GESIS - DBK - ZA7579
 

ZA7579: Eurobarometer 92.1 (2019)

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Datasets

  • ZA7579_v2-0-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 21 MBytes
  • ZA7579_v2-0-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 21 MBytes

Questionnaires

  • ZA7579_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 1 MByte

Other Documents

  • ZA7579_readme.pdf (Other Document) 241 KBytes
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission, Brussels (2020): Eurobarometer 92.1 (2019). Kantar Public [producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA7579 Data file Version 2.0.0, https://doi.org/10.4232/1.13541
Study No.ZA7579
TitleEurobarometer 92.1 (2019)
Other Titles
  • Expectations and concerns of connected and automated driving, Attitudes of Europeans towards Air Quality, and Undeclared work in the European Union (Subtitle)
Current Version2.0.0, 2020-6-17, https://doi.org/10.4232/1.13541
Date of Collection11.09.2019 - 29.09.2019
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication, COMM.A.3 ‘Media Monitoring and Eurobarometer’

Content

AbstractSince the early 1970s the European Commission´s Standard & Special Eurobarometer are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries. Principal investigators are the Directorate-General Communication and on occasion other departments of the European Commission or the European Parliament. Over time, candidate and accession countries were included in the Standard Eurobarometer Series. Selected questions or modules may not have been surveyed in each sample. Please consult the basic questionnaire for more information on country filter instructions or other questionnaire routing filters. In this study the following modules are included: 1. Expectations and concerns of connected and automated driving, 2. Attitudes of Europeans towards air quality, 3. Undeclared work in the European Union. Topics: 1. Expectations and concerns of connected and automated driving: possession of a driving licence; reduced mobility or other mobility constraining disability; discomfort with the following automated assistance functions in vehicles: automated transmission (automated gear shift), cruise control, adaptive cruise control, automated emergency braking, parking assistance, lane-keep assistance, traffic sign recognition, steering assistance, blind-spot monitoring, electronic stability control, adaptive headlights; use of the aforementioned driving assistance functions; perception of information on automated vehicles in the last twelve months; idea of automated vehicles; concern with regard to traveling in a fully automated vehicle under the following conditions: with supervision of a human operator in the vehicle, with remote supervision of a human operator, without supervision of a human operator; concern with regard to transporting own children in a fully automated vehicle under the aforementioned conditions; concern with regard to personal goods being transported in a fully automated vehicle under the aforementioned conditions; concern with regard to the presence of fully automated vehicles on roads as a: pedestrian, cyclist, scooter rider, motorcyclist, traveler in a conventional vehicle, passenger in an automated vehicle; concern with regard to the transportation of low-value or high-value goods in fully automated vehicles; most suitable fully automated vehicle use for personal needs: privately owned, ride-sharing service, collective transport service; preferred activities while traveling in a fully automated vehicle: sleep, work, make phone calls, entertainment, listen to music or radio, enjoy the scenery, nothing that could make travelsick, pay attention to vehicle behaviour; concern with regard to traveling in a fully automated vehicle under the following circumstances: possibility to take back control at any time, possibility to take back control if vehicle does not understand the situation, possibility to take back control in an emergency, accident avoidance by the vehicle; considerations with regard to the purchase of a fully automated vehicle; impact of automated and connected vehicles: reduction of accidents, increase of the risk of assaults or terrorist attacks, reduction of traffic congestion, increase of traffic congestion, ability to use travel time for non-driving activities, new target for cyber-attack, threat to privacy, reduction of the need for professional drivers, reduction of the pleasure of driving, improvement of the accessibility of road transport, reduction of travel stress, decrease of travel time, reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption, more comfortable driving, reduction of travel freedom; concern with regard to sharing vehicle’s data with: other road users, public authorities, private companies; importance of each of the following actors with regard to the deployment of automated and connected vehicles: private companies, public authorities in the own country, EU, international organisations; readiness to use each of the following types of vehicles: fully automated, connected, both; attitude towards the following issues: deployment of fully automated vehicles on roads, deployment of connected vehicles on roads, deployment of both connected and fully automated vehicles on roads. 2. Attitudes of Europeans towards air quality: self-rated knowledge about problems of air quality in the own country; development of air quality in the own country over the last ten years; assessment of each of the following issues as a serious problem: respiratory diseases, cardio-vascular diseases, asthma and allergy, acidification; most effective ways of tackling problems of air quality: apply stricter pollution controls on industrial and energy-production activities, apply stricter controls on emissions from new vehicles, introduce or maintain traffic restrictions in polluted cities, provide more information to the public on health and environmental consequences of air pollution, provide higher financial incentives, ensure better enforcement of existing air quality legislation, introduce stricter air quality legislation, increase taxation on air-polluting activities, improve or maintain citizens’ access to courts to guarantee clean air, apply stricter controls on emissions from residential heating; sufficient action taken to improve air quality in the own country by: households, farmers, energy producers, car manufacturers, public authorities; preferred level of action in tackling air pollution: international, EU, national, regional or local; personal measures taken to reduce harmful emissions into the air in the last two years; attitude towards additional EU measures; awareness of EU air quality standards; assessment of the appropriateness of the existing standards. 3. Undeclared work in the European Union: acquaintances having an unreported employment; expected sanctions for undeclared work; assessment of the risk of being detected in the own country; trust in the following authorities with regard to tackling undeclared work: tax and social security authorities, labour inspectorate; acceptability of selected behaviours: firms hiring private persons and all or part of the salary is not officially declared, firms hiring other firms and activity is not declared to tax or social security authorities, private households hiring private persons and private person does not declare received payment to tax or social security authorities, firm hired by private household does not declare received payment to tax or social security authorities, private or self-employed person evades taxes by not declaring all or part of his income; use of services and purchase of products supposed to include undeclared work; kind of products or services; recipient of payment; reasons for the purchase on the black market; payment of salary by the employer without payment of taxes; kind of income received without taxes: part of renumeration for regular work, overtime (including extra work or bonuses), both; percentage of annual gross salary which was paid unreported; openness to receive undeclared payments; refusal of undeclared payments in the last twelve months; number of employees of own employer; own undeclared paid activities in the last twelve months; sector of own undeclared paid activities; kind of own undeclared paid activities; arrangement of these activities through a mobile application or an online tool; client; reasons for own undeclared work; extent of own undeclared paid activities; characteristics of own undeclared paid activities: undertaken on own account, undertaken as waged work for an employer, mixture of both waged work and own-account work, undertaken for a partner or family business, other; own employment and wages: no formal written contract, fixed cash supplement to official declared wage, variable cash supplement to official declared wage, variable payment depending on total numbers of hours worked with only a fixed amount being declared, fixed payment plus occasional undeclared payments, dominant client provides at least 75 % of personal income, personal authority to make business decisions, payment of weekly or monthly fee, employees, personal authority to hire or dismiss employees; estimated percentage of the population in the own country doing undeclared work. Demography: age; nationality; life satisfaction; frequency of discussions about political matters on national, European, and local level; occupation; professional position; countries of work experience; left-right self-placement; marital status; sex; age at end of education; type of community; household composition and household size; own a mobile phone and fixed (landline) phone; financial difficulties during the last year; internet use (at home, at work, at school); self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; region; language of the interview; nation group; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • Natural Environment, Nature
  • Technology, Energy
  • Legal system, Legislation, Law
  • Work and Industry
Topics Topics
  • 16 Natural environment
  • 16.4 Environmental degradation/pollution and protection
  • 1 Labour and employment
  • 6.2 Crime
  • 15 Transport, travel and mobility

Methodology

Geographic Coverage
  • Austria (AT)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • United Kingdom (GB-UKM)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
UniversePopulation of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in any of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over.
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Stratified
Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Face-to-face interview
Face-to-face interview Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data CollectorKantar Belgium (Kantar TNS), Brussels, Belgium; Kantar TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; Kantar CZ, Prague, Czech Republic; Kantar GALLUP, Copenhagen, Denmark; Kantar Deutschland, Munich, Germany; Kantar Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; The Kantar Group UK, London, Ireland; Taylor Nelson Sofres Market Research, Athens, Greece; TNS Investigación de Mercados y Opinión, Madrid, Spain; Kantar Public France, Montrouge, France; Kantar Italia, Milan, Italy; CYMAR Market Research, Nicosia, Cyprus; Kantar TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania; ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; Kantar Hoffmann, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO International, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Info Research Austria Institut für Markt-und Meinungsforschung, Vienna, Austria; Kantar Polska, Warsaw, Poland; Marktest – Marketing, Organização e Formação, Lisbon, Portugal; Centrul Pentru Studierea Opiniei si Pietei (CSOP), Bucharest, Romania; Institute for market and media research, Mediana DOO, Ljubljana, Slovenia; Kantar Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; Kantar TNS Oy, Espoo, Finland; Kantar Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden; The Kantar Group UK, London, United Kingdom; HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia; Kantar Public, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 11.09.2019 - 29.09.2019 (total)
  • 11.09.2019 - 22.09.2019 (Belgium)
  • 12.09.2019 - 23.09.2019 (Bulgaria)
  • 12.09.2019 - 24.09.2019 (Czech Republic)
  • 11.09.2019 - 26.09.2019 (Denmark)
  • 11.09.2019 - 25.09.2019 (Germany)
  • 11.09.2019 - 23.09.2019 (Estonia)
  • 11.09.2019 - 22.09.2019 (Ireland)
  • 12.09.2019 - 22.09.2019 (Greece)
  • 11.09.2019 - 23.09.2019 (Spain)
  • 11.09.2019 - 22.09.2019 (France)
  • 13.09.2019 - 24.09.2019 (Croatia)
  • 11.09.2019 - 22.09.2019 (Italy)
  • 11.09.2019 - 20.09.2019 (Cyprus)
  • 12.09.2019 - 29.09.2019 (Latvia)
  • 11.09.2019 - 23.09.2019 (Lithuania)
  • 11.09.2019 - 23.09.2019 (Luxembourg)
  • 12.09.2019 - 23.09.2019 (Hungary)
  • 11.09.2019 - 23.09.2019 (Malta)
  • 11.09.2019 - 22.09.2019 (Netherlands)
  • 12.09.2019 - 22.09.2019 (Austria)
  • 12.09.2019 - 23.09.2019 (Poland)
  • 12.09.2019 - 23.09.2019 (Portugal)
  • 12.09.2019 - 23.09.2019 (Romania)
  • 11.09.2019 - 23.09.2019 (Slovenia)
  • 12.09.2019 - 23.09.2019 (Slovakia)
  • 11.09.2019 - 23.09.2019 (Finland)
  • 11.09.2019 - 22.09.2019 (Sweden)
  • 11.09.2019 - 22.09.2019 (United Kingdom)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
2.0.0 (current version)2020-6-17 Pre-Release (Embargo) https://doi.org/10.4232/1.13541
1.0.02020-3-9 Pre-Release (Embargo) https://doi.org/10.4232/1.13432
Errata in current version
none
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesQuestion module QA is currently under embargo. Question module QB ‘Expectations and concerns of connected and automated driving’ was newly introduced. Question module QC ‘Attitudes of Europeans towards Air Quality’ partly replicates questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 88.1 (ZA6925) and Flash Eurobarometer 360 (ZA5795). Question module QD ‘Undeclared work in the European Union’ partly replicates questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 79.2 (ZA5688). No data are available for protocol items p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number), p10 (interviewer number) and p11.
Number of Units: 27565
Number of Variables: 536
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata

Publications

Publications
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 496. Expectations and concerns of connected and automated driving. Conducted by Kantar Public at the request of the European Commission Joint Research Centre. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ‘Media monitoring and Eurobarometer’ Unit). Brussels, February 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.2760/494496
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 497. Attitudes of Europeans towards Air Quality. Conducted by Kantar Public at the request of Directorate-General for Environment. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ‘Media monitoring and Eurobarometer’ Unit). Brussels, November 2019. http://dx.doi.org/10.2779/61604
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 498. Undeclared work in the European Union. Conducted by Kantar Public at the request of Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ‘Media monitoring and Eurobarometer’ Unit). Brussels, February 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.2767/018492
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)

Groups

Research Data Centre
Groups
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.