GESIS - DBK - ZA5928
 

ZA5928: Eurobarometer 81.4 (2014)

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Eurobarometer 81.4 (May-June 2014): Europe 2020, Financial and Economic Crisis, European Citizenship, and Living Conditions
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation    European Commission, Brussels (2018): Eurobarometer 81.4 (2014). TNS opinion, Brussels [producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA5928 Data file Version 3.0.0, https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12956
Study No.ZA5928
TitleEurobarometer 81.4 (2014)
Other Titles
  • Standard Eurobarometer 81 (Alternative Title)
  • Europe 2020, Financial and Economic Crisis, European Citizenship, and Living Conditions (Subtitle)
Current Version3.0.0, 2018-1-4, https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12956
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR36660.v1, v1.0.0
Date of Collection31.05.2014 - 14.06.2014
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication COMM.A.1 ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´

Content

AbstractAttitudes towards the EU. Europe 2020. European economy. European citizenship. Social reality in Europe. Topics: 1. Attitudes towards the EU: life satisfaction; assessment of the current situation in the following areas: national economy, European economy, personal job situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, quality of life in the own country, quality of life in the EU; expectations for the next twelve months regarding: personal life in general, national economic situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, personal job situation, economic situation in the EU; most important problems in the own country, personally, and in the EU; assessment of the own country’s assumed membership in the EU as a good thing (not in EU28 and CY); trust in selected institutions: political parties, national government (not in CY), national parliament (not in CY), European Union, United Nations, regional or local public authorities; image of the EU; meaning of the EU to the respondent; most suitable attributes for describing the EU: modern, democratic, protective, efficient, bureaucratic, remote; approval of the following statements on the EU (only in EU28): creates conditions for more jobs in Europe, is responsible for austerity in Europe, makes doing business easier in Europe, generates too much bureaucracy, will emerge fairer from the crisis, makes the financial sector behave more responsibly, makes the cost of living cheaper in Europe, makes quality of life better in Europe, helps tackle global threats and challenges, helps protect its citizens, needs a clearer message; knowledge of and trust in selected institutions (only in EU28): European Parliament, European Commission, European Central Bank; knowledge test on the EU: number of member states, direct election of the members of the European Parliament by the citizens of each member state, Switzerland is a member of the EU; attitude towards the following issues: European economic and monetary union with one single currency, common foreign policy of all member states (only in EU28), further enlargement, common defence and security policy (only in EU28); satisfaction with the democracy in the own country and in the EU (only in EU28); approval of the following statements: respondent understands how the EU works, globalisation as an opportunity for economic growth, better development of the own country outside the EU (only in EU28, not in CY), further development into federation of nation states (only in EU28, not in CY), more decisions to be taken at EU level (only in EU28, not in CY), need for a united Europe (only in EU28, not in CY); current and prioritized main objective in building Europe; optimism about the future of the EU (only in EU28). 2. Europe 2020 (only in EU28): likelihood to reach the following objectives by 2020: three quarters of people between 20 and 64 years of age having a job, share of funds invested in research and development reaching 3% of the wealth produced in the EU each year, reduction of EU greenhouse gas emissions by at least 20% (compared to 1990), increase of the share of renewable energy in the EU by 20%, increase of energy efficiency in the EU by 20%, reduction of the share of young people leaving school without qualifications to 10%, at least 40% of the people aged 30 to 34 having a higher education degree or diploma, reduction of the number of people living below the poverty line by a quarter; EU is going in the right direction to exit the crisis and face new global challenges. 3. European economy: impact of the economic crisis on the job market has already reached its peak; most effective institution to fight the effects of the financial and economic crisis: national government, EU, United States, G20, International Monetary Fund; approval of the following statements (only in EU28): own country needs reforms to face the future, EU member states should increase cooperation to tackle financial and economic crisis, measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country cannot be delayed, measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country are not a priority for now, EU has sufficient power and tools to defend its economic interests globally; assessment of the effectiveness of selected measures to tackle the current financial and economic crisis (only in EU28): more important role for the EU in regulating financial services, EU approval in advance of member states’ government budgets, fines for governments spending or borrowing too much, central supervision of banking system at EU level; approval of introducing a tax on financial transactions or Eurobonds (only in EU28). 4. European citizenship (only in EU28): approval of the following statements: feeling of being a citizen of the EU, knowledge of the rights of EU citizens, desire for more information on the rights of EU citizens; desired additional information on citizens’ rights; feeling of national and / or European identity; most positive results of the EU; personal benefit from the following EU achievements: reduced border controls, improved consumer rights when shopping in another EU country, cheaper calls when using a mobile phone in another EU country, receiving medical assistance in another EU country, strengthened rights of air transport passengers, working, living, or studying in another EU country, less expensive flights and wider choice of airlines; most important factors for creating a feeling of community among EU citizens; values that best represent the EU. 5. Social reality in Europe: satisfaction with selected issues of daily life: own house or flat, quality of life in residential area, own standard of living, own state of health, time for personal interests; most important things for getting ahead in life (only in EU28 and CY); applicability of the following to the national social welfare system: provides wide enough coverage, could serve as a model for other countries, too expensive for national society (only in EU28); feeling of safety in residential area; approval of the following statements: feeling to be left out of society, feeling of being looked down upon because of income or job situation, risk of falling into poverty; preferred statement: anyone is at risk of poverty at some time in their lives, risk of poverty is confined to certain groups of people. Demography: nationality; general direction things are going in the own country and in the EU; own voice counts in the own country and in the EU; left-right self-placement; marital status; age at end of education; sex; age; occupation; professional position; type of community; household composition and household size; possession of durable goods (entertainment electronics, Internet connection, possession of a car, a flat / a house have finished paying for or still paying for); financial difficulties during the last year; self-rated social position (scale); internet use (at home, at work, at school); self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society; frequency of political discussions about local, national, and European matters with friends and relatives. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; questionnaire split; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; region; language of the interview; nation group; weighting factor.
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Economic Policy, National Economic Situation
  • Society, Culture
  • Political Issues
Topics Topics
  • 5.4 Cultural and national identity
  • 11 Politics
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 17 Economics
  • 17.4 Economic conditions and indicators
  • 17.6 Economic systems and development
  • 17.5 Economic policy

Methodology

Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of (MK)
  • Iceland (IS)
  • Montenegro (ME)
  • Serbia (RS)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
Universe Population of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in each of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over. The survey has also been conducted in the five candidate countries (Turkey, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Iceland, Montenegro and Serbia) and in the Turkish Cypriot Community. In these countries, the survey covers the national population of citizens and the population of citizens of all the European Union Member States that are residents in these countries and have a sufficient command of the national languages to answer the questionnaire.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Face-to-face interview Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data CollectorTNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic; TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark; TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany; TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland; TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece; TNS Spain, Madrid, Spain; TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France; TNS Italia, Milan, Italy; CYMAR Market Research , Nicosia, Cyprus; TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania; TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; ipr Umfrageforschung, Vienna, Austria; TNS Polska, Warsaw, Poland; TNS Portugal, Lisbon, Portugal; TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania; RM PLUS, Maribor, Slovenia; TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland; TNS Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden; TNS UK, London, United Kingdom; HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia; Kadem, Nicosia, Turkish Cypriot Community; TNS PIAR, Istanbul, Turkey; TNS Brima, Skopje, Macedonia; Capacent, Reykjavik, Iceland; TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Serbia (for Serbia and Montenegro); TNS opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination)
Date of Collection
  • 31.05.2014 - 14.06.2014 (total)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Belgium)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Bulgaria)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Czech Republic)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Denmark)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Germany)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Estonia)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Ireland)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Greece)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Spain)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (France)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Croatia)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Italy)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Republic of Cyprus)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Latvia)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Lithuania)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Luxembourg)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Hungary)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Malta)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Netherlands)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Austria)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Poland)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Portugal)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Romania)
  • 31.05.2014 - 10.06.2014 (Slovenia)
  • 31.05.2014 - 10.06.2014 (Slovakia)
  • 31.05.2014 - 10.06.2014 (Finland)
  • 31.05.2014 - 12.06.2014 (Sweden)
  • 31.05.2014 - 14.06.2014 (United Kingdom)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Turkish Cypriot Community)
  • 31.05.2014 - 10.06.2014 (Turkey)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Iceland)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Montenegro)
  • 31.05.2014 - 09.06.2014 (Serbia)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
3.0.0 (current version)2018-1-4 Archive edition https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12956
2.0.02015-3-17 Archive pre-release (update) https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12201
1.0.02015-1-28 Archive pre-release https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12170
Errata in current version
DateSubjectDescription
2018-2-6p7ie_rPlease note that for country specific variable p7ie_r "REGION - IRELAND NUTS 2" the value 99 "Inap. (not IE in isocntry)" is erroneously not declared as USER MISSING in dataset version v3-0-0, the corresponding variable documentation in the Variable Report (codebook) and in the GESIS Online Study Catalogue (ZACAT).
Version changes
Changes between version 3.0.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2015-2-11p13luThe coding for LANGUAGE OF QUESTIONNAIRE in LUXEMBOURG is highly questionable. If comparing frequencies for GERMAN and FRENCH with former waves, these two categories appear to be exchanged. 2018-1-4The coding has been corrected by the archive.
2016-6-2p6trStarting with Eurobarometer 81.3 protocol variable P6 (SIZE OF COMMUNITY) has been standardized across countries applying the following category scheme: 1) Rural area; 2) Towns and suburbs/small urban area; 3) Cities/ large urban area. For TURKEY the data provided by TNS do not match with the new scheme, but most likely appear to match with the former 5-point scheme: 1) Less than 10.001 inhabitants; 2) 10.001 to 20.000 inhabitants; 3) 20.001 to 100.000 inhabitants; 4) 100.001 to 500.000 inhabitants; 5) More than 500.000 inhabitants. Currently applied value labels are not correct and non-matching data are coded to ´99´ (SYSTEM MISSING in the original data set). You might use SIZE OF COMMUNITY data for Turkey included in variable P6 (ALL COUNTRIES) with the “old” 5-point category scheme. 2018-1-4Variable p6tr has been reconstructed by the archive for dataset version v3-0-0 using SIZE OF COMMUNITY data for Turkey included in a former integrated variable P6 (ALL COUNTRIES) with the “old” 5-point category scheme.
2016-7-28p7at, p7at_rPlease notice that value label for code 6 in p7at should read "Kaernten (Carinthia)". As confirmed by TNS, the addition of Osttirol (Eastern Tyrol) as suggested by the original value label is not correct. Herewith variable p7at corresponds to the NUTS 2 classification for Austria. Variables labels should read: p7at “REGION - AUSTRIA NUTS 2” and p7at_r “REGION - AUSTRIA NUTS 1”. The value label and variable labels will be corrected with the next update.2018-1-4value label and variable labels corrected
2017-8-29p13mkPlease note the reversed coding of p13mk, i.e. respondents who selected the Macedonian questionnaire are erroneously coded 2 ("Albanian") and respondents who selected the Albanian questionnaire are coded 1 ("Macedonian"). The variable will be corrected with the next update.2018-1-4The variable has been corrected by the archive (recode p13mk (1=2) (2=1)) in version v3-0-0.
2017-12-6d8r1Recoded variable d8r1 is partly erroneous. Cases coded 74 to 96 indicate the specific age of the respondents when stopped full-time education (see source variable d8) and should be assigned to category 9 "22 years and older". The variable will be corrected with the next update.2018-1-4variable corrected
2017-12-11p6isThe coding for SIZE OF COMMUNITY in Iceland is highly questionable. When comparing frequencies for category 1 “Rural area” and category 3 “Cities/large urban area” with former waves and crosstabulating with REGION - ICELAND, these two categories appear to be exchanged.2018-1-4The variable has been corrected by the Archive (recode p6is (1=3) (3=1)) in version v3-0-0.
Changes between version 2.0.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2015-2-2w3 w4 w5 w6 w7 w8 w9 w10 w11 w13 w14 w15 w18 w19 w24 w22 w94 w23 w16 w95 w96 w97 w92 w29 w30 w81 w82 w89 w90 w84 w93 w98 wexAll weights based on population size factors are defective in the present dataset version.2015-3-17TNS update
2015-3-17qd7.4 and qd7.14Responses for Germany East and West missing.2015-3-17TNS update
2015-3-17qa12_6Responses for Cyprus TCC missing.2015-3-17TNS update
2015-3-17d8 / d8r (AGE EDUCATION)Data corrected by TNS, particularly in view of responses to "still studying". 2015-3-17TNS update

Further Remarks

NotesAll question modules are asked in the standard Eurobarometer context and largely replicate questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 80.1 [ZA5876]. Category scheme for country specific protocol variables P6 (SIZE OF COMMUNITY) has changed considerably, except for Germany. Categories for all other countries have been harmonized among each other to three values (Rural area - Towns and suburbs / small urban area - Cities / large urban areas). For TURKEY the data provided by TNS do not match with the new scheme, but most likely appear to match with the former 5-point scheme. Value labels applied in former versions were not correct and non-matching data were coded to ´99´ (SYSTEM MISSING in the original data set). Variable p6tr has been reconstructed by the archive for dataset version v3-0-0 using SIZE OF COMMUNITY data for Turkey included in a former integrated variable P6 (ALL COUNTRIES) with the “old” 5-point category scheme. Category scheme for country specific protocol variables P7 (REGION) has changed for some countries, in particular introducing NUTS categories for Ireland, Estonia and Croatia. Data for protocol variables p1 (date of interview), p2 (time of interview), p3 (duration of interview), p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number) and p10 (interviewer number) have not been made available. Two duplicate cases (one doublet) in terms of identical coding of all substantial variables (except qd5_1) and demographics have been identified for Austria. The corresponding case id variables are not identical. UNIQID is coded ‘12002223’/’12002585’. CASEID is coded ‘2223’/’2585’. An dataset update has been provided by TNS and all populations size weighting variables, protocol variables p4 and p5, a few corrected variables (d8, qa12_6, qd7.4, qd7.14) and slightly differently constructed variables (gen1, gen3, gen6) have subsequently been merged into the first dataset release (v1.0.0) by the archive.
Number of Units: 32689
Number of Variables: 610
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata

Publications

Publications
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 81. Spring 2014. European Citizenship. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication "Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer" Unit. Brussels, July 2014.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 81. Spring 2014. Europeans, the European Union and the crisis. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication "Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer" Unit. Brussels, July 2014.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 81. Spring 2014. Europe 2020. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication "Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer" Unit. Brussels, July 2014.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 81. Spring 2014. Public opinion in the European Union. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication "Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer" Unit. Brussels, July 2014.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 81. Spring 2014. Living conditions in the European Union. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication "Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer" Unit. Brussels, July 2014.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)

Groups

Research Data Centre
Groups
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.