GESIS - DBK - ZA7556

ZA7556: Eurobarometer 90.4 (2018)

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  • ZA7556_v2-0-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 18 MBytes
  • ZA7556_v2-0-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 18 MBytes


  • ZA7556_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 508 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 118 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 121 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 119 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 120 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_cy.pdf (Questionnaire) 125 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 117 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 118 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 114 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_ee-ee.pdf (Questionnaire) 112 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_ee-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 123 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_es-ca.pdf (Questionnaire) 115 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_es-es.pdf (Questionnaire) 118 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_fi-fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 115 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_fi-se.pdf (Questionnaire) 114 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 118 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 112 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 124 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_hr.pdf (Questionnaire) 113 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 117 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 111 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 115 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_lt.pdf (Questionnaire) 115 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_lu-de.pdf (Questionnaire) 120 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_lu-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 120 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_lu-lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 119 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_lv-lv.pdf (Questionnaire) 115 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_lv-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 125 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_mt-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 112 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_mt-mt.pdf (Questionnaire) 119 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 118 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 118 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 117 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_ro.pdf (Questionnaire) 119 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 113 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 112 KBytes
  • ZA7556_q_sk.pdf (Questionnaire) 120 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA7556_readme.pdf (Other Document) 173 KBytes
ZACAT online analysis and search in variable level documentation:
Eurobarometer 90.4 (December 2018): Attitudes of Europeans towards Biodiversity, Public Perception of Illicit Tobacco Trade, Awareness and Perceptions of EU customs, and Perceptions of Antisemitism
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission, Brussels (2019): Eurobarometer 90.4 (2018). Kantar Public [producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA7556 Data file Version 2.0.0,
Study No.ZA7556
TitleEurobarometer 90.4 (2018)
Current Version2.0.0, 2019-7-30,
Date of Collection04.12.2018 - 20.12.2018
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication, COMM.A.3 ‘Media Monitoring and Eurobarometer’


AbstractSince the early 1970s the European Commission´s Standard & Special Eurobarometer are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries. Principal investigators are the Directorate-General Communication and on occasion other departments of the European Commission or the European Parliament. Over time, candidate and accession countries were included in the Standard Eurobarometer Series. Selected questions or modules may not have been surveyed in each sample. Please consult the basic questionnaire for more information on country filter instructions or other questionnaire routing filters. In this study the following modules are included: 1. Attitudes of Europeans towards biodiversity, 2. Public perception of illicit tobacco trade, 3. Awareness and perceptions of EU customs, 4. Perceptions of antisemitism. Topics: 1. Attitudes of Europeans towards biodiversity: awareness of the term ‘biodiversity‘; most important reasons to halt the loss of biodiversity: moral obligation, significance of biodiversity for well-being and health, importance for the production of goods, importance for the long-term economic development, indispensable to tackle climate change; most important threats to biodiversity; prioritized EU measures to protect biodiversity; awareness of the Natura 2000 network; most important roles of nature protection areas; attitude towards prioritization of nature protection areas over economic development. 2. Public perception of illicit tobacco trade: smoking status; frequency of smoking traditional cigarettes; offers to buy or smoke black market cigarettes; place of offer; price reduction of black market cigarettes compared to legal cigarettes (in percent); self-rated ability to distinguish black market package from legal package; main reasons for smoking black market cigarettes; most important sources of revenue for organized crime; main problems of the black market in cigarettes. 3. Awareness and perceptions of EU customs: enumeration of activities of EU customs authorities; knowledge test on EU customs: controls passports at borders, also acts on behalf of other government agencies at EU borders, checks goods crossing borders between EU member states, obligation to pay customs duties on goods from outside the EU only once when imported into the EU; self-rated knowledge on selected aspects regarding the EU Customs Union and the activities of EU customs; prioritized activities of EU customs. 4. Perceptions of antisemitism: friendship or acquaintance with: people of different ethnic origin, Jews, Muslims, Christians, people of other religions; personal belonging to one of the following minorities: ethnic, religious, sexual, disabled, other, none; religious affiliation; assessment of antisemitism as a problem in the own country; assessment of the development of antisemitism in the own country over the last five years; assessment of the following situations as a serious problem in the own country: antisemitic graffiti or vandalism of Jewish buildings or institutions, physical attacks against Jewish people, expressions of hostility towards Jewish people in the street, antisemitism in the media, antisemitism in political life, antisemitism on the internet, antisemitism in schools and universities, Holocaust denial, desecration of Jewish cemeteries; assessment of the informedness of the people in the own country about Jewish culture; extent of the impact of Middle East conflicts on the perception of Jewish people in the own country; knowledge test on existing laws in the own country with regard to: incitement to violence or hatred against Jewish people, denial of the Holocaust; assessment of the extent of school teaching on the Holocaust in the own country as appropriate. Demography: age; nationality; left-right self-placement; marital status; sex; age at end of education; occupation; professional position; type of community; household composition and household size; own a mobile phone and fixed (landline) phone; possession of durable goods (entertainment electronics, internet connection, possession of a car, a flat/a house have finished paying for or still paying for); financial difficulties during the last year; internet use (at home, at work, at school); self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society; life satisfaction; frequency of discussions about political matters on national, European, and local level; own voice counts in the own country and in the EU; general direction things are going in the own country, in the EU, and in the USA; opinion leadership; EU image. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; region; language of the interview; nation group; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • Natural Environment, Nature
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Branches of Economy, Services and Transport
  • Society, Culture
  • Religion and Weltanschauung
  • Plants and animals
  • International politics and organisations
  • Religion and values
  • Crime and law enforcement
  • Drug abuse, alcohol and smoking
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 16 Natural environment
  • 16.3 Plant and animal distribution
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 5 Society and culture
  • 5.5 Religion and values
  • 6.2 Crime
  • 7.1 Drug abuse, alcohol and smoking


Geographic Coverage
  • Austria (AT)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • United Kingdom (GB-UKM)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
UniversePopulation of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in any of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over.
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Stratified
Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Face-to-face interview
Face-to-face interview Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data CollectorKantar Belgium (Kantar TNS), Brussels, Belgium; Kantar TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; Kantar CZ, Prague, Czech Republic; Kantar GALLUP, Copenhagen, Denmark; Kantar Deutschland, Munich, Germany; Kantar Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland; Taylor Nelson Sofres Market Research, Athens, Greece; TNS Investigación de Mercados y Opinión, Madrid, Spain; Kantar Public France, Montrouge, France; Kantar Italia, Milan, Italy; CYMAR Market Research, Nicosia, Cyprus; Kantar TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania; ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; Kantar Hoffmann, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO International, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Das Österreichische Gallup Institut, Vienna, Austria; Kantar Polska, Warsaw, Poland; Marktest – Marketing, Organização e Formação, Lisbon, Portugal; Centrul Pentru Studierea Opiniei si Pietei (CSOP), Bucharest, Romania; Mediana DOO, Ljubljana, Slovenia; Kantar Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; Kantar TNS Oy, Espoo, Finland; Kantar Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden; Kantar UK Limited, London, United Kingdom; HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia; Kantar Public, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 04.12.2018 - 20.12.2018 (total)
  • 04.12.2018 - 17.12.2018 (Belgium)
  • 04.12.2018 - 16.12.2018 (Bulgaria)
  • 04.12.2018 - 17.12.2018 (Czech Republic)
  • 04.12.2018 - 19.12.2018 (Denmark)
  • 05.12.2018 - 19.12.2018 (Germany)
  • 04.12.2018 - 17.12.2018 (Estonia)
  • 04.12.2018 - 20.12.2018 (Ireland)
  • 05.12.2018 - 16.12.2018 (Greece)
  • 05.12.2018 - 17.12.2018 (Spain)
  • 04.12.2018 - 18.12.2018 (France)
  • 05.12.2018 - 16.12.2018 (Croatia)
  • 04.12.2018 - 16.12.2018 (Italy)
  • 04.12.2018 - 16.12.2018 (Cyprus)
  • 05.12.2018 - 18.12.2018 (Latvia)
  • 04.12.2018 - 17.12.2018 (Lithuania)
  • 04.12.2018 - 15.12.2018 (Luxembourg)
  • 05.12.2018 - 17.12.2018 (Hungary)
  • 04.12.2018 - 19.12.2018 (Malta)
  • 05.12.2018 - 17.12.2018 (Netherlands)
  • 04.12.2018 - 17.12.2018 (Austria)
  • 05.12.2018 - 17.12.2018 (Poland)
  • 04.12.2018 - 16.12.2018 (Portugal)
  • 06.12.2018 - 16.12.2018 (Romania)
  • 04.12.2018 - 16.12.2018 (Slovenia)
  • 05.12.2018 - 16.12.2018 (Slovakia)
  • 04.12.2018 - 18.12.2018 (Finland)
  • 04.12.2018 - 17.12.2018 (Sweden)
  • 05.12.2018 - 19.12.2018 (United Kingdom)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
2.0.0 (current version)2019-7-30 Embargo update
1.0.02019-6-11 First pre-release
Errata in current version
Version changes
Changes between version 1.0.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2019-7-29qc4b.1-qc4b.10The value label for code 9 should read "Inap. (coded 9 or 10 in qc4a)". This error will be corrected with the next update.2019-7-30Value labels corrected.

Further Remarks

NotesQuestion module QA ‘Attitudes of Europeans towards Biodiversity’ partly replicates questions asked in the Special Eurobarometer 83.4 [ZA6595]. Question module QB ‘Public perception of illicit tobacco trade’ replicates questions asked in the Special Eurobarometer 84.4 [ZA6644]. Question module QC ‘Awareness and Perceptions of EU customs’ replicates questions asked in the Special Eurobarometer 84.2 [ZA6642]. Question module QD ‘Perceptions of antisemitism’ is newly introduced, but replicates the special demographic questions formerly asked in the context of Special Eurobarometer 83.4 [ZA6595]. No data are available for protocol items p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number), p10 (interviewer number) and p11. The REGION variable for Romania (p7ro), the REGION variable for Croatia (p7hr), and the sample size for Finland were updated after the publication of the corresponding official reports and tables, which leads to a slightly different distribution of cases on the REGION variables and the Finnish results in the published dataset. As a consequence of this update weights referring to Romania, Croatia and Finland have also been modified, which might lead to further slight deviations in the dataset results. Please note that the item order of question sd1 in the basic questionnaire is not identical with the sequence of items in the national field questionnaires and the dataset. In accordance with official tables the item order is shifted as follows compared to the basic questionnaire: sd1_1 “Jewish”, sd1_2 “Muslim”, sd1_3 “Christian”, sd1_4 “Of another religion” and sd1_5 “People whose ethnic origin is different from yours”.
Number of Units: 27636
Number of Variables: 440
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 481. Attitudes of Europeans towards Biodiversity. Conducted by Kantar Public at the request of Directorate-General for Environment. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ‘Media monitoring and Eurobarometer’ Unit). Brussels, May 2019.
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 482. Public perception of illicit tobacco trade. Conducted by Kantar Public at the request of the European Anti-Fraud Office. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ‘Media monitoring and Eurobarometer’ Unit). Brussels, July 2019.
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 483. Awareness and Perceptions of EU customs. Conducted by Kantar Public at the request of Directorate-General for Taxation and Customs Union. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ‘Media monitoring and Eurobarometer’ Unit). Brussels, February 2019.
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 484. Perceptions of Antisemitism. Conducted by Kantar Public at the request of Directorate-General for Justice and Consumers. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ‘Media monitoring and Eurobarometer’ Unit). Brussels, January 2019.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.