GESIS - DBK - ZA5956

ZA5956: Causes and Consequences of Socio-Cultural Integration Processes among New Immigrants in Europe (SCIP)

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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation Diehl, Claudia; Gijsberts, Mérove; Güveli, Ayse; Koenig, Matthias; Kristen, Cornelia; Lubbers, Marcel; McGinnity, Frances; Mühlau, Peter; Platt, Lucinda; Van Tubergen, Frank (2016): Causes and Consequences of Socio-Cultural Integration Processes among New Immigrants in Europe (SCIP). GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA5956 Data file Version 1.0.0,
Study No.ZA5956
TitleCauses and Consequences of Socio-Cultural Integration Processes among New Immigrants in Europe (SCIP)
Current Version1.0.0, 2016-4-13,
Date of Collection10.2010 - 05.2013
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • Diehl, Claudia - University of Konstanz, Germany
  • Gijsberts, Mérove - The Netherlands Institute for Social Research, Den Haag, Netherlands
  • Güveli, Ayse - University of Essex, Great Britain
  • Koenig, Matthias - University of Göttingen, Germany
  • Kristen, Cornelia - University of Bamberg, Germany
  • Lubbers, Marcel - Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands
  • McGinnity, Frances - The Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), Dublin, Ireland
  • Mühlau, Peter - Trinity College Dublin, Ireland
  • Platt, Lucinda - London School of Economics and Political Science, London, Great Britain
  • Van Tubergen, Frank - University of Utrecht, Netherlands


AbstractThe SCIP project (“Causes and Consequences of Socio-Cultural Integration Processes among New Immigrants in Europe”) is the first comparative survey among new arrivals in four Europe countries: Germany, Great Britain, Ireland and the Netherlands. Its substantive focus is on socio-cultural integration trajectories. This aspect of migration has received increasing attention in public debate yet remains seriously under-researched. In particular, existing data cannot settle the question whether socio-cultural integration is a consequence or a prerequisite for migrants’ structural integration (e.g. in the labour market) – and whether, how and why groups might differ in this regard. By focusing on recent arrivals, the SCIP project studies a particularly dynamic phase of the entire integration process, thus laying the ground for the creation of a “European New Immigrant Panel” that matches the existing new immigrant surveys in classical immigration countries such as the USA. In the SCIP project, two cross-national waves of survey data were collected among groups of new immigrants that vary along a number of dimensions, including religion (Catholics versus Muslims), social status (medium to high-skill versus low-skill migrants) and immigration status (EU citizens versus non-EU-citizens). In all four countries, recently arrived Poles were sampled, along with new immigrants from Turkey (Germany, Netherlands), Antilles (Netherlands), Bulgaria (Netherlands), Morocco (Netherlands), Suriname (Netherlands) and Pakistan (United Kingdom). In a mini-panel design, immigrants were interviewed 12 months maximum after their arrival (first wave) and one and a half years later (second wave). To allow for comparisons across time, pre- and post-migration characteristics were collected. Further, questions were adopted from established survey instruments such as New Immigrant Survey, the European Social Survey, or the World Values Survey to facilitate broader comparisons. The survey instrument was designed to cover a wide array of items including (1) standard demography and migration biography, (2) language and integration policies, (3) identity and exclusion, (4) religion, (5) social and (6) structural integration. In detail, the following information was collected: Topics: 1. Language and integration policies: language skills und use, information on third languages, participation in integration classes 2. Identity and exclusion: cultural consumption and practices, identification / belonging, feelings of acceptance and percieved discrimination, satisfaction with the migration decision and the current situation, preceived compability of cultures and acculturation attitudes, information on politics and attitudes about democracy 3. Religion: religion, worship attendance and praying behaviour, religious practices, the composition of the place of worship as well as information on the religion of the partner 4. Social integration: bonding and bridging ethnic ties, social participation, core networks (strong ties) and the density of the social network 5. Structural integration: education, employment situation of the respondent and partner as well as information on remittances. Demography and migration biography: sex; year of birth; country of birth; citizenship; currently working; family situation; stable relationship; household characterictis; migration biography and motives; migration biography and legal situation of the partner; living situation and composition of the neighborhood. Additionally coded was: respondent-ID; mode of the interview; Panel wave; ethnic group; interviewer-ID; disposition-code; date and time of the interview; duration of the interview; proportion of missing values in case; contacted by interviewer, interview accomplished. Interviewer rating: easy implementation of the interview (interviewer and respondent); attandance of third parties during the interview; person who has answered questions about the partner; attendance of the partner during the partner questions; problems finding the survey household; respondent´s cooperation; comments.
Categories Categories
  • Family
  • Society, Culture
  • Group
  • Religion and Weltanschauung
  • Occupation, Profession
  • Income
  • Community, Living Environment
  • Leisure
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
Topics Topics
  • 13.8 Minorities
  • 13.10 Social and occupational mobility
  • 2.2 Migration
  • 13.5 Equality and inequality
  • 13.9 Social exclusion
  • 5.8 Social behaviour and attitudes
  • 5.5 Religion and values
  • 5.4 Cultural and national identity
  • 5.3 Cultural activities and participation
  • 1 Labour and employment


Geographic Coverage
  • United Kingdom (GB)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Netherlands (NL)
UniverseAll immigrant adults aged 18 to 60 with a maximum stay of 18 months in one of the four receiving countries. The migrants should have arrived directly from the country of origin matching their nationality. Migrants who intended to stay for a very limited time in the receiving society, such as seasonal workers, were excluded from the target sample.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
Germany and the Netherlands: Probability Sample: Stratified Sample Ireland and Great Britain: Non-Probability Sample: Respondent-assisted Sample
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
First wave: Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview) Second wave: Combination of country-specific interview modes Telephone interview: CATI (Computer Assisted Telephone Interview) Self-administered questionnaire: CAWI (Computer-Assisted Web-Interview) Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data CollectorWave 1: Great Britain: Ipsos MORI, London; The Netherlands: Motivaction, Amsterdam; Germany: national research team; Ireland: national research team. Wave 2: Great Britain: Ipsos MORI, London; The Netherlands: Motivaction, Amsterdam; Germany: Center for Empirical Social Research (ZeS) at the Humboldt University in Berlin (CATI-Interviews) und research team (CAPI-Interviews und Online-Interviews); Ireland: national research team (CATI-Interviews), Online-Interviews: german research team
Date of Collection
  • 10.2010 - 08.2011 (Germany (wave 1))
  • 12.2012 - 03.2013 (Germany (wave 2))
  • 11.2010 - 07.2011 (Netherlands (wave 1))
  • 05.2012 - 02.2013 (Netherlands (wave 2))
  • 01.2011 - 01.2012 (Great Britain (wave 1))
  • 09.2012 - 05.2013 (Great Britain (wave 2))
  • 10.2010 - 12.2011 (Ireland (wave 1))
  • 05.2012 - 05.2013 (Ireland (wave 2))

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
1.0.0 (current version)2016-4-13 first archive version
Errata in current version
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesThe SCIP project was funded by the NORFACE Research Programme on Migration and was coordinated by Claudia Diehl at the University of Konstanz.
Number of Units: 2644 (w1) and 1198 (w2) in Germany 3355 (w1) and 1518 (w2) in the Netherlands 1529 (w1) and 593 (w2) in Great Britain 1058 (w1) and 613 (w2) in Ireland
Number of Variables: Germany: 530 + 494 Ireland: 487 + 548 Netherlands: 513 + 382 United Kingdom: 557 + 458
Data Type: Stata, SPSS
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata


  • Diehl, Claudia, Koenig, Matthias: God Can Wait -- New Migrants in Germany Between Early Adaptation and Religious Reorganization. In: International Migration 51 (2013), 3, p. 8-22 (also published as NORFACE Migration Discussion Paper No 2013-04).
  • Van Tubergen, Frank: Religious change of new immigrants in the Netherlands : The event of migration. In: Social Science Research 42 (2013), 3, p. 715-725
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)


  • NORFACE Research Programme on Migration
    The Programme on Migration aims to build a new synergetic body of research, which will contribute to our theoretical understanding and knowledge in the area of Migration Research.