GESIS - DBK - ZA1340

ZA1340: ALLBUS/GGSS 1984 (Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften/German General Social Survey 1984)

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  • ZA1340.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 3 MBytes
  • ZA1340.sav (Dataset SPSS) 2 MBytes
  • ZA1340_missing.sps (Dataset) 14 KBytes
  • (Dataset) 425 KBytes
  • ZA1340_Variablenliste.txt (Dataset) 21 KBytes


  • ZA1340_fb.pdf (Questionnaire) 2 MBytes


  • ZA1340_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 347 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA1340_mb.pdf (Method Report) 2 MBytes
  • ZA1340_readme.pdf (Other Document) 36 KBytes
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences (1996): ALLBUS/GGSS 1984 (Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften/German General Social Survey 1984). GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA1340 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA1340
TitleALLBUS/GGSS 1984 (Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften/German General Social Survey 1984)
Current Version1.0.0, 2010-4-13, (Publication Year 1996)
Date of Collection03.1984 - 06.1984
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Müller, Walter - Universität Mannheim
  • Pappi, Franz U. - Universität Kiel
  • Scheuch, Erwin K. - Universität Köln
  • Ziegler, Rolf - Universität München
  • ZUMA, Mannheim


Abstract1.) Social inequality and the welfare state: assessments of the present and future economic situation in Germany; assessment of present and future personal economic situation; self-assessment of social class; attitude towards the economic system in the FRG and evaluation of state provision; satisfaction with attainment of personal goals in life; desired social status for children; estimation of equal educational opportunities for everyone; most important criteria for upward social mobility; privileged and underprivileged social groups in the FRG; views on social differences in the FRG; estimation of personal social security in old age; attitudes towards increased social security provided by the state; attitude towards a cut in social benefits. 2.) Attitudes towards marriage, family, and partnership: family as prerequisite for happiness; marriage in case of steady partnership; estimation of children´s future social status. 3.) Attitudes towards and contacts with foreign guest-workers (Gastarbeiter): scale of attitudes towards foreigners; contacts with foreign guest-workers within the family, at work, in the neighborhood, or among friends. 4.) Perception of environmental pollution: estimation of personal and overall hazard through lead content of petrol, industrial sewage, industrial fumes, nuclear power plants, traffic noise, and exhaust fumes. 5.) Questions on politics and confidence in public institutions: political interest; postmaterialism (importance of law and order, fighting rising prices, free expression of opinions, and influence on governmental decisions); evaluation of public spending on defense as well as cuts in social benefits, and estimation of the present federal government´s position; confidence in public institutions and organizations: public health service, federal constitutional court, federal parliament (Bundestag), city or municipal administration, armed forces, churches, judiciary, television, newspapers, universities, federal government, trade unions, police, employment offices, retirement insurance, employers´ association; party-sympathy-scales for the CDU, SPD, CSU, FDP, The Greens (Die Grünen), NPD, and DKP; electoral participation; recall of past vote. 6.) ALLBUS-Demography: Details about the respondent: gender; month and year of birth, age; place of residence (federal state, size of municipality, Boustedt-type of municipality, administrative region); religious denomination, frequency of church attendance; voting intention (Sonntagsfrage); currently at school or university, general education, vocational training; employment status; details about current occupation, length of employment, industrial sector, supervisory functions, working hours per week, size of company; date of termination of full- or part-time employment; details about former occupation; details about first occupation; length of unemployment; principal source of livelihood; respondent´s income; marital status; marital biography. Details about respondent´s current spouse: general education, vocational training; employment status; details about current and former occupation respectively; length of unemployment; date of termination of full- or part- time employment; religious denomination. Details about respondent´s former spouse: general education, vocational training; details about current and former occupation respectively; religious denomination. Details about respondent´s parents: general education and vocational training of father and mother; father´s occupation. Composition of household: number of children; type of dwelling, telephone. Details about household members: relation to respondent; gender; age; marital status; income. Respondent´s current memberships (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund (DGB, blue-collar union), Deutsche Angestelltengewerkschaft (DAG, white-collar union), Deutscher Beamtenbund (DBB, public service union), farmer´s association, trade association, Bundesverband der Deutschen Industrie (BDI, association of German industry), other occupational association; sports club, religious/church organization, political party, citizens´ action group, other club or association). 7.) Data on the interview (paradata): presence of other people during the interview and their relationship to the respondent; interference of other people in the course of the interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate; evaluation of respondent´s reliability; identification of interviewer; gender of interviewer; length of interview; date of interview. 8.) Added value: International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO 1968); occupational prestige (according to Treiman).
Categories Categories
  • Society, Culture
Topics Topics
  • 2.2 Migration
  • 5.6 Social conditions and indicators
  • 5.8 Social behaviour and attitudes
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.7 Elections
  • 13.3 Family life and marriage
  • 13.5 Equality and inequality
  • 14.3 Social welfare systems/structures
  • 16.4 Environmental degradation/pollution and protection


Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE), FRG incl. West Berlin
UniversePrivate households addressing all individuals with German citizenship who were at least 18 years of age by the day of the interview.
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Multistage
Household Sample: Multi-stage random sample (ADM-Mastersample)
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Face-to-face interview: Paper-and-pencil (PAPI)
Personal interview with standardized questionnaire (PAPI - Paper and Pencil Interviewing)
Time Method Time Method
  • Cross-section
Kind of Data Kind of Data
  • Numeric
Data CollectorGETAS, Bremen
Date of Collection
  • 03.1984 - 06.1984

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
2016-5-31Stata: v15, v22, v29, v54, v65, v226, v235For Stata data sets: Unlabeled missing values with decimal places have to be recoded to integer values and labels have to be added. For correction of the Stata dataset a patch was provided together with the Stata dataset. Please download
2016-5-31SPSS: v65The label for the value 999.6 is missing.This value must be declared as a missung value.
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesGenerally, it is recommended to use the cumulated data file 1980-86 (ZA No. 1335) for analyses of ALLBUS 1984. This cumulated data file contains virtually all of the data from 1984. In addition, the data has been updated in numerous details for the cumulation and has been augmented by new, derived variables. In the Supplementary Study 1984 (Test Retest Study), some respondents were interviewed several times with a subset of variables from ALLBUS 1984 (Panel Study). Main topics of the survey: assessment of the economic situation; attitude towards social inequality, towards the welfare state, and towards the family; political attitudes; attitudes towards and contacts with foreign workers; demographic information. This survey is archived under ZA No. 1601. A second version of this data set with a shortened demography module is available as ALLBUScompact 1984 (ZA No. 3708).
Number of Units: 3004
Number of Variables: 402
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS


  • Braun, Michael; Mohler, Peter Ph.: Die Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften (ALLBUS). Rückblick und Ausblick in die neunziger Jahre. In: ZUMA-Nachrichten 29, 1991, S. 7-28.
  • Terwey, Michael: ALLBUS: Das Programm und Erweiterungen des bestehenden Angebots. In: ZA-Information 42, 1998, S. 33-43.
  • Terwey, Michael: ALLBUS: A German General Social Survey. Schmollers Jahrbuch 120, 2000, S. 151-158.
  • Terwey, Michael: Zum aktuellen Wandel im Zugriff auf ALLBUS-Materialien und zur ALLBUS-Nutzung in Publikationen. In: ZA-Information 53, 2003, S. 195-202.
  • Veröffentlichungsreihe "Blickpunkt Gesellschaft": Müller, Walter; Mohler, Peter Ph.; Erbslöh, Barbara; Wasmer, Martina (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: Einstellungen und Verhalten der Bundesbürger. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1990.
  • Mohler, Peter Ph.; Bandilla, Wolfgang (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 2. Einstellungen und Verhalten der Bundesbürger in Ost und West. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1992.
  • Braun, Michael; Mohler, Peter Ph. (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 3. Einstellungen und Verhalten der Bundesbürger. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1994.
  • Braun, Michael; Mohler, Peter Ph. (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 4. Soziale Ungleichheit in Deutschland. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1998.
  • Alba, Richard; Schmidt, Peter; Wasmer, Martina (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 5. Deutsche und Ausländer: Freunde, Fremde oder Feinde? Wiesbaden: Westdeutscher Verlag 2000.
  • Koch, Achim; Wasmer, Martina; Schmidt, Peter (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 6. Politische Partizipation in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Empirische Befunde und theoretische Erklärungen. Opladen: Leske + Budrich 2001.
  • Alba, Richard; Schmidt, Peter; Wasmer, Martina (Hrsg.): Germans or Foreigners? Attitudes Towards Ethnic Minorities in Post-Reunification Germany. New York und Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan 2003.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
    The German General Social Survey (ALLBUS) collects up-to-date data on attitudes, behavior, and social structure in Germany. Every two years since 1980 a representative cross section of the population is surveyed using both constant and variable questions. The ALLBUS data become available to interested parties for research and teaching as soon as they are processed and documented.