GESIS - DBK - ZA6694
 

ZA6694: Eurobarometer 85.2 (2016)

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Datasets

  • ZA6694_missing_v2-0-0.sps (Dataset) 3 KBytes
  • ZA6694_v2-0-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 29 MBytes
  • ZA6694_v2-0-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 27 MBytes

Questionnaires

  • ZA6694_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 894 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_al.pdf (Questionnaire) 486 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 513 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 519 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 514 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 523 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_cy.pdf (Questionnaire) 525 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 524 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 513 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 509 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_ee-ee.pdf (Questionnaire) 509 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_ee-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 523 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_es-ca.pdf (Questionnaire) 511 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_es-es.pdf (Questionnaire) 512 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_fi-fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 510 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_fi-se.pdf (Questionnaire) 508 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 518 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 507 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 525 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_hr.pdf (Questionnaire) 517 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 521 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 507 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 508 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_lt.pdf (Questionnaire) 520 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_lu-de.pdf (Questionnaire) 512 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_lu-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 517 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_lu-lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 513 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_lv-lv.pdf (Questionnaire) 518 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_lv-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 529 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_me.pdf (Questionnaire) 490 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_mk-mk.pdf (Questionnaire) 496 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_mk-sq.pdf (Questionnaire) 487 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_mt-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 508 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_mt-mt.pdf (Questionnaire) 519 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 514 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 524 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 512 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_ro.pdf (Questionnaire) 522 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_rs.pdf (Questionnaire) 491 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 507 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 515 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_sk.pdf (Questionnaire) 526 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_tr-ku.pdf (Questionnaire) 490 KBytes
  • ZA6694_q_tr-tr.pdf (Questionnaire) 495 KBytes

Codebooks

  • ZA6694_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 3 MBytes
ZACAT online analysis and search in variable level documentation:
Eurobarometer 85.2 (May 2016)
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission, Brussels (2020): Eurobarometer 85.2 (2016). TNS opinion, Brussels [producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA6694 Data file Version 2.0.0, https://doi.org/10.4232/1.13438
Study No.ZA6694
TitleEurobarometer 85.2 (2016)
Other Titles
  • Standard Eurobarometer 85 (Alternative Title)
  • Priorities of the European Union, European Economy, and European Citizenship (Subtitle)
Current Version2.0.0, 2020-3-9, https://doi.org/10.4232/1.13438
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR36734.v1
Date of Collection21.05.2016 - 31.05.2016
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication COMM.A.1 ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´

Content

AbstractSince the early 1970s the European Commission´s Standard & Special Eurobarometer are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries. Principal investigators are the Directorate-General Communication and on occasion other departments of the European Commission or the European Parliament. Over time, candidate and accession countries were included in the Standard Eurobarometer Series. Selected questions or modules may not have been surveyed in each sample. Please consult the basic questionnaire for more information on country filter instructions or other questionnaire routing filters. In this study all question modules are in the standard Eurobarometer context: 1. Standard EU and trend questions, 2. Europe 2020 strategy and policy priorities, 3. Financial and economic crisis and related EU policies, 4. European citizenship. Topics: 1. Attitudes towards the EU (standard EU and trend questions): life satisfaction; frequency of political discussions about local, national, and European matters with friends and relatives; assessment of the current situation in the following areas: national economy, European economy, personal job situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, provision of public services in the own country; expectations for the next twelve months regarding: personal life in general, national economic situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, personal job situation, economic situation in the EU; most important problems in the own country, personally, and in the EU; assessment of the own country’s assumed membership in the EU as a good thing; expectations of benefit from an assumed membership of the own country; assessment of the full application of EU legislation for the Turkish Cypriot Community (TCC) as a good thing; expectations of benefit from the full application of EU legislation for the Turkish Cypriot Community (TCC); trust in selected institutions: national legal system, police, army, public administration, political parties, regional or local public authorities, national government, national parliament, European Union, United Nations; image of the EU; positive associations with the following terms: large companies, small and medium-sized companies, free trade, protectionism, globalisation, liberalisation, competition, trade unions, reforms, public service, security, solidarity, entrepreneurship; meaning of the EU to the respondent; most suitable attributes for describing the EU: modern, democratic, protective, efficient, technocratic, forward-looking; approval of the following statements on the EU: creates conditions for more jobs in Europe, makes doing business easier in Europe, generates too much bureaucracy, needs a clearer message; knowledge of and trust in selected institutions: European Parliament, European Commission, European Central Bank; knowledge test on the EU: number of member states, direct election of the members of the European Parliament by the citizens of each member state, Switzerland is a member of the EU; attitude towards the following issues: European economic and monetary union with one single currency, common foreign policy of all member states, further enlargement, common defence and security policy, free trade and investment agreement between the EU and the USA, common European migration policy, common European energy policy, digital single market within the EU, free movement of EU citizens; satisfaction with the democracy in the own country and in the EU; approval of the following statements: respondent understands how the EU works, recognition of the own country’s interests in the EU, EU’s voice counts in the world, globalisation as an opportunity for economic growth, better development of the own country outside the EU, more decisions to be taken at EU level; optimism about the future of the EU. 2. Europe 2020 strategy and policy priorities: likelihood to reach the following objectives by 2020: three quarters of people between 20 and 64 years of age having a job, share of funds invested in research and development reaching 3% of the wealth produced in the EU each year, reduction of EU greenhouse gas emissions by at least 20% (compared to 1990), increase of the share of renewable energy in the EU by 20%, increase of energy efficiency in the EU by 20%, reduction of the share of young people leaving school without qualifications to 10%, at least 40% of the people aged 30 to 34 having a higher education degree or diploma, reduction of the number of people living below the poverty line by a quarter, increase industry’s contribution to economy to 20% of GDP; EU is going in the right direction to exit the crisis and face new global challenges; most important objectives in a European energy union; feeling towards immigration of people from: other EU member states, outside the EU; attitude towards additional measures to fight illegal immigration of people from outside the EU on EU level and / or on national level; attitude towards the right for EU citizens to: live or work in every member state of the EU, live or work in the respondent’s country. 3. Financial and economic crisis and related EU policies: impact of the economic crisis on the job market has already reached its peak; approval of the following statements: measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country cannot be delayed (split A), measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country are not a priority for now (split B), EU has sufficient power and tools to defend its economic interests globally, private sector is better placed to create new jobs than public sector, public money should be used to stimulate private sector investment at EU level; approval of selected measures to reform global financial markets: introduction of a tax on financial transactions, introduction of Eurobonds, wage regulation in the financial sector, tougher rules on tax avoidance and tax havens. 4. European citizenship: approval of the following statements: feeling of being a citizen of the EU, knowledge of the rights of EU citizens, desire for more information on the rights of EU citizens; feeling of national and / or European identity; most positive results of the EU; approval of selected statements: state intervenes too much in personal lives, immigrants contribute a lot to the own country, people in the own country have a lot of things in common, respondent understands what is going on the world, own country should help refugees, quality of life was better before, confidence in the future. Demography: nationality; left-right self-placement; marital status; age at end of education; sex; age; occupation; professional position; type of community; household composition and household size; possession of durable goods (entertainment electronics, internet connection, possession of a car, a flat/a house have finished paying for or still paying for); financial difficulties during the last year; internet use (at home, at work, at school); self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society; own voice counts in the own country and in the EU. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; questionnaire split; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; region; language of the interview; nation group; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Economic Policy, National Economic Situation
  • Society, Culture
  • Political Issues
Topics Topics
  • 5.4 Cultural and national identity
  • 11 Politics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 17.4 Economic conditions and indicators
  • 17.5 Economic policy

Methodology

Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • North Macedonia (MK)
  • Montenegro (ME)
  • Serbia (RS)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Albania (AL)
UniversePopulation of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in each of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over. The survey has also been conducted in Turkey, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, and in the Turkish Cypriot Community. In these countries, it covers the national population of citizens and the population of citizens of all the European Union Member States that are residents in these countries and have a sufficient command of the national languages to answer the questionnaire.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Face-to-face interview Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data CollectorTNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic; TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark; TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany; TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland; TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece; TNS Demoscopia, Madrid, Spain; TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France; TNS Italia, Milan, Italy; CYMAR Market Research, Nicosia, Cyprus; TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania; TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; ipr Umfrageforschung, Vienna, Austria; TNS Polska, Warsaw, Poland; TNS Portugal, Lisbon, Portugal; TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania; Mediana D.O.O., Ljubljana, Slovenia; TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland; TNS Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden; TNS UK, London, United Kingdom; HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia; Lipa Consultancy, Nicosia, Turkish Cypriot Community; TNS PIAR, Istanbul, Turkey; TNS Brima, Skopje, Macedonia; TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Montenegro; TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Serbia; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Albania; TNS opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 21.05.2016 - 31.05.2016 (total)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Belgium)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Bulgaria)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Czech Republic)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Denmark)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Germany)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Estonia)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Ireland)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Greece)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Spain)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (France)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Croatia)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Italy)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Cyprus)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Latvia)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Lithuania)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Luxembourg)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Hungary)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Malta)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Netherlands)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Austria)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Poland)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Portugal)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Romania)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Slovenia)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Slovakia)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Finland)
  • 21.05.2016 - 31.05.2016 (Sweden)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (United Kingdom)
  • 23.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Turkish Cypriot Community)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Turkey)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Macedonia)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Montenegro)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Serbia)
  • 21.05.2016 - 30.05.2016 (Albania)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
2.0.0 (current version)2020-3-9 first archive edition https://doi.org/10.4232/1.13438
1.1.02017-6-1 Archive pre-release (update) https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12800
1.0.02016-10-17 Archive pre-release https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12633
Errata in current version
DateSubjectDescription
2020-9-15p7ro, p7ro_rDocumentation error, please see „Further remarks/Weitere Hinweise“. The variables in the dataset are correct.
Version changes
Changes between version 2.0.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2017-6-2qd3t.1Please note that variable label for qd3t.1 should read „POSITIVE EU RESULTS: PEACE AMONG MEMBERS (SUM)”. The variable label will be corrected with the next update.2020-3-9variable label corrected
2017-8-29q1.29-q1.34Please note that in question Q1 (“NATIONALITY”) items 29 to 34 (“Turkey”, “Turkish Cypriot Community”, “Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”, “Montenegro”, “Serbia” and “Albania”) are only asked in the corresponding country and not in other countries. This filter instruction is not yet applied in variables q1.29 to q1.34 by recoding the excluded countries to code 9 (“Inap. (NOT ASKED IN OTHER COUNTRIES)“). Currently, excluded countries are coded 0 (“Not mentioned”). The variables will be corrected with the next update. 2020-3-9variables corrected
2019-6-27p6al, p7alPlease note a deviant frequency distribution for the SIZE OF COMMUNITY variable p6al and the REGION variable p7al for Albania. Usually the number of cases for code 1 “Rural area” hovers around 46% (weighted) and for code 2 “Urban area” around 54% (weighted), both coded across all regions in REGION variable p7al. In Eurobarometer 86.2 33% (weighted) of the Albanian cases are coded “Rural area”, all belonging to region “Tirana”. At the same time the proportion of Tirana is 37% (weighted), usually it hovers around 27% (weighted). This is also the case in Eurobarometer 85.2. 2020-3-9In the course of a new dataset delivery from TNS/KANTAR the SIZE OF COMMUNITY variable p6al for Albania has been corrected for a deviant frequency distribution in version v2-0-0. As a consequence of this data correction weights referring to Albania have been modified. Please note that official reports and tables may be based on former weights and slight deviations to the current dataset results can exist.
Changes between version 1.1.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2017-2-7qd3t.1, qd3t.11The variable label for qd3t.1 erroneously includes "only QD3A", which actually applies to qd3t.11. This error will be addressed in the next update.2017-6-1variable label corrected
2017-5-26w85Please note that variable label for weight w85 should read „WEIGHT EURO ZONE 19 (EU28)”. The variable label will be corrected with the next update.2017-6-1variable label corrected

Further Remarks

NotesAll question modules in the standard Eurobarometer context and largely replicating questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 84.3 [ZA6643] or 83.3 [ZA5998]. Data for protocol variables p1 (interview date ), p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number) and p10 (interviewer number) as well as ms1 to ms3 (social media usage) have not been made available. Data for d2 (Party attachment) and d3 (Last vote in national parliamentary elections) had not been part of the Eurobarometer, data are not available. No data are available for SIZE OF COMMUNITY for Macedonia (p6mk). In the course of a new dataset delivery from TNS/KANTAR the SIZE OF COMMUNITY variable p6al for Albania has been corrected for a deviant frequency distribution in version v2-0-0. As a consequence of this data correction weights referring to Albania have been modified. Please note that official reports and tables may be based on former weights and slight deviations to the current dataset results can exist. Due to the new dataset delivery a modified country specific TNS case id has been provided with discrepancies for a large part of the respondents in dataset version v2-0-0. As a consequence variables´“caseid” and “uniqid” (composed of the TNS country code and the TNS case id) in dataset version v2-0-0 are not identical with former versions of Eurobarometer 85.2. The dataset still includes an original unique serial id across all countries (variable ´serialid”), which is identical with former versions of Eurobarometer 85.2. Please note the following deviation in the variable report (2020|4; Documentation release 2020/03/09): The note in regional variables p7ro and p7ro_r concerning a data correction had been added by mistake and is of no relevance for the Eurobarometer study 85.2.
Number of Units: 32987
Number of Variables: 577
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata

Publications

Publications
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 85. Spring 2016. Public opinion in the European Union. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit. Brussels, July 2016.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 85. Spring 2016. European Citizenship. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit. Brussels, July 2016.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 85. Spring 2016. Europeans´ views on the priorities of the European Union. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit. Brussels, July 2016.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)

Groups

Research Data Centre
Groups
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.