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ZA6861: Eurobarometer 87.1 (2017)

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Datasets

  • ZA6861_v1-2-0.dta (Dataset Stata) 26 MBytes
  • ZA6861_v1-2-0.sav (Dataset SPSS) 25 MBytes

Questionnaires

  • ZA6861_bq.pdf (Questionnaire) 733 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_at.pdf (Questionnaire) 234 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_be-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 239 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_be-nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 237 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 232 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_cy.pdf (Questionnaire) 236 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 232 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_de.pdf (Questionnaire) 237 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_dk.pdf (Questionnaire) 223 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_ee-ee.pdf (Questionnaire) 218 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_ee-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 237 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_es-ca.pdf (Questionnaire) 225 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_es-es.pdf (Questionnaire) 227 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_fi-fi.pdf (Questionnaire) 222 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_fi-se.pdf (Questionnaire) 223 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 234 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_gb.pdf (Questionnaire) 220 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_gr.pdf (Questionnaire) 235 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_hr.pdf (Questionnaire) 222 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 229 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_ie.pdf (Questionnaire) 219 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_it.pdf (Questionnaire) 222 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_lt.pdf (Questionnaire) 226 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_lu-de.pdf (Questionnaire) 239 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_lu-fr.pdf (Questionnaire) 233 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_lu-lu.pdf (Questionnaire) 231 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_lv-lv.pdf (Questionnaire) 226 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_lv-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 240 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_mt-en.pdf (Questionnaire) 220 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_mt-mt.pdf (Questionnaire) 224 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_nl.pdf (Questionnaire) 230 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 234 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_pt.pdf (Questionnaire) 226 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_ro.pdf (Questionnaire) 230 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_se.pdf (Questionnaire) 221 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 222 KBytes
  • ZA6861_q_sk.pdf (Questionnaire) 237 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA6861_readme.pdf (Other Document) 37 KBytes
ZACAT online analysis and search in variable level documentation:
Eurobarometer 87.1 (March 2017): Two years until the 2019 European elections, Attitudes of Europeans towards tobacco and electronic cigarettes, Climate change, Attitudes towards the impact of digitisation and automation on daily life, Coach services
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission and European Parliament, Brussels (2017): Eurobarometer 87.1 (2017). TNS opinion, Brussels [producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA6861 Data file Version 1.2.0, https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12922
Study No.ZA6861
TitleEurobarometer 87.1 (2017)
Other Titles
  • Two years until the 2019 European elections, Attitudes of Europeans towards tobacco and electronic cigarettes, Climate change, Attitudes towards the impact of digitisation and automation on daily life, Coach services (Subtitle)
Current Version1.2.0, 2017-11-15, https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12922
Date of Collection18.03.2017 - 27.03.2017
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication, COMM.A.1 ´Strategic Communication´
  • European Parliament, Directorate-General for Communication, Public Opinion Monitoring Unit

Content

AbstractSince the early 1970s the European Commission´s Standard & Special Eurobarometer are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries. Principal investigators are the Directorate-General Communication and on occasion other departments of the European Commission or the European Parliament. Over time, candidate and accession countries were included in the Standard Eurobarometer Series. Selected questions or modules may not have been surveyed in each sample. Please consult the basic questionnaire for more information on country filter instructions or other questionnaire routing filters. In this study the following modules are included: 1. Two years until the 2019 European elections, 2. Attitudes of Europeans towards tobacco and electronic cigarettes, 3. Climate change, 4. Attitudes towards the impact of digitisation and automation on daily life, 5. Coach services. Topics: 1. Two years until the 2019 European elections: appropriateness of current EU actions and preferred level of intervention in the fields of: economic policy, foreign policy, fight against unemployment, health and social security, migration, environmental protection, fight against terrorism, security and defence policy, equal treatment of men and women, agriculture, promotion of democracy and peace in the world, energy supply and security, fight against tax fraud, protection of external borders, industrial policy; preference for enhancing common European policy in important areas on instigation of only some member states or by all of them (two speed Europe); preference for national or for joint action on EU level to represent own country’s interests best with regard to: election of Donald Trump, increasing influence of Russia, increasing influence of China, Brexit, growing instability in the Arab-Muslim world; level of interest in European affairs; policy areas respondent desires additional information on; things that bring citizens of different EU member states together are more important than things that separate; feeling of attachment towards: own city, own region, own country, European Union; assessment of the own country’s membership in the EU as a good thing; knowledge test on the EU: election of the President of the European Commission by the European Parliament, joint agreements on laws on EU level by European Parliament and member states, equal number of MEPs of each member state; most effective ways of political participation in the EU; own voice counts in the EU and in the own country, own country´s voice counts in the EU; expected involvement of citizens in European affairs in ten years; satisfaction with the democracy in the own country and in the EU; importance of the inequality between different social classes in the own country; expected importance in five years; assessment of the economic development in the own country. 2. Attitudes of Europeans towards tobacco and electronic cigarettes: smoking status; age at starting smoking regularly; smoking experiences (only non-smokers); age at stopping smoking; current and past consumption frequency of selected tobacco products: boxed cigarettes, hand-rolled cigarettes, cigarillos, cigars, pipe; daily consumption of cigarettes; smoking of cigarettes with one of the following characteristics: menthol flavour, other flavour, slim, light, additive-free or organic; consumption frequency of water pipe and oral tobacco; applicability of selected attributes to slim cigarettes: help lose weight, attractive, easier to smoke, less harmful; assessment of the harmfulness of electronic cigarettes; frequency of the perception of advertisements for electronic smoking devices in the past twelve months in the own country; personal use of e-cigarettes or other electronic smoking devices; frequency of using electronic smoking devices; preferred e-cigarette liquid flavours: tobacco, menthol or mint, fruit, candy, alcohol, other; most important factors with regard to start using e-cigarettes; impact of using electronic smoking devices on tobacco smoking; first used smoking product; presence of smokers at the last visit in a bar or a restaurant; attempt to quit smoking; measures taken in order to quit smoking: nicotine replacement medications, electronic smoking device, oral tobacco chewing or nasal tobacco, medical support or quit line services, no assistance; attitude towards selected measures: keeping tobacco products in shops out of sight, packets without colours, logos, and advertising elements (plain packaging), banning the use of e-cigarettes in environments where smoking is prohibited, banning flavours. 3. Climate change: most important problems facing the world as a whole at the moment; assessment of the seriousness of the problem of climate change; responsible bodies for tackling climate change: national governments, European Union, regional and local authorities, business and industry, citizens, environmental groups; attitude towards the following statements: fighting climate change and more efficient use of energy can boost economy and jobs in the EU, promoting EU expertise in new clean technologies to countries outside the EU can benefit the EU economically, reducing fossil fuel imports from outside the EU can benefit the EU economically, reducing fossil fuel imports from outside the EU can increase the security of EU energy supplies, more public support should be given to the transition to clean energies; personal actions taken in the last six months to fight climate change and kind of actions; importance of the national government setting targets to increase the amount of renewable energy by 2030; importance of the national government providing support for improving energy efficiency by 2030. 4. Attitudes towards the impact of digitisation and automation on daily life: impact of most recent digital technologies on: economy, society, personal quality of life; impact of selected aspects on the willingness to increase the use of the most recent digital technologies: more widespread use of tools that improve trust and reputation, faster and more reliable internet connection, more widespread use of technologies to secure online services, more public services online; most effective actors in addressing the impact of the aforementioned technologies: companies, national public authorities, European Union, other; self-rated skills with regard to the use of these technologies: in daily life, on the current job, on a future job, using online public services, benefitting from digital and online learning opportunities; criteria for the trustworthiness of stories in online social networks; use of fact checking websites; personal idea of robots; use of robots at home or work; awareness of artificial intelligence in the last twelve months; attitude towards robots and artificial intelligence; assessment of the practicability of own current working tasks by robots or artificial intelligence in the future; approval of the following statements on robots: promote job destruction, are a good thing for society, are a form of technology that requires careful management, are necessary for doing jobs that are too hard or too dangerous for humans, EU is ahead of other world regions with regard to digital transformation of industry, steal people’s jobs; discomfort with regard to selected tasks being done by robots: medical operations, assistance in working tasks, provision of services and companionship to elderly or infirm people, receiving goods delivered by drones or robots, being driven in driverless cars; desire to have online access to personal medical health records; willingness to give access to personal health data; frequency of using online health and care services in the last twelve months; measures taken with regard to security and privacy issues when using the internet in the last three years; importance of security and privacy features with regard to buying IT products. 5. Coach services: frequency of using coach services to travel to: locations in the own country, locations in another country; assessment of coach services; attitude towards coach services; main purposes of the trips done; assessment of selected aspects with regard to coach services: frequency, punctuality and reliability, availability of integrated tickets, fares and ease of purchasing tickets, feeling of safety, connection with other modes of public transport, travel comfort; reasons for using coach services; preconditions for using coach services more often. Demography: nationality; sex; age; occupation; professional position; internet use (at home, at work, at school); left-right self-placement; marital status; age at end of education; type of community; household composition and household size; own a mobile phone and fixed (landline) phone; possession of durable goods (entertainment electronics, internet connection, possession of a car, a flat/a house have finished paying for or still paying for); financial difficulties during the last year; self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society; life satisfaction; frequency of discussions about political matters on national, European, and local level; general direction things are going in the own country and in the EU; EU image. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; region; language of the interview; nation group; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Political Issues
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Patterns of Consumption
  • Natural Environment, Nature
  • Branches of Economy, Services and Transport
  • Medicine
Topics Topics
  • 11 Politics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 7.1 Drug abuse, alcohol and smoking
  • 16 Natural environment
  • 9.1 Information society
  • 1 Labour and employment
  • 15 Transport, travel and mobility
  • 18 Science and technology

Methodology

Geographic Coverage
  • Austria (AT)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
UniversePopulation of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in each of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Face-to-face interview Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data Collector TNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic; TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark; TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany; TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland; TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece; TNS Spain, Madrid, Spain; TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France; TNS Italia, Milan, Italy; CYMAR, Nicosia, Cyprus; TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania; TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; ipr Umfrageforschung, Vienna, Austria; TNS Polska, Warsaw, Poland; TNS Portugal, Lisbon, Portugal; TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania; Mediana, Ljubljana, Slovenia; TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland; TNS Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden; TNS UK, London, United Kingdom; HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia; TNS opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 18.03.2017 - 27.03.2017 (total)
  • 18.03.2017 - 27.03.2017 (Belgium)
  • 18.03.2017 - 27.03.2017 (Bulgaria)
  • 18.03.2017 - 27.03.2017 (Czech Republic)
  • 18.03.2017 - 27.03.2017 (Denmark)
  • 18.03.2017 - 27.03.2017 (Germany)
  • 18.03.2017 - 27.03.2017 (Estonia)
  • 18.03.2017 - 27.03.2017 (Ireland)
  • 18.03.2017 - 27.03.2017 (Greece)
  • 18.03.2017 - 27.03.2017 (Spain)
  • 18.03.2017 - 27.03.2017 (France)
  • 18.03.2017 - 25.03.2017 (Croatia)
  • 18.03.2017 - 25.03.2017 (Italy)
  • 18.03.2017 - 27.03.2017 (Republic of Cyprus)
  • 18.03.2017 - 27.03.2017 (Latvia)
  • 18.03.2017 - 25.03.2017 (Lithuania)
  • 18.03.2017 - 26.03.2017 (Luxembourg)
  • 18.03.2017 - 27.03.2017 (Hungary)
  • 18.03.2017 - 27.03.2017 (Malta)
  • 18.03.2017 - 27.03.2017 (Netherlands)
  • 18.03.2017 - 27.03.2017 (Austria)
  • 18.03.2017 - 27.03.2017 (Poland)
  • 18.03.2017 - 26.03.2017 (Portugal)
  • 18.03.2017 - 27.03.2017 (Romania)
  • 18.03.2017 - 27.03.2017 (Slovenia)
  • 18.03.2017 - 26.03.2017 (Slovakia)
  • 18.03.2017 - 27.03.2017 (Finland)
  • 18.03.2017 - 27.03.2017 (Sweden)
  • 18.03.2017 - 27.03.2017 (United Kingdom)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.2.0 (current version)2017-11-15 Pre-Release update https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12922
1.1.02017-11-2 Pre-Release update https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12915
1.0.02017-10-27 Pre-Release https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12909
Errata in current version
none
Version changes
Changes between version 1.2.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2017-11-15w3a_w4aWeighting variable w3a_w4a is erroneous for the United Kingdom and should not be used without correction. A patch syntax to reproduce the adequate country weights is available following this link: https://www.gesis.org/eurobarometer-data-service/survey-series/standard-special-eb/weighting-overview/ The variable will be corrected with the next update.2017-11-15Weighting variable w3a_w4a corrected.
Changes between version 1.0.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2017-11-2d1 d7 d8 d15a d63 qc1a qc2 qd3t qd13_1 to qd13_5 p1 p3 qb20_1 to qb20_4 qc1t.1 to qc1t.11 qc2r to qd4_5 qd7_1 to qd10 qd12_1 to qd12_6 qd14 to qd16 qe1_1 qe1_2 qe2tNumerous missing value definitions have been assigned erroneously. The variables will be corrected with the next update.2017-11-2The variables were corrected.

Further Remarks

NotesQuestion module QA ‘Two years until the 2019 European elections’ was implemented on behalf of and financed by the European Parliament. It partly replicates questions formerly asked in the framework of Eurobarometer 86.1 (ZA6697) and 84.1 (ZA6596). Question module QB ‘Attitudes of Europeans towards tobacco and electronic cigarettes’ is partly based on questions asked in the context of the corresponding module surveyed in the framework of Eurobarometer 82.4 (ZA5933). Question module QC ‘Climate change’ is partly based on questions asked in the context of the corresponding module surveyed in the framework of Eurobarometer 83.4 (ZA6595). Question module QD ‘Attitudes towards the impact of digitisation and automation on daily life’ is partly based on questions asked in the context of the corresponding module surveyed in the framework of Eurobarometer 82.4 (ZA5933). Question module QE ‘Coach services’ was newly introduced. 69 respondents from BE indicate that they trust stories published on online social networks (coded 1 (Mentioned) in qd5.1 to qd5.5), and at the same are coded 1 (Mentioned) in qd5.6 (“ONLINE SOC NETWORKS STORY TRUST: GENERALLY DO NOT TRUST”) even though code 6 was specified as exclusive in the questionnaire. 70 respondents from PT are coded missing in qb4b (“SMOKING HABITS FORMERLY: …”) due to a translation problem. This also affects qb5b (“SMOKING HABITS FORMERLY: CIGARETTES PER DAY”) and qb6b (“CIGARETTE CHARS FORMERLY: …”). Please note the undocumented filter for variables qd6 (FACT CHECKING WEBSITE USE): Data is available only for respondents that report online social network usage in d62_5 (INTERNET USE FREQ: ONLINE SOC NETWORKS). Please note the undocumented filter for variables qd17 (CYBER SECURITY ACTION LAST 3YRS) and qd18 (BUYING IT PRODUCTS: ROLE OF SECURITY/PRIVACY): Data is available only for respondents that report internet usage in d62 (INTERNET USE FREQ). No data are available for protocol items p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number), p10 (interviewer number) and p11.
Number of Units: 27901
Number of Variables: 656
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata

Publications

Publications
  • European Parliament: European Parliament Special Eurobarometer (EB 87.1): Two years until the 2019 European elections. Conducted by TNS opinion at the request of the European Parliament and co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication. Brussels, April 2017. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/atyourservice/en/20170426PVL00115/Two-years-until-the-2019-European-Elections
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 457. Coach services. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of Directorate-General for Mobility and Transport. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ´Strategic Communication´ Unit). Brussels, August 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.2832/81053
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 458. Attitudes of Europeans towards tobacco and electronic cigarettes. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ´Strategic Communication´ Unit). Brussels, May 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.2875/804491
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 459. Climate change. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of Directorate-General for Climate Action. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ´Strategic Communication´ Unit). Brussels, September 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.2834/92702
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 460. Attitudes towards the impact of digitisation and automation on daily life. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of Directorate-General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ´Strategic Communication´ Unit). Brussels, May 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.2759/835661
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)

Groups

Research Data Centre
Groups
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.