GESIS - DBK - ZA1670

ZA1670: ALLBUS/GGSS 1988 (Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften/German General Social Survey 1988)

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  • ZA1670.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 4 MBytes
  • ZA1670.sav (Dataset SPSS) 2 MBytes
  • ZA1670_missing.sps (Dataset) 26 KBytes
  • (Dataset) 587 KBytes
  • ZA1670_Variablenliste.txt (Dataset) 33 KBytes


  • ZA1670_fb.pdf (Questionnaire) 5 MBytes


  • ZA1670_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 483 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA1670_mb.pdf (Method Report) 3 MBytes
  • ZA1670_readme.pdf (Other Document) 36 KBytes
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences (2002): ALLBUS/GGSS 1988 (Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften/German General Social Survey 1988). GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA1670 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA1670
TitleALLBUS/GGSS 1988 (Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften/German General Social Survey 1988)
Current Version1.0.0, 2010-4-13, (Publication Year 2002)
Date of Collection04.1988 - 07.1988
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Mayer, Karl U. - Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung, Berlin
  • Müller, Walter - Universität Mannheim
  • Pappi, Franz U. - Universität Kiel
  • Scheuch, Erwin K. - Universität Köln
  • Ziegler, Rolf - Universität München


Abstract1.) Attitudes towards marriage, family, and partnership: family as a prerequisite for happiness; marriage in case of steady partnership; importance of the family; arrangement of duties in the household. 2.) Attitudes towards and contacts with foreign guest-workers (Gastarbeiter): scale of attitudes towards foreigners; contacts with guest-workers within the family, at work, in the neighborhood, or among friends. 3.) Perception of environmental pollution: estimation of personal and overall hazard through lead content of petrol, industrial sewage, industrial fumes, nuclear power plants, traffic noise, and exhaust fumes. 4.) Political participation: frequency of various political activities; personal participation or willingness to participate in selected forms of protest; preferred form of political participation; respondent´s eligibility to vote and participation in general federal elections or state elections (Landtagswahl); self-assessment of political competence. 5.) Attitudes towards the political system: satisfaction with life in the Federal Republic; feeling of political effectiveness and representation by politicians; legitimacy of social inequality; various attitudes towards democracy; satisfaction with democracy and opinion on the performance of the German political system (political support). 6.) National pride: pride in German institutions and achievements. 7.) Political attitudes: attitude towards social differences in the Federal Republic; political interest; postmaterialism (importance of law and order, fighting rising prices, free expression of opinions, and influence on governmental decisions); self-placement on a left-right continuum; attitude towards extremists as teachers; attitude towards the death penalty for terrorists and murderers of children; self-assessment of social class; recall of past vote; party preference of parents during youth of respondent. 8.) Questions on AIDS (HIV): knowledge about the disease AIDS; perceived reports on AIDS in the media; assessment of personal risk of infection regarding selected forms of contact; expected development of cases of death caused by AIDS; opinion on the probability of developing medication against AIDS; attitude towards governmental information and repressive measures; attitude towards higher health insurance fees for those infected with AIDS; attitude towards firing infected employees and towards entry refusal for foreigners infected with AIDS; attitude towards a central registration requirement; concern about personal AIDS infection and infection of family members and friends; personal protective measures and behavioral changes; acquaintance with AIDS-infected people. 9.) ALLBUS-Demography: Details about the respondent: gender; month and year of birth, age; place of residence (federal state, administrative region, size of municipality, Boustedt-type of municipality); religious denomination, frequency of church attendance; voting intention (Sonntagsfrage); currently at school or university, general education, vocational training; employment status; details about current occupation, industrial sector, working hours per week; date of termination of full- or part-time employment; gaps in occupational biography; details about former occupation; length of unemployment; desire for employment; principal source of livelihood; respondent´s income; age when leaving parental home; marital status; marital biography. Details about respondent´s current spouse: age; currently at school or university, general education, vocational training; employment status; employment status; working hours per week; details about current occupation; date of termination of full- or part-time employment. Details about respondent´s former spouse: age; general education, vocational training; details about current occupation. Details about respondent´s steady extra-marital partner: length of relationship; common household; distribution of household chores; month and year of birth, age; currently at school or university, general education, vocational training; employment status; details about current and former occupation respectively; working hours per week. Details about respondent´s parents: general education and vocational training of father and mother; father´s occupation; parents still alive. Composition of household: size of household; number of persons older than 17 in household (reduced size of household); children; household income; type of dwelling; telephone. Details about household members: relation to respondent; gender; month and year of birth, age; marital status. Respondent´s current memberships (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund (DGB, blue-collar union), Deutsche Angestelltengewerkschaft (DAG, white-collar union), Christlicher Gewerkschaftsbund (CGB, Christian union), Union Leitender Angestellter (ULA, association of managers), Deutscher Beamtenbund (DBB, public service union), farmer´s association, trade association, Bundesverband der Deutschen Industrie (BDI), association of German industry), association of a liberal profession, other occupational association; choral society, sports club, leisure activity club, local history or community club, other social association, association of German expellees or refugees, charitable association, religious/church organization, youth or student organization, political party, citizens´ action group, other club or association). 10.) Data on the interview (paradata): presence of other people during the interview; intervention of other people in the course of the interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate; evaluation of respondent´s reliability; length of interview; date of interview; gender of interviewer; age of interviewer. 11.) Family and changing gender roles I (ISSP): attitude towards employment of women; the importance of personal employment; preferred extent of employment of women during different stages of child raising; preferred type of child care for working couples; attitude towards partnership, marriage and wedding; attitude towards single fathers or mothers; attitude towards a right for homosexual couples to get married; ideal number of children and opinion on various family sizes; attitude towards children; opinion on divorce law; preference for divorce or for continuation of a disturbed marriage; employment of mother during childhood of respondent; personal divorces. Married respondents were also asked about: previous divorce of present spouse; pre-marital cohabitation with partner and beginning of cohabitation; extent of employment during different phases of child raising. 12.) Added value: International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO 1968); occupational prestige (according to Treiman); magnitude prestige (according to Wegener); weights.
Categories Categories
  • Society, Culture
Topics Topics
  • 2.2 Migration
  • 5.4 Cultural and national identity
  • 7.8 Specific diseases and medical conditions
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 13.3 Family life and marriage
  • 13.4 Gender and gender roles
  • 16.4 Environmental degradation/pollution and protection


Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE), FRG incl. West Berlin
UniversePrivate households addressing all individuals with German citizenship who were at least 18 years of age by the day of the interview.
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Multistage
Household Sample: Multi-stage random sample (ADM-Mastersample)
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Face-to-face interview: Paper-and-pencil (PAPI)
  • Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
Personal interview with standardized questionnaire (PAPI - Paper and Pencil Interviewing), additional self-completion questionnaire (drop off) for ISSP
Time Method Time Method
  • Cross-section
Kind of Data Kind of Data
  • Numeric
Date of Collection
  • 04.1988 - 07.1988

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
2016-5-31Stata: v172, v176, v188, v244, v251, v254, v288, v315, v322, v325, v396For Stata data sets: Unlabeled missing values with decimal places have to be recoded to integer values and labels have to be added. For correction of the Stata dataset a patch was provided together with the Stata dataset. Please download
2016-5-31Stata: v603Respondents with missing information on weighting variables have to be assigned to missing value (.a). For correction of the Stata dataset a patch was provided together with the Stata dataset. Please download
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesA ´split questionnaire´ was used for questions on political participation. The sequence of the questionnaire was varied due to methodological considerations. A second version of this data set with a shortened demography module is available as ALLBUScompact 1988 (ZA No. 3712).
Number of Units: 3052
Number of Variables: 603
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS


  • Braun, Michael; Mohler, Peter Ph.: Die Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften (ALLBUS). Rückblick und Ausblick in die neunziger Jahre. In: ZUMA-Nachrichten 29, 1991, S. 7-28.
  • Terwey, Michael: ALLBUS: Das Programm und Erweiterungen des bestehenden Angebots. In: ZA-Information 42, 1998, S. 33-43.
  • Terwey, Michael: ALLBUS: A German General Social Survey. Schmollers Jahrbuch 120, 2000, S. 151-158.
  • Terwey, Michael: Zum aktuellen Wandel im Zugriff auf ALLBUS-Materialien und zur ALLBUS-Nutzung in Publikationen. In: ZA-Information 53, 2003, S. 195-202.
  • Veröffentlichungsreihe "Blickpunkt Gesellschaft": Müller, Walter; Mohler, Peter Ph.; Erbslöh, Barbara; Wasmer, Martina (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: Einstellungen und Verhalten der Bundesbürger. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1990.
  • Mohler, Peter Ph.; Bandilla, Wolfgang (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 2. Einstellungen und Verhalten der Bundesbürger in Ost und West. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1992.
  • Braun, Michael; Mohler, Peter Ph. (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 3. Einstellungen und Verhalten der Bundesbürger. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1994.
  • Braun, Michael; Mohler, Peter Ph. (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 4. Soziale Ungleichheit in Deutschland. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1998.
  • Alba, Richard; Schmidt, Peter; Wasmer, Martina (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 5. Deutsche und Ausländer: Freunde, Fremde oder Feinde? Wiesbaden: Westdeutscher Verlag 2000.
  • Koch, Achim; Wasmer, Martina; Schmidt, Peter (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 6. Politische Partizipation in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Empirische Befunde und theoretische Erklärungen. Opladen: Leske + Budrich 2001.
  • Alba, Richard; Schmidt, Peter; Wasmer, Martina (Hrsg.): Germans or Foreigners? Attitudes Towards Ethnic Minorities in Post-Reunification Germany. New York und Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan 2003.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
    The German General Social Survey (ALLBUS) collects up-to-date data on attitudes, behavior, and social structure in Germany. Every two years since 1980 a representative cross section of the population is surveyed using both constant and variable questions. The ALLBUS data become available to interested parties for research and teaching as soon as they are processed and documented.