GESIS - DBK - ZA4460

ZA4460: EVS - European Values Study 1990 - Integrated Dataset

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ZA4460 Downloads and Data Access

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List of Files


  • ZA4460_v3-0-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 18 MBytes
  • ZA4460_v3-0-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 23 MBytes


  • ZA4461_q_be.pdf (Questionnaire) 4 MBytes
  • ZA4462_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 949 KBytes
  • ZA4463_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 956 KBytes
  • ZA4464_q_de-east.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4465_q_de-west.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4466_q_ee.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4467_q_fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 632 KBytes
  • ZA4468_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4469_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4470_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 987 KBytes
  • ZA4471_q_is.pdf (Questionnaire) 825 KBytes
  • ZA4472_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA4473_q_ca.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA4474_q_lv.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA4475_q_lt.pdf (Questionnaire) 4 MBytes
  • ZA4476_q_mt.pdf (Questionnaire) 671 KBytes
  • ZA4477_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA4478_q_no.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA4479_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 694 KBytes
  • ZA4480_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA4481_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4482_q_ro.pdf (Questionnaire) 712 KBytes
  • ZA4484_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 740 KBytes
  • ZA4485_q_sk.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4486_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA4487_q_es.pdf (Questionnaire) 4 MBytes
  • ZA4488_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 4 MBytes
  • ZA4489_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA4490_q_us.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte
  • ZA4460_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 377 KBytes


  • ZA4460_cdb.pdf (Variable Report) 4 MBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA4804_weights.pdf (Remarks) 895 KBytes
  • ZA7503_Method_Information.xlsx (Method Report) 91 KBytes
  • ZA4460_v3-0-0_ddi20_Codebook_20140901.xml (DDI-C Codebook) 2 MBytes
  • ZA4460_worc_report_1981-90.pdf (Report) 332 KBytes
ZACAT online analysis and search in variable level documentation:
EVS 1990 - Integrated Dataset
Availability Availability A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation EVS (2011): EVS - European Values Study 1990 - Integrated Dataset. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA4460 Data file Version 3.0.0,
Study No.ZA4460
TitleEVS - European Values Study 1990 - Integrated Dataset
Current Version3.0.0, 2011-11-20,
Date of Collection04.1990 - 1993
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Zulehner, Paul M. - University of Vienna, Austria
  • Dobbelaere, Karel - Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium
  • Kerkhofs, Jan - Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium
  • Raichev, Andrei - BBSS Gallup International, Bulgaria
  • Stoichev, Kancho - Index Group, Bulgaria
  • Nevitte, Neil - University of Calgary, Canada
  • Rehak, Jan - Departament of Sociology at the Faculty of Social Sciences of Charles University, Czech Republic
  • Gundelach, Peter - University of Copenhagen, Denmark
  • Riis, Ole - Aarhus University, Denmark
  • Saar, Andrus - SAAR POLL, Estonia
  • Lotti, Leila - TNS Gallup Oy, Finland
  • Pehkonen, Juhani - TNS Gallup Oy, Finland
  • Riffault, Hélène - Faits et Opinions, France
  • Klingemann, Hans-Dieter - Berlin Science Center for Social Research, Germany
  • Köcher, Renate - Institut für Demoskopie Allensbach, Germany
  • Barker, David - Great Britain
  • Harding, Stephen - ISR, Great Britain
  • Heald, Gordon - Gallup, Great Britain
  • Timms, Noel - University of Leicester, Great Britain
  • Hankiss, Elemer - Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungary
  • Manchin, Robert - Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungary
  • Jónsson, Fridrik H. - University of Iceland, Iceland
  • Fogarty, Michael - The Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), Ireland
  • Kennedy, Kieran - The Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), Ireland
  • Whelan, Chris - The Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), Ireland
  • Gubert, Renzo - University of Trento, Italy
  • Capraro, Giuseppe - University of Trento, Italy
  • Zepa, Brigita - Baltic Institute of Social Sciences, Latvia
  • Alishauskiene, Rasa - Institute for Social Research, Lithuania
  • Cachia-Caruana, Richard - Malta
  • Inganuez, Fr. Joe - Malta
  • Halman, Loek - Tilburg University, The Netherlands
  • Heunks, Felix - Tilburg University, The Netherlands
  • de Moor, Ruud - Tilburg University, The Netherlands
  • Listhaug, Ola - University of Trondheim, Norway
  • Jasinska-Kania, Aleksandra - University of Warsaw, Poland
  • Franca, Luis de - University of Lisbon, Portugal
  • Vala, Jorge - University of Lisbon, Portugal
  • Zamfir, Catalin - Romanian Academy, Romania
  • Tos, Niko - University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Elzo, Javier - University of Deusto, Spain
  • Orizo, Francisco Andrés - Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas, Spain
  • Pettersson, Thorleif - Uppsala University, Sweden
  • Inglehart, Ronald - University of Michigan, USA


AbstractThe online overview offers comprehensive metadata on the EVS datasets and variables. The variable overview of the four EVS waves 1981, 1990, 1999/2000, and 2008 allows for identifying country specific deviations in the question wording within and across the EVS waves. This overview can be found at: Online Variable Overview. Moral, religious, societal, political, work, and family values of Europeans. Replication of the EVS survey carried out in 1981. Themes: Important areas in life; feeling of happiness; state of health; ever felt: very excited or interested, restless, proud, lonely, pleased, bored, depressed, upset because of criticism; respect and love for parents; important child qualities: good manners, independance, hard work, felling of responsibility, imaginantion, tolerance, saving money, determination perseverance, religious faith, unselfishness, obedience; attitude towards abortion; frequency of political discussions; opinion leader; volentary engagement in: welfare service for elderly, education, labour unions, political parties, local political action, human rights, environment, animal rights, professional associations, youth work, sports, women´s group, peace movement, health group; reasons for voluntary work; characterisation of neighbourhood: people with a ciminal record, of a different race, heavy drinkers, emotionally unstable people, Muslims, Hindus, immigrants or foreign workers, people with AIDS, drug addicts, homosexuals, jews, left-wing or right-wing extremists, people with large families; general confidence; satisfaction with life; freedom of choice and control; willingness to give part of income for better environment; environment talks make people anxios; priority: for men, demestic people, able bodied and younger persons in case of scarce job situation; satisfaction with financial situation of the household; important values at work: good pay, not too much pressure, job security, a respected job, good hours, opportunity to use initiative, generous holidays, responsibility, interesting job, a job that meets one´s abilities, pleasant people, chances for promotion, useful job for society, meeting people; pride in one´s work; job satisfaction; freedom of decision taking in job; job orientation; fair payment; preferred management type; attitude towards following instructions at work; satisfaction with home life; sharing attitudes with partner and parents: towards religion, moral standards, social attitudes, polititcal views, sexual attitudes; ideal number of children; child needs a home with father and mother; a woman has to have children to be fulfilled; marriage as an out-dated institution; woman as a single parent; enjoy sexual freedom; important values for a successful marriage: faithfulness, adequate income, same social background, respect and appreciation, religious beliefs, good housing, agreement on politics, understanding and tolerance, apart from in-laws, happy sexual relationship, sharing household chores, children, taste and interests in common; gender role in job and family; willingness to fight for the own country; expected future changes of values; opinion about scientific advances; interest in politics; political action: signing a petition, joining in boycotts, attending lawful demonstrations, joining unofficial strikes and occupying buildings or factories; prefence for freedom or equality; self-positioning on a left-right scale; basic kinds of attitudes concerning society and economic system; income equality; wealth accumulation; idea of welfare state preferred aims of society and politics; postmaterialism; personal characteristics; conservatism and need for change in politics and economic system; confidence in institutions: churches, armed forces, education system, the press, labour unions, the police, parliament, the civil services, social secure system, major companies EU, NATO and the justice system; approval of: ecology movement, anti-nuclear energy movement, disarmament movement, human rights movement, women´s movement and anti-apartheid movement; party preference and identification; reasons for people living in need; opinion on terrorism; thinking about meaning and purpose of life; feeling that life is meaningless; thoughts about dead; attitude towards good and evil and religion and truth; religious denomination; former religious denomination; church attendence; raised religiously; importance of religious service at birth, marriage and death; self placement as religious person; attitudes to churches to speak out on political issues like disarmament, abortion, third world problems, extramarital affairs, unemployment, racial discrimination, euthanasia, homosexuality, ecology and government policy; believe in: God, life after death, soul, hell, heaven, sin, re-incarnation and devil, belief in resurrection; personal God vs. spirit or life force; importance of God; comfort and strength from religion; moments of prayer or meditation; prayers outside of religious services; moral values: personal attitudes and expected attitude of most people towards unjustified claiming of government benefits, avoiding fare on public transport, cheating on taxes, accepting a bribe, homosexuality, prostitution, abortion, divorce, euthanasia, suicide, joyriding, taking soft drugs, lying, adultery, sex under the legal age of consent, littering, driving under influence of alcohol, political assassination, buying stolen goods, keeping money that one finds, fighting with the police, hit-and-run driving, strikebreaking, killing in self-defence; identification with geographical region; proud of nationality; opinion on European Union. Demography: sex; year of birth; age; marital status; been married before; number of children; size of household; education; living with parents; employment status; chief wage earn´s profession; socio-economic status of interviewee; scale of incomes; region; size of town. Additionaly encoded: country; region; confidence of the interviewee during the interview; language; weight.
Categories Categories
  • Society, Culture
  • Religion and Weltanschauung
  • Religion and values
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 5 Society and culture
  • 5.5 Religion and values


Geographic Coverage
  • Austria (AT)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Canada (CA)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Germany (DE), Germany (East and West)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Iceland (IS)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • United States of America (US)
UniverseAdult population 18 years and older.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Representative multi-stage random sample respective quota sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Personal interview with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorAustria: Fessel - GIK Institut (Vienna) Belgium: Dimarso-Gallup Bulgaria: National Public Opinion Center, Sofia Canada: Gallup Canada (Toronto) Czech Republic: Czech Radio Research Unit, Faculty of Social Science, Departement of Sociology and Social Policy, Institute for Social Analysis Denmark: The Danish National Institute of Social Research Estonia: Mass Communication research and Information Center (Tallinn) Finland: Suomen Gallup (Gallup Finland) Helsinki France: Faits et Opinion (Paris) Germany East: Institut für Demoskopie (Allensbach am Bodensee) Germany West: Institut für Demoskopie (Allensbach am Bodensee) Great Britain: Social Surveys (Gallup poll) Ltd Hungary: Gallup, Hungary (Budapest) Iceland: RI: University of Iceland, Social Science Research Institute Ireland: Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), Dublin Italy: Centro internazionale di recerche sociali sulle aree montane (Trento) Latvia: Public Opinion Research Group , Latvian Sociological Association (Riga) Lithuania: Vilnius State University Sociological Laboratory (Vilnius) Malta: Gallup Malta Limited Netherlands: Instituut voor Sociaal-Wetenschappelijk onderzoek (IVA) (Tilburg) Northern Ireland: Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), Dublin Norway: Survey devision of Norwegian Centra Bureau of Statistics, Oslo Poland: Osrodek Badania Opinii Publicznej (survey unit of Polish Radio-Television) Portugal: Euro Expansao S.A. Lisbon Romania: Institute for Research on Quality of Life & Romanian Academy of Sciences (Bucharest) Slovakia: Slovak Radio / Charles University, Faculty of Social Science, Department of Sociology and Social Policy / Institute for Social Analysis, Bratislava Slovenia: Center for Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research, University of Ljubljana Spain: DATA SA Sweden: Svenska Institutet for Opinionsundersokingar (SIFO) (Gallup Sweden) USA: The Gallup Organization (Princeton)
Date of Collection
  • 09.04.1990 - 01.06.1990 (Austria)
  • 10.06.1990 - 27.06.1990 (Belgium)
  • 01.08.1990 - 31.12.1991 (Bulgaria)
  • 01.05.1990 - 30.06.1990 (Canada)
  • 26.08.1991 - 06.10.1991 (Czech Republic)
  • 01.04.1990 - 31.05.1990 (Denmark)
  • 01.06.1990 - 30.08.1990 (Estonia)
  • 01.04.1990 - 30.04.1990 (Finland)
  • 25.06.1990 - 13.07.1990 (France)
  • 28.05.1990 - 16.06.1990 (Germany East)
  • 23.04.1990 - 15.05.1990 (Germany West)
  • 01.06.1990 - 20.09.1990 (Great Britain)
  • 05.1991 - 06.1991 (Hungary)
  • 01.04.1990 - 30.04.1990 (Iceland)
  • 06.07.1990 - 26.10.1990 (Ireland)
  • 26.10.1990 - 26.11.1990 (Italy)
  • 01.06.1990 - 30.08.1990 (Latvia)
  • 01.06.1990 - 30.08.1990 (Lithuania)
  • 1991 - 1991 (Malta)
  • 01.06.1990 - 30.09.1990 (Netherlands)
  • 01.07.1990 - 30.09.1990 (Northern Ireland)
  • 04.1990 - 06.1990 (Norway)
  • 05.1990 - 06.1990 (Poland)
  • 11.05.1990 - 13.07.1990 (Portugal)
  • 1993 - 1993 (Romania)
  • 26.08.1991 - 08.09.1991 (Slovakia)
  • 01.02.1992 - 28.02.1992 (Slovenia)
  • 09.04.1990 - 14.05.1990 (Spain)
  • 01.04.1990 - 31.05.1990 (Sweden)
  • 01.05.1990 - 30.06.1990 (USA)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
3.0.0 (current version)2011-11-20
2.0.02007-5-30 Full data release as of May 2007
Errata in current version
2011-10-31q270_cs, q270-q275Notification: it is not clear which variables are the original variables (or if in some countries both questions - item battery or ranking - were asked and which variables served as basis for the other).
2011-12-20q744Data in variable (´year/month of start fieldwork´) mistakenly is ´year/month of end of fieldwork. For correct information please see ZA4460 in Data Catalogue. Data is corrected in Longitudinal Data File 1981-2008.
2011-12-20q745Mistakenly there is no data included in variable (´year/month of end fieldwork´). For correct information please see ZA4460 in Data Catalogue. Data is corrected in Longitudinal Data File 1981-2008.
2016-6-9q731_csWrong value label for Belgium: Income categories are labeled as income per year, indeed income per month was asked.
Version changes
Changes between version 3.0.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2011-10-31datasetNot all changes from version 2.0.0 to version 3.0.0 included in the list below. For further changes please see Variable Report in section "Data and Documents".--
2011-10-31q373aContrary to Master Questionnaire answer category "never" recoded to "0" instead of "3 never".2011-11-20According to English Master Questionnaire, value code "0 never" recoded to "3 never".
2011-10-31q270_cs, q270-q275Notification: it is not clear which variables are the original variables (or if in some countries both questions - item battery or ranking - were asked and which variables served as basis for the other).--

Further Remarks

NotesThe samples can be weighted to correct for gender and age. The US sample additionally can be weighted for race, and the Italian sample additionally to correct for level of education.
Number of Units: 38.213
Number of Variables: 390
Analysis System(s): SPSS


  • The EVS Bibliography lists all kinds of publications using EVS data, based on national and cross-national analysis. The bibliography is an easy way to find relevant publications in the field of value studies. Moreover, some enhanced publications with information on the datasets, variables, and syntax codes of the concepts used are available. The EVS Bibliography can be found here.
  • Atlas of European Values: Trends and Traditions at the turn of the Century. Loek Halman, Inge Sieben, and Marga van Zundert, Tilburg University. Leiden, Tilburg: Brill 2012. See EVS webpage: here
  • Measuring and Comparing Values in 16 Countries of the Western World. Documentation of the European Values Study 1981-1990 in Europe and North America. Halman, Loek; Vloet, Astrid, November 1994. Work and Organization Research Centre - Tilburg University Research Unit on Workers in Development. Warandelaan 2 – 5037 AB Tilburg - The Netherlands. (Worc report 94.11.001) See EVS webpage: here
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  European Values Study (EVS)
    The European Values Study 1981-2017 is a large-scale, cross-national and longitudinal survey research program carried out under the responsibility of the European Values Study Foundation. The five EVS waves 1981, 1990, 2008, and 2017 cover a broad range of topics including the main domains of life: work and leisure time, family and sexuality, religion, politics and ethics. The EVS holding includes integrated datasets on every EVS wave and additionally for the waves 1999 and 2008 the national datasets. The current EVS Longitudinal Data File 1981-2017 is based on the four waves and can be easily merged with the World Values Survey (1981-2021) to an Integrated Values Surveys 1981-2021 Data File.