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ZA5890: International Social Survey Programme: Social Inequality I-IV - ISSP 1987-1992-1999-2009

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  • ZA5890_v1-0-0.dta.zip (Dataset) 4 MBytes
  • ZA5890_v1-0-0.sav.zip (Dataset) 5 MBytes

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  • guide_issp_cumulation_si_I-IV.pdf (Guidelines) 336 KBytes
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International Social Survey Programme: Social Inequality I-IV - ISSP 1987-1992-1999-2009
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation ISSP Research Group (2014): International Social Survey Programme: Social Inequality I-IV - ISSP 1987-1992-1999-2009. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA5890 Data file Version 1.0.0, https://doi.org/10.4232/1.11911
Study No.ZA5890
TitleInternational Social Survey Programme: Social Inequality I-IV - ISSP 1987-1992-1999-2009
Current Version1.0.0, 2014-5-26, https://doi.org/10.4232/1.11911
Date of Collection02.1987 - 16.01.2012
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Evans, Ann - The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia
  • Evans, Mariah - Melbourne Institute for Applied Economic and Social Research University of Melbourne, Australia
  • Zagórski, Krzysztof - Melbourne Institute for Applied Economic and Social Research University of Melbourne, Australia
  • Bean, Clive - Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra
  • Kelley, Jonathan - Melbourne Institute for Applied Economic and Social Research University of Melbourne, Australia
  • Höllinger, Franz - Institut für Soziologie, Universität Graz, Austria
  • Hadler, Markus - Institut für Soziologie, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz, Austria
  • Haller, Max - Institut für Soziologie, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz, Austria
  • Dimova, Lilia - Agency for Social Analyses (ASA), Bulgaria
  • Kaloyanov, Todor - Center for the Study of Democracy, Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Stoyanov, Alexander - Center for the Study of Democracy, Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Frizell, Alan - Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada
  • Segovia, Carolina - Centro de Estudios Públicos (CEP), Santiago, Chile
  • Lehmann, Carla - Centro de Estudios Públicos (CEP), Santiago, Chile
  • Papageorgiou, Bambos - Center of Applied Research, Cyprus College, Nicosia, Cyprus
  • Matějů, Petr - Institute of Sociology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Simonová, Natalie - Institute of Sociology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Rehakova, Blanka - Institute of Sociology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Research Team on Social Stratification, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Forsé, Michel - FRANCE-ISSP (Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique, Laboratoire de Sociologie Quantitative), Malakoff, France
  • Lemel, Yannick - FRANCE-ISSP (Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique, Laboratoire de Sociologie Quantitative), Malakoff, France
  • Wolf, Christof - GESIS Leibniz Institut für Sozialwissenschaften, Mannheim, Germany
  • Mohler, Peter Ph. - ZUMA, Mannheim, Germany
  • Harkness, Janet - ZUMA, Mannheim, Germany
  • Zentralarchiv für Empirische Sozialforschung, Universität zu Köln
  • Braun, Michael - ZUMA, Mannheim, Germany
  • Park, Alison - National Centre for Social Research (NatCen), London, Great Britain
  • Jowell, Roger - National Centre for Social Research, London, Great Britain
  • Brook, Lindsay - Social and Community Planning Research, London
  • Witherspoon, Sharon - Social and Community Planning Research, London
  • Stratford, Nina - National Centre for Social Research, London, Great Britain
  • Bromley, Catherine - National Centre for Social Research, London, Great Britain
  • Jarvis, Lindsey - National Centre for Social Research, London, Great Britain
  • Thomson, Katarina - National Centre for Social Research, London, Great Britain
  • Róbert, Péter - TÁRKI Social Research Institute, Budapest, Hungary
  • Szanto, Janos - TÁRKI Social Research Institute, Budapest, Hungary
  • Kolosi, Tamás - TÁRKI Social Research Institute, Budapest, Hungary
  • Lewin-Epstein, Noah - B.I. and Lucille Cohen, Institute for public opinion research, Tel Aviv, Israel
  • Yuchtmann-Yaar, Eppie - Israel
  • Meraviglia, Cinzia - Institute of Social Research, University of Eastern Piedmont, Italy
  • Calvi, Gabriele - Eurisko, Milan, Italy
  • Anselmi, Paolo - Eurisko, Milan, Italy
  • Cito Filomarino, Beatrice - Eurisko, Milan, Italy
  • Nishi, Kumiko - NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan
  • Hara, Miwako - NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan
  • Aramaki, Hiroshi - NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan
  • Onodera, Noriko - Japan
  • Tabuns, Aivars - Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, University of Latvia, Latvia
  • Koroleva, Ilze - Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, University of Latvia, Latvia
  • Gendall, Philip - Department of Communication, Journalism and Marketing, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand
  • Skjåk, Knut K. - Norwegian Social Science Data Services, Bergen, Norway
  • Kolsrud, Kirstine - Norwegian Social Science Data Services, Bergen, Norway
  • Mortensen, Anne K. - Norwegian Social Science Data Services, Bergen, Norway
  • Halvorsen, Knut - Oslo University College, Norway
  • Leiulfsrud, Håkon - Department of Sociology and Political Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim
  • Cichomski, Bogdan - Institute for Social Studies, Warsaw University (ISS UW), Warsaw, Poland
  • Mach, Bogdan W. - Institute of Political Study, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw
  • Social Weather Stations, Quezon City, Philippines
  • Vala, Jorge - Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal
  • Villaverde Cabral, Manuel - Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal
  • Ramos, Alice - Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal
  • Khakhulina, Ludmilla - Levada Center, Moscow, Russia
  • Institute for Public Opinion Research at the Statistical Office of Slovak Republic
  • Institute for Sociology of Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakian Republic
  • Hafner-Fink, Mitja - Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre (CJMMK), University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Toš, Niko - Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre (CJMMK), University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Malnar, Brina - Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre (CJMMK), University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Stebe, Janez - Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre, University of Ljubljana
  • Diez-Nicholas, Juan - ASEP, Madrid, Spain
  • Edlund, Jonas - Department of Sociology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
  • Svallfors, Stefan - Department of Sociology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden
  • Joye, Dominique - University of Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Soziologisches Institut, Universität Zürich
  • Smith, Tom W. - National Opinion Research Center (NORC), Chicago, USA
  • Marsden, Peter V. - National Opinion Research Center (NORC), Chicago, USA
  • Hout, Michael - National Opinion Research Center (NORC), Chicago, USA
  • Davis, James A. - National Opinion Research Center (NORC), USA

Content

AbstractA comprehensive overview on the contents, the structure and basic coding rules of both data files can be found in the following guide: Guide for the ISSP ´Social Inequality´ cumulation of the years 1987,1992, 1999 and 2009 Attitudes to social inequality. Themes: Importance of social background and other factors as prerequisites for personal success in society (wealthy family, well-educated parents, good education, ambitions, natural ability, hard work, knowing the right people, political connections, person´s race and religion, the part of a country a person comes from, gender and political beliefs); chances to increase personal standard of living (social mobility); corruption as criteria for social mobility; importance of differentiated payment; higher payment with acceptance of increased responsibility; higher payment as incentive for additional qualification of workers; avoidability of inequality of society; increased income expectation as motivation for taking up studies; good profits for entrepreneurs as best prerequisite for increase in general standard of living; insufficient solidarity of the average population as reason for the persistence of social inequalities; opinion about own salary: actual occupational earning is adequate; income differences are too large in the respondent´s country; responsibility of government to reduce income differences; government should provide chances for poor children to go to university; jobs for everyone who wants one; government should provide a decent living standard for the unemployed and spend less on benefits for poor people; demand for basic income for all; opinion on taxes for people with high incomes; judgement on total taxation for recipients of high, middle and low incomes; justification of better medical supply and better education for richer people; perception of class conflicts between social groups in the country (poor and rich people, working class and middle class, unemployed and employed people, management and workers, farmers and city people, people at the top of society and people at the bottom, young people and older people); salary criteria (scale: job responsibility, years of education and training, supervising others, needed support for familiy and children, quality of job performance or hard work at the job); feeling of a just payment; perceived and desired social structure of country; self-placement within social structure of society; number of books in the parental home in the respondent´s youth (cultural resources); self-assessment of social class; level of status of respondent´s job compared to father (social mobility); self-employment, employee of a private company or business or government, occupation (ILO, ISCO 1988), type of job of respondent´s father in the respondent´s youth; mother´s occupation (ILO, ISCO 1988) in the respondent´s youth; respondent´s type of job in first and current (last) job; self-employment of respondent´ first job or worked for someone else. Demograpy: sex; age; marital status; steady life partner; education of respondent: years of schooling and highest education level; current employment status; hours worked weekly; occupation (ILO, ISCO 1988); self-employment; supervising function at work; working-type: working for private or public sector or self-employed; if self-employed: number of employees; trade union membership; highest education level of father and mother; education of spouse or partner: years of schooling and highest education level; current employment status of spouse or partner; occupation of spouse or partner (ILO, ISCO 1988); self-employment of spouse or partner; size of household; household composition (children and adults); type of housing; party affiliation (left-right (derived from affiliation to a certain party); party affiliation (derived from question on left-right placement); party preference; participation in last election; perceived position of party voted for on left-right-scale; attendance of religious services; religious main groups (derived); self-placement on a top-bottom scale; region. Additionally coded: several country variables; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • Social Policy
Topics Topics
  • 13.5 Equality and inequality
  • 13 Social stratification and groupings

Methodology

Geographic Coverage
  • Austria (AT)
  • Australia (AU)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Canada (CA)
  • Switzerland (CH)
  • Chile (CL)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Israel (IL)
  • Japan (JP)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Norway (NO)
  • New Zealand (NZ)
  • Philippines (PH)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Russian Federation (RU)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • United States of America (US)
UniverseIn most cases: persons aged 18 and older
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability
Sampling procedures differ for the individual countries: partly simple, partly multi-stage stratified random samples
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Interview
  • Self-administered questionnaire
Mode of interview differs for the individual countries: partly face-to-face interviews (partly CAPI) with standardized questionnaire, partly paper and pencil and postal survey, exceptionally computer assisted web interview (CAWI)
Time Method Time Method
  • Longitudinal
  • Cross-section
Kind of Data Kind of Data
  • Numeric
Data CollectorZA-Study-Nr. 1680 Social Inequality I (ISSP 1987) Australia: Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra; Federal Republic of Germany: GFM-GETAS, Hamburg; Italy: Eurisko, Milano; Great Britain: Social and Community Planning Research, London; USA: National Opinion Research Center (NORC), University of Chicago, Ill.; Austria: IFES, Institut fuer empirische Sozialforschung, Wien; Dr. Fessel & GfK, Institut fuer Marktforschung, Wien; Hungary: TARKI, Budapest; Switzerland: Soziologisches Institut, Universität Zürich; Poland: CBOS; Warsaw. ZA-Study-Nr. 2310 Social Inequality II (ISSP 1992) Australia: NSSS, Research School of Social Sciences, Institute of Advanced Studies, Australian National University, in conjunction with Datacol; Austria: Institute Fessl, GfK, Vienna; Czechoslovakia: STEM (Center for empirical studies); Germany (West): Infratest, Munich; Germany (East): Infratest Burke, Berlin; Hungary: TARKI, Budapest, Hungary; Italy: EURISCO; New Zealand: Department of Marketing; Massey University; Norway: Norwegian Social Science Data Services; Philippines: Social Weather Stations, Inc. (SWS); Russia: VCIOM, Moskow; Slovenia: Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre, University of Ljubljana; Sweden: Statistics; USA: National Opinion Research Center (NORC), University of Chicago; Bulgaria: no information available; Canada: Carleton University, School of Journalism; Great Britain: no information available; Poland: no information available ZA-Study-Nr. 3430 Social Inequality III (ISSP 1999) Australia: Research School of Social Sciences, Institute of Advanced Studies, Australian National University; Datacol, Canberra, Australia; Austria: Institute for Empirical Social Research (IFES), Vienna; Cyprus: Car, Cyprus college; Germany: Infratest, Munich; Poland: Public Opinion Research Center; Russia: VCIOM, Moskow; Slovenia: Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre (CJMMK), Ljubljana; Spain: INTERCAMPO; Sweden: SIFO; USA: National Opinion Research Center (NORC), University of Chicago; Bulgaria: no information available; Canada: Carleton University Survey Center, Ottawa; Chile: Centro de Estudios Públicos (CEP), Santiago; Czech Republic: STEM, Center for Empirical Studies, Prague; France: no information available; Great Britain: National Centre for Social Research (NatCen), London; Hungary: TARKI, Budapest; Israel: no information available; Japan: NHK, Tokyo; Latvia: Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, University of Latvia; New Zealand: Department of Marketing, Massey University, Palmerston North; Norway: Opinion AS; Philippines: Social Weather Stations, Quezon City; Portugal: Instítúto Nacional de Estatistica; Slovakia: no information available ZA-Study-Nr. 5400 Social Inequality VI (ISSP 2009) Australia: Academic Surveys Australia, Black Rock, Melbourne; Austria: Institute for Empirical Social Research (IFES), Vienna; Bulgaria: ProField Data Partners; Chile: ICCOM, Santiago; Cyprus: Center of Applied Research, Cyprus College, Nicosia (field time unknown); Czech Republic: SC&C spol. s r. o.; France: FRANCE-ISSP (Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique, Laboratoire de Sociologie Quantitative), Malakoff; Germany: TNS Infratest, München; Great Britain: National Centre for Social Research (NatCen), London; Hungary: TÁRKI Social Research Institute, Budapest; Israel: B.I. and Lucille Cohen, Institute for public opinion research, Tel Aviv; Italy: Marker S.r.l., Mestre (Venice); Japan: Central Research Services, Tokyo; Latvia: Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, University of Latvia; New Zealand: Department of Communication, Journalism and Marketing, Massey University, Palmerston North; Norway: Statistics Norway; Philippines: Social Weather Stations, Quezon City; Poland: Public Opinion Research Center (CBOS), Warsaw; Portugal: Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa; Russia: Analytic Levada Center (Levada-Center), Moscow; Slovakian Republic: FOCUS, Bratislava; Slovenia: Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre (CJMMK), University of Ljubljana; Spain: INTERCAMPO, Madrid; Sweden: SIFO Research and Consulting, Stockholm; Switzerland: MIS Trend, Lausanne; USA: National Opinion Research Center (NORC), Chicago;
Date of Collection
  • 02.1987 - 01.1988 (Federal Republic of Germany (West): 26. September - 26. October 1987 Great Britain: March - July 1987 USA: February - April 1987 Italy: March - April 1987 Austria: June - July 1988 Australia: November 1987 Hungary: April - May 1987 Netherlands: 15. September - 31. December 1987 Switzerland: 1. October - 15. December 1987 Poland: November 1987 - January 1988)
  • 02.1991 - 07.1993 (Australia: March 1993 - July 1993 Austria: February 1993 - Märch 1993 Bulgaria: 08. March 1993 - 31. March 1993 Canada: 1992 Czechoslovakia: 16. October 1992 - 06. November 1992 Germany: May 1992 - June 1992 Great Britain: June 1992 - September 1992 Hungary: October 1992 Italy: 1992 New Zealand: August 1992 - September 1992 Norway: 12. February 1992 - 15. June 1992 Philippines: 15. November 1992 - 15. December 1992 Poland: 1992 Russia: 26. February 1992 - 19. March 1992)
  • 10.1998 - 09.2001 (Australia: November 1999 - March 2000 Austria: October 2000 - November 2000 Bulgaria: July 1999 - September 1999 Canada: 01. December 1999 - 01. March 2000 Chile: 18. March 2000 - 04. April 2000 Cyprus: 01. July 1999 - 15. September 1999 Czech Republic: 18. January 1999 - 24. February 1999 France: October 1999 Germany: 18. January 2000 - 31. July 2000 Great Britain: June 1999 - November 1999 Hungary: 19. November 1998 - 28. November 1998 Israel: in 1999 (3 months) Japan: 26. November 1999 - 06. December 1999 Latvia: 12. December 1999 - 30. December 1999 New Zealand: 27. May 1999 - 30. August 1999 Northern Ireland: 07. October 1999 - 14. January 2000 Norway: September 1999 - November 1999 Philippines: 27. November 1999 - 15. December 1999 Poland: November 1999 - December 1999 Portugal: May 1999 - June 1999 Russia: 25. March 1999 - 14. April 1999 Slovakia: 11. September 2001 - 24. September 2001 Slovenia: October 1998 Spain: 08. November 1999 - 12. November 1999 Sweden: February 1999 - June 1999 USA: February 2000 - June 2000)
  • 02.12.2009 - 28.02.2010 (Australia)
  • 07.2010 - 09.2010 (Austria)
  • 15.12.2008 - 26.01.2009 (Bulgaria)
  • 14.05.2009 - 03.06.2009 (Chile)
  • 15.09.2008 - 29.09.2008 (Czech Republic)
  • 04.2009 - 07.2009 (France)
  • 08.06.2009 - 16.11.2009 (Great Britain)
  • 05.11.2009 - 21.11.2009 (Hungary)
  • 21.11.2009 - 29.11.2009 (Japan)
  • 12.06.2009 - 06.07.2009 (Latvia)
  • 29.07.2009 - 30.11.2009 (New Zealand)
  • 16.10.2009 - 07.05.2010 (Norway)
  • 01.10.2009 - 04.10.2009 (Philippines)
  • 02.06.2010 - 09.07.2010 (Poland)
  • 06.2009 - 11.2009 (Portugal)
  • 21.09.2009 - 22.10.2009 (Slovakian Republic)
  • 24.03.2009 - 04.06.2009 (Slovenia)
  • 10.11.2009 - 30.11.2009 (Spain)
  • 23.02.2009 - 06.05.2009 (Sweden)
  • 08.02.2008 - 05.09.2009 (Switzerland)
  • 31.05.2010 - 01.11.2010 (Germany)
  • 18.03.2010 - 14.08.2010 (USA)
  • 23.06.2011 - 16.01.2012 (Italy)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2014-5-26 first archive edition https://doi.org/10.4232/1.11911
Errata in current version
DateSubjectDescription
2014-9-30CY_REG and PT_REG: Data errorErroneously, instead for Cyprus (CY_REG) two Portuguese regions were recoded (PT_REG) in 1999. You can fix this with the following syntax: Do if V4=1999. Recode CY_REG (3=2) (2=3) (else=copy). Recode PT_REG (2=3) (3=2) (else=copy). End if. Execute.
2015-1-12ISCO88 (R: Occupation ILO, ISCO 1988 4-digit) - DE 1999: Data revisionFor Germany, variable ´ISCO88´ unintentionally includes information on respondent´s present job only and no information on his last if he is currently not in paid work. A revised variable that includes both information can be provided on request: isspservice(at)gesis(dot)org.
2015-1-15ISCO88 (R: Occupation ILO, ISCO 1988 4-digit), SPISCO88 (S-P: Occupation ILO, ISCO 1988 4-digit) - DE 1992: Data revision Due to more information in the national ALLBUS survey there is a better ISCO88 variable available for respondents and respondents´ spouses and partners. Please contact the ISSP service team: isspservice@gesis.org
2015-1-26V66 (Subjective Social Class) - Switzerland: Data errorDue to a coding error in the original Swiss data of 1987, V66 (Subjective Social Class) needs to be recoded as follows: Do if V7=7561987. Recode V66 (4=5) (5=4) (else=copy). End if. Exe. Category 4 ‘Middle class’ covers 544 cases and category 5 ‘Upper middle class’ 161 cases.
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesFor more detailed information on the individual modules, please have a look at the documentations for: ZA1680 Social Inequality I - ISSP 1987 ZA2310 Social Inequality II - ISSP 1992 ZA3430 Social Inequality III - ISSP 1999 ZA5400 Social Inequality IV - ISSP 2009 The release of the cumulated ISSP ´Social Inequality´ modules for the years 1987, 1992, 1999 and 2009 consists of two separate datasets: ZA5890 and ZA5891. The main dataset ZA5890 contains all the cumulated variables, while the supplementary data file ZA5891 contains those variables that could not be cumulated for various reasons.
Number of Units: 103538
Number of Variables: 134
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata

Publications

Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)

Groups

Research Data Centre
Groups
  •  International Social Survey Programme (ISSP)
    The International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) is a continuing annual program of cross-national survey collaboration, covering a wide range of topics important for social science research. Since 1985 the ISSP provides international data sets, enabling cross-cultural and cross-temporal research.
  • ISSP - Module Topic: Social Inequality
    ‘Social Inequality’ is one of the eleven ISSP topic modules. Central themes are issues, such as attitudes towards income inequality, views on earnings and incomes, legitimation of inequality, career advancement by means of family background and networks, social cleavages and conflict among groups, and the current and past social position.