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ZA5689: Eurobarometer 79.3 (2013)

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Eurobarometer 79.3 (May 2013): Europe 2020, the financial and economic crisis, and European citizenship
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission, Brussels (2017): Eurobarometer 79.3 (2013). TNS opinion, Brussels [producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA5689 Data file Version 2.0.0, https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12718
Study No.ZA5689
TitleEurobarometer 79.3 (2013)
Other Titles
  • Europe 2020, the financial and economic crisis, and European citizenship (Subtitle)
  • Standard Eurobarometer 79 (Alternative Title)
Current Version2.0.0, 2017-1-17, https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12718
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR35615.v1, v.1.0.0
Date of Collection10.05.2013 - 26.05.2013
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG Communication (COMM.A.1 ´Research and Speechwriting´)

Content

AbstractGlobalization and European integration. Strategy Europe 2020. Europe and the crisis. Citizenship of the Union. Topics: 1. Life satisfaction; frequency of political discussions with friends; assessment of the current economic situation in the country, the european economy, and the world; assessment of the personal professional situation, the financial situation of the government budget and the labour market situation in the country; expected development in the above fields, as well as the own life; comparison of economic situation, labour market situation, cost of living, quality of life, quality of environment, public finances, perspectives for future, and situation of youth in the country with the average of the EU member states; main problems in the country and in the EU; own experience of these problems; future membership of own country in the EU as a good thing; advantages from the membership of country in the EU; development of own country and of the European Union in the right direction; institutional trust (parties, government, national Parliament, EU, UN, public services); assessment of the EU (image); importance of the EU for the respondent; image of EU: modern, democratic, efficient, protective, technocratic; (only EU27 and HR) attitudes towards selected statements on the EU (creates conditions for more jobs in Europe, responsible for austerity measures in Europe; facilitates transactions, creates too much bureaucracy, will be more equitable after the crisis, EU shares costs for crisis with financial sector, reduced the cost of living and improves the quality of life in Europe, helps containing global threats and challenges to protect citizens, requires a clearer message; awareness of selected institutions of the EU (European Parliament, European commission, council of the European Union, European Central Bank, only EU27 and HR: European Court of Justice); trust in these institutions; knowledge about the EU (Number of Member States, direct election of the members of the European Parliament, EU membership of Switzerland); attitude towards the European Monetary Union with the euro as its common currency, EU enlargement, only EU27 and HR: common foreign policy and security policy, European political parties present their candidates for the Office of President of the European Commission in the elections to the European Parliament; satisfaction with democracy in the own country and in the EU (only EU27 and HR). 2. Globalization and European construction: attitudes towards selected statements (understanding of the functioning of the EU, political efficacy: own voice counts in the EU, voice of EU counts in the World, globalization as an opportunity for economic growth, own country can cope alone with the negative consequences of globalization, only EU-27: taking into account national interests in the EU, only EU27 and HR: European Union protects from negative effects of globalization (split A) or allows European citizens to benefit of the positive effects of globalisation (split B), better prospects for future for own country outside the EU, demand for development of the EU into a Federation of nation states); ask all: perceived and desired main objective for the construction of Europe; assessment of the current speed in the construction of Europe and desired speed; optimism with regard to the future of the EU (only EU-27 and HR). 3. Strategy Europe 2020 (only EU27 and HR): importance of selected initiatives to overcome the economic and financial crisis in the EU (scale: research and product development, improved quality of higher education in the EU, further development of the internet and IT industry by ultra-fast internet connections, support the economy in harmony with the environment, strengthening the competitiveness through business support, modernization of the labour market, support for poor and socially excluded); assessment of the likelihood of reaching selected targets the EU 2020 (jobs for three-quarters of men and women between 20 and 64 years, spending three percent of its annual wealth for research and development, reduction of greenhouse gases by at least 20% compared to 1990, boost the share of renewable energy and energy efficiency 20%, decline in the school-leavers without conclusion on 10%, increase the share of academics on 40%, reduction in the number of Europeans living in poverty to a quarter; development of the EU in the right direction. 4. Europe and the crisis: peak of the crisis has been exceeded; assessment of the current situation of own budget; the most important actor to tackle the economic and financial crisis; demand for reforms in the country; demand for reinforced cooperation of EU countries (only EU27 and HR); measures to reduce the public deficit have priority (split A) or do not have priority (split B); sufficient strength of the EU to defend European economic interests in the global economy; expected strengthening the EU as a consequence of the crisis; only EU-27: feeling greater solidarity with the citizens of other European countries and demand for reinforced cooperation between EU countries; assessment of the effectiveness of measures to tackle the financial crisis (Scale); attitudes towards selected measures for reforming global financial markets (scale). 5. Union citizenship: expectations of the European Union (open question); identity as an EU citizen; self-assessed knowledge of the rights as an EU citizen; interest in information on EU citizen’s rights; interest in specific rights for EU citizens; (only EU27) future identity: national, national and European identity, European and national or exclusively European identity; best and second-best achievements of the European Union (peace among the Member States, free movement, euro, exchange programs for students (e.g. ERASMUS), Common Agricultural Policy, economic power, global political and diplomatic impact of the EU, level of social benefits); travel to another EU country; reading of print products, as well as reception of television broadcasts in a language other than mother tongue; contact to people in other EU countries; use of the Internet to purchase goods in another EU country; personal benefits from achievements the European Union (EU-27: fewer border controls, strengthening the consumer rights, lower mobile phone costs, use of medical services in another EU country, strengthening the rights of airline passengers, work, life and study in another EU country, cheaper flights and airline choice); connecting elements among EU citizens (e.g. history, values, geography, culture, etc.); value preference; values that represent the best the EU; assessment of the chance to use the European citizens’ initiative Demographics: nationality; marital status and family situation; age at completing school education; sex; age; current and previous employment; professional status; degree of urbanization; number of persons in the household aged 15 and over; number of children under 10 years and aged 10 to 14 in the household; possession of durable (economic) assets; payment difficulties during the last year; self-assessment of the position in society; internet use (at home, at work or otherwise). Also encoded was: date of interview; the start of the interview; interview duration; persons present during the interview; cooperation of the respondents; city size; region; weighting factor; interview language (only in Luxembourg, Belgium, Spain, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Macedonia and Turkey).
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Economic Policy, National Economic Situation
  • Society, Culture
  • Political Issues
Topics Topics
  • 5 Society and culture
  • 5.4 Cultural and national identity
  • 11 Politics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 17 Economics
  • 17.4 Economic conditions and indicators
  • 17.6 Economic systems and development

Methodology

Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of (MK)
  • Iceland (IS)
  • Montenegro (ME)
  • Serbia (RS)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
UniversePopulation of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States, resident in each of the Member States and aged 15 years and over The survey has also been conducted in the six candidate countries (Croatia, Turkey, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Iceland, Montenegro and Serbia) and in the Turkish Cypriot Community. In these countries, the survey covers the national population of citizens and the population of citizens of all the European Union Member States that are residents in these countries and have a sufficient command of the national languages to answer the questionnaire.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Probability Sample: Proportionate Stratified Multistage Sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Face-to-face interview in the appropriate national language. As far as the data capture is concerned, CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview) was used in those countries where this technique was available.
Data CollectorTNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic; TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark; TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany; Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; IMS Millward Brown, Dublin, Ireland; TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece; TNS Demoscopia, Madrid, Spain; TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France; TNS Infratest, Milan, Italy; Synovate, Nicosia, Cyprus; TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania; TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Österreichisches GALLUP-Institut, Vienna, Austria; TNS OBOP, Warsaw, Poland; TNS EUROTESTE, Lisbon, Portugal; TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania; RM PLUS, Maribor, Slovenia; TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland; TNS GALLUP, Stockholm, Sweden; TNS UK, London, United Kingdom; Kadem, Nicosia, Turkish Cypriot Community; Puls, Zagreb, Croatia; TNS PIAR, Istanbul, Turkey; TNS Brima, Skopje, Macedonia; Capacent, Reykjavik, Iceland; TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Montenegro; TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Serbia; TNS Opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 11.05.2013 - 26.05.2013 (Belgium)
  • 13.05.2013 - 20.05.2013 (Bulgaria)
  • 11.05.2013 - 24.05.2013 (Czech Republic)
  • 10.05.2013 - 26.05.2013 (Denmark)
  • 10.05.2013 - 26.05.2013 (Germany)
  • 10.05.2013 - 26.05.2013 (Estonia)
  • 11.05.2013 - 26.05.2013 (Ireland)
  • 11.05.2013 - 25.05.2013 (Greece)
  • 13.05.2013 - 26.05.2013 (Spain)
  • 11.05.2013 - 25.05.2013 (France)
  • 11.05.2013 - 24.05.2013 (Italy)
  • 10.05.2013 - 25.05.2013 (Rep. of Cyprus)
  • 10.05.2013 - 26.05.2013 (Latvia)
  • 10.05.2013 - 26.05.2013 (Lithuania)
  • 10.05.2013 - 26.05.2013 (Luxembourg)
  • 11.05.2013 - 25.05.2013 (Hungary)
  • 10.05.2013 - 26.05.2013 (Malta)
  • 11.05.2013 - 26.05.2013 (Netherlands)
  • 10.05.2013 - 26.05.2013 (Austria)
  • 11.05.2013 - 26.05.2013 (Poland)
  • 11.05.2013 - 26.05.2013 (Portugal)
  • 11.05.2013 - 21.05.2013 (Romania)
  • 11.05.2013 - 26.05.2013 (Slovenia)
  • 10.05.2013 - 24.05.2013 (Slovakia)
  • 10.05.2013 - 26.05.2013 (Finland)
  • 11.05.2013 - 26.05.2013 (Sweden)
  • 11.05.2013 - 26.05.2013 (United Kingdom)
  • 11.05.2013 - 23.05.2013 (Turkish Cypriot Community)
  • 14.05.2013 - 26.05.2013 (Croatia)
  • 11.05.2013 - 24.05.2013 (Turkey)
  • 11.05.2013 - 20.05.2013 (Former Yugoslav Rep. of Macedonia)
  • 11.05.2013 - 26.05.2013 (Iceland)
  • 11.05.2013 - 24.05.2013 (Montenegro)
  • 11.05.2013 - 25.05.2013 (Serbia)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
2.0.0 (current version)2017-1-17 Archive edition https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12718
1.1.02016-1-19 Archive pre-release (update) https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12445
1.0.02013-11-21 1st archive pre-release https://doi.org/10.4232/1.11781
Errata in current version
DateSubjectDescription
2017-1-18d62t1/d62t2Variable d62t has been renamed d62t1. The standard NETUSE index has been renamed d62t2.
Version changes
Changes between version 2.0.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2016-7-28p7at, p7at_rPlease notice that value label for code 6 in p7at should read "Kaernten (Carinthia)". As confirmed by TNS, the addition of Osttirol (Eastern Tyrol) as suggested by the original value label is not correct. Herewith variable p7at corresponds to the NUTS 2 classification for Austria. Variables labels should read: p7at “REGION - AUSTRIA NUTS 2” and p7at_r “REGION - AUSTRIA NUTS 1”. The value label and variable labels will be corrected with the next update.2017-1-17Value labels corrected
2016-12-2Variable d63 ("SOCIAL CLASS - SELF-ASSESSMENT") is not included in the current dataset and will be made available with the next update.2017-1-17Variable d63 ("SOCIAL CLASS - SELF-ASSESSMENT") has been recovered from the original dataset for the current version v2-0-0.
2016-12-13Derived weight w3a_4a is not correct. The variable will be corrected with the next update.2017-1-17weight w3a4a corrected
Changes between version 1.1.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2013-11-26d15a_r1Value labels should refer to variable d15a instead of V525.2016-1-19Value labels corrected
2014-4-7q1.16Cypriot nationality overwritten for respondents from Greece (2 cases), Finland (2 cases), Sweden (2 cases), Northern Ireland (1 case) and Czech Republic (1 case). 2016-1-19Recovered from original data set.
2016-1-19System MissingsCases skipped due to question routing (filter) are neither coded not defined. 2016-1-19System missings coded and defined for the whole dataset

Further Remarks

NotesAll question modules are asked in the standard Eurobarometer context and (partly) replicate the corresponding questions asked in Standard Eurobarometer 78.1 [ZA5685] and Standard Eurobarometer 77.3 [ZA5612]. No p6 (size of community) and p7 (region) data have been provided for Macedonia (p6mk and p7mk). No data are available for protocol items p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number), p10 (interviewer number) and p11. One duplicate case (doublet) in terms of identical coding of all substantial variables and demographics has been identified for Malta. The corresponding case id variables are not identical. UNIQID is coded ´38000139´ and ´38000137´; CASEID is coded ´139´ and ´137´.
Number of Units: 32694
Number of Variables: 685
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata

Publications

Publications
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 79. Spring 2013. European Citizenship. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication "Research and Speechwriting" Unit. Brussels, July 2013.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 79. Spring 2013. Europeans, the European Union and the crisis. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication "Research and Speechwriting" Unit. Brussels, July 2013.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 79. Spring 2013. Europe 2020. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication "Research and Speechwriting" Unit. Brussels, July 2013.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 79. Spring 2013. Public opinion in the European Union. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication "Research and Speechwriting" Unit. Brussels, July 2013.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)

Groups

Research Data Centre
Groups
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.