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ZA4614: ALLBUS/GGSS 2012 (Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften/German General Social Survey 2012)

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  • ZA4614_mb.pdf (Method Report) 1 MByte
  • ZA4614_patch_v1-1-0.sps (Other Document) 3 KBytes
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  • ZA4614_readme.pdf (Other Document) 36 KBytes
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Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften ALLBUS 2012
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences (2013): ALLBUS/GGSS 2012 (Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften/German General Social Survey 2012). GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA4614 Data file Version 1.1.1,
Study No.ZA4614
TitleALLBUS/GGSS 2012 (Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften/German General Social Survey 2012)
Current Version1.1.1, 2013-8-5,
Date of Collection04.2012 - 09.2012
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Diekmann, Andreas - ETH Zürich
  • Fetchenhauer, Detlef - Universität Köln
  • Kühnel, Steffen - Universität Göttingen
  • Liebig, Stefan - Universität Bielefeld, Vorsitz
  • Schmitt-Beck, Rüdiger - Universität Mannheim
  • Trappe, Heike - Universität Rostock
  • Wagner, Michael - Universität Köln


Abstract1.) Importance of life aspects: family and children, occupation and work, free time and recreation, friends and acquaintances, kinship, religion and church, politics and public life, neighborhood, volunteer work. 2.) Personal and collective values: basic personal goals (law and order, standard of living, power and influence, fantasy and creativity, security, help marginalized social groups, ability to assert oneself, industry and ambition, tolerance, political engagement, hedonism, faith in God, occupational achievement, self-realization); opinion on various deviant acts with reference to their reprehensibility. 3.) Attitudes towards abortion: abortion because of health risks for mother or child; abortion because married woman does not want more children; abortion after rape, due to financial situation or by single women not wanting to marry; permitting abortion without restriction; until when to allow an abortion if baby will be severely handicapped, if mother does not want more children, if there is a serious health risk for the mother, if there is not enough money, if the mother does not want to raise the child alone, if the father is against an abortion, if children are not part of lifeplan, if the mother does not give a specific reason. 4.) Political attitudes: confidence in public institutions and organizations (public health service, federal constitutional court, federal parliament (Bundestag), churches, judiciary, television, newspapers, universities, federal government, the police, political parties); political interest; postmaterialism (importance of law and order, fighting rising prices, free expression of opinions, and influence on governmental decisions); self-placement on a left-right continuum. 5.) Religion and world view: attitudes towards the role of churches in society (promote faith, take political positions, do social welfare work, promote interfaith understanding); trust in churches; belief in God; the meaning of life; self-assessment of religiousness and spirituality; frequency of meditation; attitude towards religiousness; religious indifference; thinking about metaphysical questions; frequency of talking about religion; talking about religion with whom; experience with and attitude towards different forms of belief, parabelief and superstition; religious doctrines; religious tolerance; participation in religious life; religion vs. science; attitudes towards the role of religion in society and the world; frequency of praying; attitude towards funeral by church and marriage in church; denominational membership of parents; importance of religion in parental home. 6.) Ethnocentrism and minorities: scale of attitudes towards foreigners; contacts with foreigners living in Germany within the family, at work, in the neighborhood, or among friends; support for the teaching of Islam in public schools; support for the building of mosques in Germany; attitude towards person with different faiths marrying into the family; items on anti-Semitism; attitudes towards Islam in Germany. 7.) Other topics: Self-assessment of social class; opinion on various deviant acts with reference to their reprehensibility; social pessimism and orientation towards the future (anomia); authoritarianism; trust in fellow men; attitudes towards the role of women in the family; assessments of the present and future economic situation in Germany; assessment of present and future personal economic situation. 7.) ALLBUS-Demography: Details about the respondent: attractiveness, gender, month and year of birth, age, geographical origin and citizenships, number of citizenships and original citizenship, school education, vocational training, employment status, details about current and former occupation, affiliation to public service, working hours per week, supervisory functions, fear of losing work, length of unemployment, status of non-employment, date of termination of full- or part-time employment, overall health, marital status, co-habitation with steady partner, lived with parents when child, respondent´s income, type of dwelling, self-description of place of residence, membership in a political party or trade union, religious affiliation, frequency of church attendance, frequency of attending other place of worship, voting intention (Sonntagsfrage), overall life satisfaction, place of residence (federal state, administrative district, size of municipality; BIK-type of region). Details about respondent´s current spouse: month and year of birth, age, school education, vocational training, employment status, details about current occupation, status of non-employment. Details about respondent´s steady partner: month and year of birth, age, school education, vocational training, employment status, details about current occupation, status of non-employment. Details about respondent´s parents: school education, vocational training, occupational position, religious affiliation. Description of household: size of household, number of persons older than 17 in household (reduced size of household), household income, type of dwelling. Details about household members: family relation to respondent, gender, month and year of birth, age, marital status, baptism, religious affiliation. Details about children not living in the household: number of children not living in the household, gender, year of birth, age, baptism, religious affiliation. 8.) Data on the interview (paradata): date of interview; beginning and end of interview; length of interview; presence of other persons during interview (presence of spouse, partner, children, members of the family, other persons); interference of other persons in the course of the interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate; reliability of information from respondent; respondent followed interview on screen; private Internet use; participation in other surveys over the past year; willingness to participate in follow-up survey; willingness to provide e-mail address; participation in additional ISSP-survey; details about respondent´s residential building and assessment of respondent´s neighborhood; reachability of respondent; willingness to participate; number of attempts to contact the respondent; release-id. Data on the interviewer: gender, age, school education, experience as interviewer, identification of interviewer. 9.) Health (ISSP): assessment of personal happiness; trust in the educational system and health care; assessment of health care system; attitude towards funding of different health care options; attitude towards health care benefits for non-citizens or people with at-risk lifestyles; assessment of number of people without access to health care; reasons why people get sick; priorities in allocation of heart surgery; attitude to alternative medicine; trust in medical doctors; assessment of own health in the past 4 weeks; medical treatment in the past year; reasons for foregoing treatment during last year; probability of getting best therapy available and of choosing doctor freely; satisfaction with health care system and treatments received; consumption of alcohol, cigarettes, fruit and vegetables; frequency of exercising; overall health; height and weight; type of health insurance; satisfaction with health insurance; health problems put strain on private life; length of school education; supervisory functions at work; number of employees supervised; work situation; work situation of partner or spouse; self-classification on a top-bottom-scale; participation in last federal elections, recall of past vote, self-assessment of attractiveness. 10.) Family and changing gender roles IV (ISSP): attitude towards employment of mothers and married women; role distribution of man and woman in occupation and household; preferred extent of employment for women during different stages of child raising; attitudes towards marriage, single-parenting, cohabitation before marriage, and divorce; attitude towards homosexual partners as parents; ideal number of children; views on the significance of children in life; views on paid paternal leave; compatibility of family and work; who takes care of children and old people; management of income in marriage or partnership; allocation of duties and responsibilities in the household and in family matters; principal earner; stress caused by family, work, household duties; assessment of personal happiness; satisfaction with employment situation and family life; overall health; employment of mother during childhood of respondent; respondent, spouse or partner working in various phases of child raising; who takes parenting decisions; length of relationship; length of school education; supervisory functions at work; number of employees supervised; work situation; work situation of partner or spouse; self-classification on a top-bottom-scale; participation in last federal elections, recall of past vote. 11.) Added value: Inglehart-Index; Body-Mass-Index; occupational metaclassification (according to Terwey); classification of households (according to Porst and Funk); family typology; migration between East and West Germany; transformation weight for analyses at househehold-level; East-West-weight.
Categories Categories
  • Society, Culture
  • Person, Personality, Role
  • Religion and Weltanschauung
  • Family
  • Medicine
Topics Topics
  • 5.5 Religion and values
  • 7.4 Health care and medical treatment
  • 7.7 Childbearing, family planning and abortion
  • 11.5 Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • 13.3 Family life and marriage
  • 13.8 Minorities
  • 13.9 Social exclusion


Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
UniversePersons (German and non-German) who resided in private households and were born before 1 January 1994.
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Stratified: Disproportional
  • Probability: Multistage
Person sample: Two stage disproportionate random sample in western Germany (incl. West Berlin) and eastern Germany (incl. East Berlin) from all persons (German and non-German) who resided in private households and were born before 1 January 1994. In the first sample stage municipalities (Gemeinden) in western Germany and municipalities in eastern Germany were selected with a probability proportional to their number of adult residents; in the second sample stage individual persons were selected at random from the municipal registers of residents. Targeted individuals who did not have adequate knowledge of German to conduct the interview were treated as systematic unit non-responses.
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Face-to-face interview: Computer-assisted (CAPI/CAMI)
  • Self-administered questionnaire: Computer-assisted (CASI)
Personal interview with standardized questionnaire (CAPI – Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing) and two additional self-completion questionnaires (CASI – Computer Assisted Self-Interviewing) for ISSP (drop off; split questionnaire design).
Time Method Time Method
  • Cross-section
Kind of Data Kind of Data
  • Numeric
Data CollectorTNS Infratest Sozialforschung, Munich
Date of Collection
  • 04.2012 - 09.2012

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.1.1 (current version)2013-8-5 V583-V586 value label code 7 corrected (VOELLIG ZUFRIEDEN -> VOELLIG UNZUFRIEDEN)
1.1.02013-5-14 errata from v1-0-0 corrected
1.0.02013-4-25 first archive edition
Errata in current version
2015-7-3V598BMI Categorization is amended in 3 cases, Value labels are adapted in order to be non-overlapping. Please use the Patch ZA4614_BMI_Patch_v1-1-1 to correct the data file.
2016-4-8Stata: v744, v745, v746Respondents with missing information on weighting variables have to be assigned to missing value (.a). For correction of the Stata dataset a patch was provided together with the Stata dataset. Please download
2016-4-8Stata: v249, v257, v510, v512, v515, v597, v598, v624, v715Unlabeled missing values with decimal places have to be recoded to integer values and labels have to be added. For correction of the Stata dataset a patch was provided together with the Stata dataset. Please download
Version changes
Changes between version 1.0.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2013-5-14V506Wahlabsicht: Recoding of PIRATEN- and NPD-voters.2013-5-14RECODE V506 (20=7)(7=20). Please use the patch to correct the SPSS file: ZA4614_patch_v1-1-0.sps
2013-5-14V101, V134, V135left-right-scale, religious scale, spiritual scale: different value labels2013-5-14Please use the patch to correct the SPSS file: ZA4614_patch_v1-1-0.sps

Further Remarks

NotesThe known literature using ALLBUS-Data is documented in the ALLBUS-Bibliography. This bibliography can be searched online at the GESIS web presence. Respondents from the area of the new federal states are oversampled. A second version of this data set (412 variables) with a shortened demography module is additionally available as ALLBUScompact 2002 (Study-No. 4615). Coding of the open answers on occupations into ISCO codes and corresponding prestige scores (SIOPS etc.) has unfortunately been delayed. The occupational classifications and prestige scores will be made available as soon as possible. A Digital Object Identifier (DOI) for use in data citations can be found in the GESIS Data Catalogue: Additional dataservice information on ALLBUS is available at:
Number of Units: 3480
Number of Variables: 752
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • Bens, Arno: Zur Auswertung haushaltsbezogener Merkmale mit dem ALLBUS 2004. In: ZA-Information 59, 2006, 143 - 156.
  • Blohm, Michael: Datenqualität durch Stichprobenverfahren bei der Allgemeinen Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften - ALLBUS. In: Faulbaum, Frank; Wolf, Christof (Hg.): Stichprobenqualität in Bevölkerungsumfragen. Bonn: Informationszentrum Sozialwissenschaften, 2006, 37 - 54.
  • Koch, Achim; Wasmer, Martina: Der ALLBUS als Instrument zur Untersuchung sozialen Wandels: Eine Zwischenbilanz nach 20 Jahren. In: Schmitt-Beck, Rüdiger; Wasmer, Martina; Koch, Achim (Hg.): Sozialer und politischer Wandel in Deutschland. Analysen mit ALLBUS-Daten aus zwei Jahrzehnten. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, 2004, 13 - 42.
  • Terwey, Michael: ALLBUS: A German General Social Survey. In: Schmollers Jahrbuch 120, 2000, 151 - 158.
  • Terwey, Michael: Generelle Hinweise zur Auswertung der ALLBUS-Daten: Stichprobentypen und Gewichtungen. In: Terwey, Michael; Bens, Arno; Baumann, Horst; Baltzer, Stefan: Elektronisches Datenhandbuch ALLBUS 2006, Studien-Nr. 4500. Köln: GESIS, 2007, 12 - 18.
  • Terwey, Michael: Wachsender religiöser Pluralismus in der Gegenwart? Seriöse Umfrageergebnisse als Prüfstand. In: Detlef Pollack, Ingrid Tucci und Hans-Georg Ziebertz (Hg.), Religiöser Pluralismus im Fokus quantitativer Religionsforschung. Wiesbaden: Springer, 2012, 107 - 134.
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
    The German General Social Survey (ALLBUS) collects up-to-date data on attitudes, behavior, and social structure in Germany. Every two years since 1980 a representative cross section of the population is surveyed using both constant and variable questions. The ALLBUS data become available to interested parties for research and teaching as soon as they are processed and documented.