GESIS - DBK - ZA5250

ZA5250: ALLBUS/GGSS 2016 (Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften/German General Social Survey 2016)

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Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften ALLBUS 2016
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences (2017): ALLBUS/GGSS 2016 (Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften/German General Social Survey 2016). GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA5250 Data file Version 2.1.0,
Study No.ZA5250
TitleALLBUS/GGSS 2016 (Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften/German General Social Survey 2016)
Current Version2.1.0, 2017-5-29,
Date of Collection06.04.2016 - 18.09.2016
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Stefan Bauernschuster - Universität Passau
  • Andreas Diekmann - ETH Zürich
  • Andreas Hadjar - Université du Luxembourg
  • Karin Kurz - Universität Göttingen
  • Ulrich Rosar - Universität Düsseldorf
  • Ulrich Wagner - Universität Marburg
  • Bettina Westle - Universität Marburg


Abstract1.) Family and gender roles: family as a prerequisite for happiness; marriage in case of steady partnership; desire to have children; attitudes towards working fathers and mothers [split]; division of labor regarding house and family work. 2.) Acceptance of immigration and attitudes towards ethnic and religious minorities in Germany: attitude towards the influx of various groups of immigrants; scale of attitudes towards foreigners [split]; contacts with foreigners (or alternatively: contacts with Germans) within the family, at work, in the neighborhood, or among friends; positive and negative experiences with foreigners (or alternatively with Germans); perceived consequences of presence of foreigners in Germany; perception and evaluation of discriminatory behavior towards foreigners; assumed social evaluation of statements on foreigners; ranking in terms of importance of different citizenship requirements; attitudes towards the possibility of becoming German (assimilation); opinion on dual citizenship and on equal rights for foreigners; support for the teaching of Islam in public schools; attitude towards ethnically mixed neighborhoods; estimation of proportion of foreigners in East and West Germany; presence of foreigners as advantage for Germany; living in neighborhoods with high percentage of foreigners; estimated percentage of foreigners in own neighborhood; attitudes towards cultural diversity; perceived differences in lifestyle between Germans and different ethnic groups; indicators for social distance to ethnic minorities and foreigners; attitudes towards equal legal rights for ethnic and religious minorities; feelings towards ethnic and religious minorities; attitudes towards Jews (anti-Semitism); attitudes towards Islam (Islamophobia); contacts with refugees; presence of refugees in own neighborhood; perceived risks and chances with respect to refugees. 3.) Transnationalism: contacts with family members or friends living in another country, frequency of contacts with theses persons, countries in which these persons live; consumption of foreign-language media; frequency of consumption of foreign-language media; frequency and duration of visits to other countries. 4.) Citizenships and country of origin: first, second, and third citizenship of respondent and of spouse or partner; number of citizenships of respondent; original citizenship of respondent and of spouse or partner; country of origin of respondent and of respondent´s parents and grandparents; country respondent lived in when young; length of residence in Germany. 5.) National pride: pride in German institutions and German achievements, pride in being a German. 6.) Political attitudes: political interest, postmaterialism (importance of law and order, fighting rising prices, free expression of opinions, and influence on governmental decisions), self-placement on left-right continuum, voting intention (Sonntagsfrage), participation in last federal elections, recall of vote in last federal elections, membership in a political party. 7.) Personality: social pessimism and orientation towards the future (anomia), interpersonal trust, reciprocity, authoritarianism, overall life satisfaction. 8.) Other topics: self-assessment of social class, fair share in standard of living, assessment of the present and future economic situation in Germany, assessment of the present and future personal economic situation, sense of security in the immediate vicinity (fear of crime); identification with own community, the federal state, the Federal Republic of Germany, the former GDR and Europe; telephone, possession of mobile phone, Internet use. 9.) ALLBUS-Demography: Details about the respondent: month and year of birth, age, gender, citizenship (nationality), number of citizenships, place of residence (federal state, size of municipality, BIK-type of region), geographical origin, religious affiliation, frequency of church attendance, school education, vocational training, employment status, details about current or former occupation, fear of unemployment, affiliation to public service, fixed-term or permanent employment contract, supervisory functions, date of termination of full-time employment, working hours per week (primary and secondary job), status of non-employment, length of unemployment, respondent´s income, type of dwelling, self-description of place of residence, overall health, marital status, current or former membership in a trade union. Details about respondent´s current spouse: month and year of birth, age, citizenship (nationality), number of citizenships, country of origin, school education, vocational training, employment status, details about current occupation, status of non-employment. Details about respondent´s steady partner: month and year of birth, age, citizenship (nationality), number of citizenships, country of origin, common household with respondent, school education, vocational training, employment status, details about current occupation, status of non-employment. Details about respondent´s parents: school education of mother and father, vocational training of mother and father, details about both parents´ occupation. Description of household: size of household, household income, number of persons older than 17 in household (reduced size of household). Details about household members: family relation to respondent, gender, month and year of birth, age, marital status. Details about children not living in the household: number of children not living in the household, gender, year of birth, age. 10.) Data on the interview (paradata): perceived attractiveness of respondent; perceived social class of household; date of interview; beginning and end of interview; length of interview; reachability of respondent; willingness to participate; presence of other persons during interview; presence of spouse, partner or children during interview; presence of other relatives during interview; interference of other persons in the course of the interview; willingness to cooperate and reliability of information from respondent; respondent followed interview on screen; details about respondent´s residential building and its neighborhood; number of attempts to contact the respondent; participation in ISSP surveys; willingness to participate in GESIS panel; likelihood of participation in GESIS panel (assessed by interviewer); ID of sample point. Details about the interviewer: gender; age; school education; identification number; length of experience as an interviewer. 11.) Work orientations IV (ISSP): attitude towards work (job motivation and money); relevance of job characteristics (secure job, high income, good career opportunities, interesting work, work autonomy, chance to help other people, social usefulness); impact of work on family life; conflict and social exclusion in work environment; assessment of job security; better job security and working conditions because of trade unions; preference for full- or part-time work; respondent on parental leave; preference for less or more work (and pay); characteristics of own job (secure job, high income, good career opportunities, interesting work, work autonomy, chance to help other people, social usefulness, allows development of personal skills); stressful, unhealthy or dangerous working conditions; autonomy regarding organization of own work; impact of work on family life and vice versa; usefulness of work experience in current job and in looking for new job; participation in further training over past 12 months; quality of relationship between superiors and employees and between colleagues; job satisfaction; willingness to work harder; pride in employer; willingness to turn down better paid job; desire to change jobs; pride in current job; chance of finding equivalent job; likelihood of looking for a new job in the near future; fear of unemployment; what respondent is prepared to do to avoid unemployment; secondary job in the past twelve months; respondent has previously been in work for at least one year; date of termination of full- or part-time employment; satisfaction with last job; main reason respondent stopped working; desire for work; likelihood of success in job search; fear of not finding an occupation; willingness to compromise in job search; means used in looking for work in the past twelve months; unemployed respondent further training during past twelve months; currently looking for work; main source of personal income while not working; fear of losing main source of personal income; employment history of the past five years; overall health; attitudes towards old people in the workplace. 12.) Role of government V (ISSP): attitudes towards the observance of laws; attitudes towards different forms of protest against the government; opinions on freedom of speech for extremists; attitude towards a miscarriage of justice; attitudes towards different economic policy positions; attitudes towards an increase of expenditures of the government for environmental protection, health service, police, the educational system, defense, pensions, unemployment benefit, culture; assessment of state responsibility for socio-political tasks (social support for the elderly, students, housing provision, job creation; economic growth through assistance to industry, price stability, etc.); assessment of the influence of different groups on politics and the government; attitude towards video and internet surveillance, attitude towards surveillance by domestic intelligence services; attitude towards the curtailing of freedoms in the name of fighting terrorism; political interest; overall attitude towards politics and the political system (subjective assessment of political influence (political efficacy), level of political awareness, politicians and election promises); trust in government officials; assessment of fairness of tax levels for different income groups; assessment of the fairness of tax authorities; attitudes towards ‘big business’; assessment of the extent of corruption (politicians, civil servants); personal experience with corruption. 13.) ISSP-Demography: years of education in school and university; participation in workforce; number of employees; supervisory functions; number of employees supervised; type of employer (profit vs. non-profit, public vs. private); employment status; (employed, unemployed, in training, unfit for work, retired, house husband or wife); details about spouse or partner (employment status, working hours per week, type of work, supervisory functions, employment status); self-assessment of social class (top-bottom-scale); electoral participation; recall of vote in last federal election; ethnic self-identification. 14.) Added value: Inglehart-Index; International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO) 1988 and 2008; Standard International Occupational Prestige Scale (SIOPS, according to Ganzeboom), International Socio-economic Index of Occupational Status (ISEI, according to Ganzeboom); International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 1997 and 2011; per capita income; equivalised income (OECD-modified scale); classification of private households (according to Porst and Funk); family typology; transformation weight for analyses on household level; east-west design weight; percentage of non-German residents at county level and in the immediate living environment; unemployment at county level.


Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
UniverseResidents in private households in the Federal Republic of Germany born before 1 January 1996.
Analysis Unit Analysis Unit
  • Individual
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
  • Probability: Stratified: Disproportional
  • Probability: Multistage
Two stage disproportionate random sample in western Germany (incl. West Berlin) and eastern Germany (incl. East Berlin). In the first sample stage municipalities (Gemeinden) in western Germany and municipalities in eastern Germany were selected with a probability proportional to their number of adult residents; in the second sample stage individual persons were selected at random from the municipal registers of residents. Targeted individuals who did not have adequate knowledge of German to conduct the inter-view were treated as systematic unit non-responses.
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
  • Face-to-face interview: Computer-assisted (CAPI/CAMI)
  • Self-administered questionnaire: Computer-assisted (CASI)
Personal, oral interview with standardized questionnaire (CAPI – Computer Assisted Personal Inter-viewing) and two additional self-completion questionnaires (CASI – Computer Assisted Self-Interviewing) for ISSP (split questionnaire design).
Time Method Time Method
  • Cross-section
Kind of Data Kind of Data
  • Numeric
Data Collector TNS Infratest, München
Date of Collection
  • 06.04.2016 - 18.09.2016

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
2.1.0 (current version)2017-5-29 Release2-1-0
2.0.02017-4-12 First full version
1.0.02016-12-21 Pre-Release
Errata in current version
2017-7-24dm02c - incorrect value labelIncorrect value label for code 8: ´NACH 2011´ Correct value label for code 8: ´NACH 2010´
2017-9-20Errata in the documentation of the survey instrumentF026A: The documentation of this question omits the interviewer instruction "Liste 26A vorlegen!", which preceded the introductory text of the question battery. F026B: The documentation of this question omits the interviewer instruction "Liste 26B vorlegen!", which preceded the introductory text of the question battery. F045: The screening rules for this question incorrectly refer to items "A-C". The correct reference is to questions "F045_1-F045_3".
2018-5-25Errata in the documentation of the survey instrumentF079B: The screening rule for this question is incorrect. The correct screening rule is: ‘Falls Befragter nicht oder nebenher erwerbstätig ist und aktuell arbeitslos ist ("C" in F075)‘ F080: The screening rule for this question is incorrect. The correct screening rule is: ‘Falls Befragter nicht oder nebenher erwerbstätig ist und innerhalb der letzten 10 Jahre arbeitslos war ("Ja" in F079A) oder aktuell arbeitslos ist ("C" in F075)‘
2018-9-6dw40 - incorrect formatCurrent format: F3.0 (integer) Correct format: F5.1 (floating-point number, 1 decimal place)
2018-9-6dw15, dw37, S10 - incorrect formatCurrent format: F4.1 Correct format: F5.1
2018-9-13Some variable names don´t correspond with the names used in the cumulated ALLBUSTo correspond with the variable names used in the ALLBUS Cumulation 1980-2016 (ZA4586), the following variable names have to be changed: - isced97 -> iscd975 - dm02a -> dm02 - dm06a -> dm06 - dn01a -> dn01 - dn02a -> dn02 - dn03a -> dn03 - dn08 -> dm01 - dp02 -> dp03 - fde23 -> fde01 - fdm01a -> fdm01 - fisced97 -> fiscd975 - isced11 -> iscd11 - mde23 -> mde01 - mdm01a -> mdm01 - misced97 -> miscd975 - pdn03a -> pdn01 - pdn04a -> pdn02 - pdn05a -> pdn03 - pdn06 -> pdn05 - pdn07 -> pdn06 - pisced11 -> piscd11 - pisced97 -> piscd975 - scdn03a -> scdn01 - scdn04a -> scdn02 - scdn05a -> scdn03 - scdn06 -> scdn05 - scdn07 -> scdn06 - sciscd97 -> sciscd975 Please use the patch ZA5250_varnames_patch to change the variable names.
2019-11-21dn04 - Number of citizenships is incorrect in one caseThe number of citizenships (dn04) for case number (respid) 141 is incorrect. The correct value is 1.
Version changes
Changes between version 2.1.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2017-6-22In v2.1.0 the following variables have been renamed (v2.0.0->v2.1.0): fr03->fr03a fr04->fr04a fr05->fr05a fr09->fr03b fr10->fr04b fr11->fr05b fr13->fr09 fr14->fr10 fr15->fr11 fr16->fr12 dw39->dw402017-6-22
2017-4-27lt152 Value Labels were unspecified in the data set: -32 ´NICHT GENERIERBAR´ -10 ´TNZ: FILTER´2017-6-22Erratum from v2.0.0 has been corrected
2017-4-27dw02, dw02a, scdw02, pdw02, fdw02, mdw02Two value labels were amended in the variables on occupational position (reference number). The correct labels are: 15 ´FREIBER., 1 MIT.´ 21 ´SELBST.,1 MIT.´2017-6-22Erratum from v2.0.0 has been corrected
2017-5-22land27 cases were recoded from code 90 ´Rheinland-Pfalz´ to code 100 ´Saarland´.2017-6-22Erratum from v2.0.0 has been corrected
Changes between version 2.0.0 and it's previous version
DateSubjectDescriptionCorrection Description
2017-4-12Data set now contains the variables and cases not yet available in the pre-release.--

Further Remarks

NotesRespondents from the area of the new federal states are oversampled. A second version of this data set (589 variables) with a shortened demography module is additionally available as ALLBUScompact 2016 (ZA5251. A Digital Object Identifier (DOI) for use in data citations is supplied as part of the data set. Additional information on ALLBUS is available at:
Number of Units: 3490
Number of Variables: 793
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


Research Data Centre
    The German General Social Survey (ALLBUS) collects up-to-date data on attitudes, behavior, and social structure in Germany. Every two years since 1980 a representative cross section of the population is surveyed using both constant and variable questions. The ALLBUS data become available to interested parties for research and teaching as soon as they are processed and documented.