GESIS - DBK - ZA7630

ZA7630: Based on ISSP 2018: A Cross-national and Comparative Study of Religion of Additional 14 Countries

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List of Files


  • (Dataset) 51 KBytes
  • ZA7630_match_with_ZA7570.sps (Dataset) 31 KBytes
  • (Dataset) 1 MByte
  • (Dataset) 2 MBytes


  • ZA7570_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 136 KBytes
  • (Questionnaire) 13 MBytes
  • ZA7630_q_dz.pdf (Questionnaire) 440 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_gh-dag.pdf (Questionnaire) 172 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_gh-dga.pdf (Questionnaire) 163 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_gh-ewe.pdf (Questionnaire) 166 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_gh-gaa.pdf (Questionnaire) 162 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_gh-twi.pdf (Questionnaire) 164 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_id.pdf (Questionnaire) 227 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_jo.pdf (Questionnaire) 722 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_ke.pdf (Questionnaire) 198 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_kh.pdf (Questionnaire) 702 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_lk-si.pdf (Questionnaire) 486 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_lk-ta.pdf (Questionnaire) 202 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_mn.pdf (Questionnaire) 145 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_mw-dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 170 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_mw-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 863 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_mw-nya.pdf (Questionnaire) 855 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_mw-tum.pdf (Questionnaire) 820 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_mw-yao.pdf (Questionnaire) 851 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_my-cmn.pdf (Questionnaire) 392 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_my-iba.pdf (Questionnaire) 290 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_my-msa.pdf (Questionnaire) 284 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_my-ta.pdf (Questionnaire) 424 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_ng-hau.pdf (Questionnaire) 257 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_ng-pcm.pdf (Questionnaire) 199 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_np-bho.pdf (Questionnaire) 452 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_np-kbt.pdf (Questionnaire) 430 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_np-mai.pdf (Questionnaire) 644 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_np-nep.pdf (Questionnaire) 428 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_sg-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 576 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_sg-msa.pdf (Questionnaire) 542 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_sg-ta.pdf (Questionnaire) 530 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_sg-zho.pdf (Questionnaire) 730 KBytes
  • ZA7630_q_vn.pdf (Questionnaire) 521 KBytes

Other Documents

  • (Other Document) 11 MBytes
  • ZA7630_backgroundvar_dz.pdf (Other Document) 2 MBytes
  • ZA7630_backgroundvar_gh.pdf (Other Document) 579 KBytes
  • ZA7630_backgroundvar_id.pdf (Other Document) 685 KBytes
  • ZA7630_backgroundvar_jo.pdf (Other Document) 380 KBytes
  • ZA7630_backgroundvar_ke.pdf (Other Document) 513 KBytes
  • ZA7630_backgroundvar_kh.pdf (Other Document) 1 MByte
  • ZA7630_backgroundvar_lk.pdf (Other Document) 1 MByte
  • ZA7630_backgroundvar_mn.pdf (Other Document) 685 KBytes
  • ZA7630_backgroundvar_mw.pdf (Other Document) 618 KBytes
  • ZA7630_backgroundvar_my.pdf (Other Document) 2 MBytes
  • ZA7630_backgroundvar_ng.pdf (Other Document) 607 KBytes
  • ZA7630_backgroundvar_np.pdf (Other Document) 465 KBytes
  • ZA7630_backgroundvar_sg.pdf (Other Document) 718 KBytes
  • ZA7630_backgroundvar_vn.pdf (Other Document) 602 KBytes
  • (Other Document) 2 MBytes
  • ZA7630_characteristics_dz.pdf (Other Document) 154 KBytes
  • ZA7630_characteristics_gh.pdf (Other Document) 133 KBytes
  • ZA7630_characteristics_id.pdf (Other Document) 250 KBytes
  • ZA7630_characteristics_jo.pdf (Other Document) 489 KBytes
  • ZA7630_characteristics_ke.pdf (Other Document) 73 KBytes
  • ZA7630_characteristics_kh.pdf (Other Document) 337 KBytes
  • ZA7630_characteristics_lk.pdf (Other Document) 73 KBytes
  • ZA7630_characteristics_mn.pdf (Other Document) 73 KBytes
  • ZA7630_characteristics_mw.pdf (Other Document) 87 KBytes
  • ZA7630_characteristics_my.pdf (Other Document) 136 KBytes
  • ZA7630_characteristics_ng.pdf (Other Document) 285 KBytes
  • ZA7630_characteristics_np.pdf (Other Document) 116 KBytes
  • ZA7630_characteristics_sg.pdf (Other Document) 73 KBytes
  • ZA7630_characteristics_vn.pdf (Other Document) 139 KBytes
  • (Method Questionnaire) 6 MBytes
  • ZA7630_mq_dz.pdf (Method Questionnaire) 682 KBytes
  • ZA7630_mq_gh.pdf (Method Questionnaire) 585 KBytes
  • ZA7630_mq_id.pdf (Method Questionnaire) 518 KBytes
  • ZA7630_mq_jo.pdf (Method Questionnaire) 520 KBytes
  • ZA7630_mq_ke.pdf (Method Questionnaire) 660 KBytes
  • ZA7630_mq_kh.pdf (Method Questionnaire) 149 KBytes
  • ZA7630_mq_lk.pdf (Method Questionnaire) 216 KBytes
  • ZA7630_mq_mn.pdf (Method Questionnaire) 606 KBytes
  • ZA7630_mq_mw.pdf (Method Questionnaire) 536 KBytes
  • ZA7630_mq_my.pdf (Method Questionnaire) 672 KBytes
  • ZA7630_mq_ng.pdf (Method Questionnaire) 397 KBytes
  • ZA7630_mq_np.pdf (Method Questionnaire) 606 KBytes
  • ZA7630_mq_sg.pdf (Method Questionnaire) 224 KBytes
  • ZA7630_mq_vn.pdf (Method Questionnaire) 141 KBytes
  • (Study Description) 2 MBytes
  • ZA7630_sd_dz.pdf (Study Description) 122 KBytes
  • ZA7630_sd_gh.pdf (Study Description) 120 KBytes
  • ZA7630_sd_id.pdf (Study Description) 119 KBytes
  • ZA7630_sd_jo.pdf (Study Description) 120 KBytes
  • ZA7630_sd_ke.pdf (Study Description) 68 KBytes
  • ZA7630_sd_kh.pdf (Study Description) 120 KBytes
  • ZA7630_sd_lk.pdf (Study Description) 121 KBytes
  • ZA7630_sd_mn.pdf (Study Description) 180 KBytes
  • ZA7630_sd_mw.pdf (Study Description) 118 KBytes
  • ZA7630_sd_my.pdf (Study Description) 56 KBytes
  • ZA7630_sd_ng.pdf (Study Description) 120 KBytes
  • ZA7630_sd_np.pdf (Study Description) 95 KBytes
  • ZA7630_sd_sg.pdf (Study Description) 121 KBytes
  • ZA7630_sd_vn.pdf (Study Description) 147 KBytes
Availability Availability A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation ISSP Research Group; Smith, Tom W.; Tiliouine, Habib; Armah-Attoh, Daniel; Yaw Norviewu, Newton; Abu-Rumman, Samir; Mitullah, Winnie; Hean, Sokhom; Peiris, Pradeep; Damba, Ganbat; Suffian, Ibrahim; Ghimire, Dirgha J. (2020): Based on ISSP 2018: A Cross-national and Comparative Study of Religion of Additional 14 Countries. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA7630 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA7630
TitleBased on ISSP 2018: A Cross-national and Comparative Study of Religion of Additional 14 Countries
Current Version1.0.0, 2020-10-9,
Date of Collection07.08.2018 - 06.03.2019
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Tiliouine, Habib - University of Oran 2 Mohamed Ben Ahmed, Algeria
  • Armah-Attoh, Daniel - Ghana Center for Democratic Development (CDD-Ghana), Accra, Ghana
  • Yaw Norviewu, Newton - Ghana Center for Democratic Development (CDD-Ghana), Accra, Ghana
  • Smith, Tom W. - Lembaga Survei Indonesia (LSI), Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Abu-Rumman, Samir - World of Opinions for Polls, Jordan
  • Mitullah, Winnie - Institute for Development Studies, University of Nairobi, Kenya
  • Hean, Sokhom - Center for Advanced Study (CAS), Phnom Penh, Cambodia
  • Peiris, Pradeep - Social Scientists’ Association, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  • Damba, Ganbat - Academy of Political Education, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Smith, Tom W. - Tsogolo La Thanzi - Health Future, Malawi
  • Suffian, Ibrahim - Merdeka Center for Opinion Research, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Smith, Tom W. - CLEEN Foundation, Abuja, Nigeria
  • Ghimire, Dirgha J. - Institute for Social and Environmental Research - Nepal (ISER-N), Chitwan, Nepal
  • Smith, Tom W. - ML Research Consultants Pte Ltd, Singapore
  • Smith, Tom W. - Mekong Development Research Institute, Hanoi, Vietnam


AbstractAttitudes towards religion and religious practice Topics: Assessment of personal happiness; satisfaction with relationships with family members; attitudes towards extramarital sex; attitudes towards homosexual relationships between adults; attitudes towards abortion if family has very low income; gender roles in marriage; institutional trust (parliament, business and industry, churches and religious organisations, courts and legal system, schools and educational system); attitudes towards the influence of religious leaders on voters; attitudes towards science and religion (too much trust in science and too little religious faith, more conflicts through religions than peace, intolerance of people with strong religious convictions); assessment of the power of churches and religious organisations in the country; acceptance of a person from different religion as spouse of a relative (social distance); attitudes towards freedom of expression for religious extremists in public meetings, on the Internet and in social media; doubt or firm belief in God (scale deism); past or present belief in God; belief in life after death, heaven, hell, religious miracles and supernatural powers of deceased ancestors; attitude towards a higher truth and the meaning of life (God concerns himself with human beings, people can do little to change life (fatalism), life is meaningful because God exists, life does not serve any purpose, own actions give meaning to life, own way in connecting with God without church or worship services); Opinion on gender equality in one´s own religion; religion of mother and father in the respondent´s childhood; religion the respondent raised in; frequency of church attendance by father and mother in the respondent´s childhood; personal frequency of church attendance at the age of 11-12; frequency of prayers; frequency of participation in church activities (apart from attending church services); read or listened to religious scriptures outside of church services in the last 12 months (e.g. Bible, Koran, Torah or other religious scriptures); shrine, altar or religious object (e.g. cross) in the respondent´s home; frequency of visiting a holy place (shrine, temple, church or mosque) for religious reasons; self-assessment of religiousness and spirituality; religion helps people to make friends and to gain comfort in difficult times; religions are a barrier to equality between women and men; opinion on the separation of state and religion (government should not interfere with attempts of religion to spread); opinion on the peaceful coexistence of people belonging to different religions; religion represents the past and not the future; religion is as relevant to life today as in the past; personal attitude towards different religious groups (Christians, Muslims, Hindus, Buddhists, Jews, atheists or non-believers); self-assessment of health status. Optional items (not in all countries): born-again experience; feelings about the Bible; new commitment to religion after a turning point; belief in lucky charms, fortune tellers, faith healers and horoscopes; decision criteria for personal actions (laws or religious principles); perceived threat of people belonging to different groups (Christians, Muslims, Hindus, Buddhists, Jews, non-believers); people can be trusted vs. can´t be too careful in dealing with people; belief in reincarnation and Nirvana; country’s laws should not be based on religion. Demography: sex; age; year of birth; years of full-time schooling; country specific highest completed degree of education; highest completed degree of education (derived from country specific degree) ; current or former employment status; hours worked weekly; employment relationship; supervision of other employees; number of other employees supervised; type of organisation: for-profit vs. non-profit and public vs. private; occupation (ISCO/ILO-08); main status; living in steady partnership; trade union membership; religious affiliation or denomination (country specific); groups of religious denomination (derived from country specific religion); attendance of religious services; top-bottom self-placement; vote participation in last general election; country specific party voted for in last general election; left-right scheme of party voted for in last general election (derived from country-specific parties); ethnic group 1 and 2 (country specific); household size; household composition: number of adults in the household; number of children above school entry age in the household; number of children below school age in the household; personal income (country specific); household income (country specific); legal partnership status; father´s and mother´s country of birth (migration background); place of living: urban – rural; region (country specific). Information about spouse/ partner on: current or former employment status; hours worked weekly; employment relationship; supervision of other employees; occupation (ISCO/ILO-08); main employment status. Additionally coded was: for some countries occupation verbatim (respondent and spouse/ partner); respondent-ID; case substitution flag; interview date (year, month, day); weight; mode of data-collection; country (ISO 3166, Country/ Sample ISO 3166, Country/ Sample Prefix ISO 3166).
Categories Categories
  • Religion and Weltanschauung
  • Religion and values
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 5.5 Religion and values


Geographic Coverage
  • Algeria (DZ)
  • Ghana (GH)
  • Indonesia (ID)
  • Jordan (JO)
  • Kenya (KE)
  • Cambodia (KH)
  • Sri Lanka (LK)
  • Mongolia (MN)
  • Malawi (MW)
  • Malaysia (MY)
  • Nigeria (NG)
  • Nepal (NP)
  • Singapore (SG)
  • Viet Nam (VN)
UniversePersons aged 18 years and older Exception: Indonesia and Malawi (17 years and older); (Only adult citizens of the country, exception: Singapore: Adults of any nationality residing in the country)
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Multistage
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Face-to-face interview
Time Method Time Method
  • Cross-section
Kind of Data Kind of Data
  • Numeric
Data CollectorUniversity of Oran 2 Mohamed Ben Ahmed, in collaboration with Maiden Agency fieldwork team, Algeria; Ghana Center for Democratic Development (CDD-Ghana), Accra, Ghana; Lembaga Survei Indonesia (LSI), Jakarta, Indonesia; World of Opinions for Polls, Jordan; Institute for Development Studies, University of Nairobi, Kenya; Center for Advanced Study (CAS), Phnom Penh, Cambodia; Social Scientists’ Association, Colombo, Sri Lanka; Academy of Political Education, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia; Tsogolo La Thanz i- Health Future, Malawi; Merdeka Center for Opinion Research, Selangor, Malaysia; CLEEN Foundation, Abuja, Nigeria; Institute for Social and Environmental Research - Nepal (ISER-N), Chitwan, Nepal; ML Research Consultants Pte Ltd, Singapore; Mekong Development Research Institute, Hanoi, Vietnam
Date of Collection
  • 10.09.2018 - 24.11.2018 (Algeria)
  • 19.10.2018 - 28.10.2018 (Ghana)
  • 14.11.2018 - 10.12.2018 (Indonesia)
  • 25.09.2018 - 15.11.2018 (Jordan)
  • 10.12.2018 - 22.12.2018 (Kenya)
  • 07.08.2018 - 29.08.2018 (Cambodia)
  • 13.11.2018 - 31.12.2018 (Sri Lanka)
  • 20.08.2018 - 17.10.2018 (Mongolia)
  • 31.10.2018 - 13.11.2018 (Malawi)
  • 03.11.2018 - 26.12.2018 (Malaysia)
  • 11.10.2018 - 20.12.2018 (Nigeria)
  • 11.10.2018 - 06.03.2019 (Nepal)
  • 20.08.2018 - 12.12.2018 (Singapore)
  • 20.09.2018 - 14.10.2018 (Vietnam)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2020-10-9 first archive edition
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesNumber of respondents for each country: Algeria: 1642; Ghana: 1433; Indonesia: 1418; Jordan: 1539; Kenya: 1400; Cambodia: 1400; Sri Lanka: 1431; Mongolia: 1280; Malawi: 1598; Malaysia 1422; Nigeria: 1480; Nepal: 1469; Singapore: 1800; Vietnam: 1400
Number of Units: 20712
Number of Variables: 287
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  International Social Survey Programme (ISSP)
    The International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) is a continuing annual program of cross-national survey collaboration, covering a wide range of topics important for social science research. Since 1985 the ISSP provides international data sets, enabling cross-cultural and cross-temporal research.
  • ISSP - Module Topic: Religion
    ‘Religion’ is one of the eleven ISSP topic modules. Central themes are issues, such as religious attitudes and beliefs, religious socialization, past and current religious practices, religion and governmental connections and aspects of secularization.