GESIS - DBK - ZA7489

ZA7489: Eurobarometer 90.3 (2018)

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Eurobarometer 90.3 (November 2018)
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation    European Commission , Brussels (2019): Eurobarometer 90.3 (2018). Kantar Public [producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA7489 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA7489
TitleEurobarometer 90.3 (2018)
Other Titles
  • Standard Eurobarometer 90 (Alternative Title)
Current Version1.0.0, 2019-4-25,
Date of Collection08.11.2018 - 19.11.2019
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication, COMM.A.3 ´Media monitoring, media analysis and Eurobarometer´


AbstractAttitudes towards the EU. Immigration. Europe 2020. European citizenship. Media use. Topics: 1. Attitudes towards the EU: assessment of the current situation in the following areas: own country, national economy, European economy, personal job situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, provision of public services in the own country (not in CY); expectations for the next twelve months regarding: personal life in general, situation in the own country in general, national economic situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, personal job situation, economic situation in the EU; most important problems in the own country, personally, and in the EU (only in EU28); assessment of the own country’s assumed membership in the EU as a good thing (not in EU28 and CY); expectations of benefit from an assumed membership of the own country (not in EU28 and CY); assessment of the full application of EU legislation for the Turkish Cypriot Community (TCC) as a good thing; expectations of benefit from the full application of EU legislation for the Turkish Cypriot Community (TCC); general direction things are going in the own country, the EU, and in the USA; trust in selected institutions: written press, radio, television, internet, online social networks, political parties, national legal system (only in EU28, not in CY), police (only in EU28, not in CY), army (only in EU28, not in CY), public administration (only in EU28, not in CY), regional or local public authorities (not in CY), national government (not in CY), national parliament (not in CY), European Union, United Nations; image of the EU; positive associations with the following terms (not in candidate countries): free trade, globalisation, protectionism, competition (only in EU28), trade unions (only in EU28), public service (only in EU28); meaning of the EU to the respondent; most suitable attributes for describing the EU (only in EU28): modern, democratic, protective, efficient, remote, forward-looking; knowledge of and trust in selected institutions: European Parliament, European Commission, European Central Bank (only in EU28), European Council (only in EU28), Council of the European Union (only in EU28); knowledge test on the EU: number of member states (only in EU28 and CY), direct election of European Parliament members by the citizens of each member state, Switzerland is a member of the EU; attitude towards the following issues: European economic and monetary union with one single currency, common foreign policy of all member states (only in EU28), further enlargement, common defence and security policy (only in EU28), common trade policy (only in EU28), common European migration policy (only in EU28), common energy policy (only in EU28), digital single market within the EU (only in EU28), free movement of EU citizens (only in EU28); satisfaction with the democracy in the own country and in the EU (only in EU28); approval of the following statements: respondent understands how the EU works, recognition of the own country’s interests in the EU (only in EU28, not in CY), EU’s voice counts in the world, globalisation as an opportunity for economic growth, better development of the own country outside the EU (only in EU28, not in CY), more decisions to be taken at EU level (only in EU28, not in CY); optimism about the future of the EU (only in EU28). 2. Immigration (only in EU28): feeling towards immigration of people from: other EU member states, outside the EU; attitude towards additional measures to fight illegal immigration of people from outside the EU on EU level and / or on national level. 3. Europe 2020: impact of the economic crisis on the job market has already reached its peak; approval of the following statements (only in EU28): measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country cannot be delayed (split A), measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country are not a priority for now (split B), EU has sufficient power and tools to defend its economic interests globally, private sector is better placed to create new jobs than public sector, public money should be used to stimulate private sector investment at EU level; likelihood to reach the following objective by 2020 (only in EU28): increase industry’s contribution to economy to 20% of GDP; most important objectives in a European energy union. 4. European citizenship: feeling of attachment towards: own city, own country, European Union, Europe; approval of the following statements (only in EU28): feeling of being a citizen of the EU, knowledge of the rights of EU citizens, desire for more information on the rights of EU citizens; feeling of national and / or European identity (only in EU28); most positive results of the EU; most important factors for creating a feeling of community among EU citizens (only in EU28); most important personal values (only in EU28); values that best represent the EU (only in EU28); amount of shared values between the member states (only in EU28); approval of selected statements: immigrants contribute a lot to the own country (only in EU28), people in the own country have a lot of things in common (only in EU28), respondent understands what is going on the world, own country should help refugees (only in EU28), everything was better before, confidence in the future; awareness of the European flag; attitudes towards the European flag: good symbol for Europe, stands for something good, personal identification with the flag, should be seen on all public buildings in the own country next to national flag (only in EU28); assessment of the current speed of building Europe and preferred speed (only in EU28). 5. Media use: assessment of the informedness of the people in the own country about European matters; self-rated knowledge about European matters; frequency of the following activities (only in EU28): watching television on a TV set, watching television via the internet, listening to the radio, reading printed press, using the internet, using online social networks; preferred sources of information on national political matters (only in EU28); preferred sources of information on European political matters; preferred sources of information on the European Union, its policies and institutions; assessment of the appropriateness of coverage with European Union issues in the following media (only in EU28): TV, radio, printed press, websites, online social networks; assessment of the presentation of the EU in the national media as positive (only in EU28); attitude towards selected statements on the situation of the media in the own country (only in EU28): provide trustworthy information, provide a diversity of views and opinions, provide information free from political or commercial pressure, public service media are free from political pressure; attitude towards the following statements on news that misrepresent reality (only in EU28): often to be found, easy to identify, is a problem in the own country, is a problem for democracy in general; attitude towards selected statements on political information in online social networks (only in EU28): modern way to keep abreast, not trustworthy, can get people interested, good way to have a say. 6. EU budget (only in EU28): attitude towards an increase in the EU budget given its political objectives; assumed fields on which most of the EU budget is spent; preferred fields to spend most of the EU budget on. Demography: age; nationality; life satisfaction; frequency of discussions about political matters on national, European, and local level; left-right self-placement; marital status; sex; age at end of education; occupation; professional position; type of community; household composition and household size; own a mobile phone and fixed (landline) phone; possession of durable goods (entertainment electronics, internet connection, possession of a car, a flat/a house have finished paying for or still paying for); financial difficulties during the last year; internet use (at home, at work, at school); self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society; own voice counts in the own country and in the EU; opinion leadership. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; questionnaire split; date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; region; language of the interview; nation group; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Economic Policy, National Economic Situation
  • Society, Culture
  • Political Issues
  • Public Expenditures
Topics Topics
  • 5.4 Cultural and national identity
  • 11 Politics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 17.4 Economic conditions and indicators
  • 17.5 Economic policy


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of (MK)
  • Montenegro (ME)
  • Serbia (RS)
  • United Kingdom (GB-UKM)
  • Albania (AL)
UniversePopulation of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in each of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over. The survey has also been conducted in Turkey, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, and in the Turkish Cypriot Community. In these countries, it covers the national population of citizens and the population of citizens of all the European Union Member States that are residents in these countries and have a sufficient command of the national languages to answer the questionnaire.
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Stratified
Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Face-to-face interview: Computer-assisted (CAPI/CAMI)
Face-to-face interview Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data CollectorKantar Belgium, Brussels, Belgium; Kantar TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; Kantar CZ, Prague, Czech Republic; Kantar GALLUP A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark; Kantar Deutschland, Munich, Germany; Kantar Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland; Taylor Nelson Sofres Market Research, Athens, Greece; TNS Investigación de Mercados y Opinión, Madrid, Spain; Kantar Public France, Montrouge, France; Kantar Italia, Milan, Italy; CYMAR, Nicosia, Cyprus; Kantar TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania; ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; Kantar Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO, Valletta, Malta; Kantar Public, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Das Österreichische Gallup Institut, Vienna, Austria; Kantar Polska, Warsaw, Poland; Marktest – Marketing, Organização e Formação, Lisbon, Portugal; CSOP, Bucharest, Romania; Mediana, Ljubljana, Slovenia; Kantar Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; Kantar TNS Oy, Espoo, Finland; Kantar Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden; The Kantar Group UK, London, United Kingdom; HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia; Lipa Consultancy, Nicosia, Turkish Cypriot Community; TNS PIAR, Istanbul, Turkey; TNS Brima, Skopje, Macedonia; TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Montenegro; TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Serbia; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Albania; Kantar Public, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 08.11.2018 - 22.11.2018 (total)
  • 09.11.2018 - 20.11.2018 (Belgium)
  • 09.11.2018 - 20.11.2018 (Bulgaria)
  • 08.11.2018 - 20.11.2018 (Czech Republic)
  • 08.11.2018 - 22.11.2018 (Denmark)
  • 08.11.2018 - 21.11.2018 (Germany)
  • 08.11.2018 - 20.11.2018 (Estonia)
  • 08.11.2018 - 22.11.2018 (Ireland)
  • 09.11.2018 - 19.11.2019 (Greece)
  • 08.11.2018 - 18.11.2018 (Spain)
  • 08.11.2018 - 19.11.2018 (France)
  • 08.11.2018 - 19.11.2018 (Croatia)
  • 08.11.2018 - 16.11.2018 (Italy)
  • 08.11.2018 - 18.11.2018 (Cyprus)
  • 09.11.2018 - 20.11.2018 (Latvia)
  • 08.11.2018 - 19.11.2018 (Lithuania)
  • 08.11.2018 - 20.11.2018 (Luxembourg)
  • 09.11.2018 - 19.11.2018 (Hungary)
  • 08.11.2018 - 22.11.2018 (Malta)
  • 08.11.2018 - 17.11.2018 (Netherlands)
  • 08.11.2018 - 19.11.2018 (Austria)
  • 09.11.2018 - 20.11.2018 (Poland)
  • 08.11.2018 - 19.11.2018 (Portugal)
  • 08.11.2018 - 18.11.2018 (Romania)
  • 08.11.2018 - 19.11.2018 (Slovenia)
  • 09.11.2018 - 20.11.2018 (Slovakia)
  • 08.11.2018 - 22.11.2018 (Finland)
  • 08.11.2018 - 20.11.2018 (Sweden)
  • 09.11.2018 - 22.11.2018 (United Kingdom)
  • 08.11.2018 - 19.11.2018 (Turkish Cypriot Community)
  • 09.11.2018 - 20.11.2018 (Turkey)
  • 08.11.2018 - 19.11.2018 (Macedonia)
  • 09.11.2018 - 19.11.2018 (Montenegro)
  • 08.11.2018 - 19.11.2018 (Serbia)
  • 08.11.2018 - 18.11.2018 (Albania)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2019-4-25 Pre-Release
Errata in current version
2019-4-29versionPlease note that the date should be 2019-04-25 instead of 2018-04-25. This will be corrected with the next update.
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesAll question modules in the standard Eurobarometer context and largely replicating questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 89.1 [ZA6963] and Eurobarometer 88.3 [ZA6928]. No data are available for protocol items p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number), p10 (interviewer number) and p11.
Number of Units: 32600
Number of Variables: 800
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 90. Public Opinion in the European Union. Survey requested by the European Commission, requested and co-ordinated by Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM Unit ´Media monitoring, Media Analysis and Eurobarometer´). []
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.