GESIS - DBK - ZA3190

ZA3190: International Social Survey Programme: Religion II - ISSP 1998

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List of Files


  • ZA3190.dta (Dataset Stata) 9 MBytes
  • ZA3190.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 17 MBytes
  • ZA3190_2006-04-27.sav (Dataset SPSS) 9 MBytes


  • ZA3190_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 94 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 588 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA3190_q_br.pdf (Questionnaire) 82 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_ca-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 614 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_ca-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 591 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_ch-de.pdf (Questionnaire) 97 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_ch-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 98 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_ch-it.pdf (Questionnaire) 96 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_cl.pdf (Questionnaire) 659 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_cy.pdf (Questionnaire) 159 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 959 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 604 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 170 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 403 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 494 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 626 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 831 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 74 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_il-ar.pdf (Questionnaire) 600 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_il-he.pdf (Questionnaire) 712 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 74 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_jp.pdf (Questionnaire) 555 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_lv.pdf (Questionnaire) 201 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_nirl.pdf (Questionnaire) 91 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 471 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_no.pdf (Questionnaire) 125 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_nz.pdf (Questionnaire) 660 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_ph.pdf (Questionnaire) 806 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 441 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 46 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 663 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 598 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 726 KBytes
  • ZA3190_q_us.pdf (Questionnaire) 581 KBytes


  • ZA3190_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 991 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA1490_all_Overview_Duplicated_Records.xlsx (Table) 204 KBytes
  • ZA3190_mr.pdf (Method Report) 197 KBytes
  • ZA3190_sd.pdf (Study Description) 444 KBytes
  • ZA3190_topics.pdf (Other Document) 21 KBytes
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International Social Survey Programme 1998: Religion II (ISSP 1998)
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation ISSP Research Group (2000): International Social Survey Programme: Religion II - ISSP 1998. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA3190 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA3190
TitleInternational Social Survey Programme: Religion II - ISSP 1998
Current Version1.0.0, 2010-4-13, (Publication Year 2000)
Date of Collection02.1998 - 03.2000
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Kelley, Jonathan - International Survey Centre, Canberra, Australia
  • Evans, Mariah - International Survey Centre, Canberra, Australia
  • Höllinger, Franz - Austria
  • Haller, Max - Austria
  • Scholz, Kathrin - Austria
  • Dimova, Lilia - Agency for Social Analyses (ASA), Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Carleton University Survey Centre, Ottawa, Canada
  • Lehmann, Carla - Centro de Estudios Publicos, Santiago, Chile
  • Valenzuela, Paulina - Centro de Estudios Publicos, Santiago, Chile
  • Papageorgiou, Bambos - Center of Applied Research, Nicosia, Cyprus
  • Research team on social stratification of the Institute of Sociology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Andersen, Jörgen G. - Aalborg University, Denmark
  • Andersen, Johannes - Aalborg University, Denmark
  • Torpe, Lars - Aalborg University, Denmark
  • Borre, Ole - University of Aarhus, Denmark
  • Togeby, Lise - University of Aarhus, Denmark
  • Mouritzen, Poul E. - University of Odense, Denmark
  • Kjaer, Ulrik - University of Odense, Denmark
  • Nielsen, Hans J. - Copenhagen University, Denmark
  • Andersen, Bjarne H. - Copenhagen University, Denmark
  • Bréchon, Pierre - FRANCE-ISSP Association Laboratoire de Sociologie Quantitative, Malakoff, France
  • Forsé, Michel - FRANCE-ISSP Association Laboratoire de Sociologie Quantitative, Malakoff, France
  • Lemel, Yannick - FRANCE-ISSP Association Laboratoire de Sociologie Quantitative, Malakoff, France
  • Harkness, Janet - ZUMA, Mannheim, Germany
  • Mohler, Peter Ph. - ZUMA, Mannheim, Germany
  • Park, Alison - Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain
  • Jowell, Roger - Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain
  • Thomson, Katarina - Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain
  • Jarvis, Lindsey - Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain
  • Bromley, Catherine - Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain
  • Stratford, Nina - Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain
  • Robert, Peter - TARKI RT - Social Research Center, Budapest, Hungary
  • Epstein, Noah L. - Israel
  • Yuchtman-Yaar, Eppie - Israel
  • Calvi, Gabriele - EURISKO, Milan, Italy
  • Savoldelli, Rosanna - EURISKO, Milan, Italy
  • Fiaschi, Susanna - EURISKO, Milan, Italy
  • Bernini, Elena - EURISKO, Milan, Italy
  • Onodera, Noriko - Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, NHK, Tokyo, Japan
  • Tabuns, Aivars - Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia
  • Koroleva, Ilze - Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia
  • Becker, Jos - Social and Cultural Planning Office (SCP), Rijswijk, Netherlands
  • Gendall, Philip - Department of Marketing, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
  • Devine, Paula - Centre for Social Research, Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • Dowds, Lizanne - Centre for Social Research, Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • Botvar, Pal K. - Diaconia College Centre, Oslo, Norway
  • Repstad, Pål - Agder College, Norway
  • Stenvoll, Dag - Norwegian Centre in Organization and Management, Norway
  • Selle, Per - Norwegian Centre in Organization and Management, Norway
  • Skjåk, Knut K. - Norwegian Social Science Data Services (NSD), Bergen, Norway
  • Social Weather Stations, Inc. (SWS), Quezon City, Philippines
  • Cichomski, Bogdan - Institute for Social Studies (ISS), University of Warsaw, Poland
  • Cabral Villaverde, Manuel - Instituto de Ciências Sociais, University of Lisbon, Portugal
  • Vala, Jorge - Instituto de Ciências Sociais, University of Lisbon, Portugal
  • Khakhulina, Ludmila - VCIOM, Center for Public Opinion and Market Research, Moscow, Russia
  • Tos, Niko - Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre (CJMMK), Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Piscova, Magdalena - Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakian Republic
  • CIS, Spain
  • Svallfors, Stefan - Department of Sociology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
  • Research team from the Institut d´éthique Social de la Fédération des Eglises protestants de la Suisse ("IES de la FEPS"), Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Davis, James A. - NORC, University of Chicago, USA
  • Smith, Tom W. - NORC, University of Chicago, USA
  • Mardsen, Peter V. - NORC, University of Chicago, USA
  • Greeley, Andrew - NORC, University of Chicago, USA


AbstractAttitude to religious practices. Topics: assessment of personal happiness; assessment of the responsibility of the government regarding creation of jobs and equalization of incomes; attitude to pre-marital as well as extra-marital sexual intercourse; attitude to homosexuality and abortion; judgement on distributoion of roles in marriage and attitude to working women; attitude to living together with a partner before marriage also without intent to marry; tax honesty and attitude to honesty of citizens towards the government; trust in other people as well as institutions such as parliament, businesses, industry, churches, judiciary and schools; attitude to influence of church leaders on voters and governments; attitude to benefit of modern science; greater trust in science than in religion; more conflicts instead of peace from religions; intolerance of very religious people; too much influence of religion in one's country; frequency of personal honorary activities in the last year in political, charitable, religious or other organizations; judgement on the power of churches and religious organizations; doubt or firm belief in God; perceived nearness to God; belief in a life after death, heaven, hell and miracles; attitude to the Bible; God is concerned with every human; fatalism; the meaning of life and Christian interpretation of life; religious tie at a turning point in life; religious affiliation of father, mother and spouse/partner; frequency of church attendance of father and mother; personal direction of belief and frequency of church attendance when young; frequency of prayer and participation in religious activities; self-classification of personal religiousness; truth in one or in all religions; priority for loyality to a friend before truth; anticipation of false testimony for the benefit of a friend; belief in lucky charms, fortune tellers, miracle healers and horoscopes; conversion of faith after crucial experience; concept of God; judgement on the world and people as good or bad; social rules or God's laws as basis for deciding between right and wrong. Demography: sex; age, marital status; living together with a partner; school education; type and time extent of occupation activity; occupation (ISCO-Code); private or public employer; occupational self-employment and number of employees; supervisor function and span of control; time worked each week; income; household size; composition of household; number of co-workers; union membership; party inclination and election behavior; self-classification on a left-right continuum; religious affiliation; frequency of church attendance; self-classification of social class. Also encoded was: region; rural or urban area; city size; ethnic identification.
Categories Categories
  • Society, Culture
  • Religion and values
  • Social behaviour and attitudes
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 5.5 Religion and values
  • 5.8 Social behaviour and attitudes
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion


Geographic Coverage
  • Australia (AU)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Chile (CL)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • France (FR)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Israel (IL)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Japan (JP)
  • Canada (CA)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • New Zealand (NZ)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Philippines (PH)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Russian Federation (RU)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Switzerland (CH)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • United States of America (US)
  • Cyprus (CY)
UniverseAge: 18 years old and older
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability
Multi-stage stratified random sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Interview
  • Self-administered questionnaire
Mail, written, oral or telephone interview with standardized questionnaire
Time Method Time Method
  • Cross-section
Kind of Data Kind of Data
  • Numeric
Data CollectorRSSS, Australia; IFES, Wien, Austria; Agency for Social Analyses, Sofia, Bulgaria; School of Journalism and Communication, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada; Cyprus College, Cyprus; Infratest Burke Sozialforschung, Muenchen, Germany; Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain; TARKI, Social Research Information Center, Hungary; Dept. of Sociology and Anthropology, Tel Aviv University, Israel; EURISKO, Milano, Italy; NHK, Tokyo, Japan; Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (SCP), Rijswijk, Netherlands; Massey University, Department of Marketing, New Zealand; Research and Evaluation Services (RES), Northern Ireland; Social Weather Stations, Quezon City, Philippines; Public Opinion Research Center, Warsaw, Poland; Instituto Nacional de Estatistico, Portugal; VCIOM, Moscow, Russia; Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre (CJMMK), Ljubljana, Slovenia; Statistics Sweden, Sweden; LINK Institute, Luzern, Switzerland; National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago, NORC, USA; Norsk Gallup Institute, Norway
Date of Collection
  • 02.1998 - 03.2000 (The survey times for the individual countries are organized as follows: Bulgaria: July 1999 to September 1999; Canada: December 1999 to March 2000; Chile: June 1998; Czech Republic: June 1999 to July 1999; Germany (West): July 1998 to September 1998; Germany (east): July 1998 to September 1998; France: December 1998; Great Britain: April 1998 to August 1998; Hungary: November 1998; Irland: May 1998 to June 1998 Italy: December 1998 to January 1999; Japan: November 1998; Latvia: August 1998; Netherlands: September 1998 to January 1999; New Zealand: August 1998 to October 1998; Northern Ireland: October 1998 to December 1998; Norway: September 1998 to December 1998; Austria: June 1999 to July 1999; Philippines: October 1998 to November 1998; Poland: November 1999 to December 1999; Portugal: April 1999; Russia: September 1998; Slovenia: October 1998; Spain: September 1998; Sweden: February 1998 to May 1998; Switzerland: January 1999 to March 1999; USA: February to May 1998.)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
2008-7-22V218 (ATTEND) - Cyprus: Coding ErrorThe coding of the variable V218 "R: Religious services: how often" is reversed for data from Cyprus. To obtain a valid coding of these cases, you could execute the following SPSS code on the integrated file: do if v3=29. recode v218 (1=6) (2=5) (3=4) (4=3) (5=2) (6=1) (else=copy). end if.
2017-7-20V28 (Too much trust in science than faith) - US: Variable missingAlthough missing in the integrated file, this information is available for the US and can be provided on request:
2017-7-20V219 (CLASS: R: Subjective social class) - PT: Coding errorThe PI of Portugal alerted us to a problem in V219. By mistake, respondents in code 6 ´Upper class´ have not been assigned to code 6 but to code 0 ´No class affiliation´. Please run the following recode command: Do if V3=30. Recode V219 (0=6) (else=copy). End if. Exe.
2018-2-1Information on identified duplicated records in ISSP datasets:Please, check in document ‘ZA1490_All_Overview_Duplicated Records.xlsx’ in tab ‘Data & Documents’, subtab ’Other Documents’, whether the dataset at hand contains any identified duplicated records. The document also offers recommendations for treatment.
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesThe number of cases for the individual countries are organized as follows: Australia 1310 cases Bulgaria 1102 cases Canada 974 cases Chile 1503 cases Czech Republic 1224 cases Denmark 1114 cases Germany (West) 1000 cases Germany (east) 1006 cases France 1133 cases Great Britain 804 cases Hungary 1000 cases Ireland 1010 cases Israel 1208 cases Italy 1008 cases Japan 1368 cases Latvia 1200 cases Netherlands 2020 cases New Zealand 998 cases Northern Ireland 812 cases Norway 1532 cases Austria 1002 cases Philippines 1200 cases Poland 1147 cases Portugal 1201 cases Russia 1703 cases Slovakia 1284 cases Slovenia 1006 cases Spain 2488 cases Sweden 1189 cases Switzerland 1204 cases USA 1284 cases Cyprus 1000 cases
Number of Units: 39034
Number of Variables: 211
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): -


Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  International Social Survey Programme (ISSP)
    The International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) is a continuing annual program of cross-national survey collaboration, covering a wide range of topics important for social science research. Since 1985 the ISSP provides international data sets, enabling cross-cultural and cross-temporal research.
  • ISSP - Module Topic: Religion
    ‘Religion’ is one of the eleven ISSP topic modules. Central themes are issues, such as religious attitudes and beliefs, religious socialization, past and current religious practices, religion and governmental connections and aspects of secularization.