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ZA5565: Eurobarometer 76.1 (2011)

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Eurobarometer 76.1 (September 2011) Financial and Economic Crisis, Financial Services, Corruption, Development Aid, and Gender Equality
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Bibliographic Citation

Citation Citation    European Commission and European Parliament, Brussels (2014): Eurobarometer 76.1 (2011). TNS OPINION & SOCIAL, Brussels [Producer]. GESIS Data Archive, Cologne. ZA5565 Data file Version 4.0.0, https://doi.org/10.4232/1.11847
Study No.ZA5565
TitleEurobarometer 76.1 (2011)
Other Titles
  • Financial and Economic Crisis, Financial Services, Corruption, Development Aid, and Gender Equality (Subtitle)
Current Version4.0.0, 2014-7-15, https://doi.org/10.4232/1.11847
Alternate IDs Alternate IDs
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR34552.v2 , 3.0.0
Date of Collection03.09.2011 - 18.09.2011
Principal Investigator/ Authoring Entity, Institution
  • European Commission, Brussels DG Communication (COMM.A.1 ´Research and Speechwriting´)
  • European Parliament, Directorate-General for Communication, Public Opinion Monitoring Unit

Content

AbstractThe questions on the "economic and financial crisis" (QA1 to QA15) and on "energy" (QA16) were implemented on behalf of and financed by the European Parliament. The economic and financial crisis. Financial services: consumer behaviour and experiences; corruption: awareness, experience, attitudes; attitudes towards development aid. Gender equality: women in decision-making positions. Perception of the economic and financial crisis and European Union policy priorities; European Parliament energy policy priorities; consumer behaviour and experiences regarding retail financial services across borders; awareness of, experiences with and attitudes towards corruption; attitudes towards development aid; attitudes towards gender equality related to women in decision-making positions. Topics: 1. Economic and financial crisis: impact of the crisis on the world economy, the European economy, the national economy and on respondent`s personal situation; job loss in social environment (personal, relative, colleague, acquaintance) as a direct consequence of the crisis; the euro has mitigated the negative effects of the crisis; expected period for returning to national growth; preferred crisis management of the own country and of the various EU Member States: individually or coordinated with the other EU countries; attitude towards financial help to another EU Member State facing difficulties and reasons for this attitude; attitude towards consultations between European institutions and automatic application of escalating financial penalties if state does not comply with rules; a share of the public debt of the EU Member States, should be held jointly; knowledge of Eurobonds; approval to the creation of Eurobonds; knowledge of credit rating agencies; attitude towards credit rating agencies (scale). Energy policy priorities. 2. Retail financial services: kind of purchased financial products and services (current bank account, mortgage, credit card, personal loan, shares of bonds, investment fund, life insurance and other insurance products); reason for not having a bank account; purchase of financial products and services in another EU Member State; financial products purchased within the last five years; type of acquisition of these products (directly from the provider or through an intermediary or advisor); information by the seller about the payment of a commission, bonus or additional remuneration; written information about the characteristics of the product; comparison of several different products before the final decision; received recommendations for a specific suitable product; willingness to purchase financial products from another EU Member State; main concerns about purchasing financial products and services from another EU Member State; change of provider concerning current account, mortgage, credit card or personal loan; problems with a financial product or service; complaint about these problems, contact for such complaints; way of purchasing goods or services from outside; method of payment. 3. Corruption: attitude towards corruption (scale); change of the level of national corruption in the last years; personally informed about the change of national corruption; widespread of corruption in country; own experiences with bribery (expectation of another person to pay a bribe for his or her services); reasons for national corruption; effort to fight against corruption in one´s country; responsibility for preventing and fighting against corruption; institution the respondent trusts most to complain about a corruption case. 4. Development aid: importance of development aid; parts of the world which are most in need of development aid; attitude towards increasing the level of EU-development aid; EU-policy area with the biggest impact on developing countries; EU should require developing countries to follow certain rules as a condition for receiving EU development aid; preferred cooperation partner to increase the impact of EU development aid; best way to improve EU effectiveness in terms of development aid; source of information on issues related to development policy; attitude towards the linking of EU development aid to other European objectives; willingness to pay higher prices for products from developing countries. 5. Women in decision-making positions: attitudes towards women in decision-making positions (scale); preferred method for maintaining a balanced gender ratio in enterprises; attitude towards legal measures to ensure a gender balance; preferred quota system; expected time for implementation of balanced gender equality in supervisory boards; preferred sanction for non-compliance; preferred decision-makers about gender relations in enterprises at the national or European level. Demography: nationality, age, self-assessment on a left-right continuum, marital status and family situation; age at completion of education, sex, profession, professional position, degree of urbanization, number of persons aged 15 in the household; number of children under 10 years old and from 10 to 14 years in the household; fixed telephone or mobile phone in the household; possession of durable goods (home entertainment media, internet, car ownership, residential property); financial difficulties last year, self-assessment of social class; internet usage (at home, at workplace, at school). Also encoded was: date of the interview, time of beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; number of persons present during the interview; cooperation of the respondent; city size; region; weighting factor; language of interview (not in all countries).
Categories Categories
  • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • Economic Policy, National Economic Situation
  • Budget and Fiscal Policy
  • Patterns of Consumption
  • Legal system, Legislation, Law
  • Society, Culture
Topics Topics
  • 1.5 Employment
  • 6.2 Crime
  • 11.2 International politics and organisation
  • 13.4 Gender and gender roles
  • 17.3 Consumption/consumer behaviour
  • 17.4 Economic conditions and indicators
  • 17.5 Economic policy

Methodology

Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
UniverseIn all, Eurobarometer 76.1 interviewed 26.856 citizens in the 27 countries of the European Union after the 2004/2007 enlargement. All respondents were residents in the respective country, nationals and non-nationals but EU-citizens, and aged 15 and over. They were supposed to have sufficient command of one of the respective national language(s) to answer the questionnaire. Separate samples were drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany.
Sampling Procedure Sampling Procedure
A multi-stage, random (probability) sampling design was used for this Eurobarometer. In the first stage, primary sampling units (PSU) were selected from each of the administrative regionals units in every country (Statistical Office of the European Community, EUROSTAT NUTS 2 or equivalent). PSU selection was systematic with probability proportional to population size, from sampling frames stratified by the degree of urbanization. In the next stage, a cluster of starting addresses was selected from each sampled PSU, at random. Further addresses were chosen systematically using standard random route procedures as every Nth address from th initial address. In each household, a respondent was drawn, at random, following the closest birthday rule. No more than one interview was conducted in each household.
Mode of Collection Mode of Collection
In all countries, fieldwork was conducted on the basis of detailed and uniform instructions prepared by TNS Opinion Social. Interviews were conducted face-to-face in people´s home in the appropriate national language. As far as the data capture is concerned, CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview) was used in those countries where this technique was available. Equivalent French and English basic questionnaires were developed for this Eurobarometer. These questionnaires were translated into other languages by the firms responsible for interviewing in each country. Backtranslation procedures were applied for controlling semantic equivalence.
Data CollectorTNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium; TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria; TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic; TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark; TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany; Emor, Tallinn, Estonia; Ipsos MRBI, Dublin, Ireland; TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece; TNS Demoscopia, Madrid, Spain; TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France; TNS Infratest, Milan, Italy; Synovate, Nicosia, Cyprus; TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia; TNS GALLUP Lithuania, Vilnius, Lithuania; TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; TNS Hungary, Budapest, Hungary; MISCO, Valletta, Malta; TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Österreichisches GALLUP, Vienna, Austria; TNS OBOP, Warsaw, Poland; TNS EUROTESTE, Lisbon, Portugal; TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania; RM PLUS, Maribor, Slovenia; TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia; TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland; TNS GALLUP, Stockholm, Sweden; TNS UK, London, United Kingdom; TNS Opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination).
Date of Collection
  • 03.09.2011 - 18.09.2011 (Belgium)
  • 03.09.2011 - 12.09.2011 (Bulgaria)
  • 03.09.2011 - 14.09.2011 (Czech Republic)
  • 03.09.2011 - 18.09.2011 (Denmark)
  • 03.09.2011 - 18.09.2011 (Germany)
  • 03.09.2011 - 18.09.2011 (Estonia)
  • 03.09.2011 - 16.09.2011 (Ireland)
  • 03.09.2011 - 16.09.2011 (Greece)
  • 03.09.2011 - 18.09.2011 (Spain)
  • 03.09.2011 - 18.09.2011 (France)
  • 03.09.2011 - 17.09.2011 (Italy)
  • 03.09.2011 - 18.09.2011 (Cyprus)
  • 03.09.2011 - 18.09.2011 (Latvia)
  • 03.09.2011 - 18.09.2011 (Lithuania)
  • 03.09.2011 - 17.09.2011 (Luxembourg)
  • 03.09.2011 - 18.09.2011 (Hungary)
  • 03.09.2011 - 18.09.2011 (Malta)
  • 03.09.2011 - 17.09.2011 (Netherlands)
  • 03.09.2011 - 18.09.2011 (Austria)
  • 03.09.2011 - 18.09.2011 (Poland)
  • 03.09.2011 - 18.09.2011 (Portugal)
  • 03.09.2011 - 12.09.2011 (Romania)
  • 03.09.2011 - 17.09.2011 (Slovenia)
  • 03.09.2011 - 18.09.2011 (Slovakia)
  • 03.09.2011 - 18.09.2011 (Finland)
  • 03.09.2011 - 18.09.2011 (Sweden)
  • 03.09.2011 - 18.09.2011 (United Kingdom)

Errata & Versions

VersionDate, Name, DOI
4.0.0 (current version)2014-7-15 Archive Edition https://doi.org/10.4232/1.11847
3.0.02013-6-24 Archive pre-release (all embargos lifted) https://doi.org/10.4232/1.11695
2.0.02012-6-5 2nd archive pre-release (embargo update) https://doi.org/10.4232/1.11376
1.0.02012-5-30 1st archive pre-release https://doi.org/10.4232/1.11375
Errata in current version
DateSubjectDescription
2013-4-9P7PT REGIONS PORTUGALStarting with Eurobarometer 62 the NUTS 2 REGIONS for PORTUGAL have changed. In accordance with the official EUROSTAT NUTS 2 version 2003 the region “LISBOA E VALE DO TEJO” is split up and the subregion “Lezíria do Tejo” reinstated to the “Alentejo” Region; “Médio Tejo” and “Oeste” are reinstated to the “Centro” Region. The documentation for P7PT code 3 “Lisboa e Vale do Tejo” is not correct and should read “LISBOA” (NUTS2003-2010: PT17). Regions “CENTRO” and “ALENTEJO” do not change names but regional coverage (NUTS2003-2010: PT16 and PT18). The regions “NORTE” (PT11) and “ALGARVE” (PT15) remain unchanged. Starting with Eurobarometer 62 the autonomous regions AÇORES (PT20) and MADEIRA (PT30) are not covered anymore. This has been confirmed by TNS Opinion & Social as of March 26, 2013.
2013-4-9P7rEL COMBINED REGIONS GREECEStarting with Eurobarometer 62 the Northern and Southern Aegean Islands ("Voreio Aigaio" with NUTS 2 code GR41 and "Notio Aigaio" with NUTS 2 code GR42) as well as the Ionian Islands ("Ionia Nisia" with NUTS 2 code GR22) are not covered. The documentation for P7rEL code 4 is not correct. The data only cover the island of Crete (NUTS 2 code GR43). This has been confirmed by TNS Opinion & Social as of March 26, 2013.
2016-7-28p7at, p7at_rPlease notice that value label for code 6 in p7at should read "Kaernten (Carinthia)". As confirmed by TNS, the addition of Osttirol (Eastern Tyrol) as suggested by the original value label is not correct. Herewith the variable p7at corresponds to the NUTS 2 classification for Austria. Variables labels should read: p7at “REGION - AUSTRIA NUTS 2” and p7at_r “REGION - AUSTRIA NUTS 1”. The value labels and variable labels and the corresponding documentation will be corrected with the next update.
2016-7-28nutsPlease notice that value label for code AT21 for Austria should read "Kaernten (Carinthia)". As confirmed by TNS, the addition of Osttirol (Eastern Tyrol) as suggested by the original value label is not correct. The value label and the corresponding documentation will be corrected with the next update.
Version changes

Further Remarks

NotesThe regular sample size (in the sense of completed interviews) is 1000 respondents per country, except the United Kingdom with separate samples for Great Britain (1000) and Northern Ireland (300), Germany with separate samples for the Eastern (500) and the Western part (1000), and Luxembourg and Cyprus (Republic) with 500 interviews each. Effective number of realised interviews in this round: Belgium 1028, Denmark 1002, Germany-West 1000, Germany-East 582, Greece 1000, Spain 1004, Finland 1003, France 1046, Ireland 1015, Italy 1043, Luxembourg 502, Netherlands 1002, Austria 1018, Portugal 1035, Sweden 1020, Great Britain 1021, Northern Ireland 307, Cyprus (Republic) 506, Czech Republik 1069, Estonia 1000, Hungary 1015, Latvia 1014, Lituania 1031, Malta 500, Poland 1000, Slovakia 1013, Slovenia 1024, Bulgaria 1006 and Romania 1050. Question module QC on ´corruption´ partly replicates the corresponding modules in Eurobarometer surveys 72.2 (ZA4976), 68.2 (ZA4742) and 64.3 (ZA4415). d8 (AGE EDUCATION): Please note that the coding instruction in the Portuguese field questionnaire does not show any deviant specification, therefore no data correction is carried out for Portuguese data. The documentation will be adjusted accordingly with the next update.
Number of Units: 26856
Number of Variables: 636
Analysis System(s): SPSS, Stata

Publications

Publications
  • TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 373 / Wave 76.1: Retail Financial Services. Survey requested by the Directorate-General Education and Culture and coordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (“Research and Speechwriting” Unit). Brussels: April 2012
  • TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 374 / Wave 76.1: Corruption. Survey requested by the Directorate-General Education and Culture and coordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (“Research and Speechwriting” Unit). Brussels: February 2012
  • TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 375 / Wave 76.1: Making a difference in the world: Europeans and the future of development aid. Survey requested by the Directorate-General Education and Culture and coordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (“Research and Speechwriting” Unit). Brussels: November 2011
  • TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 376 / Wave 76.1: Women in decision-making positions. Survey requested by the Directorate-General Education and Culture and coordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (“Research and Speechwriting” Unit). Brussels: March 2012
  • TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer / Wave 76.1: Crisis. Survey commissioned by the European Parliament and coordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (Public Opinion Monitoring Unit). Brussels: January 2012
Relevant full texts
from SSOAR (automatically assigned)

Groups

Research Data Centre
Groups
  •  EB - Standard and Special Eurobarometer
    Since the early nineteen seventies the European Commission´s “Standard and Special Eurobarometer” are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries at times. Interviews are conducted face-to-face, in each spring and each autumn, at all times based on new samples with a size 1000 respondents per country. Separate samples are drawn for Northern Ireland and East Germany. After the EU enlargement in 2004, remaining and new Candidate Countries are also regularly included in selected surveys. The Standard Eurobarometer modules ask for attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, complemented by measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as by respondent and household demographics. Intermittently special Eurobarometer modules extensively address topics, such as environment, science and technology, health or family issues, social or ethnic exclusion, quality of life etc. The “European Communities Studies” 1970-1973 can be considered forerunner studies, as well the “Attitudes towards Europe” from 1962.