GESIS - DBK - ZA4728

ZA4728: Flash Eurobarometer 196 (Observatory)

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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation European Commission (2011): Flash Eurobarometer 196 (Observatory). The GALLUP Organisation, Brussels. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA4728 Data file Version 1.0.1,
Study No.ZA4728
TitleFlash Eurobarometer 196 (Observatory)
Current Version1.0.1, 2011-5-12,
Date of Collection17.11.2006 - 03.01.2007
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Papacostas, Antonis - European Commission, Brussels DG Communication, Public Opinion Analysis Sector


AbstractAttitudes of small and medium-sized enterprises on business performance, globalisation, competition, innovation, and labour market. Topics: 1. Information about the company: independent or part of national or international group, number of employees in 2005 and 2006, expected development of the number of employees in 2007; main activity of the company; total turnover in 2005; expected turnover in 2006; expected development of turnover in 2007; belonging to crafts sector. 2. Constraints on business performance: encountered problems in the last two years: limited access to finance, too expensive labour force, lack of skilled labour, problems with implementing new technology, problems with implementing new organisational forms, lack of quality management, problems with administrative regulations, infrastructure, customers’ purchasing power; development of encountered problems in the last two years; assumed causes for decreased constraints due to regulations; appropriateness of governmental regulations for businesses; number of working days spent this year to comply with information requirements contained in legislation; importance of each of the following issues for the enterprise’s ability to do business in the European Union: no more border controls, same currency in all member states, hire workers from other EU countries, single market legislation; benefit for own enterprise due to replacement of national regulations by EU standards. 3. Globalisation: turnover generated by exports in 2005; expected turnover from exports in 2006 and 2007; expected increase of exports in 2007 compared to 2006 (in percent); main country of destination for exports; main obstacles to exporting; percentage of inputs purchased abroad; percentage of total turnover created in: foreign subsidiaries, joint ventures abroad; countries with subsidiaries or retail outlets; reasons for having subsidiaries or joint ventures abroad; impact of foreign subsidiaries or joint ventures on employment in the own country. 4. Competition: development of competition within the enterprise’s markets; enterprise’s reactions to tighter competition; annual amount of marketing costs. 5. Innovation: percentage of the company’s turnover due to innovative goods and services introduced in the last two years; main obstacles for innovation activities in the last two years; use of environmental management system or similar. 6. Labour market: geographic origin of existing labour force: enterprise’s region, from own country but other region, other EU countries, non-EU countries; main approach of recruiting specialized personnel: public labour market institutions, private labour market institutions, newspaper, private contacts, spontaneous applications; main recruiting problem; job vacancies in 2006 not filled in; educational attainment level of employees (in percent): postgraduate exam, higher education institution diploma, final secondary school exam. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; language of the interview; interviewer ID; country; date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; region; NACE-Code; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • Branches of Economy, Services and Transport
  • Work and Industry
Topics Topics
  • 8.2 Business/industrial management and organisation
  • 17.6 Economic systems and development


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Iceland (IS)
UniverseEnterprises from the member states of EU25, Bulgaria, Romania, Turkey, Norway, and Iceland in the following size classes: micro firms (1 - 9 persons employed), small firms (10 - 49 persons employed), medium-sized firms (50 - 249 persons employed) and large scale firms (250 and more persons employed)
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Probability Sample: Stratified Sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Telephone interview
Data CollectorGALLUP EUROPE, Brussels, Belgium; FOCUS AGENCY, Prague, Czech Republic; HERMELIN, Copenhagen, Denmark; IFAK, Taunusstein, Germany; SAAR POLL, Tallinn, Estonia; METRON ANALYSIS, Athens, Greece; GALLUP SPAIN, Madrid, Spain; EFFICIENCE3, Reims, France; GALLUP UK, London, United Kingdom; CYMAR, Nikosia, Cyprus; DEMOSKOPEA, Rome, Italy; LATVIAN FACTS, Riga, Latvia; BALTIC SURVEY, Vilnius, Lithuania; GALLUP EUROPE, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; GALLUP HUNGARY, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO, Valletta, Malta; TELDER, Al Leusten, Netherlands; SPECTRA, Linz, Austria; GALLUP POLAND, Warsaw, Poland; CONSULMARK, Lisbon, Portugal; VALICON (Cati d.o.o.), Ljubljana, Slovenia; FOCUS AGENCY, Bratislava, Slovakia; HERMELIN, Norrköping, Sweden; HERMELIN, Pori, Finland; VITOSHA, Sofia, Bulgaria; GALLUP ROMANIA, Bucharest, Romania; KONSENSUS, Istanbul, Turkey; FIELDWORK SCANDINAVIA, Oslo, Norway; IGM, Iceland; The Gallup Organisation, Hungary (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 17.11.2006 - 03.01.2007 (total)
  • 24.11.2006 - 13.12.2006 (Belgium)
  • 22.11.2006 - 13.12.2006 (Czech Republic)
  • 21.11.2006 - 04.12.2006 (Denmark)
  • 22.11.2006 - 02.01.2007 (Germany)
  • 28.11.2006 - 08.12.2006 (Estonia)
  • 22.11.2006 - 20.12.2006 (Greece)
  • 23.11.2006 - 21.12.2006 (Spain)
  • 28.11.2006 - 12.12.2006 (France)
  • 22.11.2006 - 07.12.2006 (Ireland)
  • 21.11.2006 - 07.12.2006 (Italy)
  • 21.11.2006 - 30.11.2006 (Cyprus)
  • 21.11.2006 - 05.12.2006 (Latvia)
  • 22.11.2006 - 12.12.2006 (Lithuania)
  • 27.11.2006 - 03.01.2007 (Luxembourg)
  • 21.11.2006 - 11.12.2006 (Hungary)
  • 22.11.2006 - 04.12.2006 (Malta)
  • 29.11.2006 - 27.12.2006 (Netherlands)
  • 21.11.2006 - 04.12.2006 (Austria)
  • 22.11.2006 - 07.12.2006 (Poland)
  • 22.11.2006 - 11.12.2006 (Portugal)
  • 21.11.2006 - 12.12.2006 (Slovenia)
  • 21.11.2006 - 14.12.2006 (Slovakia)
  • 21.11.2006 - 13.12.2006 (Finland)
  • 21.11.2006 - 04.12.2006 (Sweden)
  • 22.11.2006 - 08.12.2006 (United Kingdom)
  • 22.11.2006 - 08.12.2006 (Bulgaria)
  • 21.11.2006 - 12.12.2006 (Romania)
  • 24.11.2006 - 08.12.2006 (Turkey)
  • 17.11.2006 - 30.11.2006 (Norway)
  • 29.11.2006 - 15.12.2006 (Iceland)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.1 (current version)2011-5-12 Archive Release
1.0.02010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

Number of Units: 17283
Number of Variables: 138
Analysis System(s): SPSS


  • European Commission; The Gallup Organization: Observatory of European SMEs. Brussels: European Commission May 2007
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
  •  EB - Flash Eurobarometer
    The Flash Eurobarometer were launched by the European Commission in the late eighties, turning out a Monthly Monitor between in 1994 and 1995. These “small scale” surveys are conducted in all EU member states at times, occasionally reducing or enlarging the scope of countries as a function of specific topics. The typical sample size is 500-1000 respondents per country and interviews are usually conducted by phone in the respective national language. The Flash Eurobarometer include series on special topics (Common Currency, EU Enlargement, Information Society, Entrepreneurship, Innovation) as well as special target group polls, particularly company managers with enterprise related topics.
  • Flash Eurobarometer - Manager samples and enterprise issues