GESIS - DBK - ZA6928

ZA6928: Eurobarometer 88.3 (2017)

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  • ZA6928_v1-0-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 32 MBytes
  • ZA6928_v1-0-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 30 MBytes


  • ZA6928_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 645 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_al.pdf (Questionnaire) 446 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 482 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 213 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 487 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 486 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_cy-gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 149 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_cy-tr.pdf (Questionnaire) 127 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 143 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 147 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 138 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_ee-ee.pdf (Questionnaire) 138 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_ee-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 146 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_es-ca.pdf (Questionnaire) 140 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_es-es.pdf (Questionnaire) 141 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_fi-fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 138 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_fi-se.pdf (Questionnaire) 139 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 142 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 142 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 148 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_hr.pdf (Questionnaire) 137 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 144 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 136 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 138 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_lt.pdf (Questionnaire) 141 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_lu-de.pdf (Questionnaire) 145 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_lu-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 143 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_lu-lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 144 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_lv-lv.pdf (Questionnaire) 139 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_lv-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 151 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_me.pdf (Questionnaire) 122 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_mk-mk.pdf (Questionnaire) 127 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_mk-sq.pdf (Questionnaire) 125 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_mt-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 137 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_mt-mt.pdf (Questionnaire) 144 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 144 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 144 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 140 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_ro.pdf (Questionnaire) 145 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_rs.pdf (Questionnaire) 121 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 138 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 137 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_sk.pdf (Questionnaire) 146 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_tr-ku.pdf (Questionnaire) 124 KBytes
  • ZA6928_q_tr-tr.pdf (Questionnaire) 126 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA6928_readme.pdf (Other Document) 173 KBytes
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Eurobarometer 88.3 (November 2017)
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission, Brussels (2018): Eurobarometer 88.3 (2017). TNS opinion, Brussels [producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA6928 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA6928
TitleEurobarometer 88.3 (2017)
Other Titles
  • Standard Eurobarometer 88 (Alternative Title)
Current Version1.0.0, 2018-4-6,
Date of Collection05.11.2017 - 19.11.2017
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication COMM.A.3 ‘Media monitoring and analysis’


AbstractSince the early 1970s the European Commission´s Standard & Special Eurobarometer are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries. Principal investigators are the Directorate-General Communication and on occasion other departments of the European Commission or the European Parliament. Over time, candidate and accession countries were included in the Standard Eurobarometer Series. Selected questions or modules may not have been surveyed in each sample. Please consult the basic questionnaire for more information on country filter instructions or other questionnaire routing filters. In this study all question modules are in the standard Eurobarometer context: 1. Standard EU and trend questions, 2. Europe 2020 strategy and policy priorities, 3. Financial and economic crisis and related EU policies, 4. European citizenship, 5. Media use and political information. Topics: 1. Attitudes towards the EU (standard EU and trend questions): life satisfaction; frequency of discussions about political matters on national, European, and local level; assessment of the current situation in the following areas: own country, national economy, European economy, personal job situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, provision of public services in the own country; expectations for the next twelve months regarding: personal life in general, situation in the own country in general, national economic situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, personal job situation, economic situation in the EU; most important problems in the own country, personally, and in the EU; assessment of the own country’s assumed membership in the EU as a good thing; expectations of benefit from an assumed membership of the own country; assessment of the full application of EU legislation for the Turkish Cypriot Community (TCC) as a good thing; expectations of benefit from the full application of EU legislation for the Turkish Cypriot Community (TCC); general direction things are going in the own country, the EU, and in the USA; trust in selected institutions: written press, radio, television, internet, online social networks, political parties, national legal system, police, army, public administration, regional or local public authorities, national government, national parliament, European Union, United Nations; image of the EU; positive associations with the following terms: free trade, globalisation, protectionism; meaning of the EU to the respondent; most suitable attributes for describing the EU: modern, democratic, protective, efficient, remote, forward-looking; knowledge of and trust in selected institutions: European Parliament, European Commission, European Central Bank; knowledge test on the EU: number of member states, direct election of European Parliament members by the citizens of each member state, Switzerland is a member of the EU; attitude towards the following issues: European economic and monetary union with one single currency, common foreign policy of all member states, further enlargement, common defence and security policy, free trade and investment agreement between the EU and the USA, common European migration policy, common energy policy, digital single market within the EU, free movement of EU citizens; satisfaction with the democracy in the own country and in the EU; approval of the following statements: respondent understands how the EU works, recognition of the own country’s interests in the EU, EU’s voice counts in the world, globalisation as an opportunity for economic growth, better development of the own country outside the EU, more decisions to be taken at EU level; optimism about the future of the EU. 2. Europe 2020 strategy and policy priorities: likelihood to reach the following objectives by 2020: three quarters of people between 20 and 64 years of age having a job, share of funds invested in research and development reaching 3% of the wealth produced in the EU each year, reduction of EU greenhouse gas emissions by at least 20% (compared to 1990), increase of the share of renewable energy in the EU by 20%, increase of energy efficiency in the EU by 20%, reduction of the share of young people leaving school without qualifications to 10%, at least 40% of the people aged 30 to 34 having a higher education degree or diploma, reduction of the number of people living below the poverty line by a quarter, increase industry’s contribution to economy to 20% of GDP; EU is going in the right direction to exit the crisis and face new global challenges; most important objectives in a European energy union; feeling towards immigration of people from: other EU member states, outside the EU; attitude towards additional measures to fight illegal immigration of people from outside the EU on EU level and / or on national level; attitude towards the right for EU citizens to: live or work in every member state of the EU, live or work in the respondent’s country. 3. Financial and economic crisis and related EU policies: impact of the economic crisis on the job market has already reached its peak; approval of the following statements: measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country cannot be delayed (split A; not in CY), measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country are not a priority for now (split B; not in CY), EU has sufficient power and tools to defend its economic interests globally, private sector is better placed to create new jobs than public sector, public money should be used to stimulate private sector investment at EU level; approval of selected measures to reform global financial markets: introduction of a tax on financial transactions, introduction of Eurobonds. 4. European citizenship: feeling of attachment towards: own city, own country, European Union, Europe; approval of the following statements: feeling of being a citizen of the EU, knowledge of the rights of EU citizens, desire for more information on the rights of EU citizens; feeling of national and / or European identity; most positive results of the EU; most important factors for creating a feeling of community among EU citizens; most important personal values; values that best represent the EU; amount of shared values between the member states; approval of selected statements: immigrants contribute a lot to the own country, people in the own country have a lot of things in common, respondent understands what is going on the world, own country should help refugees, everything was better before, confidence in the future; awareness of the European flag; attitudes towards the European flag: good symbol for Europe, stands for something good, personal identification with the flag, should be seen on all public buildings in the own country next to national flag; assessment of the current speed of building Europe and preferred speed. 5. Media use and political information: assessment of the informedness of the people in the own country about European matters; self-rated knowledge about European matters; frequency of the following activities: watch television on a TV set, watch television via the internet, listen to the radio, read printed press, use the internet, use online social networks; preferred sources of information on national political matters; preferred sources of information on European political matters; preferred sources of information on the European Union, its policies and institutions; assessment of the appropriateness of coverage with European Union issues in the following media: TV, radio, printed press, websites, online social networks; assessment of the presentation of the EU in the national media as positive; attitude towards selected statements on political information in online social networks: modern way to keep abreast, not trustworthy, can get people interested, good way to have a say. Demography: nationality; left-right self-placement; marital status; sex; age; age at end of education; occupation; professional position; type of community; household composition and household size; own a mobile phone and fixed (landline) phone; possession of durable goods (entertainment electronics, internet connection, possession of a car, a flat/a house have finished paying for or still paying for); financial difficulties during the last year; internet use (at home, at work, at school); self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society; own voice counts in the own country and in the EU; opinion leadership. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; questionnaire split; date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; region; language of the interview (only in BE, LU, ES, FI, EE, LV, MT, MK, TR); nation group; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Economic Policy, National Economic Situation
  • Society, Culture
  • Political Issues
  • Communication, Public Opinion, Media
  • Cultural and national identity
  • International politics and organisations
  • Economic conditions and indicators
  • Economic policy, public expenditure and revenue
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 5.4 Cultural and national identity
  • 9 Information and communication
  • 11 Politics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 17.4 Economic conditions and indicators
  • 17.5 Economic policy


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • North Macedonia (MK)
  • Montenegro (ME)
  • Serbia (RS)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Albania (AL)
UniversePopulation of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in each of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over. The survey has also been conducted in Turkey, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, and in the Turkish Cypriot Community. In these countries, it covers the national population of citizens and the population of citizens of all the European Union Member States that are residents in these countries and have a sufficient command of the national languages to answer the questionnaire.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Face-to-face interview Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data CollectorTNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic; TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark; TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany; TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland; TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece; TNS Spain, Madrid, Spain; TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France; TNS Italia, Milan, Italy; CYMAR, Nicosia, Cyprus; TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania; TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; ipr Umfrageforschung, Vienna, Austria; TNS Polska, Warsaw, Poland; TNS Portugal, Lisbon, Portugal; TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania; Mediana, Ljubljana, Slovenia; TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland; TNS Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden; TNS UK, London, United Kingdom; HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia; Lipa Consultancy, Nicosia, Turkish Cypriot Community; TNS PIAR, Istanbul, Turkey; TNS Brima, Skopje, Macedonia; TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Montenegro; TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Serbia; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Albania; TNS opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 05.11.2017 - 19.11.2017 (total)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Belgium)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Bulgaria)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Czech Republic)
  • 05.11.2017 - 14.11.2017 (Denmark)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Germany)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Estonia)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Ireland)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Greece)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Spain)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (France)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Croatia)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Italy)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Republic of Cyprus)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Latvia)
  • 05.11.2017 - 14.11.2017 (Lithuania)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Luxembourg)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Hungary)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Malta)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Netherlands)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Austria)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Poland)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Portugal)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Romania)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Slovenia)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Slovakia)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Finland)
  • 05.11.2017 - 14.11.2017 (Sweden)
  • 05.11.2017 - 14.11.2017 (United Kingdom)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Turkish Cypriot Community)
  • 05.11.2017 - 19.11.2017 (Turkey)
  • 05.11.2017 - 09.11.2017 (Macedonia)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Montenegro)
  • 05.11.2017 - 13.11.2017 (Serbia)
  • 05.11.2017 - 12.11.2017 (Albania)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2018-4-6 Pre-Release
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesAll question modules in the standard Eurobarometer context and largely replicating questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 87.3 [ZA6863] and 86.2 [ZA6788]. Data for protocol variables p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number) and p10 (interviewer number) have not been made available.
Number of Units: 33193
Number of Variables: 705
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 88. Public Opinion in the European Union. Survey requested by the European Commission, requested and co-ordinated by Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM Unit ‘Media monitoring and analysis’). []
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.