of the government. Topics: attitude to observance of laws; attitudes to various forms of protest against the government; willingness to participate and actual participation in public protest events or demonstrations against the government; views regarding freedom of speech for extremists; attitude to miscarriage of justice; perceived threat to the private sphere from governmental data collection and computer networks (privacy protection); income equalization as government task and stand on economy-related measures of government; attitude to increase in government expenditures for environmental protection, public health system, the police, education system, defense, pensions, unemployment benefits, culture; assessment of the power of trade unions, business and government; assessment of the governmental responsibility for social political tasks (protection of old people, students, housing supply, jobs, economic growth through aid to industry, price stability etc.); political interest; general attitudes to politics and the political system (subjective assessment of the political possibilities to influence (efficacy), political extent to which informed, politicians and election promises, satisfaction with democracy); tax reduction versus expansion of social services; assessment of tax equity with various income groups; attitude to privatization or nationalization of selected public facilities; reducing inflation versus fight against unemployment; preference for increased social services or reduction in debt; attitude to amount of income tax for first and second job. Demography: sex; age; living together with a partner; school education; employment status of respondent as well as partner; occupation (ILO/ISCO Code); employment in the public sector; self-employed occupation; hours worked each week; supervisor status; income; family income; religious denomination; religiousness; self-classification of social class; union membership; party preference (left-right orientation); behavior at the polls in the last election; reasons for not voting; size of household; composition of household; degree of urbanization; city size; region; ethnic or national affiliation or origins.
Categories Categories
  • Society, Culture
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Government, political systems and organisations
  • Economic policy, public expenditure and revenue
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 17.5 Economic policy


Geographic Coverage
  • Australia (AU)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Germany (DE)
  • France (FR)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Israel (IL)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Japan (JP)
  • Canada (CA)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • New Zealand (NZ)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Philippines (PH)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Russian Federation (RU)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • United States of America (US)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Switzerland (CH)
UniverseAge: 18 years old and older
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability
Multi-stage stratified random sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Interview
  • Self-administered questionnaire
Mail, written as well as oral survey and telephone interview (CATI) with standardized questionnaire
Time Method Time Method
  • Cross-section
Kind of Data Kind of Data
  • Numeric
Data CollectorAgency for Social Analyses, Sofia, Bulgaria; School of Journalism and Communication, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada; Cyprus College, Cyprus; STEM - Center for Empirical Studies, Prague, Czech Republic; Infratest Burke Sozialforschung, Muenchen, Germany; TARKI, Social Research Information Center, Hungary; ESRI - The Economic and Social Research Institute, Dublin, Ireland; Dept. of Sociology and Anthropology, Tel Aviv University, Israel; EURISKO, Milano, Italy; NHK, Tokio, Japan; Massey University, Department of Marketing, New Zealand; Social Weather Stations, Quezon City, Philippines; ISS, Warsaw, Poland; VCIOM, Moscow, Russia; Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre, Ljubljana, Slovenia; Centro de Investigaciones Sociologicas, Spain; Statistics Sweden, Sweden; National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago, NORC, USA; LINK Institute, Luzern, Switzerland
Date of Collection
  • 02.1993 - 11.1998 (Australia: February 1997 to May 1997 Bulgaria: February 1997 to May 1997 Canada: 01. November 1996 to 30. December 1996 Czech Republic: October 1996 to December 1996 Germany (West): 29. February 1996 to 01. July 1996 Germany (East): 29. February 1996 to 01. July 1996 France: 07. October 1997 to 07. December 1997 Great Britain: May 1996 to July 1996 Hungary: October 1996 Ireland: May 1996 to June 1996 Israel (Hebrew): November 1996 Israel (Arabian): November 1996 Italy: 17. October 1996 to 29. October 1996 Japan: 05. July 1996 to 08. July 1996 Latvia: 12. September 1996 to 16. September 1996 New Zealand: 24s April 1997 to 05. August 1997 Norway: February 1996 to May 1996 Philippines: 05. September 1996 to 05. October 1996 Poland: October 1997 to December 1997 Russia: 08. April 1997 to 30. April 1997 Slovenia: November 1995 to December 1995 Spain: 27. January 1996 to 31. January 1996 Sweden: February 1996 to May 1996 Switzerland: 12. May 1998 to 09. November 1998 USA: 01. February 1996 to 25. May 1996 Cyprus: 01. November 1996 to 30. November 1996)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
2017-7-20V47 (People like me have no influence on government) - LV: Not comparable due to deviating translation of questionFor Latvia, the question said ´People like me don´t say anything about government´ instead of the standard question in the basic questionnaire ´People like me don´t have any say about what the government does". Since the translation does not meet the standard question, data thus obtained are not comparable to the rest of the countries. Please exclude this Latvian variable from data analyses.
2018-2-1Information on identified duplicated records in ISSP datasets:Please, check in document ‘ZA1490_All_Overview_Duplicated Records.xlsx’ in tab ‘Data & Documents’, subtab ’Other Documents’, whether the dataset at hand contains any identified duplicated records. The document also offers recommendations for treatment.
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesThe number of cases for the individual countries are distributed follows: Australia: 2151 cases Bulgaria: 1012 cases Canada: 1182 cases Czech Republic: 1100 cases Germany (West): 2361 cases Germany (East): 1109 cases France: 1312 cases Great Britain: 989 cases Hungary: 1500 cases Ireland: 994 cases Israel (Hebrew): 1043 cases Israel (Arabian): 500 cases Italy: 1104 cases Japan: 1249 cases Latvia: 1505 cases New Zealand: 1198 cases Norway: 344 cases Philippines: 1200 cases Poland: 1183 cases Russia: 1691 cases Slovenia: 1004 cases Spain: 2494 cases Sweden: 1238 cases Switzerland: 2518 cases USA: 1332 cases Cyprus: 1000 cases
Number of Units: 32795
Number of Variables: 321
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): OSIRIS, SPSS


  • Wasmer, M.; Koch, A.; Harkness, J.; Gabler, S.: Konzeption und Durchführung der ´Allgemeinen Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften´ (ALLBUS) 1996. Mannheim: ZUMA 1996. (ZUMA-Arbeitsbericht 96/08)
  • Bechert, Insa; Quandt, Markus: ISSP Data Report: Attitudes towards the Role of Government. Bonn: Gesis 2010. (GESIS-Schriftenreihe Band 6)
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  International Social Survey Programme (ISSP)
    The International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) is a continuing annual program of cross-national survey collaboration, covering a wide range of topics important for social science research. Since 1985 the ISSP provides international data sets, enabling cross-cultural and cross-temporal research.
  • ISSP - Module Topic: Role of Government
    ‘Role of Government’ is one of the eleven ISSP topic modules. Central themes are issues, such as attitudes towards government responsibilities and government spending, state intervention in the economy, civil liberties, political interest, trust and efficacy.