GESIS - DBK - ZA7572

ZA7572: Eurobarometer 91.3 (2019)

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  • ZA7572_v1-0-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 16 MBytes
  • ZA7572_v1-0-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 15 MBytes


  • ZA7572_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 934 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA7572_readme.pdf (Other Document) 170 KBytes
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Eurobarometer 91.3 (2019): Rule of Law, and Climate Change
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission, Brussels (2019): Eurobarometer 91.3 (2019). Kantar Public [producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA7572 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA7572
TitleEurobarometer 91.3 (2019)
Other Titles
  • Rule of Law, and Climate Change (Subtitle)
Current Version1.0.0, 2019-9-30,
Date of Collection09.04.2019 - 26.04.2019
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication, COMM.A.3 ‘Media Monitoring and Eurobarometer’


AbstractSince the early 1970s the European Commission´s Standard & Special Eurobarometer are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries. Principal investigators are the Directorate-General Communication and on occasion other departments of the European Commission or the European Parliament. Over time, candidate and accession countries were included in the Standard Eurobarometer Series. Selected questions or modules may not have been surveyed in each sample. Please consult the basic questionnaire for more information on country filter instructions or other questionnaire routing filters. In this study the following modules are included: 1. Rule of Law, 2. Climate change. Topics: 1. Rule of Law: personal importance and need for improvement of each of the following issues: application of laws and rules equally to all persons and authorities, easy-to-understand laws which apply to people’s everyday life, easy-to-understand processes why parliament adopts laws, legislation and application of laws following public interest, independent control of laws; personal importance and need for improvement of each of the following issues: provision of clear reasons for decisions on political issues by public authorities, possibility to review public authority decisions by independent court, decision-making of public authorities without favouritism or discrimination, decision-making of public officials in public interest, proper investigation of corruption involving public officials or politicians, obligation to follow codes of ethics in the context of legislation and the application of laws; personal importance and need for improvement of each of the following issues: possibility to have own rights upheld by an independent court, duration and cost of court proceedings, independence of judges, proper investigation of crimes (including those committed by influential persons), respect and application of court rulings by public authorities and politicians, existence of codes of conducts limiting politicians in criticizing courts and judges; personal importance and need for improvement of each of the following issues: freedom of media and journalists to criticize government or major economic interests without risk of intimidation, wide range of media allowing for sufficient information and the expression of different opinions, freedom of civil society organisations to criticize government or major economic interests without risk of intimidation; personal importance of each of the following issues: respect of EU core values by all member states, trust in the application of EU laws when staying in another member state, access to independent court in other member states in case of the own rights not being respected, free activity of media and civil society organisations; self-rated knowledge about EU’s fundamental values. 2. Climate change: most important problems facing the world as a whole at the moment; assessment of the seriousness of the problem of climate change; responsible bodies for tackling climate change: national governments, European Union, regional and local authorities, business and industry, citizens, environmental groups; attitude towards the following statements: promoting EU expertise in new clean technologies to countries outside the EU can benefit the EU economically, reducing fossil fuel imports from outside the EU can benefit the EU economically, fighting climate change will lead to innovation, more public support should be given to the transition to clean energies, adapting to adverse impacts of climate change can have positive outcomes for EU citizens; personal actions taken in the last six months to fight climate change and kind of actions; importance of the national government setting targets to increase the amount of renewable energy by 2030; importance of the national government providing support for improving energy efficiency by 2030; attitude towards making European economy climate neutral by 2050. Demography: age; nationality; life satisfaction; frequency of discussions about political matters on national, European, and local level; left-right self-placement; marital status; sex; age at end of education; occupation; professional position; type of community; household composition and household size; own a mobile phone and fixed (landline) phone; financial difficulties during the last year; self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society; own voice counts in the own country and in the EU; opinion leadership. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; region; language of the interview; nation group; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Political Issues
  • Legal system, Legislation, Law
  • Natural Environment, Nature
  • Legislation and legal systems
  • Environment and conservation
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 6 Law, crime and legal systems
  • 6.3 Legal systems
  • 16 Natural environment
  • 16.4 Environmental degradation/pollution and protection


Geographic Coverage
  • Austria (AT)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • United Kingdom (GB-UKM)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
Universe Population of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in any of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over.
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Stratified
Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Face-to-face interview
Face-to-face interview Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data Collector Kantar Belgium (Kantar TNS), Brussels, Belgium; Kantar TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; Kantar CZ, Prague, Czech Republic; Kantar GALLUP, Copenhagen, Denmark; Kantar Deutschland, Munich, Germany; Kantar Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland; Taylor Nelson Sofres Market Research, Athens, Greece; TNS Investigación de Mercados y Opinión, Madrid, Spain; Kantar Public France, Montrouge, France; Kantar Italia, Milan, Italy; CYMAR Market Research, Nicosia, Cyprus; Kantar TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania; ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; Kantar Hoffmann, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO International, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Info Research Austria Institut für Markt-und Meinungsforschung, Vienna, Austria; Kantar Polska, Warsaw, Poland; Marktest – Marketing, Organização e Formação, Lisbon, Portugal; Centrul Pentru Studierea Opiniei si Pietei (CSOP), Bucharest, Romania; Institute for market and media research, Mediana DOO, Ljubljana, Slovenia; Kantar Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; Kantar TNS Oy, Espoo, Finland; Kantar Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden; The Kantar Group UK, London, United Kingdom; HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia; Kantar Public, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 09.04.2019 - 26.04.2019 (total)
  • 09.04.2019 - 22.04.2019 (Belgium)
  • 09.04.2019 - 22.04.2019 (Bulgaria)
  • 09.04.2019 - 22.04.2019 (Czechia)
  • 09.04.2019 - 25.04.2019 (Denmark)
  • 09.04.2019 - 26.04.2019 (Germany)
  • 09.04.2019 - 23.04.2019 (Estonia)
  • 09.04.2019 - 23.04.2019 (Ireland)
  • 10.04.2019 - 21.04.2019 (Greece)
  • 10.04.2019 - 23.04.2019 (Spain)
  • 09.04.2019 - 23.04.2019 (France)
  • 09.04.2019 - 23.04.2019 (Croatia)
  • 09.04.2019 - 19.04.2019 (Itlay)
  • 09.04.2019 - 22.04.2019 (Cyprus)
  • 11.04.2019 - 25.04.2019 (Latvia)
  • 09.04.2019 - 23.04.2019 (Lithuania)
  • 09.04.2019 - 19.04.2019 (Luxembourg)
  • 10.04.2019 - 23.04.2019 (Hungary)
  • 09.04.2019 - 23.04.2019 (Malta)
  • 09.04.2019 - 22.04.2019 (Netherlands)
  • 09.04.2019 - 22.04.2019 (Austria)
  • 09.04.2019 - 24.04.2019 (Poland)
  • 09.04.2019 - 22.04.2019 (Portugal)
  • 09.04.2019 - 22.04.2019 (Romania)
  • 09.04.2019 - 20.04.2019 (Slovenia)
  • 09.04.2019 - 24.04.2019 (Slovakia)
  • 09.04.2019 - 24.04.2019 (Finland)
  • 09.04.2019 - 25.04.2019 (Sweden)
  • 09.04.2019 - 23.04.2019 (United Kingdom)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2019-9-30 Pre-Release
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesQuestion module QA ‘Rule of law’ was newly introduced. Question module QB ‘Climate change’ partly replicates questions formerly asked in the framework of Eurobarometer 87.1 (ZA6861). No data are available for protocol items p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number), p10 (interviewer number) and p11.
Number of Units: 27655
Number of Variables: 347
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 489. Rule of law. Conducted by Kantar Public at the request of Directorate-General for Justice and Consumers. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ‘Media monitoring and Eurobarometer’ Unit). Brussels, July 2019.
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 490. Climate Change. Conducted by Kantar Public at the request of Directorate-General for Climate Action. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ‘Media monitoring and Eurobarometer’ Unit). Brussels, September 2019.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.