GESIS - DBK - ZA7649

ZA7649: Eurobarometer 93.1 (2020)

Downloads and Data Access

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ZA7649 Downloads and Data Access

List of Files

List of Files


  • ZA7649_v1-2-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 23 MBytes
  • ZA7649_v1-2-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 22 MBytes


  • ZA7649_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 3 MBytes
  • ZA7649_q_al.pdf (Questionnaire) 758 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 785 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 789 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 783 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 808 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_cy-gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 805 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_cy-tr.pdf (Questionnaire) 771 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 797 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 785 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 778 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_ee-ee.pdf (Questionnaire) 775 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_ee-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 810 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_es-ca.pdf (Questionnaire) 779 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_es-es.pdf (Questionnaire) 781 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_fi-fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 776 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_fi-se.pdf (Questionnaire) 776 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 810 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 756 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 803 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_hr.pdf (Questionnaire) 789 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 793 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 771 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_it-de.pdf (Questionnaire) 786 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 779 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_lt.pdf (Questionnaire) 795 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_lu-de.pdf (Questionnaire) 787 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_lu-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 787 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_lu-lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 785 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_lv-lv.pdf (Questionnaire) 793 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_lv-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 811 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_me.pdf (Questionnaire) 766 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_mk-mk.pdf (Questionnaire) 779 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_mk-sq.pdf (Questionnaire) 761 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_mt-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 771 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_mt-mt.pdf (Questionnaire) 831 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 780 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 798 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 781 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_ro.pdf (Questionnaire) 797 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_rs.pdf (Questionnaire) 766 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 776 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 789 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_sk.pdf (Questionnaire) 796 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_tr-ku.pdf (Questionnaire) 761 KBytes
  • ZA7649_q_tr-tr.pdf (Questionnaire) 769 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA7649_Numbering_Mapping.pdf (Other Document) 202 KBytes
  • ZA7649_readme.pdf (Other Document) 153 KBytes
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission, Brussels (2021): Eurobarometer 93.1 (2020). Kantar Public, Brussels [producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA7649 Data file Version 1.2.0,
Study No.ZA7649
TitleEurobarometer 93.1 (2020)
Other Titles
  • Standard Eurobarometer 93 (COVID-19 Pandemic) (Subtitle)
Current Version1.2.0, 2021-6-1,
Date of Collection09.07.2020 - 26.08.2020
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication, COMM.A.3 ‘Media Monitoring and Eurobarometer’


Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Economic Policy, National Economic Situation
  • Society, Culture
  • Political Issues
  • Public Expenditures
  • Medicine
  • Cultural and national identity
  • International politics and organisations
  • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Government, political systems and organisations
  • Economic conditions and indicators
  • Health care services and policies
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 5.4 Cultural and national identity
  • 7.5 Health policy
  • 11 Politics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 17.4 Economic conditions and indicators


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • North Macedonia (MK)
  • Montenegro (ME)
  • Serbia (RS)
  • United Kingdom (GB-UKM)
  • Albania (AL)
UniversePopulation of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in each of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over. The survey has also been conducted in Turkey, North Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, and in the Turkish Cypriot Community. In these countries, it covers the national population of citizens and the population of citizens of all the European Union Member States that are residents in these countries and have a sufficient command of the national languages to answer the questionnaire.
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Stratified
  • Mixed probability and non-probability
Please consult the additional information in the Technical Specifications in the basic questionnaire.
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Face-to-face interview: Computer-assisted (CAPI/CAMI)
  • Self-administered questionnaire: Web-based (CAWI)
Please consult the additional information in the Technical Specifications in the basic questionnaire.
Data CollectorKantar Belgium, Brussels, Belgium; Kantar TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; Kantar CZ, Prague, Czech Republic; Kantar GALLUP A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark; Kantar Deutschland, Munich, Germany; Kantar Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; Kantar Belgium, Brussels, Ireland; Taylor Nelson Sofres Market Research, Athens, Greece; TNS Investigación de Mercados y Opinión, Madrid, Spain; Kantar Public France, Montrouge, France; Kantar Italia, Milan, Italy; CYMAR Market Research, Nicosia, Cyprus; Kantar TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania; Kantar Belgium, Brussels, Luxembourg; Kantar Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO International, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Das Österreichische Gallup Institut, Vienna, Austria; Kantar Polska, Warsaw, Poland; Marktest – Marketing, Organização e Formação, Lisbon, Portugal; Centrul Pentru Studierea Opiniei si Pietei CSOP, Bucharest, Romania; Mediana DOO, Ljubljana, Slovenia; Kantar Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; Kantar TNS Oy, Espoo, Finland; Kantar Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden; Kantar UK Limited, London, United Kingdom; HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia; Lipa Consultancy, Nicosia, Turkish Cypriot Community; TNS PIAR, Istanbul, Turkey; TNS Brima, Skopje, North Macedonia; TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Montenegro; TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Serbia; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Albania; Kantar Public, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 09.07.2020 - 26.08.2020

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.2.0 (current version)2021-6-1 Pre-Release update
1.1.02021-2-15 Pre-Release update
1.0.02021-2-11 Pre-Release
Errata in current version
Version changes
Changes between version 1.2.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2021-3-2d40abc_r1 d40abc_r2 d40abc_r3 d40abc_r412 persons with missing information on the sum of d40a, d40b and d40c ("HOUSEHOLD COMPOSITION: ") are erroneusly coded 0 instead of 9 on d40abc_r1 through d40abc_r4. This error will be corrected with the next update.2021-6-1variable corrected
2021-3-2d40_d11One person from PL and one from SE are erroneously coded 3 while having age 17 and 42, respectively. This error will be corrected with the next update.2021-6-1variable corrected
2021-5-28region_germany_wtThe values for 15 "DEF - Schleswig-Holstein" and 16 "DEG - Thueringen" have erronously been switched.This error will be corrected with the next update.2021-6-1variable corrected

Further Remarks

NotesThis wave of the Standard Eurobarometer was collected during the COVID-19 pandemic. This necessitated a number of adjustments to the data collection process. Please consult the information referring to this in the Technical Specifications in the basic questionnaire. Modules QA to QD in the standard Eurobarometer context and largely replicating questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 92.3 (ZA7601) and Eurobarometer 91.5 (ZA7576). Please note that the absence of several question numbers in the questionnaires and the dataset is intended. In addition, the main questionnaire variable names in the dataset diverge from those assigned in the questionnaire. The file ´ZA7649_Numbering_Mapping.pdf´ available via ´Other documents´ on the data download page describes the translation of question numbers in the questionnaire into variable names in the dataset. The variable names of the standard demography variables have been changed according to the usual Eurobarometer nomenclature. A corrected version of protocol variable p1 (date of interview) has been delivered to the archive and is supplied in version 1.1.0. Variables d40abc_r1 to d40abc_r4 (“HOUSEHOLD COMPOSITION: SIZE A+B+C (REC)”), d40_d11 (“ONE-PERSON HOUSEHOLD COMPOSITION BY AGE”) and region_germany_wt (“REGION GERMANY”) have been corrected in version 1.2.0.
Number of Units: 33059
Number of Variables: 539
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 93. Public Opinion in the European Union. Survey requested by the European Commission, requested and co-ordinated by Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM Unit ‘Media monitoring and Eurobarometer’). []
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.