GESIS - DBK - ZA2474

ZA2474: Central and Eastern Eurobarometer 4 (Political and Economic Change)

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List of Files

List of Files


  • ZA2474.dta (Dataset Stata) 2 MBytes
  • ZA2474.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 3 MBytes
  • ZA2474.sav (Dataset SPSS) 3 MBytes


  • ZA2474_bq_en.pdf (Questionnaire) 911 KBytes
  • ZA2474_q_al.pdf (Questionnaire) 353 KBytes
  • ZA2474_q_am.pdf (Questionnaire) 377 KBytes
  • ZA2474_q_bg.pdf (Questionnaire) 380 KBytes
  • ZA2474_q_by.pdf (Questionnaire) 153 KBytes
  • ZA2474_q_cz.pdf (Questionnaire) 166 KBytes
  • ZA2474_q_ee.pdf (Questionnaire) 94 KBytes
  • ZA2474_q_hu.pdf (Questionnaire) 711 KBytes
  • ZA2474_q_lt-lt.pdf (Questionnaire) 578 KBytes
  • ZA2474_q_lt-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 705 KBytes
  • ZA2474_q_lv-lv.pdf (Questionnaire) 191 KBytes
  • ZA2474_q_lv-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 212 KBytes
  • ZA2474_q_mk.pdf (Questionnaire) 295 KBytes
  • ZA2474_q_pl.pdf (Questionnaire) 253 KBytes
  • ZA2474_q_ro.pdf (Questionnaire) 128 KBytes
  • ZA2474_q_si.pdf (Questionnaire) 69 KBytes
  • ZA2474_q_sk.pdf (Questionnaire) 126 KBytes
  • ZA2474_q_ua-ru.pdf (Questionnaire) 152 KBytes
  • ZA2474_q_ua-ua.pdf (Questionnaire) 133 KBytes


  • ZA2474_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 50 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA2474_r.pdf (Report) 3 MBytes
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Central and Eastern Eurobarometer 4 (Political and Economic Change)
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission (1994): Central and Eastern Eurobarometer 4 (Political and Economic Change). GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA2474 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA2474
TitleCentral and Eastern Eurobarometer 4 (Political and Economic Change)
Current Version1.0.0, 2010-4-13, (Publication Year 1994)
Date of Collection05.10.1993 - 05.12.1993
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Reif, Karlheinz - Commission of the European Community, Brussels
  • Cunningham, George - Commission of the European Community, Brussels


AbstractAssessment of the political and economic situation of the country. Attitude to the European Community. Topics: Judgement on general development of the country; judgement on the financial development of the household in the last year and expectations here for the next year; attitude to the free market economy; judgement on the speed of economic reforms as well as of privatization of public companies; satisfaction with the development of democracy in the country; assessment of the extent of respect for human rights in one´s country; attitude to the goals and activities of the European Community; designation of the country with which the future of one´s own country will be most closely tied; religiousness; frequency of conducting religious activities; ethnic origin; self-classification on a left-right continuum; feeling as a European; intent to participate in the election; party preference. Also encoded were: region; city size; date of interview; time of start of interview; presence of other persons during interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate.
  • International politics and organisations
  • Government, political systems and organisations
  • Economic conditions and indicators
  • Economic systems and development
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 17.4 Economic conditions and indicators
  • 17.6 Economic systems and development


Geographic Coverage
  • Albania (AL)
  • Armenia (AM)
  • Belarus (BY)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • North Macedonia (MK)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Russian Federation (RU)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Ukraine (UA)
UniversePersons 15 years old and older
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Multi-stage stratified random sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data CollectorBritalb, Tirana, Albania; Department of Sociology, Yerevan State University, Yerevan, Armenia; Balkan British Social Surveys, Sofia, Bulgaria; NOVAK, Minsk, Belarus; AISA, Prag, Czechoslovakia; SAAR POLL, Tallin, Estonia; Modus, Budapest, Hungary; Latvijas Fakti, Riga, Latvia; Baltic Surveys, Vilnius, Lithuania; BRIMA Skopje, Skopje, Macedonia; Pentor, Warszawa, Poland; SCOP-SRL, Bucharest, Romania; ROMIR, Moscow, Russia; GRAL Marketing, Ljubljana, Slovenia; SOCIS, Institute of Sociology, Ukranian Academy of Sciences, Kiev, Ukraine
Date of Collection
  • 25.11.1993 - 05.12.1993 (Albania)
  • 02.11.1993 - 25.11.1993 (Armenia)
  • 06.11.1993 - 27.11.1993 (Belarus)
  • 05.10.1993 - 13.11.1993 (Bulgaria)
  • 04.11.1993 - 23.11.1993 (Czech Republic)
  • 04.11.1993 - 11.11.1993 (Estonia)
  • 05.10.1993 - 14.11.1993 (Hungary)
  • 17.11.1993 - 27.11.1993 (Latvia)
  • 10.11.1993 - 17.11.1993 (Lithuania)
  • 15.11.1993 - 23.11.1993 (Macedonia (FYROM))
  • 13.11.1993 - 18.11.1993 (Poland)
  • 13.11.1993 - 25.11.1993 (Romania)
  • 01.11.1993 - 14.11.1993 (Russian Federation)
  • 05.11.1993 - 18.11.1993 (Slovakia)
  • 25.11.1993 - 29.11.1993 (Slovenia)
  • 17.11.1993 - 5.12.1993 (Ukraine)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesThe 16716 cases of the data set are distributed among the individual countries as follows: Albania 1054 cases, Armenien 1000 cases, Bulgaria 1198 cases, Czech Republic 817 cases, Estonia 1011 cases, Hungary 972 cases, Latvia 992 cases, Lithuania 1020 cases, Macedonia 1002 cases, Poland 1097 cases, Romania 1176 cases, Russia (European) 1377 cases, Slovakia 684 cases, Slovenia 1000 cases, Ukraine 1171 cases, Belorussia 1143 cases. The data set described here contains the data of all participating countries in a cumulated form. The cumulated data set of Eurobarometer 2 is archived under ZA Study No. 2251, the cumulated data set of Eurobarometer 3 for Central and Eastern Europe under 2321. Due to differing survey topics the East Eurobarometer 1 was not cumulated and is archived separately for the individual countries under ZA Study Nos. 2252 to 2260.
Number of Units: 16716
Number of Variables: 85
Data Type: Einfachlochung
Analysis System(s): SPSS


  • Europäische Kommission (Hrsg.): Central and Eastern Eurobarometer No. 4: Public Opinion about the European Community. Brüssel: Selbstverlag 1994.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Central and Eastern Eurobarometer
    The Central and Eastern Eurobarometer were conducted on the behalf of the European Commision after the fall of the ´iron curtain´, between 1990 and 1997, in order to monitor the economic and political transition as well as attitudes towards Europe and the European Union in Central and Eastern Europe. For this purpose, representative national samples have annually been drawn in up to 20 countries of the region, covering future applicant or candidate countries and selected former Soviet Republics (CIS). Respondents were interviewed face-to-face in the respective national language. The standard sample size is 1000 respondents per country.