GESIS - DBK - ZA1800

ZA1800: ALLBUS/GGSS 1990 (Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften/German General Social Survey 1990)

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  • ZA1800.por (Dataset SPSS Portable) 4 MBytes
  • ZA1800.sav (Dataset SPSS) 2 MBytes
  • ZA1800_missing.sps (Dataset) 22 KBytes
  • (Dataset) 545 KBytes
  • ZA1800_Variablenliste.txt (Dataset) 30 KBytes


  • ZA1800_fb.pdf (Questionnaire) 4 MBytes


  • ZA1800_cdb.pdf (Codebook) 566 KBytes

Other Documents

  • ZA1800_mb.pdf (Method Report) 4 MBytes
  • ZA1800_readme.pdf (Other Document) 36 KBytes
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences (2002): ALLBUS/GGSS 1990 (Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften/German General Social Survey 1990). GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA1800 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA1800
TitleALLBUS/GGSS 1990 (Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften/German General Social Survey 1990)
Current Version1.0.0, 2010-4-13, (Publication Year 2002)
Date of Collection03.1990 - 05.1990
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Allerbeck, Klaus R. - Universität Frankfurt
  • Mayer, Karl U. - Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung, Berlin
  • Müller, Walter - Universität Mannheim
  • Opp, Karl-Dieter - Universität Hamburg
  • Pappi, Franz U. - Universität Mannheim
  • Scheuch, Erwin K. - Universität Köln
  • Ziegler, Rolf - Universität München


Abstract1.) Attitudes towards the government, government measures, administration, and social conflicts: opinion on the behavior of administration towards the citizen; opinion on minor offenses; attitude towards politicians; perceived conflicts of interest between selected groups in the Federal Republic; assessments of the present and future economic situation in Germany; assessment of present and future personal economic situation; evaluation of social justice; attitude towards increased social services versus tax cuts, official regulations, and administration; attitude towards the unification of the two German states; attitude towards nuclear energy, towards the death penalty for terrorist acts of violence, and towards more public services under private ownership. 2.) Attitudes towards and contacts with foreign guest-workers (Gastarbeiter): scale of attitudes towards foreigners; contacts with foreign guest-workers within the family, at work, in the neighborhood, or among friends; advantages and disadvantages of the presence of foreign guest-workers in the FRG; attitude towards immigrants; immigration restrictions for east Germans and for eastern European ethnic Germans moving to the Federal Republic, asylum seekers and labor from EC or non-EC countries; advantages and disadvantages from the influx of eastern European ethnic Germans and East Germans. 3.) Questions on AIDS (HIV): knowledge about AIDS; attitude towards higher health insurance fees for those infected with AIDS; attitude towards dismissal of infected employees and towards entry refusal for foreigners infected with AIDS; support of a central registration requirement; estimate of personal risk of infection; personal protective measures against infection; personal acquaintance with people infected with AIDS. 4.) Deviant behavior and sanctions: opinion on various deviant acts with reference to their reprehensibility and the degree to which they deserve prosecution (two split versions using different formulations); questions about the legality of deviant activities; readiness to report various offenses; assessment of probability of being caught committing various crimes; own victimization; respect of the law; lowering the crime rate through severer punishment; the most important purpose of sanctions; self-reported deviant behavior; probability of engaging in various deviant acts in the future. 5.) Other topics: importance of life aspects; trust in fellow men and politicians, social pessimism and orientation towards the future (anomia); friends (ego-centered networks), including information on kinship, occupational position, party preference of and mutual familiarity between friends or acquaintances; attitudes towards abortion; political interest; postmaterialism (importance of law and order, fighting rising prices, free expression of opinions, and influence on governmental decisions); political participation; self-placement on a left-right continuum; self-assessment of social class; party preference; voting behavior. 6.) ALLBUS-Demography: Details about the respondent: gender; month and year of birth, age; length of residence in the FRG; geographical origin; place of residence (federal state, administrative region, size of municipality, Boustedt-type of municipality); religious denomination, frequency of church attendance; voting intention (Sonntagsfrage); vote in last elections; general education, vocational training; employment status; details about current occupation, industrial sector, affiliation to public service, supervisory functions, working hours per week; date of termination of full- or part-time employment; length of unemployment; principal source of livelihood; details about former occupation; respondent´s income; marital status; possession of driver´s license. Details about respondent´s current spouse: age; general education, vocational training; employment status; details about current and former occupation respectively; date of termination of full- or part-time employment. Details about respondent´s former spouse: details about current occupation. Details about respondent´s steady extra-marital partner: common household; month and year of birth, age; general education, vocational training; employment status; details about current and former occupation respectively. Details about respondent´s parents: general education and vocational training of father and mother; father´s occupation. Composition of household: size of household; number of persons older than 17 in household (reduced size of household); household income; type of dwelling, telephone. Details about household members: relation to respondent; gender; month and year of birth, age; marital status. Respondent´s current memberships (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund (DGB, blue-collar union), Deutsche Angestelltengewerkschaft (DAG, white-collar union), Christlicher Gewerkschaftsbund (CGB, Christian union), Union Leitender Angestellter (ULA, association of managers), Deutscher Beamtenbund (DBB, public service union), farmer´s association, trade association, Bundesverband der Deutschen Industrie (BDI, association of German industry), association of a liberal profession, other occupational association; choral society, sports club, leisure activity club, local history or community club, other social association, association of German expellees or refugees, charitable association, religious/church organization, youth or student organization, political party, citizens´ action group, other club or association). 7.) Data on the interview (paradata): presence of other people during the interview and their relationship to the respondent; intervention of other people in the course of the interview; length of interview; date of interview; gender of interviewer; age of interviewer; identification of interviewer. 8.) Role of government II (ISSP): attitude towards the observance of laws; attitude towards selected forms of protest against the government; attitude towards freedom of speech for revolutionaries and ethnocentrists; attitude towards police intervention in the private sphere to prevent crimes; attitude towards a miscarriage of justice; attitude on revolutionaries, ethnocentrists, and protesters; attitude towards tax fairness and towards income redistribution by the government; views of government intervention in the economy; attitude towards change in government spending for selected political tasks; priority for fighting inflation or creating more jobs; opinion on the power of trade unions, business and industry, and the government; attitude towards trade unions; desired degree of government intervention in selected areas of the economy; opinions on the responsibility of the government regarding various political tasks; equality of opportunity for both sexes in various areas; attitude towards improvement of the position of women by the government. 9.) Added value: Inglehart-index; family typology, classification of private households (according to Porst and Funk); International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO 1968); occupational prestige (according to Treiman); magnitude prestige (according to Wegener); occupational meta-classification (according to Terwey); class position (according to Goldthorpe); weights.
Categories Categories
  • Society, Culture
Topics Topics
  • 2.2 Migration
  • 5.8 Social behaviour and attitudes
  • 6 Law, crime and legal systems
  • 6.2 Crime
  • 7.8 Specific diseases and medical conditions
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 11.6 Government, political systems and organisation
  • 13 Social stratification and groupings


Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE), FRG incl. West Berlin
UniversePrivate households addressing all individuals with German citizenship who were at least 18 years of age by the day of the interview.
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Multistage
Household Sample: Multi-stage random sample (ADM-Mastersample)
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Face-to-face interview: Paper-and-pencil (PAPI)
  • Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
Personal interview with standardized questionnaire (PAPI - Paper and Pencil Interviewing), additional self-completion questionnaire (drop off) for ISSP
Time Method Time Method
  • Cross-section
Kind of Data Kind of Data
  • Numeric
Date of Collection
  • 03.1990 - 05.1990

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2010-4-13 Version number created automatically (implementation of a uniform versioning policy) (Publication Year unknown)
Errata in current version
2016-5-31Stata: v238, v243, v258, v284, v294, v301, v324, v334, v341For Stata data sets: Unlabeled missing values with decimal places have to be recoded to integer values and labels have to be added. For correction of the Stata dataset a patch was provided together with the Stata dataset. Please download
2016-5-31Stata: v563Respondents with missing information on weighting variables have to be assigned to missing value (.a). For correction of the Stata dataset a patch was provided together with the Stata dataset. Please download
2019-12-12V232For cases number 2122 and 3485, V232 BEFR.: KEIN BERUFL. AUSBILDUNGSABSCHLUSS is erroneously coded as 1 "SELECTED", even though other vocational training certificates were selected. The correct value is 0.
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesSome of the questions from ALLBUS 1990 were only used with half of the respondents ("split procedure"). Thus the total number of variables was increased (compare V3, V4-V31 (split 1), V32-V69 (split 2), V136-V161 (split 1) and V162-V193 (split 2). A second version of this data set with a shortened demography module is available as ALLBUScompact 1990 (ZA No. 3714).
Number of Units: 3051
Number of Variables: 563
Data Type: -
Analysis System(s): SPSS


  • Braun, Michael; Mohler, Peter Ph.: Die Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften (ALLBUS). Rückblick und Ausblick in die neunziger Jahre. In: ZUMA-Nachrichten 29, 1991, S. 7-28.
  • Terwey, Michael: ALLBUS: Das Programm und Erweiterungen des bestehenden Angebots. In: ZA-Information 42, 1998, S. 33-43.
  • Terwey, Michael: ALLBUS: A German General Social Survey. Schmollers Jahrbuch 120, 2000, S. 151-158.
  • Terwey, Michael: Zum aktuellen Wandel im Zugriff auf ALLBUS-Materialien und zur ALLBUS-Nutzung in Publikationen. In: ZA-Information 53, 2003, S. 195-202.
  • Veröffentlichungsreihe "Blickpunkt Gesellschaft": Müller, Walter; Mohler, Peter Ph.; Erbslöh, Barbara; Wasmer, Martina (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: Einstellungen und Verhalten der Bundesbürger. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1990.
  • Mohler, Peter Ph.; Bandilla, Wolfgang (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 2. Einstellungen und Verhalten der Bundesbürger in Ost und West. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1992.
  • Braun, Michael; Mohler, Peter Ph. (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 3. Einstellungen und Verhalten der Bundesbürger. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1994.
  • Braun, Michael; Mohler, Peter Ph. (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 4. Soziale Ungleichheit in Deutschland. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1998.
  • Alba, Richard; Schmidt, Peter; Wasmer, Martina (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 5. Deutsche und Ausländer: Freunde, Fremde oder Feinde? Wiesbaden: Westdeutscher Verlag 2000.
  • Koch, Achim; Wasmer, Martina; Schmidt, Peter (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 6. Politische Partizipation in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Empirische Befunde und theoretische Erklärungen. Opladen: Leske + Budrich 2001.
  • Alba, Richard; Schmidt, Peter; Wasmer, Martina (Hrsg.): Germans or Foreigners? Attitudes Towards Ethnic Minorities in Post-Reunification Germany. New York und Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan 2003.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
    The German General Social Survey (ALLBUS) collects up-to-date data on attitudes, behavior, and social structure in Germany. Every two years since 1980 a representative cross section of the population is surveyed using both constant and variable questions. The ALLBUS data become available to interested parties for research and teaching as soon as they are processed and documented.