GESIS - DBK - ZA5957

ZA5957: 2000 Families: Migration Histories of Turks in Europe

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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation Guveli, Ayse; Ganzeboom, Harry B.G.; Baykara-Krumme, Helen; Bayrakdar, Sait; Eroglu, Sebnem; Hamutci, Bulent; Nauck, Bernhard; Platt, Lucinda; Sözeri, Efe Kerem (2016): 2000 Families: Migration Histories of Turks in Europe. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA5957 Data file Version 2.0.0,
Study No.ZA5957
Title2000 Families: Migration Histories of Turks in Europe
Other Titles
  • 500 Families: Migration Histories of Turks in Europe (LineUp) (Original Title)
Current Version2.0.0, 2016-11-11,
Date of Collection2010 - 2012
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Guveli, Ayse - University of Essex
  • Ganzeboom, Harry B.G. - VU University Amsterdam
  • Baykara-Krumme, Helen - Technical University Chemnitz
  • Bayrakdar, Sait - University of Essex
  • Eroglu, Sebnem - University Bristol
  • Hamutci, Bülent - University of Essex
  • Nauck, Bernhard - Technical University Chemnitz
  • Platt, Lucinda - London School of Economics
  • Sözeri, Efe Kerem - VU University Amsterdam


AbstractThe 2000 Families: Migration Histories of Turks in Europe project explores migration processes, the multi-generational transmission of social, cultural, religious and economic resources, values and behavior. The research is targeted Turkish migrant and non-migrant families, their members in European countries and those who did not migrate to European countries or returned to Turkey, and involves survey interviews with approximately 6000 family members across three generations. The study consists of three parts: Family Tree (Pilot and Main), Proxy interviews (Pilot and Main) and Personal interviews (Pilot and Main). I. Information on first generation man (IKE): male ancestor is migrant or non-migrant; still alive; place of birth; year of birth (age); ethnic family origin; left his place of birth for more than five years; migration within Turkey; country of first destination; place of first destination (NUTS); year or age of internal migration; year or age of international emigration; ever moved to Europe for more than five years and country; year or age of moving; country of current (last) residence; duration of stay in Europe; number of siblings; place in the rank; age; sex of siblings; sibling moved to Europe between 1960-1974; emigration motive(s); spouse is alive; emigration(s) of spouse; year of emigration(s) of spouse; current (last) marriage was his first marriage; end of the first marriage; arranged marriage; year of marriage; ethnic family origin of spouse; spouse is (was) a relative; religion of spouse (or partner); highest level of education; first main job (ISCO-88 and ISEI); job title of current or last job (ISCO-88 and ISEI); kind of job; occupation of the father of IKE (ISCO-88 and ISEI); religion (denomination); left the country before he died; age or year of death; country of death; legal marital status at time of death; information on IKE´s children, grandchildren and great grandchildren. Additionally coded was: children code; grandchildren code; rank number of children, grandchildren and great grandchildren; generation. II. 1. Information about respondent and migration history: migration status; year of first migration; age of first migration; country of current stay (NUTS); name of the city, town or village; degree of urbanization; city is usual place of living; name of the nearest city; usual place of living, degree of urbanization, nearest city, and country of usual place of living; place of birth, and degree of urbanization; nearest city to place of birth; country of place of birth; respondent left his country for at least one year and number of countries; destination countries; age of migration; main reason for moving; regularly movement between two countries; names of these two countries; 2. Achieved education and occupation: completed education or still in education; literacy; age when finished education; country in which the respondent finished his education; highest level of education; information on first occupation and current (or last) occupation (ISCO-88 und ISEI); country of first job; occupational status; number of supervised employees; ethnic or national origin of the person who directly manages (managed) the respondent in this current or last job; number of Turkish colleagues; working hours; usual take home pay; currency; covered period of payment. 3. Family: marriage and fertility: legal marital status; stable relationship; living together with a partner; number of marriages; age when first married; end of the first marriage due to death of a partner or divorce; divorced; age when first marriage ended; age or year of first divorce; age when married current or most recent spouse; number of children; sex and age of these children. 4. Family relations: year of birth of mother and father; parents are alive; living together with parents; country of current stay; frequency of contact with parents; distance to the living place of parents; frequency of provided advice and financial support for own parents in the last 12 months; frequency of received support and financial support; attitude towards intergenerational relations and gender roles; responsible person for family finances. 5. Attachment to Turkey and to the country and identity: Turkish citizenship; feeling connected to people from Turkey; portion of friends with Turkish background; citizenship of the country of residence; feeling connected with country nationals; preferred country to win the Eurovision Song Contest; preferred football winner team at Turkish participation; respondent wants to be buried in Turkey, in the country of residence, or somewhere else; sent money to Turkey to support own family members or friends and to support the local community; amount of money sent to Turkey and currency; sent money to Turkey for personal investment or savings, including property; donation of money to national or worldwide charities; number of visits in Turkey in the last five years; frequency of contact with friends or relatives living in Turkey; voted in the last national election in Turkey in June 2011; voted in the last national election (when living outside Turkey) and party voted for; left-right self-placement; party preference. 6. Language: ethnic origin of own family; used language when speaking to own children, to spouse or partner, to parents, to close friends, and to colleagues; self-rating of Turkish language skills and of country language (literacy); number of books in the household. 7. Discrimination: respondent has been refused or turned down for a job or internship in the last five years and reason for refusal (sex, Turkish or ethnic origins, religion, dress or appearance); further experiences of discrimination and reasons for discrimination; discrimination experiences in Turkey or in the country of residence; worried about being subject of a physical attack because of Turkish / ethnic origin or religion. 8. Social capital and participation: number of people the respondent is acquainted with; number of important people; information about the first three of these people (sex, country, Turkish background, relative or friend, level of education, current main activity, frequency of contact); acquainted person able to give advice in dealing with tax or social security institutions, and on employment or education; information on these persons (relative or friend, country, Turkish background). 9. Health and life satisfaction: life satisfaction; assessment of personal health; long-standing illness, disability or infirmity; physical or mental illness or disability; limitation of normal day to day activities due to this health problems. 10. Religion: denomination; frequency of attending religious services, of praying, of volunteering work for religious organizations; respondent wears a headscarf (only Muslim women), eats pork, drinks alcohol. 11. Household (living arrangements): other household members; information about each household member (sex, relationship to the respondent, year of birth or age); responsible household member for housing costs; respondent lives in a house or a flat; residential property or tenant status. 12. Income: household income; currency of household income; amount is less or more than the median value (and several percentiles) for country of residence; respondent or spouse / partner have social insurance in Turkey and receive income support from the state; properties (house, business, land) in Turkey respectively in the country of residence. 13. Information about partner: country of birth; age or year of birth; age when partner comes to stay in the respondent´s country of residence for the first time; ethnic or national family origin; denomination; finished education and country; literacy; highest level of education; current main activity; current or last job (ISCO-88 and ISEI); kind of job; working hours of current or last job. Demography: sex; year of birth or age. Additionally coded was: primary sampling unit number; family code; date of screening; respondent ID; Version number of the data set; release date of the data set version; respondent´s migration status; place of data collection (region); interviewer code; mode of interview; year of interview; place of additional data collection; ID of proxy informant; sex and age of proxy informant; date of interview (proxy interview); place of additional data collection for Pilot; household size (constructed); current monthly earnings; current monthly earnings adjusted by PPP (purchasing power parity); current monthly earnings and annual household income in euros; current annual PPP-adjusted household income; filter: respondent in the tracing period, 2012; update or new entry (added in Amsterdam); old migrant family (IKE non-migrant or migrant); old unique ID; new unique ID (given in Amsterdam); age, birth year and sex of the respondent (corrected in Amsterdam).
Categories Categories
  • Society, Culture
  • Family
  • Migration
  • Cultural and national identity
  • Family life and marriage
Old Topics Old Topics
  • 2.2 Migration
  • 5.4 Cultural and national identity
  • 13.3 Family life and marriage


Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • France (FR)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Switzerland (CH)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
UniverseTurkish migrant families and their non-migrant counterparts in five high migration sending regions´(Acıpayam, Akçaabat, Emirdağ, Kulu and Şarkışla) in Turkey
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview) Telephone interview: CATI (Computer Assisted Telephone Interview)
Data CollectorFrekans Research Field and Data Processing Co. Ltd., Istanbul (2010) Ipsos KMG, Istanbul (2011-2012)
Date of Collection
  • 2010 - 2012

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
2.0.0 (current version)2016-11-11 L2 added to the dataset: How important is religion to the way you live your life?
1.0.02016-5-12 first archive edition
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesThis project has been funded by NORFACE (New Opportunities for Research Funding Agency Co-operation in Europe) and involved research partners from the United Kingdom, Germany and the Netherlands.
Number of Units: 48980
Number of Variables: 499
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • Guveli, Ayşe; Ganzeboom, Harry; Platt, Lucinda; Nauck, Bernhard; Baykara-Krumme, Helen; Eroğlu, Şebnem; Bayrakdar, Sait; Sozeri, Efe K. and Spierings, Niels (2016): Intergenerational consequences of migration: socio-economic, family and cultural patterns of stability and change in Turkey and Europe. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
  • Guveli, Ayse; Ganzeboom, Harry; Baykara-Krumme, Helen; Platt, Lucinda; Eroğlu, Şebnem; Spierings, Niels; Bayrakdar, Sait; Nauck, Bernhard and Sozeri, Efe K. (2014): 2000 Families: Identifying the research potential of an origins-of-migration study. NORFACE Research Programme on Migration Discussion Paper 7.
  • Guveli, Ayse, Spierings, Niels and Bayrakdar, Sait (2014): A Multisite, Multigenerational, and Origin-based Study of 2,000 Families. Migration: Paths of Exploration 2014 (Spring): 7-10
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


  • NORFACE Research Programme on Migration
    The Programme on Migration aims to build a new synergetic body of research, which will contribute to our theoretical understanding and knowledge in the area of Migration Research.